gopa nandadayah srutva
drumayoh patato ravam
Sukadeva Gosvami continued: O Maharaja Pariksit, when the yamala-arjuna trees
fell, all the cowherd men in the neighborhood, hearing the fierce sound and
fearing thunderbolts, went to the spot.
bhumyam nipatitau tatra
babhramus tad avijnaya
There they saw the fallen yamala-arjuna trees on the ground, but they were
bewildered because even though they could directly perceive that the trees had
fallen, they could not trace out the cause for their having done so.
damna baddham ca balakam
kasyedam kuta ascaryam
utpata iti katarah
Krsna was bound by the rope to the ulukhala, the mortar, which He was
dragging. But how could He have pulled down the trees? Who had actually done it?
Where was the source for this incident? Considering all these astounding things,
the cowherd men were doubtful and bewildered.
bala ucur aneneti
purusav apy acaksmahi
Then all the cowherd boys said: It is Krsna who has done this. When He was in
between the two trees, the mortar fell crosswise. Krsna dragged the mortar, and
the two trees fell down. After that, two beautiful men came out of the trees. We
have seen this with our own eyes.
na te tad-uktam jagrhur
na ghateteti tasya tat
Because of intense paternal affection, the cowherd men, headed by Nanda,
could not believe that Krsna could have uprooted the trees in such a wonderful
way. Therefore they could not put their faith in the words of the boys. Some of
the men, however, were in doubt. “Since Krsna was predicted to equal Narayana,”
they thought, “it might be that He could have done it.”
damna baddham svam atmajam
vilokya nandah prahasadvadano
When Nanda Maharaja saw his own son bound with ropes to the wooden mortar and
dragging it, he smiled and released Krsna from His bonds.
gopibhih stobhito ‘nrtyad
bhagavan balavat kvacit
udgayati kvacin mugdhas
The gopis would say, “If You dance, my dear Krsna, then I shall give You half
a sweetmeat.” By saying these words or by clapping their hands, all the gopis
encouraged Krsna in different ways. At such times, although He was the supremely
powerful Personality of Godhead, He would smile and dance according to their
desire, as if He were a wooden doll in their hands. Sometimes He would sing very
loudly, at their bidding. In this way, Krsna came completely under the control
of the gopis.
bibharti kvacid ajnaptah
bahu-ksepam ca kurute
svanam ca pritim avahan
Sometimes mother Yasoda and her gopi friends would tell Krsna, “Bring this
article” or “Bring that article.” Sometimes they would order Him to bring a
wooden plank, wooden shoes or a wooden measuring pot, and Krsna, when thus
ordered by the mothers, would try to bring them. Sometimes, however, as if
unable to raise these things, He would touch them and stand there. Just to
invite the pleasure of His relatives, He would strike His body with His arms to
show that He had sufficient strength.
darsayams tad-vidam loka
vrajasyovaha vai harsam
To pure devotees throughout the world who could understand His activities,
the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna, exhibited how much He can be subdued
by His devotees, His servants. In this way He increased the pleasure of the
Vrajavasis by His childhood activities.
krinihi bhoh phalaniti
srutva satvaram acyutah
phalarthi dhanyam adaya
Once a woman selling fruit was calling, “O inhabitants of Vrajabhumi, if you
want to purchase some fruits, come here!” Upon hearing this, Krsna immediately
took some grains and went to barter as if He needed some fruits.
phalair apurayad ratnaih
phala-bhandam apuri ca
While Krsna was going to the fruit vendor very hastily, most of the grains He
was holding fell. Nonetheless, the fruit vendor filled Krsna’s hands with
fruits, and her fruit basket was immediately filled with jewels and gold.
ramam ca rohini devi
kridantam balakair bhrsam
Once, after the uprooting of the yamala-arjuna trees, Rohinidevi went to call
Rama and Krsna, who had both gone to the riverside and were playing with the
other boys with deep attention.
yasodam presayam asa
Because of being too attached to playing with the other boys, Krsna and
Balarama did not return upon being called by Rohini. Therefore Rohini sent
mother Yasoda to call Them back, because mother Yasoda was more affectionate to
Krsna and Balarama.
kridantam sa sutam balair
Krsna and Balarama, being attached to Their play, were playing with the other
boys although it was very late. Therefore mother Yasoda called Them back for
lunch. Because of her ecstatic love and affection for Krsna and Balarama, milk
flowed from her breasts.
tata ehi stanam piba
alam viharaih ksut-ksantah
krida-sranto ‘si putraka
Mother Yasoda said: My dear son Krsna, lotus-eyed Krsna, come here and drink
the milk of my breast. My dear darling, You must be very tired because of hunger
and the fatigue of playing so long. There is no need to play any more.
he ramagaccha tatasu
pratar eva krtaharas
tad bhavan bhoktum arhati
My dear Baladeva, best of our family, please come immediately with Your
younger brother, Krsna. You both ate in the morning, and now You ought to eat
pratiksate tvam dasarha
ehy avayoh priyam dhehi
sva-grhan yata balakah
Nanda Maharaja, the King of Vraja, is now waiting to eat. O my dear son
Balarama, he is waiting for You. Therefore, come back to please us. All the boys
playing with You and Krsna should now go to their homes.
putra majjanam avaha
janmarksam te ‘dya bhavati
viprebhyo dehi gah sucih
Mother Yasoda further told Krsna: My dear son, because of playing all day,
Your body has become covered with dust and sand. Therefore, come back, take Your
bath and cleanse Yourself. Today the moon is conjoined with the auspicious star
of Your birth. Therefore, be pure and give cows in charity to the brahmanas.
pasya pasya vayasyams te
tvam ca snatah krtaharo
Just see how all Your playmates of Your own age have been cleansed and
decorated with beautiful ornaments by their mothers. You should come here, and
after You have taken Your bath, eaten Your lunch and been decorated with
ornaments, You may play with Your friends again.
ittham yasoda tam asesa-sekharam
matva sutam sneha-nibaddha-dhir nrpa
haste grhitva saha-ramam acyutam
nitva sva-vatam krtavaty athodayam
My dear Maharaja Pariksit, because of intense love and affection, mother
Yasoda, Krsna’s mother, considered Krsna, who was at the peak of all opulences,
to be her own son. Thus she took Krsna by the hand, along with Balarama, and
brought Them home, where she performed her duties by fully bathing Them,
dressing Them and feeding Them.
Sri Sukadeva Gosvami continued: Then one time, having seen the great
disturbances in Brhadvana, all the elderly persons among the cowherd men, headed
by Nanda Maharaja, assembled and began to consider what to do to stop the
continuous disturbing situations in Vraja.
At this meeting of all the inhabitants of Gokula, a cowherd man named
Upananda, who was the most mature in age and knowledge and was very experienced
according to time, circumstances and country, made this suggestion for the
benefit of Rama and Krsna.
utthatavyam ito ‘smabhir
ayanty atra mahotpata
He said: My dear friends the cowherd men, in order to do good to this place,
Gokula, we should leave it, because so many disturbances are always occurring
here, just for the purpose of killing Rama and Krsna.
muktah kathancid raksasya
bala-ghnya balako hy asau
harer anugrahan nunam
anas copari napatat
The child Krsna, simply by the mercy of the Supreme Personality of Godhead,
was somehow or other rescued from the hands of the Raksasi Putana, who was
determined to kill Him. Then, again by the mercy of the Supreme Godhead, the
handcart missed falling upon the child.
cakra-vatena nito ‘yam
daityena vipadam viyat
silayam patitas tatra
Then again, the demon Trnavarta, in the form of a whirlwind, took the child
away into the dangerous sky to kill Him, but the demon fell down onto a slab of
stone. In that case also, by the mercy of Lord Visnu or His associates, the
child was saved.
yan na mriyeta drumayor
antaram prapya balakah
asav anyatamo vapi
tad apy acyuta-raksanam
Even the other day, neither Krsna nor any of His playmates died from the
falling of the two trees, although the children were near the trees or even
between them. This also is to be considered the mercy of the Supreme Personality
yavad autpatiko ‘risto
vrajam nabhibhaved itah
tavad balan upadaya
yasyamo ‘nyatra sanugah
All these incidents are being caused by some unknown demon. Before he comes
here to create another disturbance, it is our duty to go somewhere else with the
boys until there are no more disturbances.
vanam vrndavanam nama
Between Nandesvara and Mahavana is a place named Vrndavana. This place is
very suitable because it is lush with grass, plants and creepers for the cows
and other animals. It has nice gardens and tall mountains and is full of
facilities for the happiness of all the gopas and gopis and our animals.
tat tatradyaiva yasyamah
sakatan yunkta ma ciram
godhanany agrato yantu
bhavatam yadi rocate
Therefore, let us immediately go today. There is no need to wait any further.
If you agree to my proposal, let us prepare all the bullock carts and put the
cows in front of us, and let us go there.
tac chrutvaika-dhiyo gopah
sadhu sadhv iti vadinah
vrajan svan svan samayujya
Upon hearing this advice from Upananda, the cowherd men unanimously agreed.
“Very nice,” they said. “Very nice.” Thus they sorted out their household
affairs, placed their clothing and other paraphernalia on the carts, and
immediately started for Vrndavana.
vrddhan balan striyo rajan
anahsv aropya gopala
srngany apurya sarvatah
Keeping all the old men, women, children and household paraphernalia on the
bullock carts and keeping all the cows in front, the cowherd men picked up their
bows and arrows with great care and sounded bugles made of horn. O King
Pariksit, in this way, with bugles vibrating all around, the cowherd men,
accompanied by their priests, began their journey.
gopyo rudha-ratha nutnakuca-
krsna-lila jaguh pritya
The cowherd women, riding on the bullock carts, were dressed very nicely with
excellent garments, and their bodies, especially their breasts, were decorated
with fresh kunkuma powder. As they rode, they began to chant with great pleasure
the pastimes of Krsna.
ekam sakatam asthite
Thus hearing about the pastimes of Krsna and Balarama with great pleasure,
mother Yasoda and Rohinidevi, so as not to be separated from Krsna and Balarama
for even a moment, got up with Them on one bullock cart. In this situation, they
all looked very beautiful.
tatra cakrur vrajavasam
In this way they entered Vrndavana, where it is always pleasing to live in
all seasons. They made a temporary place to inhabit by placing their bullock
carts around them in the shape of a half moon.
viksyasid uttama priti
O King Pariksit, when Rama and Krsna saw Vrndavana, Govardhana and the banks
of the River Yamuna, They both enjoyed great pleasure.
evam vrajaukasam pritim
In this way, Krsna and Balarama, acting like small boys and talking in halfbroken
language, gave transcendental pleasure to all the inhabitants of Vraja.
In due course of time, They became old enough to take care of the calves
carayam asatur vatsan
Not far away from Their residential quarters, both Krsna and Balarama,
equipped with all kinds of playthings, played with other cowherd boys and began
to tend the small calves.
kvacid vadayato venum
ksepanaih ksipatah kvacit
kvacit padaih kinkinibhih
anukrtya rutair jantums
ceratuh prakrtau yatha
Sometimes Krsna and Balarama would play on Their flutes, sometimes They would
throw ropes and stones devised for getting fruits from the trees, sometimes They
would throw only stones, and sometimes, Their ankle bells tinkling, They would
play football with fruits like bael and amalaki. Sometimes They would cover
Themselves with blankets and imitate cows and bulls and fight with one another,
roaring loudly, and sometimes They would imitate the voices of the animals. In
this way They enjoyed sporting, exactly like two ordinary human children.
vatsams carayatoh svakaih
jighamsur daitya agamat
One day while Rama and Krsna, along with Their playmates, were tending the
calves on the bank of the River Yamuna, another demon arrived there, desiring to
tam vatsa-rupinam viksya
sanair mugdha ivasadat
When the Supreme Personality of Godhead saw that the demon had assumed the
form of a calf and entered among the groups of other calves, He pointed out to
Baladeva, “Here is another demon.” Then He very slowly approached the demon, as
if He did not understand the demon’s intentions.
sa kapitthair maha-kayah
patyamanaih papata ha
Thereafter, Sri Krsna caught the demon by the hind legs and tail, twirled the
demon’s whole body very strongly until the demon was dead, and threw him into
the top of a kapittha tree, which then fell down, along with the body of the
demon, who had assumed a great form.
tam viksya vismita balah
sasamsuh sadhu sadhv iti
devas ca parisantusta
Upon seeing the dead body of the demon, all the cowherd boys exclaimed, “Well
done, Krsna! Very good, very good! Thank You.” In the upper planetary system,
all the demigods were pleased, and therefore they showered flowers on the
Supreme Personality of Godhead.
tau vatsa-palakau bhutva
After the killing of the demon, Krsna and Balarama finished Their breakfast
in the morning, and while continuing to take care of the calves, They wandered
here and there. Krsna and Balarama, the Supreme Personalities of Godhead, who
maintain the entire creation, now took charge of the calves as if cowherd boys.
svam svam vatsa-kulam sarve
payayitva papur jalam
One day all the boys, including Krsna and Balarama, each boy taking his own
group of calves, brought the calves to a reservoir of water, desiring to allow
them to drink. After the animals drank water, the boys drank water there also.
te tatra dadrsur bala
gireh srngam iva cyutam
Right by the reservoir, the boys saw a gigantic body resembling a mountain
peak broken and struck down by a thunderbolt. They were afraid even to see such
a huge living being.
sa vai bako nama mahan
agatya sahasa krsnam
tiksna-tundo ‘grasad bali
That great-bodied demon was named Bakasura. He had assumed the body of a duck
with a very sharp beak. Having come there, he immediately swallowed Krsna.
drstva ramadayo ‘rbhakah
vina pranam vicetasah
When Balarama and the other boys saw that Krsna had been devoured by the
gigantic duck, they became almost unconscious, like senses without life.
tam talu-mulam pradahantam agnivad
gopala-sunum pitaram jagad-guroh
caccharda sadyo ‘tirusaksatam bakas
tundena hantum punar abhyapadyata
Krsna, who was the father of Lord Brahma but who was acting as the son of a
cowherd man, became like fire, burning the root of the demon’s throat, and the
demon Bakasura immediately disgorged Him. When the demon saw that Krsna,
although having been swallowed, was unharmed, he immediately attacked Krsna
again with his sharp beak.
tam apatantam sa nigrhya tundayor
dorbhyam bakam kamsa-sakham satam patih
pasyatsu balesu dadara lilaya
mudavaho viranavad divaukasam
When Krsna, the leader of the Vaisnavas, saw that the demon Bakasura, the
friend of Kamsa, was endeavoring to attack Him, with His arms He captured the
demon by the two halves of the beak, and in the presence of all the cowherd boys
Krsna very easily bifurcated Him, as a child splits a blade of virana grass. By
thus killing the demon, Krsna very much pleased the denizens of heaven.
tada bakarim sura-loka-vasinah
tad viksya gopala-suta visismire
At that time, the celestial denizens of the higher planetary system showered
mallika-puspa, flowers grown in Nandana-kanana, upon Krsna, the enemy of
Bakasura. They also congratulated Him by sounding celestial kettledrums and
conchshells and by offering prayers. Seeing this, the cowherd boys were struck
muktam bakasyad upalabhya balaka
ramadayah pranam ivendriyo ganah
sthanagatam tam parirabhya nirvrtah
praniya vatsan vrajam etya taj jaguh
Just as the senses are pacified when consciousness and life return, so when
Krsna was freed from this danger, all the boys, including Balarama, thought that
their life had been restored. They embraced Krsna in good consciousness, and
then they collected their own calves and returned to Vrajabhumi, where they
declared the incident loudly.
srutva tad vismita gopa
When the cowherd men and women heard about the killing of Bakasura in the
forest, they were very much astonished. Upon seeing Krsna and hearing the story,
they received Krsna very eagerly, thinking that Krsna and the other boys had
returned from the mouth of death. Thus they looked upon Krsna and the boys with
silent eyes, not wanting to turn their eyes aside now that the boys were safe.
aho batasya balasya
bahavo mrtyavo ‘bhavan
apy asid vipriyam tesam
krtam purvam yato bhayam
The cowherd men, headed by Nanda Maharaja, began to contemplate: It is very
astonishing that although this boy Krsna has many times faced many varied causes
of death, by the grace of the Supreme Personality of Godhead it was these causes
of fear that were killed, instead of Him.
athapy abhibhavanty enam
naiva te ghora-darsanah
nasyanty agnau patangavat
Although the causes of death, the daityas, were very fierce, they could not
kill this boy Krsna. Rather, because they came to kill innocent boys, as soon as
they approached they themselves were killed, exactly like flies attacking a
aho brahma-vidam vaco
nasatyah santi karhicit
gargo yad aha bhagavan
anvabhavi tathaiva tat
The words of persons in full knowledge of Brahman never become untrue. It is
very wonderful that whatever Gargamuni predicted we are now actually
experiencing in all detail.
iti nandadayo gopah
kurvanto ramamanas ca
In this way all the cowherd men, headed by Nanda Maharaja, enjoyed topics
about the pastimes of Krsna and Balarama with great transcendental pleasure, and
they could not even perceive material tribulations.
evam viharaih kaumaraih
kaumaram jahatur vraje
In this way Krsna and Balarama passed Their childhood age in Vrajabhumi by
engaging in activities of childish play, such as playing hide-and-seek,
constructing a make-believe bridge on the ocean, and jumping here and there like