Archive for the ‘Sri Vaishna Concepts’ Category

Sri Baagavatham Slohas..Canta 10-Athyayam Eleven-The Childhood Pastimes of Krsna..

December 30, 2009

TEXT 1
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
gopa nandadayah srutva
drumayoh patato ravam
tatrajagmuh kuru-srestha
nirghata-bhaya-sankitah

Sukadeva Gosvami continued: O Maharaja Pariksit, when the yamala-arjuna trees
fell, all the cowherd men in the neighborhood, hearing the fierce sound and
fearing thunderbolts, went to the spot.
TEXT 2
TEXT
bhumyam nipatitau tatra
dadrsur yamalarjunau
babhramus tad avijnaya
laksyam patana-karanam

There they saw the fallen yamala-arjuna trees on the ground, but they were
bewildered because even though they could directly perceive that the trees had
fallen, they could not trace out the cause for their having done so.

TEXT 3
TEXT
ulukhalam vikarsantam
damna baddham ca balakam
kasyedam kuta ascaryam
utpata iti katarah

Krsna was bound by the rope to the ulukhala, the mortar, which He was
dragging. But how could He have pulled down the trees? Who had actually done it?
Where was the source for this incident? Considering all these astounding things,
the cowherd men were doubtful and bewildered.

TEXT 4
TEXT
bala ucur aneneti
tiryag-gatam ulukhalam
vikarsata madhya-gena
purusav apy acaksmahi

Then all the cowherd boys said: It is Krsna who has done this. When He was in
between the two trees, the mortar fell crosswise. Krsna dragged the mortar, and
the two trees fell down. After that, two beautiful men came out of the trees. We
have seen this with our own eyes.

TEXT 5
TEXT
na te tad-uktam jagrhur
na ghateteti tasya tat
balasyotpatanam tarvoh
kecit sandigdha-cetasah

Because of intense paternal affection, the cowherd men, headed by Nanda,
could not believe that Krsna could have uprooted the trees in such a wonderful
way. Therefore they could not put their faith in the words of the boys. Some of
the men, however, were in doubt. “Since Krsna was predicted to equal Narayana,”
they thought, “it might be that He could have done it.”

TEXT 6
TEXT
ulukhalam vikarsantam
damna baddham svam atmajam
vilokya nandah prahasadvadano
vimumoca ha

When Nanda Maharaja saw his own son bound with ropes to the wooden mortar and
dragging it, he smiled and released Krsna from His bonds.

TEXT 7
TEXT
gopibhih stobhito ‘nrtyad
bhagavan balavat kvacit
udgayati kvacin mugdhas
tad-vaso daru-yantravat

The gopis would say, “If You dance, my dear Krsna, then I shall give You half
a sweetmeat.” By saying these words or by clapping their hands, all the gopis
encouraged Krsna in different ways. At such times, although He was the supremely
powerful Personality of Godhead, He would smile and dance according to their
desire, as if He were a wooden doll in their hands. Sometimes He would sing very
loudly, at their bidding. In this way, Krsna came completely under the control
of the gopis.
TEXT 8
TEXT
bibharti kvacid ajnaptah
pithakonmana-padukam
bahu-ksepam ca kurute
svanam ca pritim avahan

Sometimes mother Yasoda and her gopi friends would tell Krsna, “Bring this
article” or “Bring that article.” Sometimes they would order Him to bring a
wooden plank, wooden shoes or a wooden measuring pot, and Krsna, when thus
ordered by the mothers, would try to bring them. Sometimes, however, as if
unable to raise these things, He would touch them and stand there. Just to
invite the pleasure of His relatives, He would strike His body with His arms to
show that He had sufficient strength.
TEXT 9
TEXT
darsayams tad-vidam loka
atmano bhrtya-vasyatam
vrajasyovaha vai harsam
bhagavan bala-cestitaih

To pure devotees throughout the world who could understand His activities,
the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna, exhibited how much He can be subdued
by His devotees, His servants. In this way He increased the pleasure of the
Vrajavasis by His childhood activities.

TEXT 10
TEXT
krinihi bhoh phalaniti
srutva satvaram acyutah
phalarthi dhanyam adaya
yayau sarva-phala-pradah

Once a woman selling fruit was calling, “O inhabitants of Vrajabhumi, if you
want to purchase some fruits, come here!” Upon hearing this, Krsna immediately
took some grains and went to barter as if He needed some fruits.

TEXT 11
TEXT
phala-vikrayini tasya
cyuta-dhanya-kara-dvayam
phalair apurayad ratnaih
phala-bhandam apuri ca

While Krsna was going to the fruit vendor very hastily, most of the grains He
was holding fell. Nonetheless, the fruit vendor filled Krsna’s hands with
fruits, and her fruit basket was immediately filled with jewels and gold.

TEXT 12
TEXT
sarit-tira-gatam krsnam
bhagnarjunam athahvayat
ramam ca rohini devi
kridantam balakair bhrsam

Once, after the uprooting of the yamala-arjuna trees, Rohinidevi went to call
Rama and Krsna, who had both gone to the riverside and were playing with the
other boys with deep attention.

TEXT 13
TEXT
nopeyatam yadahutau
krida-sangena putrakau
yasodam presayam asa
rohini putra-vatsalam

Because of being too attached to playing with the other boys, Krsna and
Balarama did not return upon being called by Rohini. Therefore Rohini sent
mother Yasoda to call Them back, because mother Yasoda was more affectionate to
Krsna and Balarama.

TEXT 14
TEXT
kridantam sa sutam balair
ativelam sahagrajam
yasodajohavit krsnam
putra-sneha-snuta-stani

Krsna and Balarama, being attached to Their play, were playing with the other
boys although it was very late. Therefore mother Yasoda called Them back for
lunch. Because of her ecstatic love and affection for Krsna and Balarama, milk
flowed from her breasts.

TEXT 15
TEXT
krsna krsnaravindaksa
tata ehi stanam piba
alam viharaih ksut-ksantah
krida-sranto ‘si putraka

Mother Yasoda said: My dear son Krsna, lotus-eyed Krsna, come here and drink
the milk of my breast. My dear darling, You must be very tired because of hunger
and the fatigue of playing so long. There is no need to play any more.
TEXT 16
TEXT
he ramagaccha tatasu
sanujah kula-nandana
pratar eva krtaharas
tad bhavan bhoktum arhati

My dear Baladeva, best of our family, please come immediately with Your
younger brother, Krsna. You both ate in the morning, and now You ought to eat
something more.
TEXT 17
TEXT
pratiksate tvam dasarha
bhoksyamano vrajadhipah
ehy avayoh priyam dhehi
sva-grhan yata balakah

Nanda Maharaja, the King of Vraja, is now waiting to eat. O my dear son
Balarama, he is waiting for You. Therefore, come back to please us. All the boys
playing with You and Krsna should now go to their homes.

TEXT 18
TEXT
dhuli-dhusaritangas tvam
putra majjanam avaha
janmarksam te ‘dya bhavati
viprebhyo dehi gah sucih

Mother Yasoda further told Krsna: My dear son, because of playing all day,
Your body has become covered with dust and sand. Therefore, come back, take Your
bath and cleanse Yourself. Today the moon is conjoined with the auspicious star
of Your birth. Therefore, be pure and give cows in charity to the brahmanas.

TEXT 19
TEXT
pasya pasya vayasyams te
matr-mrstan svalankrtan
tvam ca snatah krtaharo
viharasva svalankrtah

Just see how all Your playmates of Your own age have been cleansed and
decorated with beautiful ornaments by their mothers. You should come here, and
after You have taken Your bath, eaten Your lunch and been decorated with
ornaments, You may play with Your friends again.

TEXT 20
TEXT
ittham yasoda tam asesa-sekharam
matva sutam sneha-nibaddha-dhir nrpa
haste grhitva saha-ramam acyutam
nitva sva-vatam krtavaty athodayam

My dear Maharaja Pariksit, because of intense love and affection, mother
Yasoda, Krsna’s mother, considered Krsna, who was at the peak of all opulences,
to be her own son. Thus she took Krsna by the hand, along with Balarama, and
brought Them home, where she performed her duties by fully bathing Them,
dressing Them and feeding Them.

TEXT 21
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
gopa-vrddha mahotpatan
anubhuya brhadvane
nandadayah samagamya
vraja-karyam amantrayan

Sri Sukadeva Gosvami continued: Then one time, having seen the great
disturbances in Brhadvana, all the elderly persons among the cowherd men, headed
by Nanda Maharaja, assembled and began to consider what to do to stop the
continuous disturbing situations in Vraja.
TEXT 22
TEXT
tatropananda-namaha
gopo jnana-vayo-‘dhikah
desa-kalartha-tattva-jnah
priya-krd rama-krsnayoh

At this meeting of all the inhabitants of Gokula, a cowherd man named
Upananda, who was the most mature in age and knowledge and was very experienced
according to time, circumstances and country, made this suggestion for the
benefit of Rama and Krsna.
TEXT 23
TEXT
utthatavyam ito ‘smabhir
gokulasya hitaisibhih
ayanty atra mahotpata
balanam nasa-hetavah

He said: My dear friends the cowherd men, in order to do good to this place,
Gokula, we should leave it, because so many disturbances are always occurring
here, just for the purpose of killing Rama and Krsna.
TEXT 24
TEXT
muktah kathancid raksasya
bala-ghnya balako hy asau
harer anugrahan nunam
anas copari napatat

The child Krsna, simply by the mercy of the Supreme Personality of Godhead,
was somehow or other rescued from the hands of the Raksasi Putana, who was
determined to kill Him. Then, again by the mercy of the Supreme Godhead, the
handcart missed falling upon the child.
TEXT 25
TEXT
cakra-vatena nito ‘yam
daityena vipadam viyat
silayam patitas tatra
paritratah suresvaraih

Then again, the demon Trnavarta, in the form of a whirlwind, took the child
away into the dangerous sky to kill Him, but the demon fell down onto a slab of
stone. In that case also, by the mercy of Lord Visnu or His associates, the
child was saved.
TEXT 26
TEXT
yan na mriyeta drumayor
antaram prapya balakah
asav anyatamo vapi
tad apy acyuta-raksanam

Even the other day, neither Krsna nor any of His playmates died from the
falling of the two trees, although the children were near the trees or even
between them. This also is to be considered the mercy of the Supreme Personality
of Godhead.
TEXT 27
TEXT
yavad autpatiko ‘risto
vrajam nabhibhaved itah
tavad balan upadaya
yasyamo ‘nyatra sanugah

All these incidents are being caused by some unknown demon. Before he comes
here to create another disturbance, it is our duty to go somewhere else with the
boys until there are no more disturbances.

TEXT 28
TEXT
vanam vrndavanam nama
pasavyam nava-kananam
gopa-gopi-gavam sevyam
punyadri-trna-virudham

Between Nandesvara and Mahavana is a place named Vrndavana. This place is
very suitable because it is lush with grass, plants and creepers for the cows
and other animals. It has nice gardens and tall mountains and is full of
facilities for the happiness of all the gopas and gopis and our animals.

TEXT 29
TEXT
tat tatradyaiva yasyamah
sakatan yunkta ma ciram
godhanany agrato yantu
bhavatam yadi rocate

Therefore, let us immediately go today. There is no need to wait any further.
If you agree to my proposal, let us prepare all the bullock carts and put the
cows in front of us, and let us go there.
TEXT 30
TEXT
tac chrutvaika-dhiyo gopah
sadhu sadhv iti vadinah
vrajan svan svan samayujya
yayu rudha-paricchadah

Upon hearing this advice from Upananda, the cowherd men unanimously agreed.
“Very nice,” they said. “Very nice.” Thus they sorted out their household
affairs, placed their clothing and other paraphernalia on the carts, and
immediately started for Vrndavana.
TEXTS 31-32
TEXT
vrddhan balan striyo rajan
sarvopakaranani ca
anahsv aropya gopala
yatta atta-sarasanah
godhanani puraskrtya
srngany apurya sarvatah
turya-ghosena mahata
yayuh saha-purohitah

Keeping all the old men, women, children and household paraphernalia on the
bullock carts and keeping all the cows in front, the cowherd men picked up their
bows and arrows with great care and sounded bugles made of horn. O King
Pariksit, in this way, with bugles vibrating all around, the cowherd men,
accompanied by their priests, began their journey.

TEXT 33
TEXT
gopyo rudha-ratha nutnakuca-
kunkuma-kantayah
krsna-lila jaguh pritya
niska-kanthyah suvasasah

The cowherd women, riding on the bullock carts, were dressed very nicely with
excellent garments, and their bodies, especially their breasts, were decorated
with fresh kunkuma powder. As they rode, they began to chant with great pleasure
the pastimes of Krsna.
TEXT 34
TEXT
tatha yasoda-rohinyav
ekam sakatam asthite
rejatuh krsna-ramabhyam
tat-katha-sravanotsuke

Thus hearing about the pastimes of Krsna and Balarama with great pleasure,
mother Yasoda and Rohinidevi, so as not to be separated from Krsna and Balarama
for even a moment, got up with Them on one bullock cart. In this situation, they
all looked very beautiful.

TEXT 35
TEXT
vrndavanam sampravisya
sarva-kala-sukhavaham
tatra cakrur vrajavasam
sakatair ardha-candravat

In this way they entered Vrndavana, where it is always pleasing to live in
all seasons. They made a temporary place to inhabit by placing their bullock
carts around them in the shape of a half moon.

TEXT 36
TEXT
vrndavanam govardhanam
yamuna-pulinani ca
viksyasid uttama priti
rama-madhavayor nrpa

O King Pariksit, when Rama and Krsna saw Vrndavana, Govardhana and the banks
of the River Yamuna, They both enjoyed great pleasure.
TEXT 37
TEXT
evam vrajaukasam pritim
yacchantau bala-cestitaih
kala-vakyaih sva-kalena
vatsa-palau babhuvatuh

In this way, Krsna and Balarama, acting like small boys and talking in halfbroken
language, gave transcendental pleasure to all the inhabitants of Vraja.
In due course of time, They became old enough to take care of the calves

TEXT 38
TEXT
avidure vraja-bhuvah
saha gopala-darakaih
carayam asatur vatsan
nana-krida-paricchadau

Not far away from Their residential quarters, both Krsna and Balarama,
equipped with all kinds of playthings, played with other cowherd boys and began
to tend the small calves.
TEXTS 39-40
TEXT
kvacid vadayato venum
ksepanaih ksipatah kvacit
kvacit padaih kinkinibhih
kvacit krtrima-go-vrsaih
vrsayamanau nardantau
yuyudhate parasparam
anukrtya rutair jantums
ceratuh prakrtau yatha

Sometimes Krsna and Balarama would play on Their flutes, sometimes They would
throw ropes and stones devised for getting fruits from the trees, sometimes They
would throw only stones, and sometimes, Their ankle bells tinkling, They would
play football with fruits like bael and amalaki. Sometimes They would cover
Themselves with blankets and imitate cows and bulls and fight with one another,
roaring loudly, and sometimes They would imitate the voices of the animals. In
this way They enjoyed sporting, exactly like two ordinary human children.

TEXT 41
TEXT
kadacid yamuna-tire
vatsams carayatoh svakaih
vayasyaih krsna-balayor
jighamsur daitya agamat

One day while Rama and Krsna, along with Their playmates, were tending the
calves on the bank of the River Yamuna, another demon arrived there, desiring to
kill Them.
TEXT 42
TEXT
tam vatsa-rupinam viksya
vatsa-yutha-gatam harih
darsayan baladevaya
sanair mugdha ivasadat

When the Supreme Personality of Godhead saw that the demon had assumed the
form of a calf and entered among the groups of other calves, He pointed out to
Baladeva, “Here is another demon.” Then He very slowly approached the demon, as
if He did not understand the demon’s intentions.

TEXT 43
TEXT
grhitvapara-padabhyam
saha-langulam acyutah
bhramayitva kapitthagre
prahinod gata-jivitam
sa kapitthair maha-kayah
patyamanaih papata ha

Thereafter, Sri Krsna caught the demon by the hind legs and tail, twirled the
demon’s whole body very strongly until the demon was dead, and threw him into
the top of a kapittha tree, which then fell down, along with the body of the
demon, who had assumed a great form.

TEXT 44
TEXT
tam viksya vismita balah
sasamsuh sadhu sadhv iti
devas ca parisantusta
babhuvuh puspa-varsinah

Upon seeing the dead body of the demon, all the cowherd boys exclaimed, “Well
done, Krsna! Very good, very good! Thank You.” In the upper planetary system,
all the demigods were pleased, and therefore they showered flowers on the
Supreme Personality of Godhead.
TEXT 45
TEXT
tau vatsa-palakau bhutva
sarva-lokaika-palakau
sapratar-asau go-vatsams
carayantau viceratuh

After the killing of the demon, Krsna and Balarama finished Their breakfast
in the morning, and while continuing to take care of the calves, They wandered
here and there. Krsna and Balarama, the Supreme Personalities of Godhead, who
maintain the entire creation, now took charge of the calves as if cowherd boys.

TEXT 46
TEXT
svam svam vatsa-kulam sarve
payayisyanta ekada
gatva jalasayabhyasam
payayitva papur jalam

One day all the boys, including Krsna and Balarama, each boy taking his own
group of calves, brought the calves to a reservoir of water, desiring to allow
them to drink. After the animals drank water, the boys drank water there also.
TEXT 47
TEXT
te tatra dadrsur bala
maha-sattvam avasthitam
tatrasur vajra-nirbhinnam
gireh srngam iva cyutam

Right by the reservoir, the boys saw a gigantic body resembling a mountain
peak broken and struck down by a thunderbolt. They were afraid even to see such
a huge living being.
TEXT 48
TEXT
sa vai bako nama mahan
asuro baka-rupa-dhrk
agatya sahasa krsnam
tiksna-tundo ‘grasad bali

That great-bodied demon was named Bakasura. He had assumed the body of a duck
with a very sharp beak. Having come there, he immediately swallowed Krsna.
TEXT 49
TEXT
krsnam maha-baka-grastam
drstva ramadayo ‘rbhakah
babhuvur indriyaniva
vina pranam vicetasah

When Balarama and the other boys saw that Krsna had been devoured by the
gigantic duck, they became almost unconscious, like senses without life.

TEXT 50
TEXT
tam talu-mulam pradahantam agnivad
gopala-sunum pitaram jagad-guroh
caccharda sadyo ‘tirusaksatam bakas
tundena hantum punar abhyapadyata

Krsna, who was the father of Lord Brahma but who was acting as the son of a
cowherd man, became like fire, burning the root of the demon’s throat, and the
demon Bakasura immediately disgorged Him. When the demon saw that Krsna,
although having been swallowed, was unharmed, he immediately attacked Krsna
again with his sharp beak.

TEXT 51
TEXT
tam apatantam sa nigrhya tundayor
dorbhyam bakam kamsa-sakham satam patih
pasyatsu balesu dadara lilaya
mudavaho viranavad divaukasam

When Krsna, the leader of the Vaisnavas, saw that the demon Bakasura, the
friend of Kamsa, was endeavoring to attack Him, with His arms He captured the
demon by the two halves of the beak, and in the presence of all the cowherd boys
Krsna very easily bifurcated Him, as a child splits a blade of virana grass. By
thus killing the demon, Krsna very much pleased the denizens of heaven.
TEXT 52
TEXT
tada bakarim sura-loka-vasinah
samakiran nandana-mallikadibhih
samidire canaka-sankha-samstavais
tad viksya gopala-suta visismire

At that time, the celestial denizens of the higher planetary system showered
mallika-puspa, flowers grown in Nandana-kanana, upon Krsna, the enemy of
Bakasura. They also congratulated Him by sounding celestial kettledrums and
conchshells and by offering prayers. Seeing this, the cowherd boys were struck
with wonder.
TEXT 53
TEXT
muktam bakasyad upalabhya balaka
ramadayah pranam ivendriyo ganah
sthanagatam tam parirabhya nirvrtah
praniya vatsan vrajam etya taj jaguh

Just as the senses are pacified when consciousness and life return, so when
Krsna was freed from this danger, all the boys, including Balarama, thought that
their life had been restored. They embraced Krsna in good consciousness, and
then they collected their own calves and returned to Vrajabhumi, where they
declared the incident loudly.

TEXT 54
TEXT
srutva tad vismita gopa
gopyas catipriyadrtah
pretyagatam ivotsukyad
aiksanta trsiteksanah

When the cowherd men and women heard about the killing of Bakasura in the
forest, they were very much astonished. Upon seeing Krsna and hearing the story,
they received Krsna very eagerly, thinking that Krsna and the other boys had
returned from the mouth of death. Thus they looked upon Krsna and the boys with
silent eyes, not wanting to turn their eyes aside now that the boys were safe.

TEXT 55
TEXT
aho batasya balasya
bahavo mrtyavo ‘bhavan
apy asid vipriyam tesam
krtam purvam yato bhayam

The cowherd men, headed by Nanda Maharaja, began to contemplate: It is very
astonishing that although this boy Krsna has many times faced many varied causes
of death, by the grace of the Supreme Personality of Godhead it was these causes
of fear that were killed, instead of Him.

TEXT 56
TEXT
athapy abhibhavanty enam
naiva te ghora-darsanah
jighamsayainam asadya
nasyanty agnau patangavat

Although the causes of death, the daityas, were very fierce, they could not
kill this boy Krsna. Rather, because they came to kill innocent boys, as soon as
they approached they themselves were killed, exactly like flies attacking a
fire.

TEXT 57
TEXT
aho brahma-vidam vaco
nasatyah santi karhicit
gargo yad aha bhagavan
anvabhavi tathaiva tat

The words of persons in full knowledge of Brahman never become untrue. It is
very wonderful that whatever Gargamuni predicted we are now actually
experiencing in all detail.

TEXT 58
TEXT
iti nandadayo gopah
krsna-rama-katham muda
kurvanto ramamanas ca
navindan bhava-vedanam

In this way all the cowherd men, headed by Nanda Maharaja, enjoyed topics
about the pastimes of Krsna and Balarama with great transcendental pleasure, and
they could not even perceive material tribulations.

TEXT 59
TEXT
evam viharaih kaumaraih
kaumaram jahatur vraje
nilayanaih setu-bandhair
markatotplavanadibhih

In this way Krsna and Balarama passed Their childhood age in Vrajabhumi by
engaging in activities of childish play, such as playing hide-and-seek,
constructing a make-believe bridge on the ocean, and jumping here and there like
monkeys.

Sri Baagavatham Slohas..Canta 10-Athyayam Ten-Deliverance of the Yamala-arjuna Trees..

December 30, 2009

TEXT 1
TEXT
sri-rajovaca
kathyatam bhagavann etat
tayoh sapasya karanam
yat tad vigarhitam karma
yena va devarses tamah

King Pariksit inquired from Sukadeva Gosvami: O great and powerful saint,
what was the cause of Nalakuvara’s and Manigriva’s having been cursed by Narada
Muni? What did they do that was so abominable that even Narada, the great sage,
became angry at them? Kindly describe this to me.
TEXTS 2-3
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
rudrasyanucarau bhutva
sudrptau dhanadatmajau
kailasopavane ramye
mandakinyam madotkatau
varunim madiram pitva
madaghurnita-locanau
stri-janair anugayadbhis
ceratuh puspite vane

Sukadeva Gosvami said: O King Pariksit, because the two sons of Kuvera had
been elevated to the association of Lord Siva, of which they were very much
proud, they were allowed to wander in a garden attached to Kailasa Hill, on the
bank of the Mandakini River. Taking advantage of this, they used to drink a kind
of liquor called Varuni. Accompanied by women singing after them, they would
wander in that garden of flowers, their eyes always rolling in intoxication.

TEXT 4
TEXT
antah pravisya gangayam
ambhoja-vana-rajini
cikridatur yuvatibhir
gajav iva karenubhih

Within the waters of the Mandakini Ganges, which were crowded with gardens of
lotus flowers, the two sons of Kuvera would enjoy young girls, just like two
male elephants enjoying in the water with female elephants.

TEXT 5
TEXT
yadrcchaya ca devarsir
bhagavams tatra kaurava
apasyan narado devau
ksibanau samabudhyata

O Maharaja Pariksit, by some auspicious opportunity for the two boys, the
great saint Devarsi Narada once appeared there by chance. Seeing them
intoxicated, with rolling eyes, he could understand their situation.

TEXT 6
TEXT
tam drstva vridita devyo
vivastrah sapa-sankitah
vasamsi paryadhuh sighram
vivastrau naiva guhyakau

Upon seeing Narada, the naked young girls of the demigods were very much
ashamed. Afraid of being cursed, they covered their bodies with their garments.
But the two sons of Kuvera did not do so; instead, not caring about Narada, they
remained naked.
TEXT 7
TEXT
tau drstva madira-mattau
sri-madandhau suratmajau
tayor anugraharthaya
sapam dasyann idam jagau

Seeing the two sons of the demigods naked and intoxicated by opulence and
false prestige, Devarsi Narada, in order to show them special mercy, desired to
give them a special curse. Thus he spoke as follows.

TEXT 8
TEXT
sri-narada uvaca
na hy anyo jusato josyan
buddhi-bhramso rajo-gunah
sri-madad abhijatyadir
yatra stri dyutam asavah

Narada Muni said: Among all the attractions of material enjoyment, the
attraction of riches bewilders one’s intelligence more than having beautiful
bodily features, taking birth in an aristocratic family, and being learned. When
one is uneducated but falsely puffed up by wealth, the result is that one
engages his wealth in enjoying wine, women and gambling.

TEXT 9
TEXT
hanyante pasavo yatra
nirdayair ajitatmabhih
manyamanair imam deham
ajaramrtyu nasvaram

Unable to control their senses, rascals who are falsely proud of their riches
or their birth in aristocratic families are so cruel that to maintain their
perishable bodies, which they think will never grow old or die, they kill poor
animals without mercy. Sometimes they kill animals merely to enjoy an excursion.

TEXT 10
TEXT
deva-samjnitam apy ante
krmi-vid-bhasma-samjnitam
bhuta-dhruk tat-krte svartham
kim veda nirayo yatah

While living one may be proud of one’s body, thinking oneself a very big man,
minister, president or even demigod, but whatever one may be, after death this
body will turn either into worms, into stool or into ashes. If one kills poor
animals to satisfy the temporary whims of this body, one does not know that he
will suffer in his next birth, for such a sinful miscreant must go to hell and
suffer the results of his actions.

TEXT 11
TEXT
dehah kim anna-datuh svam
nisektur matur eva ca
matuh pitur va balinah
kretur agneh suno ‘pi va

While alive, does this body belong to its employer, to the self, to the
father, the mother, or the mother’s father? Does it belong to the person who
takes it away by force, to the slave master who purchases it, or to the sons who
burn it in the fire? Or, if the body is not burned, does it belong to the dogs
that eat it? Among the many possible claimants, who is the rightful claimant?
Not to ascertain this but instead to maintain the body by sinful activities is
not good.
TEXT 12
TEXT
evam sadharanam deham
avyakta-prabhavapyayam
ko vidvan atmasat krtva
hanti jantun rte ‘satah

This body, after all, is produced by the unmanifested nature and again
annihilated and merged in the natural elements. Therefore, it is the common
property of everyone. Under the circumstances, who but a rascal claims this
property as his own and while maintaining it commits such sinful activities as
killing animals just to satisfy his whims? Unless one is a rascal, one cannot
commit such sinful activities.

TEXT 13
TEXT
asatah sri-madandhasya
daridryam param anjanam
atmaupamyena bhutani
daridrah param iksate

Atheistic fools and rascals who are very much proud of wealth fail to see
things as they are. Therefore, returning them to poverty is the proper ointment
for their eyes so they may see things as they are. At least a poverty-stricken
man can realize how painful poverty is, and therefore he will not want others to
be in a painful condition like his own.

TEXT 14
TEXT
yatha kantaka-viddhango
jantor necchati tam vyatham
jiva-samyam gato lingair
na tathaviddha-kantakah

By seeing their faces, one whose body has been pricked by pins can understand
the pain of others who are pinpricked. Realizing that this pain is the same for
everyone, he does not want others to suffer in this way. But one who has never
been pricked by pins cannot understand this pain.

TEXT 15
TEXT
daridro niraham-stambho
muktah sarva-madair iha
krcchram yadrcchayapnoti
tad dhi tasya param tapah

A poverty-stricken man must automatically undergo austerities and penances
because he does not have the wealth to possess anything. Thus his false prestige
is vanquished. Always in need of food, shelter and clothing, he must be
satisfied with what is obtained by the mercy of providence. Undergoing such
compulsory austerities is good for him because this purifies him and completely
frees him from false ego.

TEXT 16
TEXT
nityam ksut-ksama-dehasya
daridrasyanna-kanksinah
indriyany anususyanti
himsapi vinivartate

Always hungry, longing for sufficient food, a poverty-stricken man gradually
becomes weaker and weaker. Having no extra potency, his senses are automatically
pacified. A poverty-stricken man, therefore, is unable to perform harmful,
envious activities. In other words, such a man automatically gains the results
of the austerities and penances adopted voluntarily by saintly persons.

TEXT 17
TEXT
daridrasyaiva yujyante
sadhavah sama-darsinah
sadbhih ksinoti tam tarsam
tata arad visuddhyati

Saintly persons may freely associate with those who are poverty-stricken, but
not with those who are rich. A poverty-stricken man, by association with saintly
persons, very soon becomes uninterested in material desires, and the dirty
things within the core of his heart are cleansed away.

TEXT 18
TEXT
sadhunam sama-cittanam
mukunda-caranaisinam
upeksyaih kim dhana-stambhair
asadbhir asad-asrayaih

Saintly persons [sadhus] think of Krsna twenty-four hours a day. They have no
other interest. Why should people neglect the association of such exalted
spiritual personalities and try to associate with materialists, taking shelter
of nondevotees, most of whom are proud and rich?

TEXT 19
TEXT
tad aham mattayor madhvya
varunya sri-madandhayoh
tamo-madam harisyami
strainayor ajitatmanoh

Therefore, since these two persons, drunk with the liquor named Varuni, or
Madhvi, and unable to control their senses, have been blinded by the pride of
celestial opulence and have become attached to women, I shall relieve them of
their false prestige.

TEXTS 20-22
TEXT
yad imau loka-palasya
putrau bhutva tamah-plutau
na vivasasam atmanam
vijanitah sudurmadau
ato ‘rhatah sthavaratam
syatam naivam yatha punah
smrtih syan mat-prasadena
tatrapi mad-anugrahat
vasudevasya sannidhyam
labdhva divya-sarac-chate
vrtte svarlokatam bhuyo
labdha-bhakti bhavisyatah

These two young men, Nalakuvara and Manigriva, are by fortune the sons of the
great demigod Kuvera, but because of false prestige and madness after drinking
liquor, they are so fallen that they are naked but cannot understand that they
are. Therefore, because they are living like trees (for trees are naked but are
not conscious), these two young men should receive the bodies of trees. This
will be proper punishment. Nonetheless, after they become trees and until they
are released, by my mercy they will have remembrance of their past sinful
activities. Moreover, by my special favor, after the expiry of one hundred years
by the measurement of the demigods, they will be able to see the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, Vasudeva, face to face, and thus revive their real
position as devotees.

TEXT 23
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
evam uktva sa devarsir
gato narayanasramam
nalakuvara-manigrivav
asatur yamalarjunau

Sukadeva Gosvami continued: Having thus spoken, the great saint Devarsi
Narada returned to his asrama, known as Narayana-asrama, and Nalakuvara and
Manigriva became twin arjuna trees.

TEXT 24
TEXT
rser bhagavata-mukhyasya
satyam kartum vaco harih
jagama sanakais tatra
yatrastam yamalarjunau

The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Sri Krsna, to fulfill the truthfulness of
the words of the greatest devotee, Narada, slowly went to that spot where the
twin arjuna trees were standing.
TEXT 25
TEXT
devarsir me priyatamo
yad imau dhanadatmajau
tat tatha sadhayisyami
yad gitam tan mahatmana

“Although these two young men are the sons of the very rich Kuvera and I have
nothing to do with them, Devarsi Narada is My very dear and affectionate
devotee, and therefore because he wanted Me to come face to face with them, I
must do so for their deliverance.”

TEXT 26
TEXT
ity antarenarjunayoh
krsnas tu yamayor yayau
atma-nirvesa-matrena
tiryag-gatam ulukhalam

Having thus spoken, Krsna soon entered between the two arjuna trees, and thus
the big mortar to which He was bound turned crosswise and stuck between them.
TEXT 27
TEXT
balena niskarsayatanvag ulukhalam tad
damodarena tarasotkalitanghri-bandhau
nispetatuh parama-vikramitativepaskandha-
pravala-vitapau krta-canda-sabdau

By dragging behind Him with great force the wooden mortar tied to His belly,
the boy Krsna uprooted the two trees. By the great strength of the Supreme
Person, the two trees, with their trunks, leaves and branches, trembled severely
and fell to the ground with a great crash.

TEXT 28
TEXT
tatra sriya paramaya kakubhah sphurantau
siddhav upetya kujayor iva jata-vedah
krsnam pranamya sirasakhila-loka-natham
baddhanjali virajasav idam ucatuh sma

Thereafter, in that very place where the two arjuna trees had fallen, two
great, perfect personalities, who appeared like fire personified, came out of
the two trees. The effulgence of their beauty illuminating all directions, with
bowed heads they offered obeisances to Krsna, and with hands folded they spoke
the following words.
TEXT 29
TEXT
krsna krsna maha-yogims
tvam adyah purusah parah
vyaktavyaktam idam visvam
rupam te brahmana viduh

O Lord Krsna, Lord Krsna, Your opulent mysticism is inconceivable. You are
the supreme, original person, the cause of all causes, immediate and remote, and
You are beyond this material creation. Learned brahmanas know [on the basis of
the Vedic statement sarvam khalv idam brahma] that You are everything and that
this cosmic manifestation, in its gross and subtle aspects, is Your form.

TEXTS 30-31
TEXT
tvam ekah sarva-bhutanam
dehasv-atmendriyesvarah
tvam eva kalo bhagavan
visnur avyaya isvarah
tvam mahan prakrtih suksma
rajah-sattva-tamomayi
tvam eva puruso ‘dhyaksah
sarva-ksetra-vikara-vit

You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the controller of everything. The
body, life, ego and senses of every living entity are Your own self. You are the
Supreme Person, Visnu, the imperishable controller. You are the time factor, the
immediate cause, and You are material nature, consisting of the three modes
passion, goodness and ignorance. You are the original cause of this material
manifestation. You are the Supersoul, and therefore You know everything within
the core of the heart of every living entity.

TEXT 32
TEXT
grhyamanais tvam agrahyo
vikaraih prakrtair gunaih
ko nv iharhati vijnatum
prak siddham guna-samvrtah

O Lord, You exist before the creation. Therefore, who, trapped by a body of
material qualities in this material world, can understand You?

TEXT 33
TEXT
tasmai tubhyam bhagavate
vasudevaya vedhase
atma-dyota-gunais channamahimne
brahmane namah

O Lord, whose glories are covered by Your own energy, You are the Supreme
Personality of Godhead. You are Sankarsana, the origin of creation, and You are
Vasudeva, the origin of the caturvyuha. Because You are everything and are
therefore the Supreme Brahman, we simply offer our respectful obeisances unto
You.

TEXTS 34-35
TEXT
yasyavatara jnayante
sariresv asaririnah
tais tair atulyatisayair
viryair dehisv asangataih
sa bhavan sarva-lokasya
bhavaya vibhavaya ca
avatirno ‘msa-bhagena
sampratam patir asisam

Appearing in bodies like those of an ordinary fish, tortoise and hog, You
exhibit activities impossible for such creatures to perform–extraordinary,
incomparable, transcendental activities of unlimited power and strength. These
bodies of Yours, therefore, are not made of material elements, but are
incarnations of Your Supreme Personality. You are the same Supreme Personality
of Godhead, who have now appeared, with full potency, for the benefit of all
living entities within this material world.

TEXT 36
TEXT
namah parama-kalyana
namah parama-mangala
vasudevaya santaya
yadunam pataye namah

O supremely auspicious, we offer our respectful obeisances unto You, who are
the supreme good. O most famous descendant and controller of the Yadu dynasty, O
son of Vasudeva, O most peaceful, let us offer our obeisances unto Your lotus
feet.

TEXT 37
TEXT
anujanihi nau bhumams
tavanucara-kinkarau
darsanam nau bhagavata
rser asid anugrahat

O supreme form, we are always servants of Your servants, especially of Narada
Muni. Now give us permission to leave for our home. It is by the grace and mercy
of Narada Muni that we have been able to see You face to face.

TEXT 38
TEXT
vani gunanukathane sravanau kathayam
hastau ca karmasu manas tava padayor nah
smrtyam siras tava nivasa-jagat-praname
drstih satam darsane ‘stu bhavat-tanunam

Henceforward, may all our words describe Your pastimes, may our ears engage
in aural reception of Your glories, may our hands, legs and other senses engage
in actions pleasing to You, and may our minds always think of Your lotus feet.
May our heads offer our obeisances to everything within this world, because all
things are also Your different forms, and may our eyes see the forms of
Vaisnavas, who are nondifferent from You.

TEXT 39
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
ittham sankirtitas tabhyam
bhagavan gokulesvarah
damna colukhale baddhah
prahasann aha guhyakau

Sukadeva Gosvami continued: The two young demigods thus offered prayers to
the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Although Sri Krsna, the Supreme Godhead, is
the master of all and was certainly Gokulesvara, the master of Gokula, He was
bound to the wooden mortar by the ropes of the gopis, and therefore, smiling
widely, He spoke to the sons of Kuvera the following words.

TEXT 40
TEXT
sri-bhagavan uvaca
jnatam mama puraivaitad
rsina karunatmana
yac chri-madandhayor vagbhir
vibhramso ‘nugrahah krtah

The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: The great saint Narada Muni is very
merciful. By his curse, he showed the greatest favor to both of you, who were
mad after material opulence and who had thus become blind. Although you fell
from the higher planet Svargaloka and became trees, you were most favored by
him. I knew of all these incidents from the very beginning.

TEXT 41
TEXT
sadhunam sama-cittanam
sutaram mat-krtatmanam
darsanan no bhaved bandhah
pumso ‘ksnoh savitur yatha

When one is face to face with the sun, there is no longer darkness for one’s
eyes. Similarly, when one is face to face with a sadhu, a devotee, who is fully
determined and surrendered to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, one will no
longer be subject to material bondage.

TEXT 42
TEXT
tad gacchatam mat-paramau
nalakuvara sadanam
sanjato mayi bhavo vam
ipsitah paramo ‘bhavah

O Nalakuvara and Manigriva, now you may both return home. Since you desire to
be always absorbed in My devotional service, your desire to develop love and
affection for Me will be fulfilled, and now you will never fall from that
platform.

TEXT 43
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
ity uktau tau parikramya
pranamya ca punah punah
baddholukhalam amantrya
jagmatur disam uttaram

Sukadeva Gosvami said: The Supreme Personality of Godhead having spoken to
the two demigods in this way, they circumambulated the Lord, who was bound to
the wooden mortar, and offered obeisances to Him. After taking the permission of
Lord Krsna, they returned to their respective homes.

Sri Baagavatham Slohas..Canta 10-Athyayam Nine-Mother Yasoda Binds Lord Krsna..

December 30, 2009

TEXTS 1-2
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
ekada grha-dasisu
yasoda nanda-gehini
karmantara-niyuktasu
nirmamantha svayam dadhi
yani yaniha gitani
tad-bala-caritani ca
dadhi-nirmanthane kale
smaranti tany agayata

Sri Sukadeva Gosvami continued: One day when mother Yasoda saw that all the
maidservants were engaged in other household affairs, she personally began to
churn the yogurt. While churning, she remembered the childish activities of
Krsna, and in her own way she composed songs and enjoyed singing to herself
about all those activities.

TEXT 3
TEXT
ksaumam vasah prthu-kati-tate bibhrati sutra-naddham
putra-sneha-snuta-kuca-yugam jata-kampam ca subhruh
rajjv-akarsa-srama-bhuja-calat-kankanau kundale ca
svinnam vaktram kabara-vigalan-malati nirmamantha

Dressed in a saffron-yellow sari, with a belt tied about her full hips,
mother Yasoda pulled on the churning rope, laboring considerably, her bangles
and earrings moving and vibrating and her whole body shaking. Because of her
intense love for her child, her breasts were wet with milk. Her face, with its
very beautiful eyebrows, was wet with perspiration, and malati flowers were
falling from her hair.

TEXT 4
TEXT
tam stanya-kama asadya
mathnantim jananim harih
grhitva dadhi-manthanam
nyasedhat pritim avahan

While mother Yasoda was churning butter, Lord Krsna, desiring to drink the
milk of her breast, appeared before her, and in order to increase her
transcendental pleasure, He caught hold of the churning rod and began to prevent
her from churning.

TEXT 5
TEXT
tam ankam arudham apayayat stanam
sneha-snutam sa-smitam iksati mukham
atrptam utsrjya javena sa yayav
utsicyamane payasi tv adhisrite

Mother Yasoda then embraced Krsna, allowed Him to sit down on her lap, and
began to look upon the face of the Lord with great love and affection. Because
of her intense affection, milk was flowing from her breast. But when she saw
that the milk pan on the oven was boiling over, she immediately left her son to
take care of the overflowing milk, although the child was not yet fully
satisfied with drinking the milk of His mother’s breast.

TEXT 6
TEXT
sanjata-kopah sphuritarunadharam
sandasya dadbhir dadhi-mantha-bhajanam
bhittva mrsasrur drsad-asmana raho
jaghasa haiyangavam antaram gatah

Being very angry and biting His reddish lips with His teeth, Krsna, with
false tears in His eyes, broke the container of yogurt with a piece of stone.
Then He entered a room and began to eat the freshly churned butter in a solitary
place.

TEXT 7
TEXT
uttarya gopi susrtam payah punah
pravisya samdrsya ca dadhy-amatrakam
bhagnam vilokya sva-sutasya karma taj
jahasa tam capi na tatra pasyati

Mother Yasoda, after taking down the hot milk from the oven, returned to the
churning spot, and when she saw that the container of yogurt was broken and that
Krsna was not present, she concluded that the breaking of the pot was the work
of Krsna.

ulukhalanghrer upari vyavasthitam
markaya kamam dadatam sici sthitam
haiyangavam caurya-visankiteksanam
niriksya pascat sutam agamac chanaih

Krsna, at that time, was sitting on an upside-down wooden mortar for grinding
spices and was distributing milk preparations such as yogurt and butter to the
monkeys as He liked. Because of having stolen, He was looking all around with
great anxiety, suspecting that He might be chastised by His mother. Mother
Yasoda, upon seeing Him, very cautiously approached Him from behind.

TEXT 9
TEXT
tam atta-yastim prasamiksya satvaras
tato ‘varuhyapasasara bhitavat
gopy anvadhavan na yam apa yoginam
ksamam pravestum tapaseritam manah

When Lord Sri Krsna saw His mother, stick in hand, He very quickly got down
from the top of the mortar and began to flee as if very much afraid. Although
yogis try to capture Him as Paramatma by meditation, desiring to enter into the
effulgence of the Lord with great austerities and penances, they fail to reach
Him. But mother Yasoda, thinking that same Personality of Godhead, Krsna, to be
her son, began following Krsna to catch Him.

TEXT 10
TEXT
anvancamana janani brhac-calacchroni-
bharakranta-gatih sumadhyama
javena visramsita-kesa-bandhanacyuta-
prasunanugatih paramrsat

While following Krsna, mother Yasoda, her thin waist overburdened by her
heavy breasts, naturally had to reduce her speed. Because of following Krsna
very swiftly, her hair became loose, and the flowers in her hair were falling
after her. Yet she did not fail to capture her son Krsna.

TEXT 11
TEXT
krtagasam tam prarudantam aksini
kasantam anjan-masini sva-panina
udviksamanam bhaya-vihvaleksanam
haste grhitva bhisayanty avagurat

When caught by mother Yasoda, Krsna became more and more afraid and admitted
to being an offender. As she looked upon Him, she saw that He was crying, His
tears mixing with the black ointment around His eyes, and as He rubbed His eyes
with His hands, He smeared the ointment all over His face. Mother Yasoda,
catching her beautiful son by the hand, mildly began to chastise Him.

TEXT 12
TEXT
tyaktva yastim sutam bhitam
vijnayarbhaka-vatsala
iyesa kila tam baddhum
damnatad-virya-kovida

Mother Yasoda was always overwhelmed by intense love for Krsna, not knowing
who Krsna was or how powerful He was. Because of maternal affection for Krsna,
she never even cared to know who He was. Therefore, when she saw that her son
had become excessively afraid, she threw the stick away and desired to bind Him
so that He would not commit any further naughty activities.

TEXTS 13-14
TEXT
na cantar na bahir yasya
na purvam napi caparam
purvaparam bahis cantar
jagato yo jagac ca yah
tam matvatmajam avyaktam
martya-lingam adhoksajam
gopikolukhale damna
babandha prakrtam yatha

The Supreme Personality of Godhead has no beginning and no end, no exterior
and no interior, no front and no rear. In other words, He is all-pervading.
Because He is not under the influence of the element of time, for Him there is
no difference between past, present and future; He exists in His own
transcendental form at all times. Being absolute, beyond relativity, He is free
from distinctions between cause and effect, although He is the cause and effect
of everything. That unmanifested person, who is beyond the perception of the
senses, had now appeared as a human child, and mother Yasoda, considering Him
her own ordinary child, bound Him to the wooden mortar with a rope.

TEXT 15
TEXT
tad dama badhyamanasya
svarbhakasya krtagasah
dvy-angulonam abhut tena
sandadhe ‘nyac ca gopika

When mother Yasoda was trying to bind the offending child, she saw that the
binding rope was short by a distance the width of two fingers. Thus she brought
another rope to join to it.

TEXT 16
TEXT
yadasit tad api nyunam
tenanyad api sandadhe
tad api dvy-angulam nyunam
yad yad adatta bandhanam

This new rope also was short by a measurement of two fingers, and when
another rope was joined to it, it was still two fingers too short. As many ropes
as she joined, all of them failed; their shortness could not be overcome.
TEXT 17
TEXT
evam sva-geha-damani
yasoda sandadhaty api
gopinam susmayantinam
smayanti vismitabhavat

Thus mother Yasoda joined whatever ropes were available in the household, but
still she failed in her attempt to bind Krsna. Mother Yasoda’s friends, the
elderly gopis in the neighborhood, were smiling and enjoying the fun. Similarly,
mother Yasoda, although laboring in that way, was also smiling. All of them were
struck with wonder.

TEXT 18
TEXT
sva-matuh svinna-gatraya
visrasta-kabara-srajah
drstva parisramam krsnah
krpayasit sva-bandhane

Because of mother Yasoda’s hard labor, her whole body became covered with
perspiration, and the flowers and comb were falling from her hair. When child
Krsna saw His mother thus fatigued, He became merciful to her and agreed to be
bound.

TEXT 19
TEXT
evam sandarsita hy anga
harina bhrtya-vasyata
sva-vasenapi krsnena
yasyedam sesvaram vase

O Maharaja Pariksit, this entire universe, with its great, exalted demigods
like Lord Siva, Lord Brahma and Lord Indra, is under the control of the Supreme
Personality of Godhead. Yet the Supreme Lord has one transcendental attribute:
He comes under the control of His devotees. This was now exhibited by Krsna in
this pastime.

TEXT 20
TEXT
nemam virinco na bhavo
na srir apy anga-samsraya
prasadam lebhire gopi
yat tat prapa vimuktidat

Neither Lord Brahma, nor Lord Siva, nor even the goddess of fortune, who is
always the better half of the Supreme Lord, can obtain from the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, the deliverer from this material world, such mercy as
received by mother Yasoda

TEXT 21
TEXT
nayam sukhapo bhagavan
dehinam gopika-sutah
jnaninam catma-bhutanam
yatha bhaktimatam iha

The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna, the son of mother Yasoda, is
accessible to devotees engaged in spontaneous loving service, but He is not as
easily accessible to mental speculators, to those striving for self-realization
by severe austerities and penances, or to those who consider the body the same
as the self.

TEXT 22
TEXT
krsnas tu grha-krtyesu
vyagrayam matari prabhuh
adraksid arjunau purvam
guhyakau dhanadatmajau

While mother Yasoda was very busy with household affairs, the Supreme Lord,
Krsna, observed twin trees known as yamala-arjuna, which in a former millennium
had been the demigod sons of Kuvera.
TEXT 23
TEXT
pura narada-sapena
vrksatam prapitau madat
nalakuvara-manigrivav
iti khyatau sriyanvitau

In their former birth, these two sons, known as Nalakuvara and Manigriva,
were extremely opulent and fortunate. But because of pride and false prestige,
they did not care about anyone, and thus Narada Muni cursed them to become
trees.

Sri Baagavatham Slohas..Canta 10-Athyayam Eight-Lord Krsna Shows the Universal Form Within His Mouth..Lord Krsna Shows the Universal Form Within His Mouth..

December 30, 2009

TEXT 1
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
gargah purohito rajan
yadunam sumaha-tapah
vrajam jagama nandasya
vasudeva-pracoditah

Sukadeva Gosvami said: O Maharaja Pariksit, the priest of the Yadu dynasty,
namely Gargamuni, who was highly elevated in austerity and penance, was then
inspired by Vasudeva to go see Nanda Maharaja at his home.
TEXT 2
TEXT
tam drstva parama-pritah
pratyutthaya krtanjalih
anarcadhoksaja-dhiya
pranipata-purahsaram

When Nanda Maharaja saw Gargamuni present at his home, Nanda was so pleased
that he stood up to receive him with folded hands. Although seeing Gargamuni
with his eyes, Nanda Maharaja could appreciate that Gargamuni was adhoksaja;
that is, he was not an ordinary person seen by material senses.
TEXT 3
TEXT
supavistam krtatithyam
gira sunrtaya munim
nandayitvabravid brahman
purnasya karavama kim

When Gargamuni had been properly received as a guest and was very comfortably
seated, Nanda Maharaja submitted with gentle and submissive words: Dear sir,
because you are a devotee, you are full in everything. Yet my duty is to serve
you. Kindly order me. What can I do for you?
TEXT 4
TEXT
mahad-vicalanam nrnam
grhinam dina-cetasam
nihsreyasaya bhagavan
kalpate nanyatha kvacit

O my lord, O great devotee, persons like you move from one place to another
not for their own interests but for the sake of poor-hearted grhasthas
[householders]. Otherwise they have no interest in going from one place to
another.

TEXT 5
TEXT
jyotisam ayanam saksad
yat taj jnanam atindriyam
pranitam bhavata yena
puman veda paravaram

O great saintly person, you have compiled the astrological knowledge by which
one can understand past and present unseen things. By the strength of this
knowledge, any human being can understand what he has done in his past life and
how it affects his present life. This is known to you.

TEXT 6
TEXT
tvam hi brahma-vidam sresthah
samskaran kartum arhasi
balayor anayor nrnam
janmana brahmano guruh

My lord, you are the best of the brahmanas, especially because you are fully
aware of the jyotih-sastra, the astrological science. Therefore you are
naturally the spiritual master of every human being. This being so, since you
have kindly come to my house, kindly execute the reformatory activities for my
two sons.

TEXT 7
TEXT
sri-garga uvaca
yadunam aham acaryah
khyatas ca bhuvi sarvada
sutam maya samskrtam te
manyate devaki-sutam

Gargamuni said: My dear Nanda Maharaja, I am the priestly guide of the Yadu
dynasty. This is known everywhere. Therefore, if I perform the purificatory
process for your sons, Kamsa will consider Them the sons of Devaki.

TEXTS 8-9
TEXT
kamsah papa-matih sakhyam
tava canakadundubheh
devakya astamo garbho
na stri bhavitum arhati
iti sancintayan chrutva
devakya darika-vacah
api hanta gatasankas
tarhi tan no ‘nayo bhavet

Kamsa is both a great diplomat and a very sinful man. Therefore, having heard
from Yogamaya, the daughter of Devaki, that the child who will kill him has
already been born somewhere else, having heard that the eighth pregnancy of
Devaki could not bring forth a female child, and having understood your
friendship with Vasudeva, Kamsa, upon hearing that the purificatory process has
been performed by me, the priest of the Yadu dynasty, may certainly consider all
these points and suspect that Krsna is the son of Devaki and Vasudeva. Then he
might take steps to kill Krsna. That would be a catastrophe.

TEXT 10
TEXT
sri-nanda uvaca
alaksito ‘smin rahasi
mamakair api go-vraje
kuru dvijati-samskaram
svasti-vacana-purvakam

Nanda Maharaja said: My dear great sage, if you think that your performing
this process of purification will make Kamsa suspicious, then secretly chant the
Vedic hymns and perform the purifying process of second birth here in the cow
shed of my house, without the knowledge of anyone else, even my relatives, for
this process of purification is essential.

TEXT 11
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
evam samprarthito viprah
sva-cikirsitam eva tat
cakara nama-karanam
gudho rahasi balayoh

Sukadeva Gosvami continued: Having thus been especially requested by Nanda
Maharaja to do that which he already desired to do, Gargamuni performed the
name-giving ceremony for Krsna and Balarama in a solitary place.
TEXT 12
TEXT
sri-garga uvaca
ayam hi rohini-putro
ramayan suhrdo gunaih
akhyasyate rama iti
baladhikyad balam viduh
yadunam aprthag-bhavat
sankarsanam usanty api

Gargamuni said: This child, the son of Rohini, will give all happiness to His
relatives and friends by His transcendental qualities. Therefore He will be
known as Rama. And because He will manifest extraordinary bodily strength, He
will also be known as Bala. Moreover, because He unites two families–Vasudeva’s
family and the family of Nanda Maharaja–He will be known as Sankarsana.

TEXT 13
TEXT
asan varnas trayo hy asya
grhnato ‘nuyugam tanuh
suklo raktas tatha pita
idanim krsnatam gatah

Your son Krsna appears as an incarnation in every millennium. In the past, He
assumed three different colors–white, red and yellow–and now He has appeared
in a blackish color. [In another Dvapara-yuga, He appeared (as Lord Ramacandra)
in the color of suka, a parrot. All such incarnations have now assembled in
Krsna.]

TEXT 14
TEXT
prag ayam vasudevasya
kvacij jatas tavatmajah
vasudeva iti sriman
abhijnah sampracaksate

For many reasons, this beautiful son of yours sometimes appeared previously
as the son of Vasudeva. Therefore, those who are learned sometimes call this
child Vasudeva.

TEXT 15
TEXT
bahuni santi namani
rupani ca sutasya te
guna-karmanurupani
tany aham veda no janah

For this son of yours there are many forms and names according to His
transcendental qualities and activities. These are known to me, but people in
general do not understand them.

TEXT 16
TEXT
esa vah sreya adhasyad
gopa-gokula-nandanah
anena sarva-durgani
yuyam anjas tarisyatha

To increase the transcendental bliss of the cowherd men of Gokula, this child
will always act auspiciously for you. And by His grace only, you will surpass
all difficulties.

TEXT 17
TEXT
puranena vraja-pate
sadhavo dasyu-piditah
arajake raksyamana
jigyur dasyun samedhitah

O Nanda Maharaja, as recorded in history, when there was an irregular,
incapable government, Indra having been dethroned, and people were being
harassed and disturbed by thieves, this child appeared in order to protect the
people and enable them to flourish, and He curbed the rogues and thieves

TEXT 18
TEXT
ya etasmin maha-bhagah
pritim kurvanti manavah
narayo ‘bhibhavanty etan
visnu-paksan ivasurah

Demons [asuras] cannot harm the demigods, who always have Lord Visnu on their
side. Similarly, any person or group attached to Krsna is extremely fortunate.
Because such persons are very much affectionate toward Krsna, they cannot be
defeated by demons like the associates of Kamsa [or by the internal enemies, the
senses].
TEXT 19
TEXT
tasman nandatmajo ‘yam te
narayana-samo gunaih
sriya kirtyanubhavena
gopayasva samahitah

In conclusion, therefore, O Nanda Maharaja, this child of yours is as good as
Narayana. In His transcendental qualities, opulence, name, fame and influence,
He is exactly like Narayana. You should all raise this child very carefully and
cautiously.

TEXT 20
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
ity atmanam samadisya
garge ca sva-grham gate
nandah pramudito mene
atmanam purnam asisam

Srila Sukadeva Gosvami continued: After Gargamuni, having instructed Nanda
Maharaja about Krsna, departed for his own home, Nanda Maharaja was very pleased
and considered himself full of all good fortune.

TEXT 21
TEXT
kalena vrajatalpena
gokule rama-kesavau
janubhyam saha panibhyam
ringamanau vijahratuh

After a short time passed, both brothers, Rama and Krsna, began to crawl on
the ground of Vraja with the strength of Their hands and knees and thus enjoy
Their childhood play.

TEXT 22
TEXT
tav anghri-yugmam anukrsya sarisrpantau
ghosa-praghosa-ruciram vraja-kardamesu
tan-nada-hrsta-manasav anusrtya lokam
mugdha-prabhitavad upeyatur anti matroh

When Krsna and Balarama, with the strength of Their legs, crawled in the
muddy places created in Vraja by cow dung and cow urine, Their crawling
resembled the crawling of serpents, and the sound of Their ankle bells was very
charming. Very much pleased by the sound of other people’s ankle bells, They
used to follow these people as if going to Their mothers, but when They saw that
these were other people, They became afraid and returned to Their real mothers,
Yasoda and Rohini.

TEXT 23
TEXT
tan-matarau nija-sutau ghrnaya snuvantyau
pankanga-raga-rucirav upagrhya dorbhyam
dattva stanam prapibatoh sma mukham niriksya
mugdha-smitalpa-dasanam yayatuh pramodam

Dressed with muddy earth mixed with cow dung and cow urine, the babies looked
very beautiful, and when They went to Their mothers, both Yasoda and Rohini
picked Them up with great affection, embraced Them and allowed Them to suck the
milk flowing from their breasts. While sucking the breast, the babies smiled,
and Their small teeth were visible. Their mothers, upon seeing those beautiful
teeth, enjoyed great transcendental bliss.

TEXT 24
TEXT
yarhy angana-darsaniya-kumara-lilav
antar-vraje tad abalah pragrhita-pucchaih
vatsair itas tata ubhav anukrsyamanau
preksantya ujjhita-grha jahrsur hasantyah

Within the house of Nanda Maharaja, the cowherd ladies would enjoy seeing the
pastimes of the babies Rama and Krsna. The babies would catch the ends of the
calves’ tails, and the calves would drag Them here and there. When the ladies
saw these pastimes, they certainly stopped their household activities and
laughed and enjoyed the incidents.

TEXT 25
TEXT
srngy-agni-damstry-asi-jala-dvija-kantakebhyah
krida-parav aticalau sva-sutau niseddhum
grhyani kartum api yatra na taj-jananyau
sekata apatur alam manaso ‘navastham

When mother Yasoda and Rohini were unable to protect the babies from
calamities threatened by horned cows, by fire, by animals with claws and teeth
such as monkeys, dogs and cats, and by thorns, swords and other weapons on the
ground, they were always in anxiety, and their household engagements were
disturbed. At that time, they were fully equipoised in the transcendental
ecstasy known as the distress of material affection, for this was aroused within
their minds.

TEXT 26
TEXT
kalenalpena rajarse
ramah krsnas ca gokule
aghrsta-janubhih padbhir
vicakramatur anjasa

O King Pariksit, within a very short time both Rama and Krsna began to walk
very easily in Gokula on Their legs, by Their own strength, without the need to
crawl.

TEXT 27
TEXT
tatas tu bhagavan krsno
vayasyair vraja-balakaih
saha-ramo vraja-strinam
cikride janayan mudam

Thereafter, Lord Krsna, along with Balarama, began to play with the other
children of the cowherd men, thus awakening the transcendental bliss of the
cowherd women.

TEXT 28
TEXT
krsnasya gopyo ruciram
viksya kaumara-capalam
srnvantyah kila tan-matur
iti hocuh samagatah

Observing the very attractive childish restlessness of Krsna, all the gopis
in the neighborhood, to hear about Krsna’s activities again and again, would
approach mother Yasoda and speak to her as follows.

TEXT 29
TEXT
vatsan muncan kvacid asamaye krosa-sanjata-hasah
steyam svadv atty atha dadhi-payah kalpitaih steya-yogaih
markan bhoksyan vibhajati sa cen natti bhandam bhinnatti
dravyalabhe sagrha-kupito yaty upakrosya tokan

“Our dear friend Yasoda, your son sometimes comes to our houses before the
milking of the cows and releases the calves, and when the master of the house
becomes angry, your son merely smiles. Sometimes He devises some process by
which He steals palatable curd, butter and milk, which He then eats and drinks.
When the monkeys assemble, He divides it with them, and when the monkeys have
their bellies so full that they won’t take more, He breaks the pots. Sometimes,
if He gets no opportunity to steal butter or milk from a house, He will be angry
at the householders, and for His revenge He will agitate the small children by
pinching them. Then, when the children begin crying, Krsna will go away.

TEXT 30
TEXT
hastagrahye racayati vidhim pithakolukhaladyais
chidram hy antar-nihita-vayunah sikya-bhandesu tad-vit
dhvantagare dhrta-mani-ganam svangam artha-pradipam
kale gopyo yarhi grha-krtyesu suvyagra-cittah

“When the milk and curd are kept high on a swing hanging from the ceiling and
Krsna and Balarama cannot reach it, They arrange to reach it by piling up
various planks and turning upside down the mortar for grinding spices. Being
quite aware of the contents of a pot, They pick holes in it. While the elderly
gopis go about their household affairs, Krsna and Balarama sometimes go into a
dark room, brightening the place with the valuable jewels and ornaments on Their
bodies and taking advantage of this light by stealing.

TEXT 31
TEXT
evam dharstyany usati kurute mehanadini vastau
steyopayair viracita-krtih supratiko yathaste
ittham stribhih sa-bhaya-nayana-sri-mukhalokinibhir
vyakhyatartha prahasita-mukhi na hy upalabdhum aicchat

“When Krsna is caught in His naughty activities, the master of the house will
say to Him, ‘Oh, You are a thief,’ and artificially express anger at Krsna.
Krsna will then reply, ‘I am not a thief. You are a thief.’ Sometimes, being
angry, Krsna passes urine and stool in a neat, clean place in our houses. But
now, our dear friend Yasoda, this expert thief is sitting before you like a very
good boy.” Sometimes all the gopis would look at Krsna sitting there, His eyes
fearful so that His mother would not chastise Him, and when they saw Krsna’s
beautiful face, instead of chastising Him they would simply look upon His face
and enjoy transcendental bliss. Mother Yasoda would mildly smile at all this
fun, and she would not want to chastise her blessed transcendental child.

TEXT 32
TEXT
ekada kridamanas te
ramadya gopa-darakah
krsno mrdam bhaksitavan
iti matre nyavedayan

One day while Krsna was playing with His small playmates, including Balarama
and other sons of the gopas, all His friends came together and lodged a
complaint to mother Yasoda. “Mother,” they submitted, “Krsna has eaten earth.”

TEXT 33
TEXT
sa grhitva kare krsnam
upalabhya hitaisini
yasoda bhaya-sambhrantapreksanaksam
abhasata

Upon hearing this from Krsna’s playmates, mother Yasoda, who was always full
of anxiety over Krsna’s welfare, picked Krsna up with her hands to look into His
mouth and chastise Him. Her eyes fearful, she spoke to her son as follows.
TEXT 34
TEXT
kasman mrdam adantatman
bhavan bhaksitavan rahah
vadanti tavaka hy ete
kumaras te ‘grajo ‘py ayam

Dear Krsna, why are You so restless that You have eaten dirt in a solitary
place? This complaint has been lodged against You by all Your playmates,
including Your elder brother, Balarama. How is this?

TEXT 35
TEXT
naham bhaksitavan amba
sarve mithyabhisamsinah
yadi satya-giras tarhi
samaksam pasya me mukham

Lord Sri Krsna replied: My dear mother, I have never eaten dirt. All My
friends complaining against Me are liars. If you think they are being truthful,
you can directly look into My mouth and examine it.

TEXT 36
TEXT
yady evam tarhi vyadehity
uktah sa bhagavan harih
vyadattavyahataisvaryah
krida-manuja-balakah

Mother Yasoda challenged Krsna, “If You have not eaten earth, then open Your
mouth wide.” When challenged by His mother in this way, Krsna, the son of Nanda
Maharaja and Yasoda, to exhibit pastimes like a human child, opened His mouth.
Although the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna, who is full of all
opulences, did not disturb His mother’s parental affection, His opulence was
automatically displayed, for Krsna’s opulence is never lost at any stage, but is
manifest at the proper time.

TEXTS 37-39
TEXT
sa tatra dadrse visvam
jagat sthasnu ca kham disah
sadri-dvipabdhi-bhugolam
sa-vayv-agnindu-tarakam
jyotis-cakram jalam tejo
nabhasvan viyad eva ca
vaikarikanindriyani
mano matra gunas trayah
etad vicitram saha-jiva-kalasvabhava-
karmasaya-linga-bhedam
sunos tanau viksya vidaritasye
vrajam sahatmanam avapa sankam

When Krsna opened His mouth wide by the order of mother Yasoda, she saw
within His mouth all moving and nonmoving entities, outer space, and all
directions, along with mountains, islands, oceans, the surface of the earth, the
blowing wind, fire, the moon and the stars. She saw the planetary systems,
water, light, air, sky, and creation by transformation of ahankara. She also saw
the senses, the mind, sense perception, and the three qualities goodness,
passion and ignorance. She saw the time allotted for the living entities, she
saw natural instinct and the reactions of karma, and she saw desires and
different varieties of bodies, moving and nonmoving. Seeing all these aspects of
the cosmic manifestation, along with herself and Vrndavana-dhama, she became
doubtful and fearful of her son’s nature.

TEXT 40
TEXT
kim svapna etad uta devamaya
kim va madiyo bata buddhi-mohah
atho amusyaiva mamarbhakasya
yah kascanautpattika atma-yogah

[Mother Yasoda began to argue within herself:] Is this a dream, or is it an
illusory creation by the external energy? Has this been manifested by my own
intelligence, or is it some mystic power of my child?

TEXT 41
TEXT
atho yathavan na vitarka-gocaram
ceto-manah-karma-vacobhir anjasa
yad-asrayam yena yatah pratiyate
sudurvibhavyam pranatasmi tat-padam

Therefore let me surrender unto the Supreme Personality of Godhead and offer
my obeisances unto Him, who is beyond the conception of human speculation, the
mind, activities, words and arguments, who is the original cause of this cosmic
manifestation, by whom the entire cosmos is maintained, and by whom we can
conceive of its existence. Let me simply offer my obeisances, for He is beyond
my contemplation, speculation and meditation. He is beyond all of my material
activities.

TEXT 42
TEXT
aham mamasau patir esa me suto
vrajesvarasyakhila-vittapa sati
gopyas ca gopah saha-godhanas ca me
yan-mayayettham kumatih sa me gatih

It is by the influence of the Supreme Lord’s maya that I am wrongly thinking
that Nanda Maharaja is my husband, that Krsna is my son, and that because I am
the queen of Nanda Maharaja, all the wealth of cows and calves are my
possessions and all the cowherd men and their wives are my subjects. Actually, I
also am eternally subordinate to the Supreme Lord. He is my ultimate shelter.

TEXT 43
TEXT
ittham vidita-tattvayam
gopikayam sa isvarah
vaisnavim vyatanon mayam
putra-snehamayim vibhuh

Mother Yasoda, by the grace of the Lord, could understand the real truth. But
then again, the supreme master, by the influence of the internal potency,
yogamaya, inspired her to become absorbed in intense maternal affection for her
son.

TEXT 44
TEXT
sadyo nasta-smrtir gopi
saropyaroham atmajam
pravrddha-sneha-kalilahrdayasid
yatha pura

Immediately forgetting yogamaya’s illusion that Krsna had shown the universal
form within His mouth, mother Yasoda took her son on her lap as before, feeling
increased affection in her heart for her transcendental child.

TEXT 45
TEXT
trayya copanisadbhis ca
sankhya-yogais ca satvataih
upagiyamana-mahatmyam
harim samanyatatmajam

The glories of the Supreme Personality of Godhead are studied through the
three Vedas, the Upanisads, the literature of Sankhya-yoga, and other Vaisnava
literature, yet mother Yasoda considered that Supreme Person her ordinary child.

TEXT 46
TEXT
sri-rajovaca
nandah kim akarod brahman
sreya evam mahodayam
yasoda ca maha-bhaga
papau yasyah stanam harih

Having heard of the great fortune of mother Yasoda, Pariksit Maharaja
inquired from Sukadeva Gosvami: O learned brahmana, mother Yasoda’s breast milk
was sucked by the Supreme Personality of Godhead. What past auspicious
activities did she and Nanda Maharaja perform to achieve such perfection in
ecstatic love?

TEXT 47
TEXT
pitarau nanvavindetam
krsnodararbhakehitam
gayanty adyapi kavayo
yal loka-samalapaham

Although Krsna was so pleased with Vasudeva and Devaki that He descended as
their son, they could not enjoy Krsna’s magnanimous childhood pastimes, which
are so great that simply chanting about them vanquishes the contamination of the
material world. Nanda Maharaja and Yasoda, however, enjoyed these pastimes
fully, and therefore their position is always better than that of Vasudeva and
Devaki.

TEXT 48
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
drono vasunam pravaro
dharaya bharyaya saha
karisyamana adesan
brahmanas tam uvaca ha

Sukadeva Gosvami said: To follow the orders of Lord Brahma, Drona, the best
of the Vasus, along with his wife, Dhara, spoke to Lord Brahma in this way.

TEXT 49
TEXT
jatayor nau mahadeve
bhuvi visvesvare harau
bhaktih syat parama loke
yayanjo durgatim taret

Drona and Dhara said: Please permit us to be born on the planet earth so that
after our appearance, the Supreme Lord, the Personality of Godhead, the supreme
controller and master of all planets, will also appear and spread devotional
service, the ultimate goal of life, so that those born in this material world
may very easily be delivered from the miserable condition of materialistic life
by accepting this devotional service.

TEXT 50
TEXT
astv ity uktah sa bhagavan
vraje drono maha-yasah
jajne nanda iti khyato
yasoda sa dharabhavat

When Brahma said, “Yes, let it be so,” the most fortune Drona, who was equal
to Bhagavan, appeared in Vrajapura, Vrndavana, as the most famous Nanda
Maharaja, and his wife, Dhara, appeared as mother Yasoda.

TEXT 51
TEXT
tato bhaktir bhagavati
putri-bhute janardane
dampatyor nitaram asid
gopa-gopisu bharata

Thereafter, O Maharaja Pariksit, best of the Bharatas, when the Supreme
Personality of Godhead became the son of Nanda Maharaja and Yasoda, they
maintained continuous, unswerving devotional love in parental affection. And in
their association, all the other inhabitants of Vrndavana, the gopas and gopis,
developed the culture of krsna-bhakti.

TEXT 52
TEXT
krsno brahmana adesam
satyam kartum vraje vibhuh
saha-ramo vasams cakre
tesam pritim sva-lilaya

Thus the Supreme Personality, Krsna, along with Balarama, lived in
Vrajabhumi, Vrndavana, just to substantiate the benediction of Brahma. By
exhibiting different pastimes in His childhood, He increased the transcendental
pleasure of Nanda and the other inhabitants of Vrndavana.

Sri Baagavatham Slohas..Canta 10-Athyayam Seven-The Killing of the Demon Trnavarta..

December 30, 2009

TEXTS 1-2
TEXT
sri-rajovaca
yena yenavatarena
bhagavan harir isvarah
karoti karna-ramyani
mano-jnani ca nah prabho
yac-chrnvato ‘paity aratir vitrsna
sattvam ca suddhyaty acirena pumsah
bhaktir harau tat-puruse ca sakhyam
tad eva haram vada manyase cet

King Pariksit said: My lord, Sukadeva Gosvami, all the various activities
exhibited by the incarnations of the Supreme Personality of Godhead are
certainly pleasing to the ear and to the mind. Simply by one’s hearing of these
activities, the dirty things in one’s mind immediately vanish. Generally we are
reluctant to hear about the activities of the Lord, but Krsna’s childhood
activities are so attractive that they are automatically pleasing to the mind
and ear. Thus one’s attachment for hearing about material things, which is the
root cause of material existence, vanishes, and one gradually develops
devotional service to the Supreme Lord, attachment for Him, and friendship with
devotees who give us the contribution of Krsna consciousness. If you think it
fit, kindly speak about those activities of the Lord.

TEXT 3
TEXT
athanyad api krsnasya
tokacaritam adbhutam
manusam lokam asadya
taj-jatim anurundhatah

Please describe other pastimes of Krsna, the Supreme Personality, who
appeared on this planet earth, imitating a human child and performing wonderful
activities like killing Putana.

TEXT 4
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
kadacid autthanika-kautukaplave
janmarksa-yoge samaveta-yositam
vaditra-gita-dvija-mantra-vacakais
cakara sunor abhisecanam sati

Sukadeva Gosvami said: When mother Yasoda’s baby was slanting His body to
attempt to rise and turn around, this attempt was observed by a Vedic ceremony.
In such a ceremony, called utthana, which is performed when a child is due to
leave the house for the first time, the child is properly bathed. Just after
Krsna turned three months old, mother Yasoda celebrated this ceremony with other
women of the neighborhood. On that day, there was a conjunction of the moon with
the constellation Rohini. As the brahmanas joined by chanting Vedic hymns and
professional musicians also took part, this great ceremony was observed by
mother Yasoda

TEXT 5
TEXT
nandasya patni krta-majjanadikam
vipraih krta-svastyayanam supujitaih
annadya-vasah-srag-abhista-dhenubhih
sanjata-nidraksam asisayac chanaih

After completing the bathing ceremony for the child, mother Yasoda received
the brahmanas by worshiping them with proper respect and giving them ample food
grains and other eatables, clothing, desirable cows, and garlands. The brahmanas
properly chanted Vedic hymns to observe the auspicious ceremony, and when they
finished and mother Yasoda saw that the child felt sleepy, she lay down on the
bed with the child until He was peacefully asleep.

TEXT 6
TEXT
autthanikautsukya-mana manasvini
samagatan pujayati vrajaukasah
naivasrnod vai ruditam sutasya sa
rudan stanarthi caranav udaksipat

The liberal mother Yasoda, absorbed in celebrating the utthana ceremony, was
busy receiving guests, worshiping them with all respect and offering them
clothing, cows, garlands and grains. Thus she could not hear the child crying
for His mother. At that time, the child Krsna, demanding to drink the milk of
His mother’s breast, angrily threw His legs upward.

TEXT 7
TEXT
adhah-sayanasya sisor ano ‘lpakapravala-
mrdv-anghri-hatam vyavartata
vidhvasta-nana-rasa-kupya-bhajanam
vyatyasta-cakraksa-vibhinna-kubaram

Lord Sri Krsna was lying down underneath the handcart in one corner of the
courtyard, and although His little legs were as soft as leaves, when He struck
the cart with His legs, it turned over violently and collapsed. The wheels
separated from the axle, the hubs and spokes fell apart, and the pole of the
handcart broke. On the cart there were many little utensils made of various
metals, and all of them scattered hither and thither.

TEXT 8
TEXT
drstva yasoda-pramukha vraja-striya
autthanike karmani yah samagatah
nandadayas cadbhuta-darsanakulah
katham svayam vai sakatam viparyagat

When mother Yasoda and the other ladies who had assembled for the utthana
festival, and all the men, headed by Nanda Maharaja, saw the wonderful
situation, they began to wonder how the handcart had collapsed by itself. They
began to wander here and there, trying to find the cause, but were unable to do
so.
TEXT 9
TEXT
ucur avyavasita-matin
gopan gopis ca balakah
rudatanena padena
ksiptam etan na samsayah

The assembled cowherd men and ladies began to contemplate how this thing had
happened. “Is it the work of some demon or evil planet?” they asked. At that
time, the small children present asserted that the cart had been kicked apart by
the baby Krsna. As soon as the crying baby bad kicked the cart’s wheel, the cart
had collapsed. There was no doubt about it.

TEXT 10
TEXT
na te sraddadhire gopa
bala-bhasitam ity uta
aprameyam balam tasya
balakasya na te viduh

The assembled gopis and gopas, unaware that Krsna is always unlimited, could
not believe that baby Krsna had such inconceivable power. They could not believe
the statements of the children, and therefore they neglected these statements as
being childish talk.
TEXT 11
TEXT
rudantam sutam adaya
yasoda graha-sankita
krta-svastyayanam vipraih
suktaih stanam apayayat

Thinking that some bad planet had attacked Krsna, mother Yasoda picked up the
crying child and allowed Him to suck her breast. Then she called for experienced
brahmanas to chant Vedic hymns and perform an auspicious ritualistic ceremony.

TEXT 12
TEXT
purvavat sthapitam gopair
balibhih sa-paricchadam
vipra hutvarcayam cakrur
dadhy-aksata-kusambubhih

After the strong, stout cowherd men assembled the pots and paraphernalia on
the handcart and set it up as before, the brahmanas performed a ritualistic
ceremony with a fire sacrifice to appease the bad planet, and then, with rice
grains, kusa, water and curd, they worshiped the Supreme Lord.

TEXTS 13-15
TEXT
ye ‘suyanrta-dambhersahimsa-
mana-vivarjitah
na tesam satya-silanam
asiso viphalah krtah
iti balakam adaya
samarg-yajur-upakrtaih
jalaih pavitrausadhibhir
abhisicya dvijottamaih
vacayitva svastyayanam
nanda-gopah samahitah
hutva cagnim dvijatibhyah
pradad annam maha-gunam

When brahmanas are free from envy, untruthfulness, unnecessary pride,
grudges, disturbance by the opulence of others, and false prestige, their
blessings never go in vain. Considering this, Nanda Maharaja soberly took Krsna
on his lap and invited such truthful brahmanas to perform a ritualistic ceremony
according to the holy hymns of the Sama Veda, Rg Veda and Yajur Veda. Then,
while the hymns were being chanted, he bathed the child with water mixed with
pure herbs, and after performing a fire ceremony, he sumptuously fed all the
brahmanas with first-class grains and other food.

TEXT 16
TEXT
gavah sarva-gunopeta
vasah-srag-rukma-malinih
atmajabhyudayarthaya
pradat te canvayunjata

Nanda Maharaja, for the sake of the affluence of his own son Krsna, gave the
brahmanas cows fully decorated with garments, flower garlands and gold
necklaces. These cows, fully qualified to give ample milk, were given to the
brahmanas in charity, and the brahmanas accepted them and bestowed blessings
upon the whole family, and especially upon Krsna.

TEXT 17
TEXT
vipra mantra-vido yuktas
tair yah proktas tathasisah
ta nisphala bhavisyanti
na kadacid api sphutam

The brahmanas, who were completely expert in chanting the Vedic hymns, were
all yogis fully equipped with mystic powers. Whatever blessings they spoke were
certainly never fruitless.

TEXT 18
TEXT
ekadaroham arudham
lalayanti sutam sati
garimanam sisor vodhum
na sehe giri-kutavat

One day, a year after Krsna’s appearance, mother Yasoda was patting her son
on her lap. But suddenly she felt the child to be heavier than a mountain peak,
and she could no longer bear His weight.

TEXT 19
TEXT
bhumau nidhaya tam gopi
vismita bhara-pidita
maha-purusam adadhyau
jagatam asa karmasu

Feeling the child to be as heavy as the entire universe and therefore being
anxious, thinking that perhaps the child was being attacked by some other ghost
or demon, the astonished mother Yasoda put the child down on the ground and
began to think of Narayana. Foreseeing disturbances, she called for the
brahmanas to counteract this heaviness, and then she engaged in her other
household affairs. She had no alternative than to remember the lotus feet of
Narayana, for she could not understand that Krsna was the original source of
everything.

TEXT 20
TEXT
daityo namna trnavartah
kamsa-bhrtyah pranoditah
cakravata-svarupena
jaharasinam arbhakam

While the child was sitting on the ground, a demon named Trnavarta, who was a
servant of Kamsa’s, came there as a whirlwind, at Kamsa’s instigation, and very
easily carried the child away into the air.

TEXT 21
TEXT
gokulam sarvam avrnvan
musnams caksumsi renubhih
irayan sumaha-ghorasabdena
pradiso disah

Covering the whole land of Gokula with particles of dust, that demon, acting
as a strong whirlwind, covered everyone’s vision and began vibrating everywhere
with a greatly fearful sound.

TEXT 22
TEXT
muhurtam abhavad gostham
rajasa tamasavrtam
sutam yasoda napasyat
tasmin nyastavati yatah

For a moment, the whole pasturing ground was overcast with dense darkness
from the dust storm, and mother Yasoda was unable to find her son where she had
placed Him.
TEXT 23
TEXT
napasyat kascanatmanam
param capi vimohitah
trnavarta-nisrstabhih
sarkarabhir upadrutah

Because of the bits of sand thrown about by Trnavarta, people could not see
themselves or anyone else, and thus they were illusioned and disturbed.
TEXT 24
TEXT
iti khara-pavana-cakra-pamsu-varse
suta-padavim abalavilaksya mata
atikarunam anusmaranty asocad
bhuvi patita mrta-vatsaka yatha gauh

Because of the dust storm stirred up by the strong whirlwind, mother Yasoda
could find no trace of her son, nor could she understand why. Thus she fell down
on the ground like a cow who has lost her calf and began to lament very
pitifully.
TEXT 25
TEXT
ruditam anunisamya tatra gopyo
bhrsam anutapta-dhiyo ‘sru-purna-mukhyah
rurudur anupalabhya nanda-sunum
pavana uparata-pamsu-varsa-vege

When the force of the dust storm and the winds subsided, Yasoda’s friends,
the other gopis, approached mother Yasoda, hearing her pitiful crying. Not
seeing Krsna present, they too felt very much aggrieved and joined mother Yasoda
in crying, their eyes full of tears.

TEXT 26
TEXT
trnavartah santa-rayo
vatya-rupa-dharo haran
krsnam nabho-gato gantum
nasaknod bhuri-bhara-bhrt

Having assumed the form of a forceful whirlwind, the demon Trnavarta took
Krsna very high in the sky, but when Krsna became heavier than the demon, the
demon had to stop his force and could go no further.

TEXT 27
TEXT
tam asmanam manyamana
atmano guru-mattaya
gale grhita utsrastum
nasaknod adbhutarbhakam

Because of Krsna’s weight, Trnavarta considered Him to be like a great
mountain or a hunk of iron. But because Krsna had caught the demon’s neck, the
demon was unable to throw Him off. He therefore thought of the child as
wonderful, since he could neither bear the child nor cast aside the burden.

TEXT 28
TEXT
gala-grahana-niscesto
daityo nirgata-locanah
avyakta-ravo nyapatat
saha-balo vyasur vraje

With Krsna grasping him by the throat, Trnavarta choked, unable to make even
a sound or even to move his hands and legs. His eyes popping out, the demon lost
his life and fell, along with the little boy, down to the ground of Vraja.
TEXT 29
TEXT
tam antariksat patitam silayam
visirna-sarvavayavam karalam
puram yatha rudra-sarena viddham
striyo rudatyo dadrsuh sametah

While the gopis who had gathered were crying for Krsna, the demon fell from
the sky onto a big slab of stone, his limbs dislocated, as if he had been
pierced by the arrow of Lord Siva like Tripurasura.

TEXT 30
TEXT
pradaya matre pratihrtya vismitah
krsnam ca tasyorasi lambamanam
tam svastimantam purusada-nitam
vihayasa mrtyu-mukhat pramuktam
gopyas ca gopah kila nanda-mukhya
labdhva punah prapur ativa modam

The gopis immediately picked Krsna up from the chest of the demon and
delivered Him, free from all inauspiciousness, to mother Yasoda. Because the
child, although taken into the sky by the demon, was unhurt and now free from
all danger and misfortune, the gopis and cowherd men, headed by Nanda Maharaja,
were extremely happy.

TEXT 31
TEXT
aho bataty-adbhutam esa raksasa
balo nivrttim gamito ‘bhyagat punah
himsrah sva-papena vihimsitah khalah
sadhuh samatvena bhayad vimucyate

It is most astonishing that although this innocent child was taken away by
the Raksasa to be eaten, He has returned without having been killed or even
injured. Because this demon was envious, cruel and sinful, he has been killed
for his own sinful activities. This is the law of nature. An innocent devotee is
always protected by the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and a sinful person is
always vanquished for his sinful life.

TEXT 32
TEXT
kim nas tapas cirnam adhoksajarcanam
purtesta-dattam uta bhuta-sauhrdam
yat samparetah punar eva balako
distya sva-bandhun pranayann upasthitah

Nanda Maharaja and the others said: We must previously have performed
austerities for a very long time, worshiped the Supreme Personality of Godhead,
performed pious activities for public life, constructing public roads and wells,
and also given charity, as a result of which this boy, although faced with
death, has returned to give happiness to His relatives.

TEXT 33
TEXT
drstvadbhutani bahuso
nanda-gopo brhadvane
vasudeva-vaco bhuyo
manayam asa vismitah

Having seen all these incidents in Brhadvana, Nanda Maharaja became more and
more astonished, and he remembered the words spoken to him by Vasudeva in
Mathura.
TEXT 34
TEXT
ekadarbhakam adaya
svankam aropya bhamini
prasnutam payayam asa
stanam sneha-paripluta

One day mother Yasoda, having taken Krsna up and placed Him on her lap, was
feeding Him milk from her breast with maternal affection. The milk was flowing
from her breast, and the child was drinking it.
TEXTS 35-36
TEXT
pita-prayasya janani
sutasya rucira-smitam
mukham lalayati rajan
jrmbhato dadrse idam
kham rodasi jyotir-anikam asah
suryendu-vahni-svasanambudhims ca
dvipan nagams tad-duhitrr vanani
bhutani yani sthira-jangamani

O King Pariksit, when the child Krsna was almost finished drinking His
mother’s milk and mother Yasoda was touching Him and looking at His beautiful,
brilliantly smiling face, the baby yawned, and mother Yasoda saw in His mouth
the whole sky, the higher planetary system and the earth, the luminaries in all
directions, the sun, the moon, fire, air, the seas, islands, mountains, rivers,
forests, and all kinds of living entities, moving and nonmoving.

TEXT 37
TEXT
sa viksya visvam sahasa
rajan sanjata-vepathuh
sammilya mrgasavaksi
netre asit suvismita

When mother Yasoda saw the whole universe within the mouth of her child, her
heart began to throb, and in astonishment she wanted to close her restless eyes.

Sri Baagavatham Slohas..Canta 10-Athyayam Six-The Killing of the Demon Putana..

December 30, 2009

TEXT 1
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
nandah pathi vacah saurer
na mrseti vicintayan
harim jagama saranam
utpatagama-sankitah

Sukadeva Gosvami continued: My dear King, while Nanda Maharaja was on the way
home, he considered that what Vasudeva had said could not be false or useless.
There must have been some danger of disturbances in Gokula. As Nanda Maharaja
thought about the danger for his beautiful son, Krsna, he was afraid, and he
took shelter at the lotus feet of the supreme controller.

TEXT 2
TEXT
kamsena prahita ghora
putana bala-ghatini
sisums cacara nighnanti
pura-grama-vrajadisu

While Nanda Maharaja was returning to Gokula, the same fierce Putana whom
Kamsa had previously engaged to kill babies was wandering about in the towns,
cities and villages, doing her nefarious duty.
TEXT 3
TEXT
na yatra sravanadini
rakso-ghnani sva-karmasu
kurvanti satvatam bhartur
yatudhanyas ca tatra hi

My dear King, wherever people in any position perform their occupational
duties of devotional service by chanting and hearing [sravanam kirtanam visnoh],
there cannot be any danger from bad elements. Therefore there was no need for
anxiety about Gokula while the Supreme Personality of Godhead was personally
present.

TEXT 4
TEXT
sa khe-cary ekadotpatya
putana nanda-gokulam
yositva mayayatmanam
pravisat kama-carini

Once upon a time, Putana Raksasi, who could move according to her desire and
was wandering in outer space, converted herself by mystic power into a very
beautiful woman and thus entered Gokula, the abode of Nanda Maharaja.

TEXTS 5-6
TEXT
tam kesa-bandha-vyatisakta-mallikam
brhan-nitamba-stana-krcchra-madhyamam
suvasasam kalpita-karna-bhusanatvisollasat-
kuntala-manditananam
valgu-smitapanga-visarga-viksitair
mano harantim vanitam vrajaukasam
amamsatambhoja-karena rupinim
gopyah sriyam drastum ivagatam patim

Her hips were full, her breasts were large and firm, seeming to overburden
her slim waist, and she was dressed very nicely. Her hair, adorned with a
garland of mallika flowers, was scattered about her beautiful face. Her earrings
were brilliant, and as she smiled very attractively, glancing upon everyone, her
beauty drew the attention of all the inhabitants of Vraja, especially the men.
When the gopis saw her, they thought that the beautiful goddess of fortune,
holding a lotus flower in her hand, had come to see her husband, Krsna.
TEXT 7
TEXT
bala-grahas tatra vicinvati sisun
yadrcchaya nanda-grhe ‘sad-antakam
balam praticchanna-nijoru-tejasam
dadarsa talpe ‘gnim ivahitam bhasi

While searching for small children, Putana, whose business was to kill them,
entered the house of Nanda Maharaja unobstructed, having been sent by the
superior potency of the Lord. Without asking anyone’s permission, she entered
Nanda Maharaja’s room, where she saw the child sleeping in bed, His unlimited
power covered like a powerful fire covered by ashes. She could understand that
this child was not ordinary, but was meant to kill all demons.

TEXT 8
TEXT
vibudhya tam balaka-marika-graham
caracaratma sa nimiliteksanah
anantam aropayad ankam antakam
yathoragam suptam abuddhi-rajju-dhih

Lord Sri Krsna, the all-pervading Supersoul, lying on the bed, understood
that Putana, a witch who was expert in killing small children, had come to kill
Him. Therefore, as if afraid of her, Krsna closed His eyes. Thus Putana took
upon her lap Him who was to be her own annihilation, just as an unintelligent
person places a sleeping snake on his lap, thinking the snake to be a rope.

TEXT 9
TEXT
tam tiksna-cittam ativama-cestitam
viksyantara kosa-paricchadasivat
vara-striyam tat-prabhaya ca dharsite
niriksyamane janani hy atisthatam

Putana Raksasi’s heart was fierce and cruel, but she looked like a very
affectionate mother. Thus she resembled a sharp sword in a soft sheath. Although
seeing her within the room, Yasoda and Rohini, overwhelmed by her beauty, did
not stop her, but remained silent because she treated the child like a mother.

TEXT 10
TEXT
tasmin stanam durjara-viryam ulbanam
ghorankam adaya sisor dadav atha
gadham karabhyam bhagavan prapidya tatpranaih
samam rosa-samanvito ‘pibat

On that very spot, the fiercely dangerous Raksasi took Krsna on her lap and
pushed her breast into His mouth. The nipple of her breast was smeared with a
dangerous, immediately effective poison, but the Supreme Personality of Godhead,
Krsna, becoming very angry at her, took hold of her breast, squeezed it very
hard with both hands, and sucked out both the poison and her life.

TEXT 11
TEXT
sa munca muncalam iti prabhasini
nispidyamanakhila-jiva-marmani
vivrtya netre caranau bhujau muhuh
prasvinna-gatra ksipati ruroda ha

Unbearably pressed in every vital point, the demon Putana began to cry,
“Please leave me, leave me! Suck my breast no longer!” Perspiring, her eyes wide
open and her arms and legs flailing, she cried very loudly again and again.

TEXT 12
TEXT
tasyah svanenatigabhira-ramhasa
sadrir mahi dyaus ca cacala sa-graha
rasa disas ca pratinedire janah
petuh ksitau vajra-nipata-sankaya

As Putana screamed loudly and forcefully, the earth with its mountains, and
outer space with its planets, trembled. The lower planets and all directions
vibrated, and people fell down, fearing that thunderbolts were falling upon
them.

TEXT 13
TEXT
nisa-carittham vyathita-stana vyasur
vyadaya kesams caranau bhujav api
prasarya gosthe nija-rupam asthita
vajrahato vrtra ivapatan nrpa

In this way the demon Putana, very much aggrieved because her breast was
being attacked by Krsna, lost her life. O King Pariksit, opening her mouth wide
and spreading her arms, legs and hair, she fell down in the pasturing ground in
her original form as a Raksasi, as Vrtrasura had fallen when killed by the
thunderbolt of Indra.

TEXT 14
TEXT
patamano ‘pi tad-dehas
tri-gavyuty-antara-druman
curnayam asa rajendra
mahad asit tad adbhutam

O King Pariksit, when the gigantic body of Putana fell to the ground, it
smashed all the trees within a limit of twelve miles. Appearing in a gigantic
body, she was certainly extraordinary.

TEXTS 15-17
TEXT
isa-matrogra-damstrasyam
giri-kandara-nasikam
ganda-saila-stanam raudram
prakirnaruna-murdhajam
andha-kupa-gabhiraksam
pulinaroha-bhisanam
baddha-setu-bhujorv-anghri
sunya-toya-hradodaram
santatrasuh sma tad viksya
gopa gopyah kalevaram
purvam tu tan-nihsvanitabhinna-
hrt-karna-mastakah

The Raksasi’s mouth was full of teeth, each resembling the front of a plow,
her nostrils were deep like mountain caves, and her breasts resembled big slabs
of stone fallen from a hill. Her scattered hair was the color of copper. The
sockets of her eyes appeared like deep blind wells, her fearful thighs resembled
the banks of a river, her arms, legs and feet seemed like big bridges, and her
abdomen appeared like a dried-up lake. The hearts, ears and heads of the cowherd
men and women were already shocked by the Raksasi’s screaming, and when they saw
the fierce wonder of her body, they were even more frightened.
TEXT 18
TEXT
balam ca tasya urasi
kridantam akutobhayam
gopyas turnam samabhyetya
jagrhur jata-sambhramah

Without fear, the child Krsna was playing on the upper portion of Putana
Raksasi’s breast, and when the gopis saw the child’s wonderful activities, they
immediately came forward with great jubilation and picked Him up.

TEXT 19
TEXT
yasoda-rohinibhyam tah
samam balasya sarvatah
raksam vidadhire samyag
go-puccha-bhramanadibhih

Thereafter, mother Yasoda and Rohini, along with the other elderly gopis,
waved about the switch of a cow to give full protection to the child Sri Krsna.

TEXT 20
TEXT
go-mutrena snapayitva
punar go-rajasarbhakam
raksam cakrus ca sakrta
dvadasangesu namabhih

The child was thoroughly washed with cow urine and then smeared with the dust
raised by the movements of the cows. Then different names of the Lord were
applied with cow dung on twelve different parts of His body, beginning with the
forehead, as done in applying tilaka. In this way, the child was given
protection.
TEXT 21
TEXT
gopyah samsprsta-salila
angesu karayoh prthak
nyasyatmany atha balasya
bija-nyasam akurvata

The gopis first executed the process of acamana, drinking a sip of water from
the right hand. They purified their bodies and hands with the nyasa-mantra and
then applied the same mantra upon the body of the child.

TEXTS 22-23
TEXT
avyad ajo ‘nghri manimams tava janv athoru
yajno ‘cyutah kati-tatam jatharam hayasyah
hrt kesavas tvad-ura isa inas tu kantham
visnur bhujam mukham urukrama isvarah kam
cakry agratah saha-gado harir astu pascat
tvat-parsvayor dhanur-asi madhu-hajanas ca
konesu sankha urugaya upary upendras
tarksyah ksitau haladharah purusah samantat

[Sukadeva Gosvami informed Maharaja Pariksit that the gopis, following the
proper system, protected Krsna, their child, with this mantra.] May Aja protect
Your legs, may Maniman protect Your knees, Yajna Your thighs, Acyuta the upper
part of Your waist, and Hayagriva Your abdomen. May Kesava protect Your heart,
Isa Your chest, the sun-god Your neck, Visnu Your arms, Urukrama Your face, and
Isvara Your head. May Cakri protect You from the front; may Sri Hari, Gadadhari,
the carrier of the club, protect You from the back; and may the carrier of the
bow, who is known as the enemy of Madhu, and Lord Ajana, the carrier of the
sword, protect Your two sides. May Lord Urugaya, the carrier of the conchshell,
protect You from all corners; may Upendra protect You from above; may Garuda
protect You on the ground; and may Lord Haladhara, the Supreme Person, protect
You on all sides.

TEXT 24
TEXT
indriyani hrsikesah
pranan narayano ‘vatu
svetadvipa-patis cittam
mano yogesvaro ‘vatu

May Hrsikesa protect Your senses, and Narayana Your life air. May the master
of Svetadvipa protect the core of Your heart, and may Lord Yogesvara protect
Your mind.
TEXTS 25-26
TEXT
prsnigarbhas tu te buddhim
atmanam bhagavan parah
kridantam patu govindah
sayanam patu madhavah
vrajantam avyad vaikuntha
asinam tvam sriyah patih
bhunjanam yajnabhuk patu
sarva-graha-bhayankarah

May Lord Prsnigarbha protect Your intelligence, and the Supreme Personality
of Godhead Your soul. While You are playing, may Govinda protect You, and while
You are sleeping may Madhava protect You. May Lord Vaikuntha protect You while
You are walking, and may Lord Narayana, the husband of the goddess of fortune,
protect You while You are sitting. Similarly, may Lord Yajnabhuk, the fearful
enemy of all evil planets, always protect You while You enjoy life.
TEXTS 27-29
TEXT
dakinyo yatudhanyas ca
kusmanda ye ‘rbhaka-grahah
bhuta-preta-pisacas ca
yaksa-rakso-vinayakah
kotara revati jyestha
putana matrkadayah
unmada ye hy apasmara
deha-pranendriya-druhah
svapna-drsta mahotpata
vrddha bala-grahas ca ye
sarve nasyantu te visnor
nama-grahana-bhiravah

The evil witches known as Dakinis, Yatudhanis and Kusmandas are the greatest
enemies of children, and the evil spirits like Bhutas, Pretas, Pisacas, Yaksas,
Raksasas and Vinayakas, as well as witches like Kotara, Revati, Jyestha, Putana
and Matrka, are always ready to give trouble to the body, the life air and the
senses, causing loss of memory, madness and bad dreams. Like the most
experienced evil stars, they all create great disturbances, especially for
children, but one can vanquish them simply by uttering Lord Visnu’s name, for
when Lord Visnu’s name resounds, all of them become afraid and go away.

TEXT 30
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
iti pranaya-baddhabhir
gopibhih krta-raksanam
payayitva stanam mata
sannyavesayad atmajam

Srila Sukadeva Gosvami continued: All the gopis, headed by mother Yasoda,
were bound by maternal affection. After they thus chanted mantras to protect the
child, mother Yasoda gave the child the nipple of her breast to suck and then
got Him to lie down on His bed.

TEXT 31
TEXT
tavan nandadayo gopa
mathuraya vrajam gatah
vilokya putana-deham
babhuvur ativismitah

Meanwhile, all the cowherd men, headed by Nanda Maharaja, returned from
Mathura, and when they saw on the way the gigantic body of Putana lying dead,
they were struck with great wonder.

TEXT 32
TEXT
nunam batarsih sanjato
yogeso va samasa sah
sa eva drsto hy utpato
yad ahanakadundubhih

Nanda Maharaja and the other gopas exclaimed: My dear friends, you must know
that Anakadundubhi, Vasudeva, has become a great saint or a master of mystic
power. Otherwise how could he have foreseen this calamity and predicted it to
us?

TEXT 33
TEXT
kalevaram parasubhis
chittva tat te vrajaukasah
dure ksiptvavayavaso
nyadahan kastha-vestitam

The inhabitants of Vraja cut the gigantic body of Putana into pieces with the
help of axes. Then they threw the pieces far away, covered them with wood and
burned them to ashes.

TEXT 34
TEXT
dahyamanasya dehasya
dhumas caguru-saurabhah
utthitah krsna-nirbhuktasapady
ahata-papmanah

Because of Krsna’s having sucked the breast of the Raksasi Putana, when Krsna
killed her she was immediately freed of all material contamination. Her sinful
reactions automatically vanished, and therefore when her gigantic body was being
burnt, the smoke emanating from her body was fragrant like aguru incense

TEXTS 35-36
TEXT
putana loka-bala-ghni
raksasi rudhirasana
jighamsayapi haraye
stanam dattvapa sad-gatim
kim punah sraddhaya bhaktya
krsnaya paramatmane
yacchan priyatamam kim nu
raktas tan-mataro yatha

Putana was always hankering for the blood of human children, and with that
desire she came to kill Krsna; but because she offered her breast to the Lord,
she attained the greatest achievement. What then is to be said of those who had
natural devotion and affection for Krsna as mothers and who offered Him their
breasts to suck or offered something very dear, as a mother offers something to
a child?

TEXTS 37-38
TEXT
padbhyam bhakta-hrdi-sthabhyam
vandyabhyam loka-vanditaih
angam yasyah samakramya
bhagavan api tat-stanam
yatudhany api sa svargam
avapa janani-gatim
krsna-bhukta-stana-ksirah
kim u gavo ‘numatarah

The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna, is always situated within the core
of the heart of the pure devotee, and He is always offered prayers by such
worshipable personalities as Lord Brahma and Lord Siva. Because Krsna embraced
Putana’s body with great pleasure and sucked her breast, although she was a
great witch, she attained the position of a mother in the transcendental world
and thus achieved the highest perfection. What then is to be said of the cows
whose nipples Krsna sucked with great pleasure and who offered their milk very
jubilantly with affection exactly like that of a mother?

TEXTS 39-40
TEXT
payamsi yasam apibat
putra-sneha-snutany alam
bhagavan devaki-putrah
kaivalyady-akhila-pradah
tasam aviratam krsne
kurvatinam suteksanam
na punah kalpate rajan
samsaro ‘jnana-sambhavah

The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna, is the bestower of many
benedictions, including liberation [kaivalya], or oneness with the Brahman
effulgence. For that Personality of Godhead, the gopis always felt maternal
love, and Krsna sucked their breasts with full satisfaction. Therefore, because
of their relationship as mother and son, although the gopis were engaged in
various family activities, one should never think that they returned to this
material world after leaving their bodies.

TEXT 41
TEXT
kata-dhumasya saurabhyam
avaghraya vrajaukasah
kim idam kuta eveti
vadanto vrajam ayayuh

Upon smelling the fragrance of the smoke emanating from Putana’s burning
body, many inhabitants of Vrajabhumi in distant places were astonished. “Where
is this fragrance coming from?” they asked. Thus they went to the spot where
Putana’s body was being burnt.

TEXT 42
TEXT
te tatra varnitam gopaih
putanagamanadikam
srutva tan-nidhanam svasti
sisos casan suvismitah

When the inhabitants of Vraja who had come from distant places heard the
whole story of how Putana had come and then been killed by Krsna, they were
certainly astonished, and they offered their blessings to the child for His
wonderful deed of killing Putana. Nanda Maharaja, of course, was very much
obliged to Vasudeva, who had foreseen the incident, and simply thanked him,
thinking how wonderful Vasudeva was.
TEXT 43
TEXT
nandah sva-putram adaya
pretyagatam udara-dhih
murdhny upaghraya paramam
mudam lebhe kurudvaha

O Maharaja Pariksit, best of the Kurus, Nanda Maharaja was very liberal and
simple. He immediately took his son Krsna on his lap as if Krsna had returned
from death, and by formally smelling his son’s head, Nanda Maharaja undoubtedly
enjoyed transcendental bliss.

TEXT 44
TEXT
ya etat putana-moksam
krsnasyarbhakam adbhutam
srnuyac chraddhaya martyo
govinde labhate ratim

Any person who hears with faith and devotion about how Krsna, the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, killed Putana, and who thus invests his hearing in such
childhood pastimes of Krsna, certainly attains attachment for Govinda, the
supreme, original person.

Sri Baagavatham Slohas..Canta 10-Athyayam Five-The Meeting of Nanda Maharaja and Vasudeva..

December 30, 2009

TEXTS 1-2
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
nandas tv atmaja utpanne
jatahlado maha-manah
ahuya vipran veda-jnan
snatah sucir alankrtah
vacayitva svastyayanam
jata-karmatmajasya vai
karayam asa vidhivat
pitr-devarcanam tatha

Sukadeva Gosvami said: Nanda Maharaja was naturally very magnanimous, and
when Lord Sri Krsna appeared as his son, he was overwhelmed by jubilation.
Therefore, after bathing and purifying himself and dressing himself properly, he
invited brahmanas who knew how to recite Vedic mantras. After having these
qualified brahmanas recite auspicious Vedic hymns, he arranged to have the Vedic
birth ceremony celebrated for his newborn child according to the rules and
regulations, and he also arranged for worship of the demigods and forefathers.

TEXT 3
TEXT
dhenunam niyute pradad
viprebhyah samalankrte
tiladrin sapta ratnaughasatakaumbhambaravrtan

Nanda Maharaja gave two million cows, completely decorated with cloth and
jewels, in charity to the brahmanas. He also gave them seven hills of grain,
covered with jewels and with cloth decorated with golden embroidery.
TEXT 4
TEXT
kalena snana-saucabhyam
samskarais tapasejyaya
sudhyanti danaih santustya
dravyany atmatma-vidyaya

O King, by the passing of time, land and other material possessions are
purified; by bathing, the body is purified; and by being cleansed, unclean
things are purified. By purificatory ceremonies, birth is purified; by
austerity, the senses are purified; and by worship and charity offered to the
brahmanas, material possessions are purified. By satisfaction, the mind is
purified; and by self-realization, or Krsna consciousness, the soul is purified.

TEXT 5
TEXT
saumangalya-giro viprah
suta-magadha-vandinah
gayakas ca jagur nedur
bheryo dundubhayo muhuh

The brahmanas recited auspicious Vedic hymns, which purified the environment
by their vibration. The experts in reciting old histories like the Puranas, the
experts in reciting the histories of royal families, and general reciters all
chanted, while singers sang and many kinds of musical instruments, like bheris
and dundubhis, played in accompaniment.
TEXT 6
TEXT
vrajah sammrsta-samsiktadvarajira-
grhantarah
citra-dhvaja-pataka-srakcaila-
pallava-toranaih

Vrajapura, the residence of Nanda Maharaja, was fully decorated with
varieties of festoons and flags, and in different places, gates were made with
varieties of flower garlands, pieces of cloth, and mango leaves. The courtyards,
the gates near the roads, and everything within the rooms of the houses were
perfectly swept and washed with water.
TEXT 7
TEXT
gavo vrsa vatsatara
haridra-taila-rusitah
vicitra-dhatu-barhasragvastra-
kancana-malinah

The cows, the bulls and the calves were thoroughly smeared with a mixture of
turmeric and oil, mixed with varieties of minerals. Their heads were bedecked
with peacock feathers, and they were garlanded and covered with cloth and golden
ornaments.

TEXT 8
TEXT
maharha-vastrabharanakancukosnisa-
bhusitah
gopah samayayu rajan
nanopayana-panayah

O King Pariksit, the cowherd men dressed very opulently with valuable
ornaments and garments such as coats and turbans. Decorated in this way and
carrying various presentations in their hands, they approached the house of
Nanda Maharaja.

TEXT 9
TEXT
gopyas cakarnya mudita
yasodayah sutodbhavam
atmanam bhusayam cakrur
vastrakalpanjanadibhih

The gopi wives of the cowherd men were very pleased to hear that mother
Yasoda had given birth to a son, and they began to decorate themselves very
nicely with proper dresses, ornaments, black ointment for the eyes, and so on.
TEXT 10
TEXT
nava-kunkuma-kinjalkamukha-
pankaja-bhutayah
balibhis tvaritam jagmuh
prthu-sronyas calat-kuc

Their lotuslike faces extraordinarily beautiful, being decorated with saffron
and newly grown kunkuma, the wives of the cowherd men hurried to the house of
mother Yasoda with presentations in their hands. Because of natural beauty, the
wives had full hips and full breasts, which moved as they hurried along.

TEXT 11
TEXT
gopyah sumrsta-mani-kundala-niska-kanthyas
citrambarah pathi sikha-cyuta-malya-varsah
nandalayam sa-valaya vrajatir virejur
vyalola-kundala-payodhara-hara-sobhah

In the ears of the gopis were brilliantly polished jeweled earrings, and from
their necks hung metal lockets. Their hands were decorated with bangles, their
dresses were of varied colors, and from their hair, flowers fell onto the street
like showers. Thus while going to the house of Maharaja Nanda, the gopis, their
earrings, breasts and garlands moving, were brilliantly beautiful.

TEXT 12
TEXT
ta asisah prayunjanas
ciram pahiti balake
haridra-curna-tailadbhih
sincantyo ‘janam ujjaguh

Offering blessings to the newborn child, Krsna, the wives and daughters of
the cowherd men said, “May You become the King of Vraja and long maintain all
its inhabitants.” They sprinkled a mixture of turmeric powder, oil and water
upon the birthless Supreme Lord and offered their prayers.
TEXT 13
TEXT
avadyanta vicitrani
vaditrani mahotsave
krsne visvesvare ‘nante
nandasya vrajam agate

Now that the all-pervading, unlimited Lord Krsna, the master of the cosmic
manifestation, had arrived within the estate of Maharaja Nanda, various types of
musical instruments resounded to celebrate the great festival.

TEXT 14
TEXT
gopah parasparam hrsta
dadhi-ksira-ghrtambubhih
asincanto vilimpanto
navanitais ca ciksipuh

In gladness, the cowherd men enjoyed the great festival by splashing one
another’s bodies with a mixture of curd, condensed milk, butter and water. They
threw butter on one another and smeared it on one another’s bodies.

TEXTS 15-16
TEXT
nando maha-manas tebhyo
vaso ‘lankara-go-dhanam
suta-magadha-vandibhyo
ye ‘nye vidyopajivinah
tais taih kamair adinatma
yathocitam apujayat
visnor aradhanarthaya
sva-putrasyodayaya ca

The great-minded Maharaja Nanda gave clothing, ornaments and cows in charity
to the cowherd men in order to please Lord Visnu, and thus he improved the
condition of his own son in all respects. He distributed charity to the sutas,
the magadhas, the vandis, and men of all other professions, according to their
educational qualifications, and satisfied everyone’s desires.

TEXT 17
TEXT
rohini ca maha-bhaga
nanda-gopabhinandita
vyacarad divya-vasa-srakkanthabharana-
bhusita

The most fortunate Rohini, the mother of Baladeva, was honored by Nanda
Maharaja and Yasoda, and thus she also dressed gorgeously and decorated herself
with a necklace, a garland and other ornaments. She was busy wandering here and
there to receive the women who were guests at the festival.

TEXT 18
TEXT
tata arabhya nandasya
vrajah sarva-samrddhiman
harer nivasatma-gunai
ramakridam abhun nrpa

O Maharaja Pariksit, the home of Nanda Maharaja is eternally the abode of the
Supreme Personality of Godhead and His transcendental qualities and is therefore
always naturally endowed with the opulence of all wealth. Yet beginning from
Lord Krsna’s appearance there, it became the place for the pastimes of the
goddess of fortune.

TEXT 19
TEXT
gopan gokula-raksayam
nirupya mathuram gatah
nandah kamsasya varsikyam
karam datum kurudvaha

Sukadeva Gosvami continued: Thereafter, my dear King Pariksit, O best
protector of the Kuru dynasty, Nanda Maharaja appointed the local cowherd men to
protect Gokula and then went to Mathura to pay the yearly taxes to King Kamsa.

TEXT 20
TEXT
vasudeva upasrutya
bhrataram nandam agatam
jnatva datta-karam rajne
yayau tad-avamocanam

When Vasudeva heard that Nanda Maharaja, his very dear friend and brother,
had come to Mathura and already paid the taxes to Kamsa, he went to Nanda
Maharaja’s residence.

TEXT 21
TEXT
tam drstva sahasotthaya
dehah pranam ivagatam
pritah priyatamam dorbhyam
sasvaje prema-vihvalah

When Nanda Maharaja heard that Vasudeva had come, he was overwhelmed with
love and affection, being as pleased as if his body had regained its life.
Seeing Vasudeva suddenly present, he got up and embraced him with both arms

TEXT 22
TEXT
pujitah sukham asinah
prstvanamayam adrtah
prasakta-dhih svatmajayor
idam aha visampate

O Maharaja Pariksit, having thus been received and welcomed by Nanda Maharaja
with honor, Vasudeva sat down very peacefully and inquired about his own two
sons because of intense love for them.
TEXT 23
TEXT
distya bhratah pravayasa
idanim aprajasya te
prajasaya nivrttasya
praja yat samapadyata

My dear brother Nanda Maharaja, at an advanced age you had no son at all and
were hopeless of having one. Therefore, that you now have a son is a sign of
great fortune.

TEXT 24
TEXT
distya samsara-cakre ‘smin
vartamanah punar-bhavah
upalabdho bhavan adya
durlabham priya-darsanam

It is also by good fortune that I am seeing you. Having obtained this
opportunity, I feel as if I have taken birth again. Even though one is present
in this world, to meet with intimate friends and dear relatives in this material
world is extremely difficult.

TEXT 25
TEXT
naikatra priya-samvasah
suhrdam citra-karmanam
oghena vyuhyamananam
plavanam srotaso yatha

Many planks and sticks, unable to stay together, are carried away by the
force of a river’s waves. Similarly, although we are intimately related with
friends and family members, we are unable to stay together because of our varied
past deeds and the waves of time.

TEXT 26
TEXT
kaccit pasavyam nirujam
bhury-ambu-trna-virudham
brhad vanam tad adhuna
yatrasse tvam suhrd-vrtah

My dear friend Nanda Maharaja, in the place where you are living with your
friends, is the forest favorable for the animals, the cows? I hope there is no
disease or inconvenience. The place must be full of water, grass and other
plants.

TEXT 27
TEXT
bhratar mama sutah kaccin
matra saha bhavad-vraje
tatam bhavantam manvano
bhavadbhyam upalalitah

My son Baladeva, being raised by you and your wife, Yasodadevi, considers you
His father and mother. Is he living very peacefully in your home with His real
mother, Rohini?
TEXT 28
TEXT
pumsas tri-vargo vihitah
suhrdo hy anubhavitah
na tesu klisyamanesu
tri-vargo ‘rthaya kalpate

When one’s friends and relatives are properly situated, one’s religion,
economic development and sense gratification, as described in the Vedic
literatures, are beneficial. Otherwise, if one’s friends and relatives are in
distress, these three cannot offer any happiness.

TEXT 29
TEXT
sri-nanda uvaca
aho te devaki-putrah
kamsena bahavo hatah
ekavasistavaraja
kanya sapi divam gata

Nanda Maharaja said: Alas, King Kamsa killed so many of your children, born
of Devaki. And your one daughter, the youngest child of all, entered the
heavenly planets.

TEXT 30
TEXT
nunam hy adrsta-nistho ‘yam
adrsta-paramo janah
adrstam atmanas tattvam
yo veda na sa muhyati

Every man is certainly controlled by destiny, which determines the results of
one’s fruitive activities. In other words, one has a son or daughter because of
unseen destiny, and when the son or daughter is no longer present, this also is
due to unseen destiny. Destiny is the ultimate controller of everyone. One who
knows this is never bewildered.

TEXT 31
TEXT
sri-vasudeva uvaca
karo vai varsiko datto
rajne drsta vayam ca vah
neha stheyam bahu-titham
santy utpatas ca gokule

Vasudeva said to Nanda Maharaja: Now, my dear brother, since you have paid
the annual taxes to Kamsa and have also seen me, do not stay in this place for
many days. It is better to return to Gokula, since I know that there may be some
disturbances there.
TEXT 32
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
iti nandadayo gopah
proktas te saurina yayuh
anobhir anadud-yuktais
tam anujnapya gokulam

Sukadeva Gosvami said: After Vasudeva advised Nanda Maharaja in this way,
Nanda Maharaja and his associates, the cowherd men, took permission from
Vasudeva, yoked their bulls to the bullock carts, and started riding for Gokula.

Sri Baagavatham Slohas..Canta 10-Athyayam Four-The Atrocities of King Kamsa..

December 30, 2009

TEXT 1
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
bahir-antah-pura-dvarah
sarvah purvavad avrtah
tato bala-dhvanim srutva
grha-palah samutthitah

Sukadeva Gosvami continued: My dear King Pariksit, the doors inside and
outside the house closed as before. Thereafter, the inhabitants of the house,
especially the watchmen, heard the crying of the newborn child and thus awakened
from their beds.

TEXT 2
TEXT
te tu turnam upavrajya
devakya garbha-janma tat
acakhyur bhoja-rajaya
yad udvignah pratiksate

Thereafter, all the watchmen very quickly approached King Kamsa, the ruler of
the Bhoja dynasty, and submitted the news of the birth of Devaki’s child. Kamsa,
who had awaited this news very anxiously, immediately took action.

TEXT 3
TEXT
sa talpat turnam utthaya
kalo ‘yam iti vihvalah
suti-grham agat turnam
praskhalan mukta-murdhajah

Kamsa immediately got up from bed, thinking, “Here is Kala, the supreme time
factor, which has taken birth to kill me!” Thus overwhelmed, Kamsa, his hair
scattered on his head, at once approached the place where the child had been
born.

TEXT 4
TEXT
tam aha bhrataram devi
krpana karunam sati
snuseyam tava kalyana
striyam ma hantum arhasi

Devaki helplessly, piteously appealed to Kamsa: My dear brother, all good
fortune unto you. Don’t kill this girl. She will be your daughter-in-law.
Indeed, it is unworthy of you to kill a woman.

TEXT 5
TEXT
bahavo himsita bhratah
sisavah pavakopamah
tvaya daiva-nisrstena
putrikaika pradiyatam

My dear brother, by the influence of destiny you have already killed many
babies, each of them as bright and beautiful as fire. But kindly spare this
daughter. Give her to me as your gift.

TEXT 6
TEXT
nanv aham te hy avaraja
dina hata-suta prabho
datum arhasi mandaya
angemam caramam prajam

My lord, my brother, I am very poor, being bereft of all my children, but
still I am your younger sister, and therefore it would be worthy of you to give
me this last child as a gift.
TEXT 7
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
upaguhyatmajam evam
rudatya dina-dinavat
yacitas tam vinirbhartsya
hastad acicchide khalah

Sukadeva Gosvami continued: piteously embracing her daughter and crying,
Devaki begged Kamsa for the child, but he was so cruel that he chastised her and
forcibly snatched the child from her hands.

TEXT 8
TEXT
tam grhitva caranayor
jata-matram svasuh sutam
apothayac chila-prsthe
svarthonmulita-sauhrdah

Having uprooted all relationships with his sister because of intense
selfishness, Kamsa, who was sitting on his knees, grasped the newborn child by
the legs and tried to dash her against the surface of a stone.
TEXT 9
TEXT
sa tad-dhastat samutpatya
sadyo devy ambaram gata
adrsyatanuja visnoh
sayudhasta-mahabhuja

The child, Yogamaya-devi, the younger sister of Lord Visnu, slipped upward
from Kamsa’s hands and appeared in the sky as Devi, the goddess Durga, with
eight arms, completely equipped with weapons.

TEXTS 10-11
TEXT
divya-srag-ambaraleparatnabharana-
bhusita
dhanuh-sulesu-carmasisankha-
cakra-gada-dhara
siddha-carana-gandharvair
apsarah-kinnaroragaih
upahrtoru-balibhih
stuyamanedam abravit

The goddess Durga was decorated with flower garlands, smeared with sandalwood
pulp and dressed with excellent garments and ornaments made of valuable jewels.
Holding in her hands a bow, a trident, arrows, a shield, a sword, a conchshell,
a disc and a club, and being praised by celestial beings like Apsaras, Kinnaras,
Uragas, Siddhas, Caranas and Gandharvas, who worshiped her with all kinds of
presentations, she spoke as follows.
TEXT 12
TEXT
kim maya hataya manda
jatah khalu tavanta-krt
yatra kva va purva-satrur
ma himsih krpanan vrtha

O Kamsa, you fool, what will be the use of killing me? The Supreme
Personality of Godhead, who has been your enemy from the very beginning and who
will certainly kill you, has already taken His birth somewhere else. Therefore,
do not unnecessarily kill other children.
TEXT 13
TEXT
iti prabhasya tam devi
maya bhagavati bhuvi
bahu-nama-niketesu
bahu-nama babhuva ha

After speaking to Kamsa in this way, the goddess Durga, Yogamaya, appeared in
different places, such as Varanasi, and became celebrated by different names,
such as Annapurna, Durga, Kali and Bhadra.

TEXT 14
TEXT
tayabhihitam akarnya
kamsah parama-vismitah
devakim vasudevam ca
vimucya prasrito ‘bravit

After hearing the words of the goddess Durga, Kamsa was struck with wonder.
Thus he approached his sister Devaki and brother-in-law Vasudeva, released them
immediately from their shackles, and very humbly spoke as follows.

TEXT 15
TEXT
aho bhaginy aho bhama
maya vam bata papmana
purusada ivapatyam
bahavo himsitah sutah

Alas, my sister! Alas, my brother-in-law! I am indeed so sinful that exactly
like a man-eater [Raksasa] who eats his own child, I have killed so many sons
born of you.

TEXT 16
TEXT
sa tv aham tyakta-karunyas
tyakta-jnati-suhrt khalah
kan lokan vai gamisyami
brahma-heva mrtah svasan

Being merciless and cruel, I have forsaken all my relatives and friends.
Therefore, like a person who has killed a brahmana, I do not know to which
planet I shall go, either after death or while breathing.
TEXT 17
TEXT
daivam apy anrtam vakti
na martya eva kevalam
yad-visrambhad aham papah
svasur nihatavan chisun

Alas, not only human beings but sometimes even providence lies. And I am so
sinful that I believed the omen of providence and killed so many of my sister’s
children.
TEXT 18
TEXT
ma socatam maha-bhagav
atmajan sva-krtam bhujah
jantavo na sadaikatra
daivadhinas tadasate

O great souls, your children have suffered their own misfortune. Therefore,
please do not lament for them. All living entities are under the control of the
Supreme, and they cannot always live together.

TEXT 19
TEXT
bhuvi bhaumani bhutani
yatha yanty apayanti ca
nayam atma tathaitesu
viparyeti yathaiva bhuh

In this world, we can see that pots, dolls and other products of the earth
appear, break and then disappear, mixing with the earth. Similarly, the bodies
of all conditioned living entities are annihilated, but the living entities,
like the earth itself, are unchanging and never annihilated [na hanyate
hanyamane sarire].

TEXT 20
TEXT
yathanevam-vido bhedo
yata atma-viparyayah
deha-yoga-viyogau ca
samsrtir na nivartate

One who does not understand the constitutional position of the body and the
soul [atma] becomes too attached to the bodily concept of life. Consequently,
because of attachment to the body and its by-products, he feels affected by
union with and separation from his family, society and nation. As long as this
continues, one continues his material life. [Otherwise, one is liberated.]

TEXT 21
TEXT
tasmad bhadre sva-tanayan
maya vyapaditan api
manusoca yatah sarvah
sva-krtam vindate ‘vasah

My dear sister Devaki, all good fortune unto you. Everyone suffers and enjoys
the results of his own work under the control of providence. Therefore, although
your sons have unfortunately been killed by me, please do not lament for them.

TEXT 22
TEXT
yavad dhato ‘smi hantasmity
atmanam manyate ‘sva-drk
tavat tad-abhimany ajno
badhya-badhakatam iyat

In the bodily conception of life, one remains in darkness, without selfrealization,
thinking, “I am being killed” or “I have killed my enemies.” As
long as a foolish person thus considers the self to be the killer or the killed,
he continues to be responsible for material obligations, and consequently he
suffers the reactions of happiness and distress.

TEXT 23
TEXT
ksamadhvam mama dauratmyam
sadhavo dina-vatsalah
ity uktvasru-mukhah padau
syalah svasror athagrahit

Kamsa begged, “My dear sister and brother-in-law, please be merciful to such
a poor-hearted person as me, since both of you are saintly persons. Please
excuse my atrocities.” Having said this, Kamsa fell at the feet of Vasudeva and
Devaki, his eyes full of tears of regret.

TEXT 24
TEXT
mocayam asa nigadad
visrabdhah kanyaka-gira
devakim vasudevam ca
darsayann atma-sauhrdam

Fully believing in the words of the goddess Durga, Kamsa exhibited his
familial affection for Devaki and Vasudeva by immediately releasing them from
their iron shackles.
TEXT 25
TEXT
bhratuh samanutaptasya
ksanta-rosa ca devaki
vyasrjad vasudevas ca
prahasya tam uvaca ha

When Devaki saw her brother actually repentant while explaining ordained
events, she was relieved of all anger. Similarly, Vasudeva was also free from
anger. Smiling, he spoke to Kamsa as follows.

TEXT 26
TEXT
evam etan maha-bhaga
yatha vadasi dehinam
ajnana-prabhavaham-dhih
sva-pareti bhida yatah

O great personality Kamsa, only by the influence of ignorance does one accept
the material body and bodily ego. What you have said about this philosophy is
correct. Persons in the bodily concept of life, lacking self-realization,
differentiate in terms of “This is mine” and “This belongs to another.”

TEXT 27
TEXT
soka-harsa-bhaya-dvesalobha-
moha-madanvitah
mitho ghnantam na pasyanti
bhavair bhavam prthag-drsah

Persons with the vision of differentiation are imbued with the material
qualities lamentation, jubilation, fear, envy, greed, illusion and madness. They
are influenced by the immediate cause, which they are busy counteracting,
because they have no knowledge of the remote, supreme cause, the Personality of
Godhead.

TEXT 28
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
kamsa evam prasannabhyam
visuddham pratibhasitah
devaki-vasudevabhyam
anujnato ‘visad grham

Sukadeva Gosvami continued: Thus having been addressed in purity by Devaki
and Vasudeva, who were very much appeased, Kamsa felt pleased, and with their
permission he entered his home.
TEXT 29
TEXT
tasyam ratryam vyatitayam
kamsa ahuya mantrinah
tebhya acasta tat sarvam
yad uktam yoga-nidraya

After that night passed, Kamsa summoned his ministers and informed them of
all that had been spoken by Yogamaya [who had revealed that He who was to slay
Kamsa had already been born somewhere else].

TEXT 30
TEXT
akarnya bhartur gaditam
tam ucur deva-satravah
devan prati krtamarsa
daiteya nati-kovidah

After hearing their master’s statement, the envious asuras, who were enemies
of the demigods and were not very expert in their dealings, advised Kamsa as
follows.

TEXT 31
TEXT
evam cet tarhi bhojendra
pura-grama-vrajadisu
anirdasan nirdasams ca
hanisyamo ‘dya vai sisun

If this is so, O King of the Bhoja dynasty, beginning today we shall kill all
the children born in all the villages, towns and pasturing grounds within the
past ten days or slightly more.
TEXT 32
TEXT
kim udyamaih karisyanti
devah samara-bhiravah
nityam udvigna-manaso
jya-ghosair dhanusas tava

The demigods always fear the sound of your bowstring. They are constantly in
anxiety, afraid of fighting. Therefore, what can they do by their endeavors to
harm you?
TEXT 33
TEXT
asyatas te sara-vratair
hanyamanah samantatah
jijivisava utsrjya
palayana-para yayuh

While being pierced by your arrows, which you discharged on all sides, some
of them, who were injured by the multitude of arrows but who desired to live,
fled the battlefield, intent on escaping.
TEXT 34
TEXT
kecit pranjalayo dina
nyasta-sastra divaukasah
mukta-kaccha-sikhah kecid
bhitah sma iti vadinah

Defeated and bereft of all weapons, some of the demigods gave up fighting and
praised you with folded hands, and some of them, appearing before you with
loosened garments and hair, said, “O lord, we are very much afraid of you.”
TEXT 35
TEXT
na tvam vismrta-sastrastran
virathan bhaya-samvrtan
hamsy anyasakta-vimukhan
bhagna-capan ayudhyatah

When the demigods are bereft of their chariots, when they forget how to use
weapons, when they are fearful or attached to something other than fighting, or
when their bows are broken and they have thus lost the ability to fight, Your
Majesty does not kill them.

TEXT 36
TEXT
kim ksema-surair vibudhair
asamyuga-vikatthanaih
raho-jusa kim harina
sambhuna va vanaukasa
kim indrenalpa-viryena
brahmana va tapasyata

The demigods boast uselessly while away from the battlefield. Only where
there is no fighting can they show their prowess. Therefore, from such demigods
we have nothing to fear. As for Lord Visnu, He is in seclusion in the core of
the hearts of the yogis. As for Lord Siva, he has gone to the forest. And as for
Lord Brahma, he is always engaged in austerities and meditation. The other
demigods, headed by Indra, are devoid of prowess. Therefore you have nothing to
fear.

TEXT 37
TEXT
tathapi devah sapatnyan
nopeksya iti manmahe
tatas tan-mula-khanane
niyunksvasman anuvratan

Nonetheless, because of their enmity, our opinion is that the demigods should
not be neglected. Therefore, to uproot them completely, engage us in fighting
with them, for we are ready to follow you.

TEXT 38
TEXT
yathamayo ‘nge samupeksito nrbhir
na sakyate rudha-padas cikitsitum
yathendriya-grama upeksitas tatha
ripur mahan baddha-balo na calyate

As a disease, if initially neglected, becomes acute and impossible to cure,
or as the senses, if not controlled at first, are impossible to control later,
an enemy, if neglected in the beginning, later becomes insurmountable.
TEXT 39
TEXT
mulam hi visnur devanam
yatra dharmah sanatanah
tasya ca brahma-go-vipras
tapo yajnah sa-daksinah

The foundation of all the demigods is Lord Visnu, who lives and is worshiped
wherever there are religious principles, traditional culture, the Vedas, cows,
brahmanas, austerities, and sacrifices with proper remuneration.

TEXT 40
TEXT
tasmat sarvatmana rajan
brahmanan brahma-vadinah
tapasvino yajna-silan
gas ca hanmo havir-dughah

O King, we, who are your adherents in all respects, shall therefore kill the
Vedic brahmanas, the persons engaged in offering sacrifices and austerities, and
the cows that supply milk, from which clarified butter is obtained for the
ingredients of sacrifice.
TEXT 41
TEXT
vipra gavas ca vedas ca
tapah satyam damah samah
sraddha daya titiksa ca
kratavas ca hares tanuh

The brahmanas, the cows, Vedic knowledge, austerity, truthfulness, control of
the mind and senses, faith, mercy, tolerance and sacrifice are the different
parts of the body of Lord Visnu, and they are the paraphernalia for a godly
civilization.

TEXT 42
TEXT
sa hi sarva-suradhyakso
hy asura-dvid guha-sayah
tan-mula devatah sarvah
sesvarah sa-catur-mukhah
ayam vai tad-vadhopayo
yad rsinam vihimsanam

Lord Visnu, the Supersoul within the core of everyone’s heart, is the
ultimate enemy of the asuras and is therefore known as asura-dvit. He is the
leader of all the demigods because all the demigods, including Lord Siva and
Lord Brahma, exist under His protection. The great saintly persons, sages and
Vaisnavas also depend upon Him. To persecute the Vaisnavas, therefore, is the
only way to kill Visnu.

TEXT 43
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
evam durmantribhih kamsah
saha sammantrya durmatih
brahma-himsam hitam mene
kala-pasavrto ‘surah

Sukadeva Gosvami continued: Thus, having considered the instructions of his
bad ministers, Kamsa, who was bound by the laws of Yamaraja and devoid of good
intelligence because he was a demon, decided to persecute the saintly persons,
the brahmanas, as the only way to achieve his own good fortune.

TEXT 44
TEXT
sandisya sadhu-lokasya
kadane kadana-priyan
kama-rupa-dharan diksu
danavan grham avisat

These demons, the followers of Kamsa, were expert at persecuting others,
especially the Vaisnavas, and could assume any form they desired. After giving
these demons permission to go everywhere and persecute the saintly persons,
Kamsa entered his palace.
TEXT 45
TEXT
te vai rajah-prakrtayas
tamasa mudha-cetasah
satam vidvesam acerur
arad agata-mrtyavah

Surcharged with passion and ignorance and not knowing what was good or bad
for them, the asuras, for whom impending death was waiting, began the
persecution of the saintly persons.

TEXT 46
TEXT
ayuh sriyam yaso dharmam
lokan asisa eva ca
hanti sreyamsi sarvani
pumso mahad-atikramah

My dear King, when a man persecutes great souls, all his benedictions of
longevity, beauty, fame, religion, blessings and promotion to higher planets
will be destroyed.

Sri Baagavatham Slohas..Canta 10-Athyayam Three-The Birth of Lord Krsna..

December 29, 2009

TEXTS 1-5
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
atha sarva-gunopetah
kalah parama-sobhanah
yarhy evajana-janmarksam
santarksa-graha-tarakam
disah prasedur gaganam
nirmalodu-ganodayam
mahi mangala-bhuyisthapura-
grama-vrajakara
nadyah prasanna-salila
hrada jalaruha-sriyah
dvijali-kula-sannadastavaka
vana-rajayah
vavau vayuh sukha-sparsah
punya-gandhavahah sucih
agnayas ca dvijatinam
santas tatra samindhata
manamsy asan prasannani
sadhunam asura-druham
jayamane ‘jane tasmin
nedur dundubhayah samam

Thereafter, at the auspicious time for the appearance of the Lord, the entire
universe was surcharged with all the qualities of goodness, beauty and peace.
The constellation Rohini appeared, as did stars like Asvini. The sun, the moon
and the other stars and planets were very peaceful. All directions appeared
extremely pleasing, and the beautiful stars twinkled in the cloudless sky.
Decorated with towns, villages, mines and pasturing grounds, the earth seemed
all-auspicious. The rivers flowed with clear water, and the lakes and vast
reservoirs, full of lilies and lotuses, were extraordinarily beautiful. In the
trees and green plants, full of flowers and leaves, pleasing to the eyes, birds
like cuckoos and swarms of bees began chanting with sweet voices for the sake of
the demigods. A pure breeze began to blow, pleasing the sense of touch and
bearing the aroma of flowers, and when the brahmanas engaging in ritualistic
ceremonies ignited their fires according to Vedic principles, the fires burned
steadily, undisturbed by the breeze. Thus when the birthless Lord Visnu, the
Supreme Personality of Godhead, was about to appear, the saints and brahmanas,
who had always been disturbed by demons like Kamsa and his men, felt peace
within the core of their hearts, and kettledrums simultaneously vibrated from
the upper planetary system.

TEXT 6
TEXT
jaguh kinnara-gandharvas
tustuvuh siddha-caranah
vidyadharyas ca nanrtur
apsarobhih samam muda

The Kinnaras and Gandharvas began to sing auspicious songs, the Siddhas and
Caranas offered auspicious prayers, and the Vidyadharis, along with the Apsaras,
began to dance in jubilation.
TEXTS 7-8
TEXT
mumucur munayo devah
sumanamsi mudanvitah
mandam mandam jaladhara
jagarjur anusagaram
nisithe tama-udbhute
jayamane janardane
devakyam deva-rupinyam
visnuh sarva-guha-sayah
avirasid yatha pracyam
disindur iva puskalah

The demigods and great saintly persons showered flowers in a joyous mood, and
clouds gathered in the sky and very mildly thundered, making sounds like those
of the ocean’s waves. Then the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Visnu, who is
situated in the core of everyone’s heart, appeared from the heart of Devaki in
the dense darkness of night, like the full moon rising on the eastern horizon,
because Devaki was of the same category as Sri Krsna.

TEXTS 9-10
TEXT
tam adbhutam balakam ambujeksanam
catur-bhujam sankha-gadady-udayudham
srivatsa-laksmam gala-sobhi-kaustubham
pitambaram sandra-payoda-saubhagam
maharha-vaidurya-kirita-kundalatvisa
parisvakta-sahasra-kuntalam
uddama-kancy-angada-kankanadibhir
virocamanam vasudeva aiksata

Vasudeva then saw the newborn child, who had very wonderful lotuslike eyes
and who bore in His four hands the four weapons sankha, cakra, gada and padma.
On His chest was the mark of Srivatsa and on His neck the brilliant Kaustubha
gem. Dressed in yellow, His body blackish like a dense cloud, His scattered hair
fully grown, and His helmet and earrings sparkling uncommonly with the valuable
gem Vaidurya, the child, decorated with a brilliant belt, armlets, bangles and
other ornaments, appeared very wonderful.

TEXT 11
TEXT
sa vismayotphulla-vilocano harim
sutam vilokyanakadundubhis tada
krsnavatarotsava-sambhramo ‘sprsan
muda dvijebhyo ‘yutam apluto gavam

When Vasudeva saw his extraordinary son, his eyes were struck with wonder. In
transcendental jubilation, he mentally collected ten thousand cows and
distributed them among the brahmanas as a transcendental festival.

TEXT 12
TEXT
athainam astaud avadharya purusam
param natangah krta-dhih krtanjalih
sva-rocisa bharata sutika-grham
virocayantam gata-bhih prabhava-vit

O Maharaja Pariksit, descendant of King Bharata, Vasudeva could understand
that this child was the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Narayana. Having
concluded this without a doubt, he became fearless. Bowing down with folded
hands and concentrating his attention, he began to offer prayers to the child,
who illuminated His birthplace by His natural influence.

TEXT 13
TEXT
sri-vasudeva uvaca
vidito ‘si bhavan saksat
purusah prakrteh parah
kevalanubhavanandasvarupah
sarva-buddhi-drk

Vasudeva said: My Lord, You are the Supreme Person, beyond material
existence, and You are the Supersoul. Your form can be perceived by
transcendental knowledge, by which You can be understood as the Supreme
Personality of Godhead. I now understand Your position perfectly.

TEXT 14
TEXT
sa eva svaprakrtyedam
srstvagre tri-gunatmakam
tad anu tvam hy apravistah
pravista iva bhavyase

My Lord, You are the same person who in the beginning created this material
world by His personal external energy. After the creation of this world of three
gunas [sattva, rajas and tamas], You appear to have entered it, although in fact
You have not.

TEXTS 15-17
TEXT
yatheme ‘vikrta bhavas
tatha te vikrtaih saha
nana-viryah prthag-bhuta
virajam janayanti hi
sannipatya samutpadya
drsyante ‘nugata iva
prag eva vidyamanatvan
na tesam iha sambhavah
evam bhavan buddhy-anumeya-laksanair
grahyair gunaih sann api tad-gunagrahah
anavrtatvad bahir antaram na te
sarvasya sarvatmana atma-vastunah

The mahat-tattva, the total material energy, is undivided, but because of the
material modes of nature, it appears to separate into earth, water, fire, air
and ether. Because of the living energy [jiva-bhuta], these separated energies
combine to make the cosmic manifestation visible, but in fact, before the
creation of the cosmos, the total energy is already present. Therefore, the
total material energy never actually enters the creation. Similarly, although
You are perceived by our senses because of Your presence, You cannot be
perceived by the senses, nor experienced by the mind or words [avan-manasagocara].
With our senses we can perceive some things, but not everything; for
example, we can use our eyes to see, but not to taste. Consequently, You are
beyond perception by the senses. Although in touch with the modes of material
nature, You are unaffected by them. You are the prime factor in everything, the
all-pervading, undivided Supersoul. For You, therefore, there is no external or
internal. You never entered the womb of Devaki; rather, You existed there
already.

TEXT 18
TEXT
ya atmano drsya-gunesu sann iti
vyavasyate sva-vyatirekato ‘budhah
vinanuvadam na ca tan manisitam
samyag yatas tyaktam upadadat puman

One who considers his visible body, which is a product of the three modes of
nature, to be independent of the soul is unaware of the basis of existence, and
therefore he is a rascal. Those who are learned have rejected his conclusion
because one can understand through full discussion that with no basis in soul,
the visible body and senses would be insubstantial. Nonetheless, although his
conclusion has been rejected, a foolish person considers it a reality.

TEXT 19
TEXT
tvatto ‘sya janma-sthiti-samyaman vibho
vadanty anihad agunad avikriyat
tvayisvare brahmani no virudhyate
tvad-asrayatvad upacaryate gunaih

O my Lord, learned Vedic scholars conclude that the creation, maintenance and
annihilation of the entire cosmic manifestation are performed by You, who are
free from endeavor, unaffected by the modes of material nature, and changeless
in Your spiritual situation. There are no contradictions in You, who are the
Supreme Personality of Godhead, Parabrahman. Because the three modes of material
nature–sattva, rajas and tamas–are under Your control, everything takes place
automatically.

TEXT 20
TEXT
sa tvam tri-loka-sthitaye sva-mayaya
bibharsi suklam khalu varnam atmanah
sargaya raktam rajasopabrmhitam
krsnam ca varnam tamasa janatyaye

My Lord, Your form is transcendental to the three material modes, yet for the
maintenance of the three worlds, You assume the white color of Visnu in
goodness; for creation, which is surrounded by the quality of passion, You
appear reddish; and at the end, when there is a need for annihilation, which is
surrounded by ignorance, You appear blackish.

TEXT 21
TEXT
tvam asya lokasya vibho riraksisur
grhe ‘vatirno ‘si mamakhilesvara
rajanya-samjnasura-koti-yuthapair
nirvyuhyamana nihanisyase camuh

O my Lord, proprietor of all creation, You have now appeared in my house,
desiring to protect this world. I am sure that You will kill all the armies that
are moving all over the world under the leadership of politicians who are
dressed as ksatriya rulers but who are factually demons. They must be killed by
You for the protection of the innocent public.

TEXT 22
TEXT
ayam tv asabhyas tava janma nau grhe
srutvagrajams te nyavadhit suresvara
sa te ‘vataram purusaih samarpitam
srutvadhunaivabhisaraty udayudhah

O my Lord, Lord of the demigods, after hearing the prophecy that You would
take birth in our home and kill him, this uncivilized Kamsa killed so many of
Your elder brothers. As soon as he hears from his lieutenants that You have
appeared, he will immediately come with weapons to kill You.

TEXT 23
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
athainam atmajam viksya
maha-purusa-laksanam
devaki tam upadhavat
kamsad bhita suvismita

Sukadeva Gosvami continued: Thereafter, having seen that her child had all
the symptoms of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Devaki, who was very much
afraid of Kamsa and unusually astonished, began to offer prayers to the Lord.

TEXT 24
TEXT
sri-devaky uvaca
rupam yat tat prahur avyaktam adyam
brahma jyotir nirgunam nirvikaram
satta-matram nirvisesam niriham
sa tvam saksad visnur adhyatma-dipah

Sri Devaki said: My dear Lord, there are different Vedas, some of which
describe You as unperceivable through words and the mind. Yet You are the origin
of the entire cosmic manifestation. You are Brahman, the greatest of everything,
full of effulgence like the sun. You have no material cause, You are free from
change and deviation, and You have no material desires. Thus the Vedas say that
You are the substance. Therefore, my Lord, You are directly the origin of all
Vedic statements, and by understanding You, one gradually understands
everything. You are different from the light of Brahman and Paramatma, yet You
are not different from them. Everything emanates from You. Indeed, You are the
cause of all causes, Lord Visnu, the light of all transcendental knowledge.

TEXT 25
TEXT
naste loke dvi-parardhavasane
maha-bhutesv adi-bhutam gatesu
vyakte ‘vyaktam kala-vegena yate
bhavan ekah sisyate ‘sesa-samjnah

After millions of years, at the time of cosmic annihilation, when everything,
manifested and unmanifested, is annihilated by the force of time, the five gross
elements enter into the subtle conception, and the manifested categories enter
into the unmanifested substance. At that time, You alone remain, and You are
known as Ananta Sesa-naga.

TEXT 26
TEXT
yo ‘yam kalas tasya te ‘vyakta-bandho
cestam ahus cestate yena visvam
nimesadir vatsaranto mahiyams
tam tvesanam ksema-dhama prapadye

O inaugurator of the material energy, this wonderful creation works under the
control of powerful time, which is divided into seconds, minutes, hours and
years. This element of time, which extends for many millions of years, is but
another form of Lord Visnu. For Your pastimes, You act as the controller of
time, but You are the reservoir of all good fortune. Let me offer my full
surrender unto Your Lordship.

TEXT 27
TEXT
martyo mrtyu-vyala-bhitah palayan
lokan sarvan nirbhayam nadhyagacchat
tvat padabjam prapya yadrcchayadya
susthah sete mrtyur asmad apaiti

No one in this material world has become free from the four principles birth,
death, old age and disease, even by fleeing to various planets. But now that You
have appeared, My Lord, death is fleeing in fear of You, and the living
entities, having obtained shelter at Your lotus feet by Your mercy, are sleeping
in full mental peace.

TEXT 28
TEXT
sa tvam ghorad ugrasenatmajan nas
trahi trastan bhrtya-vitrasa-hasi
rupam cedam paurusam dhyana-dhisnyam
ma pratyaksam mamsa-drsam krsisthah

My Lord, because You dispel all the fear of Your devotees, I request You to
save us and give us protection from the terrible fear of Kamsa. Your form as
Visnu, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, is appreciated by yogis in
meditation. Please make this form invisible to those who see with material eyes.

TEXT 29
TEXT
janma te mayy asau papo
ma vidyan madhusudana
samudvije bhavad-dhetoh
kamsad aham adhira-dhih

O Madhusudana, because of Your appearance, I am becoming more and more
anxious in fear of Kamsa. Therefore, please arrange for that sinful Kamsa to be
unable to understand that You have taken birth from my womb.

TEXT 30
TEXT
upasamhara visvatmann
ado rupam alaukikam
sankha-cakra-gada-padmasriya
justam catur-bhujam

O my Lord, You are the all-pervading Supreme Personality of Godhead, and Your
transcendental four-armed form, holding conchshell, disc, club and lotus, is
unnatural for this world. Please withdraw this form [and become just like a
natural human child so that I may try to hide You somewhere].

TEXT 31
TEXT
visvam yad etat sva-tanau nisante
yathavakasam purusah paro bhavan
bibharti so ‘yam mama garbhago ‘bhud
aho nr-lokasya vidambanam hi tat

At the time of devastation, the entire cosmos, containing all created moving
and nonmoving entities, enters Your transcendental body and is held there
without difficulty. But now this transcendental form has taken birth from my
womb. People will not be able to believe this, and I shall become an object of
ridicule.

TEXT 32
TEXT
sri-bhagavan uvaca
tvam eva purva-sarge ‘bhuh
prsnih svayambhuve sati
tadayam sutapa nama
prajapatir akalmasah

The Supreme Personality of Godhead replied: My dear mother, best of the
chaste, in your previous birth, in the Svayambhuva millennium, you were known as
Prsni, and Vasudeva, who was the most pious Prajapati, was named Sutapa.

TEXT 33
TEXT
yuvam vai brahmanadistau
praja-sarge yada tatah
sanniyamyendriya-gramam
tepathe paramam tapah

When both of you were ordered by Lord Brahma to create progeny, you first
underwent severe austerities by controlling your senses.

TEXTS 34-35
TEXT
varsa-vatatapa-himagharma-
kala-gunan anu
sahamanau svasa-rodhavinirdhuta-
mano-malau
sirna-parnanilaharav
upasantena cetasa
mattah kaman abhipsantau
mad-aradhanam ihatuh

My dear father and mother, you endured rain, wind, strong sun, scorching heat
and severe cold, suffering all sorts of inconvenience according to different
seasons. By practicing pranayama to control the air within the body through
yoga, and by eating only air and dry leaves fallen from the trees, you cleansed
from your minds all dirty things. In this way, desiring a benediction from Me,
you worshiped Me with peaceful minds.

TEXT 36
TEXT
evam vam tapyatos tivram
tapah parama-duskaram
divya-varsa-sahasrani
dvadaseyur mad-atmanoh

Thus you spent twelve thousand celestial years performing difficult
activities of tapasya in consciousness of Me [Krsna consciousness].
TEXTS 37-38
TEXT
tada vam paritusto ‘ham
amuna vapusanaghe
tapasa sraddhaya nityam
bhaktya ca hrdi bhavitah
pradurasam varada-rad
yuvayoh kama-ditsaya
vriyatam vara ity ukte
madrso vam vrtah sutah

O sinless mother Devaki, after the expiry of twelve thousand celestial years,
in which you constantly contemplated Me within the core of your heart with great
faith, devotion and austerity, I was very much satisfied with you. Since I am
the best of all bestowers of benediction, I appeared in this same form as Krsna
to ask you to take from Me the benediction you desired. You then expressed your
desire to have a son exactly like Me.

TEXT 39
TEXT
ajusta-gramya-visayav
anapatyau ca dam-pati
na vavrathe ‘pavargam me
mohitau deva-mayaya

Being husband and wife but always sonless, you were attracted by sexual
desires, for by the influence of devamaya, transcendental love, you wanted to
have Me as your son. Therefore you never desired to be liberated from this
material world.

TEXT 40
TEXT
gate mayi yuvam labdhva
varam mat-sadrsam sutam
gramyan bhogan abhunjatham
yuvam prapta-manorathau

After you received that benediction and I disappeared, you engaged yourselves
in sex to have a son like Me, and I fulfilled your desire.

TEXT 41
TEXT
adrstvanyatamam loke
silaudarya-gunaih samam
aham suto vam abhavam
prsnigarbha iti srutah

Since I found no one else as highly elevated as you in simplicity and other
qualities of good character, I appeared in this world as Prsnigarbha, or one who
is celebrated as having taken birth from Prsni.

TEXT 42
TEXT
tayor vam punar evaham
adityam asa kasyapat
upendra iti vikhyato
vamanatvac ca vamanah

In the next millennium, I again appeared from the two of you, who appeared as
My mother, Aditi, and My father, Kasyapa. I was known as Upendra, and because of
being a dwarf, I was also known as Vamana.
TEXT 43
TEXT
trtiye ‘smin bhave ‘ham vai
tenaiva vapusatha vam
jato bhuyas tayor eva
satyam me vyahrtam sati

O supremely chaste mother, I, the same personality, have now appeared of you
both as your son for the third time. Take My words as the truth.

TEXT 44
TEXT
etad vam darsitam rupam
prag-janma-smaranaya me
nanyatha mad-bhavam jnanam
martya-lingena jayate

I have shown you this form of Visnu just to remind you of My previous births.
Otherwise, if I appeared like an ordinary human child, you would not believe
that the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Visnu, has indeed appeared.

TEXT 45
TEXT
yuvam mam putra-bhavena
brahma-bhavena casakrt
cintayantau krta-snehau
yasyethe mad-gatim param

Both of you, husband and wife, constantly think of Me as your son, but always
know that I am the Supreme Personality of Godhead. By thus thinking of Me
constantly with love and affection, you will achieve the highest perfection:
returning home, back to Godhead.

TEXT 46
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
ity uktvasid dharis tusnim
bhagavan atma-mayaya
pitroh sampasyatoh sadyo
babhuva prakrtah sisuh

Sukadeva Gosvami said: After thus instructing His father and mother, the
Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna, remained silent. In their presence, by
His internal energy, He then transformed Himself into a small human child. [In
other words, He transformed Himself into His original form: krsnas tu bhagavan
svayam.]

TEXT 47
TEXT
tatas ca saurir bhagavat-pracoditah
sutam samadaya sa sutika-grhat
yada bahir gantum iyesa tarhy aja
ya yogamayajani nanda-jayaya

Thereafter, exactly when Vasudeva, being inspired by the Supreme Personality
of Godhead, was about to take the newborn child from the delivery room,
Yogamaya, the Lord’s spiritual energy, took birth as the daughter of the wife of
Maharaja Nanda.

TEXTS 48-49
TEXT
taya hrta-pratyaya-sarva-vrttisu
dvah-sthesu pauresv api sayitesv atha
dvaras ca sarvah pihita duratyaya
brhat-kapatayasa-kila-srnkhalaih
tah krsna-vahe vasudeva agate
svayam vyavaryanta yatha tamo raveh
vavarsa parjanya upamsu-garjitah
seso ‘nvagad vari nivarayan phanaih

By the influence of Yogamaya, all the doorkeepers fell fast asleep, their
senses unable to work, and the other inhabitants of the house also fell deeply
asleep. When the sun rises, the darkness automatically disappears; similarly,
when Vasudeva appeared, the closed doors, which were strongly pinned with iron
and locked with iron chains, opened automatically. Since the clouds in the sky
were mildly thundering and showering, Ananta-naga, an expansion of the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, followed Vasudeva, beginning from the door, with hoods
expanded to protect Vasudeva and the transcendental child.

TEXT 50
TEXT
maghoni varsaty asakrd yamanuja
gambhira-toyaugha-javormi-phenila
bhayanakavarta-satakula nadi
margam dadau sindhur iva sriyah pateh

Because of constant rain sent by the demigod Indra, the River Yamuna was
filled with deep water, foaming about with fiercely whirling waves. But as the
great Indian Ocean had formerly given way to Lord Ramacandra by allowing Him to
construct a bridge, the River Yamuna gave way to Vasudeva and allowed him to
cross.
TEXT 51
TEXT
nanda-vrajam saurir upetya tatra tan
gopan prasuptan upalabhya nidraya
sutam yasoda-sayane nidhaya tatsutam
upadaya punar grhan agat

When Vasudeva reached the house of Nanda Maharaja, he saw that all the
cowherd men were fast asleep. Thus he placed his own son on the bed of Yasoda,
picked up her daughter, an expansion of Yogamaya, and then returned to his
residence, the prison house of Kamsa.

TEXT 52
TEXT
devakyah sayane nyasya
vasudevo ‘tha darikam
pratimucya pador loham
aste purvavad avrtah

Vasudeva placed the female child on the bed of Devaki, bound his legs with
the iron shackles, and thus remained there as before.
TEXT 53
TEXT
yasoda nanda-patni ca
jatam param abudhyata
na tal-lingam parisranta
nidrayapagata-smrtih

Exhausted by the labor of childbirth, Yasoda was overwhelmed with sleep and
unable to understand what kind of child had been born to her.

Sri Baagavatham Slohas..Canta 10-Athyayam Two-Prayers by the Demigods for Lord Krsna in the Womb..

December 29, 2009

TEXTS 1-2
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
pralamba-baka-canuratrnavarta-
mahasanaih
mustikarista-dvividaputana-
kesi-dhenukaih
anyais casura-bhupalair
bana-bhaumadibhir yutah
yadunam kadanam cakre
bali magadha-samsrayah

Sukadeva Gosvami said: Under the protection of Magadharaja, Jarasandha, the
powerful Kamsa began persecuting the kings of the Yadu dynasty. In this he had
the cooperation of demons like Pralamba, Baka, Canura, Trnavarta, Aghasura,
Mustika, Arista, Dvivida, Putana, Kesi, Dhenuka, Banasura, Narakasura and many
other demoniac kings on the surface of the earth.

TEXT 3
TEXT
te pidita nivivisuh
kuru-pancala-kekayan
salvan vidarbhan nisadhan
videhan kosalan api

Persecuted by the demoniac kings, the Yadavas left their own kingdom and
entered various others, like those of the Kurus, Pancalas, Kekayas, Salvas,
Vidarbhas, Nisadhas, Videhas and Kosalas.
TEXTS 4-5
TEXT
eke tam anurundhana
jnatayah paryupasate
hatesu satsu balesu
devakya augrasenina
saptamo vaisnavam dhama
yam anantam pracaksate
garbho babhuva devakya
harsa-soka-vivardhanah

Some of their relatives, however, began to follow Kamsa’s principles and act
in his service. After Kamsa, the son of Ugrasena, killed the six sons of Devaki,
a plenary portion of Krsna entered her womb as her seventh child, arousing her
pleasure and her lamentation. That plenary portion is celebrated by great sages
as Ananta, who belongs to Krsna’s second quadruple expansion.

TEXT 6
TEXT
bhagavan api visvatma
viditva kamsajam bhayam
yadunam nija-nathanam
yogamayam samadisat

To protect the Yadus, His personal devotees, from Kamsa’s attack, the
Personality of Godhead, Visvatma, the Supreme Soul of everyone, ordered Yogamaya
as follows.

TEXT 7
TEXT
gaccha devi vrajam bhadre
gopa-gobhir alankrtam
rohini vasudevasya
bharyaste nanda-gokule
anyas ca kamsa-samvigna
vivaresu vasanti hi

The Lord ordered Yogamaya: O My potency, who are worshipable for the entire
world and whose nature is to bestow good fortune upon all living entities, go to
Vraja, where there live many cowherd men and their wives. In that very beautiful
land, where many cows reside, Rohini, the wife of Vasudeva, is living at the
home of Nanda Maharaja. Other wives of Vasudeva are also living there incognito
because of fear of Kamsa. Please go there.

TEXT 8
TEXT
devakya jathare garbham
sesakhyam dhama mamakam
tat sannikrsya rohinya
udare sannivesaya

Within the womb of Devaki is My partial plenary expansion known as Sankarsana
or Sesa. Without difficulty, transfer Him into the womb of Rohini.

TEXT 9
TEXT
athaham amsa-bhagena
devakyah putratam subhe
prapsyami tvam yasodayam
nanda-patnyam bhavisyasi

O all-auspicious Yogamaya, I shall then appear with My full six opulences as
the son of Devaki, and you will appear as the daughter of mother Yasoda, the
queen of Maharaja Nanda.

TEXT 10
TEXT
arcisyanti manusyas tvam
sarva-kama-varesvarim
dhupopahara-balibhih
sarva-kama-vara-pradam

By sacrifices of animals, ordinary human beings will worship you gorgeously,
with various paraphernalia, because you are supreme in fulfilling the material
desires of everyone

TEXTS 11-12
TEXT
namadheyani kurvanti
sthanani ca nara bhuvi
durgeti bhadrakaliti
vijaya vaisnaviti ca
kumuda candika krsna
madhavi kanyaketi ca
maya narayanisani
saradety ambiketi ca

Lord Krsna blessed Mayadevi by saying: In different places on the surface of
the earth, people will give you different names, such as Durga, Bhadrakali,
Vijaya, Vaisnavi, Kumuda, Candika, Krsna, Madhavi, Kanyaka, Maya, Narayani,
Isani, Sarada and Ambika.

TEXT 13
TEXT
garbha-sankarsanat tam vai
prahuh sankarsanam bhuvi
rameti loka-ramanad
balabhadram balocchrayat

The son of Rohini will also be celebrated as Sankarsana because of being sent
from the womb of Devaki to the womb of Rohini. He will be called Rama because of
His ability to please all the inhabitants of Gokula, and He will be known as
Balabhadra because of His extensive physical strength.

TEXT 14
TEXT
sandistaivam bhagavata
tathety om iti tad-vacah
pratigrhya parikramya
gam gata tat tathakarot

Thus instructed by the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Yogamaya immediately
agreed. With the Vedic mantra om, she confirmed that she would do what He asked.
Thus having accepted the order of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, she
circumambulated Him and started for the place on earth known as Nanda-gokula.
There she did everything just as she had been told.

TEXT 15
TEXT
garbhe pranite devakya
rohinim yoga-nidraya
aho visramsito garbha
iti paura vicukrusuh

When the child of Devaki was attracted and transferred into the womb of
Rohini by Yogamaya, Devaki seemed to have a miscarriage. Thus all the
inhabitants of the palace loudly lamented, “Alas, Devaki has lost her child!”

TEXT 16
TEXT
bhagavan api visvatma
bhaktanam abhayankarah
avivesamsa-bhagena
mana anakadundubheh

Thus the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is the Supersoul of all living
entities and who vanquishes all the fear of His devotees, entered the mind of
Vasudeva in full opulence.

TEXT 17
TEXT
sa bibhrat paurusam dhama
bhrajamano yatha ravih
durasado ‘tidurdharso
bhutanam sambabhuva ha

While carrying the form of the Supreme Personality of Godhead within the core
of his heart, Vasudeva bore the Lord’s transcendentally illuminating effulgence,
and thus he became as bright as the sun. He was therefore very difficult to see
or approach through sensory perception. Indeed, he was unapproachable and
unperceivable even for such formidable men as Kamsa, and not only for Kamsa but
for all living entities.

TEXT 18
TEXT
tato jagan-mangalam acyutamsam
samahitam sura-sutena devi
dadhara sarvatmakam atma-bhutam
kastha yathananda-karam manastah

Thereafter, accompanied by plenary expansions, the fully opulent Supreme
Personality of Godhead, who is all-auspicious for the entire universe, was
transferred from the mind of Vasudeva to the mind of Devaki. Devaki, having thus
been initiated by Vasudeva, became beautiful by carrying Lord Krsna, the
original consciousness for everyone, the cause of all causes, within the core of
her heart, just as the east becomes beautiful by carrying the rising moon.

TEXT 19
TEXT
sa devaki sarva-jagan-nivasanivasa-
bhuta nitaram na reje
bhojendra-gehe ‘gni-sikheva ruddha
sarasvati jnana-khale yatha sati

Devaki then kept within herself the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the cause
of all causes, the foundation of the entire cosmos, but because she was under
arrest in the house of Kamsa, she was like the flames of a fire covered by the
walls of a pot, or like a person who has knowledge but cannot distribute it to
the world for the benefit of human society

TEXT 20
TEXT
tam viksya kamsah prabhayajitantaram
virocayantim bhavanam suci-smitam
ahaisa me prana-haro harir guham
dhruvam srito yan na pureyam idrsi

Because the Supreme Personality of Godhead was within her womb, Devaki
illuminated the entire atmosphere in the place where she was confined. Seeing
her jubilant, pure and smiling, Kamsa thought, “The Supreme Personality of
Godhead, Visnu, who is now within her, will kill me. Devaki has never before
looked so brilliant and jubilant.”

TEXT 21
TEXT
kim adya tasmin karaniyam asu me
yad artha-tantro na vihanti vikramam
striyah svasur gurumatya vadho ‘yam
yasah sriyam hanty anukalam ayuh

Kamsa thought: What is my duty now? The Supreme Lord, who knows His purpose
[paritranaya sadhunam vinasaya ca duskrtam], will not give up His prowess.
Devaki is a woman, she is my sister, and moreover she is now pregnant. If I kill
her, my reputation, opulence and duration of life will certainly be vanquished.

TEXT 22
TEXT
sa esa jivan khalu sampareto
varteta yo ‘tyanta-nrsamsitena
dehe mrte tam manujah sapanti
ganta tamo ‘ndham tanu-manino dhruvam

A person who is very cruel is regarded as dead even while living, for while
he is living or after his death, everyone condemns him. And after the death of a
person in the bodily concept of life, he is undoubtedly transferred to the hell
known as Andhatama.

TEXT 23
TEXT
iti ghoratamad bhavat
sannivrttah svayam prabhuh
aste pratiksams taj-janma
harer vairanubandha-krt

Sukadeva Gosvami said: Deliberating in this way, Kamsa, although determined
to continue in enmity toward the Supreme Personality of Godhead, refrained from
the vicious killing of his sister. He decided to wait until the Lord was born
and then do what was needed.
TEXT 24
TEXT
asinah samvisams tisthan
bhunjanah paryatan mahim
cintayano hrsikesam
apasyat tanmayam jagat

While sitting on his throne or in his sitting room, while lying on his bed,
or, indeed, while situated anywhere, and while eating, sleeping or walking,
Kamsa saw only his enemy, the Supreme Lord, Hrsikesa. In other words, by
thinking of his all-pervading enemy, Kamsa became unfavorably Krsna conscious.

TEXT 25
TEXT
brahma bhavas ca tatraitya
munibhir naradadibhih
devaih sanucaraih sakam
girbhir vrsanam aidayan

Lord Brahma and Lord Siva, accompanied by great sages like Narada, Devala and
Vyasa and by other demigods like Indra, Candra and Varuna, invisibly approached
the room of Devaki, where they all joined in offering their respectful
obeisances and prayers to please the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who can
bestow blessings upon everyone.

TEXT 26
TEXT
satya-vratam satya-param tri-satyam
satyasya yonim nihitam ca satye
satyasya satyam rta-satya-netram
satyatmakam tvam saranam prapannah

The demigods prayed: O Lord, You never deviate from Your vow, which is always
perfect because whatever You decide is perfectly correct and cannot be stopped
by anyone. Being present in the three phases of cosmic manifestation–creation,
maintenance and annihilation–You are the Supreme Truth. Indeed, unless one is
completely truthful, one cannot achieve Your favor, which therefore cannot be
achieved by hypocrites. You are the active principle, the real truth, in all the
ingredients of creation, and therefore you are known as antaryami, the inner
force. You are equal to everyone, and Your instructions apply for everyone, for
all time. You are the beginning of all truth. Therefore, offering our
obeisances, we surrender unto You. Kindly give us protection.

TEXT 27
TEXT
ekayano ‘sau dvi-phalas tri-mulas
catu-rasah panca-vidhah sad-atma
sapta-tvag asta-vitapo navakso
dasa-cchadi dvi-khago hy adi-vrksah

The body [the total body and the individual body are of the same composition]
may figuratively be called “the original tree.” From this tree, which fully
depends on the ground of material nature, come two kinds of fruit–the enjoyment
of happiness and the suffering of distress. The cause of the tree, forming its
three roots, is association with the three modes of material nature–goodness,
passion and ignorance. The fruits of bodily happiness have four tastes–
religiosity, economic development, sense gratification and liberation–which are
experienced through five senses for acquiring knowledge in the midst of six
circumstances: lamentation, illusion, old age, death, hunger and thirst. The
seven layers of bark covering the tree are skin, blood, muscle, fat, bone,
marrow and semen, and the eight branches of the tree are the five gross and
three subtle elements–earth, water, fire, air, ether, mind, intelligence and
false ego. The tree of the body has nine hollows–the eyes, the ears, the
nostrils, the mouth, the rectum and the genitals–and ten leaves, the ten airs
passing through the body. In this tree of the body there are two birds: one is
the individual soul, and the other is the Supersoul.

TEXT 28
TEXT
tvam eka evasya satah prasutis
tvam sannidhanam tvam anugrahas ca
tvan-mayaya samvrta-cetasas tvam
pasyanti nana na vipascito ye

The efficient cause of this material world, manifested with its many
varieties as the original tree, is You, O Lord. You are also the maintainer of
this material world, and after annihilation You are the one in whom everything
is conserved. Those who are covered by Your external energy cannot see You
behind this manifestation, but theirs is not the vision of learned devotees.

TEXT 29
TEXT
bibharsi rupany avabodha atma
ksemaya lokasya caracarasya
sattvopapannani sukhavahani
satam abhadrani muhuh khalanam

O Lord, You are always in full knowledge, and to bring all good fortune to
all living entities, You appear in different incarnations, all of them
transcendental to the material creation. When You appear in these incarnations,
You are pleasing to the pious and religious devotees, but for nondevotees You
are the annihilator.

TEXT 30
TEXT
tvayy ambujaksakhila-sattva-dhamni
samadhinavesita-cetasaike
tvat-pada-potena mahat-krtena
kurvanti govatsa-padam bhavabdhim

O lotus-eyed Lord, by concentrating one’s meditation on Your lotus feet,
which are the reservoir of all existence, and by accepting those lotus feet as
the boat by which to cross the ocean of nescience, one follows in the footsteps
of mahajanas [great saints, sages and devotees]. By this simple process, one can
cross the ocean of nescience as easily as one steps over the hoofprint of a
calf.

TEXT 31
TEXT
svayam samuttirya sudustaram dyuman
bhavarnavam bhimam adabhra-sauhrdah
bhavat-padambhoruha-navam atra te
nidhaya yatah sad-anugraho bhavan

O Lord, who resemble the shining sun, You are always ready to fulfill the
desire of Your devotee, and therefore You are known as a desire tree [vanchakalpataru].
When acaryas completely take shelter under Your lotus feet in order
to cross the fierce ocean of nescience, they leave behind on earth the method by
which they cross, and because You are very merciful to Your other devotees, You
accept this method to help them.

TEXT 32
TEXT
ye ‘nye ‘ravindaksa vimukta-maninas
tvayy asta-bhavad avisuddha-buddhayah
aruhya krcchrena param padam tatah
patanty adho ‘nadrta-yusmad-anghrayah

[Someone may say that aside from devotees, who always seek shelter at the
Lord’s lotus feet, there are those who are not devotees but who have accepted
different processes for attaining salvation. What happens to them? In answer to
this question, Lord Brahma and the other demigods said:] O lotus-eyed Lord,
although nondevotees who accept severe austerities and penances to achieve the
highest position may think themselves liberated, their intelligence is impure.
They fall down from their position of imagined superiority because they have no
regard for Your lotus feet.

TEXT 33
TEXT
tatha na te madhava tavakah kvacid
bhrasyanti margat tvayi baddha-sauhrdah
tvayabhigupta vicaranti nirbhaya
vinayakanikapa-murdhasu prabho

O Madhava, Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord of the goddess of fortune, if
devotees completely in love with You sometimes fall from the path of devotion,
they do not fall like nondevotees, for You still protect them. Thus they
fearlessly traverse the heads of their opponents and continue to progress in
devotional service.

TEXT 34
TEXT
sattvam visuddham srayate bhavan sthitau
saririnam sreya-upayanam vapuh
veda-kriya-yoga-tapah-samadhibhis
tavarhanam yena janah samihate

O Lord, during the time of maintenance You manifest several incarnations, all
with transcendental bodies, beyond the material modes of nature. When You appear
in this way, You bestow all good fortune upon the living entities by teaching
them to perform Vedic activities such as ritualistic ceremonies, mystic yoga,
austerities, penances, and ultimately samadhi, ecstatic absorption in thoughts
of You. Thus You are worshiped by the Vedic principles.

TEXT 35
TEXT
sattvam na ced dhatar idam nijam bhaved
vijnanam ajnana-bhidapamarjanam
guna-prakasair anumiyate bhavan
prakasate yasya ca yena va gunah

O Lord, cause of all causes, if Your transcendental body were not beyond the
modes of material nature, one could not understand the difference between matter
and transcendence. Only by Your presence can one understand the transcendental
nature of Your Lordship, who are the controller of material nature. Your
transcendental nature is very difficult to understand unless one is influenced
by the presence of Your transcendental form.

TEXT 36
TEXT
na nama-rupe guna-janma-karmabhir
nirupitavye tava tasya saksinah
mano-vacobhyam anumeya-vartmano
deva kriyayam pratiyanty athapi hi

O Lord, Your transcendental name and form are not ascertained by those who
merely speculate on the path of imagination. Your name, form and attributes can
be ascertained only through devotional service.

TEXT 37
TEXT
srnvan grnan samsmarayams ca cintayan
namani rupani ca mangalani te
kriyasu yas tvac-caranaravindayor
avista-ceta na bhavaya kalpate

Even while engaged in various activities, devotees whose minds are completely
absorbed at Your lotus feet, and who constantly hear, chant, contemplate and
cause others to remember Your transcendental names and forms, are always on the
transcendental platform, and thus they can understand the Supreme Personality of
Godhead.

TEXT 38
TEXT
distya hare ‘sya bhavatah pado bhuvo
bharo ‘panitas tava janmanesituh
distyankitam tvat-padakaih susobhanair
draksyama gam dyam ca tavanukampitam

O Lord, we are fortunate because the heavy burden of the demons upon this
earth is immediately removed by Your appearance. Indeed, we are certainly
fortunate, for we shall be able to see upon this earth and in the heavenly
planets the marks of lotus, conchshell, club and disc that adorn Your lotus
feet.

TEXT 39
TEXT
na te ‘bhavasyesa bhavasya karanam
vina vinodam bata tarkayamahe
bhavo nirodhah sthitir apy avidyaya
krta yatas tvayy abhayasrayatmani

O Supreme Lord, You are not an ordinary living entity appearing in this
material world as a result of fruitive activities. Therefore Your appearance or
birth in this world has no other cause than Your pleasure potency. Similarly,
the living entities, who are part of You, have no cause for miseries like birth,
death and old age, except when these living entities are conducted by Your
external energy.

TEXT 40
TEXT
matsyasva-kacchapa-nrsimha-varaha-hamsarajanya-
vipra-vibudhesu krtavatarah
tvam pasi nas tri-bhuvanam ca yathadhunesa
bharam bhuvo hara yaduttama vandanam te

O supreme controller, Your Lordship previously accepted incarnations as a
fish, a horse, a tortoise, Narasimhadeva, a boar, a swan, Lord Ramacandra,
Parasurama and, among the demigods, Vamanadeva, to protect the entire world by
Your mercy. Now please protect us again by Your mercy by diminishing the
disturbances in this world. O Krsna, best of the Yadus, we respectfully offer
our obeisances unto You.

TEXT 41
TEXT
distyamba te kuksi-gatah parah puman
amsena saksad bhagavan bhavaya nah
mabhud bhayam bhoja-pater mumursor
gopta yadunam bhavita tavatmajah

O mother Devaki, by your good fortune and ours, the Supreme Personality of
Godhead Himself, with all His plenary portions, such as Baladeva, is now within
your womb. Therefore you need not fear Kamsa, who has decided to be killed by
the Lord. Your eternal son, Krsna, will be the protector of the entire Yadu
dynasty.

TEXT 42
TEXT
sri-suka uvaca
ity abhistuya purusam
yad-rupam anidam yatha
brahmesanau purodhaya
devah pratiyayur divam

After thus offering prayers to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord
Visnu, the Transcendence, all the demigods, with Lord Brahma and Lord Siva
before them, returned to their homes in the heavenly planets.


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