bhagavan harir isvarah
mano-jnani ca nah prabho
yac-chrnvato ‘paity aratir vitrsna
sattvam ca suddhyaty acirena pumsah
bhaktir harau tat-puruse ca sakhyam
tad eva haram vada manyase cet
King Pariksit said: My lord, Sukadeva Gosvami, all the various activities
exhibited by the incarnations of the Supreme Personality of Godhead are
certainly pleasing to the ear and to the mind. Simply by one’s hearing of these
activities, the dirty things in one’s mind immediately vanish. Generally we are
reluctant to hear about the activities of the Lord, but Krsna’s childhood
activities are so attractive that they are automatically pleasing to the mind
and ear. Thus one’s attachment for hearing about material things, which is the
root cause of material existence, vanishes, and one gradually develops
devotional service to the Supreme Lord, attachment for Him, and friendship with
devotees who give us the contribution of Krsna consciousness. If you think it
fit, kindly speak about those activities of the Lord.
athanyad api krsnasya
manusam lokam asadya
Please describe other pastimes of Krsna, the Supreme Personality, who
appeared on this planet earth, imitating a human child and performing wonderful
activities like killing Putana.
cakara sunor abhisecanam sati
Sukadeva Gosvami said: When mother Yasoda’s baby was slanting His body to
attempt to rise and turn around, this attempt was observed by a Vedic ceremony.
In such a ceremony, called utthana, which is performed when a child is due to
leave the house for the first time, the child is properly bathed. Just after
Krsna turned three months old, mother Yasoda celebrated this ceremony with other
women of the neighborhood. On that day, there was a conjunction of the moon with
the constellation Rohini. As the brahmanas joined by chanting Vedic hymns and
professional musicians also took part, this great ceremony was observed by
nandasya patni krta-majjanadikam
vipraih krta-svastyayanam supujitaih
sanjata-nidraksam asisayac chanaih
After completing the bathing ceremony for the child, mother Yasoda received
the brahmanas by worshiping them with proper respect and giving them ample food
grains and other eatables, clothing, desirable cows, and garlands. The brahmanas
properly chanted Vedic hymns to observe the auspicious ceremony, and when they
finished and mother Yasoda saw that the child felt sleepy, she lay down on the
bed with the child until He was peacefully asleep.
samagatan pujayati vrajaukasah
naivasrnod vai ruditam sutasya sa
rudan stanarthi caranav udaksipat
The liberal mother Yasoda, absorbed in celebrating the utthana ceremony, was
busy receiving guests, worshiping them with all respect and offering them
clothing, cows, garlands and grains. Thus she could not hear the child crying
for His mother. At that time, the child Krsna, demanding to drink the milk of
His mother’s breast, angrily threw His legs upward.
adhah-sayanasya sisor ano ‘lpakapravala-
Lord Sri Krsna was lying down underneath the handcart in one corner of the
courtyard, and although His little legs were as soft as leaves, when He struck
the cart with His legs, it turned over violently and collapsed. The wheels
separated from the axle, the hubs and spokes fell apart, and the pole of the
handcart broke. On the cart there were many little utensils made of various
metals, and all of them scattered hither and thither.
drstva yasoda-pramukha vraja-striya
autthanike karmani yah samagatah
katham svayam vai sakatam viparyagat
When mother Yasoda and the other ladies who had assembled for the utthana
festival, and all the men, headed by Nanda Maharaja, saw the wonderful
situation, they began to wonder how the handcart had collapsed by itself. They
began to wander here and there, trying to find the cause, but were unable to do
gopan gopis ca balakah
ksiptam etan na samsayah
The assembled cowherd men and ladies began to contemplate how this thing had
happened. “Is it the work of some demon or evil planet?” they asked. At that
time, the small children present asserted that the cart had been kicked apart by
the baby Krsna. As soon as the crying baby bad kicked the cart’s wheel, the cart
had collapsed. There was no doubt about it.
na te sraddadhire gopa
bala-bhasitam ity uta
aprameyam balam tasya
balakasya na te viduh
The assembled gopis and gopas, unaware that Krsna is always unlimited, could
not believe that baby Krsna had such inconceivable power. They could not believe
the statements of the children, and therefore they neglected these statements as
being childish talk.
rudantam sutam adaya
suktaih stanam apayayat
Thinking that some bad planet had attacked Krsna, mother Yasoda picked up the
crying child and allowed Him to suck her breast. Then she called for experienced
brahmanas to chant Vedic hymns and perform an auspicious ritualistic ceremony.
purvavat sthapitam gopair
vipra hutvarcayam cakrur
After the strong, stout cowherd men assembled the pots and paraphernalia on
the handcart and set it up as before, the brahmanas performed a ritualistic
ceremony with a fire sacrifice to appease the bad planet, and then, with rice
grains, kusa, water and curd, they worshiped the Supreme Lord.
na tesam satya-silanam
asiso viphalah krtah
iti balakam adaya
hutva cagnim dvijatibhyah
pradad annam maha-gunam
When brahmanas are free from envy, untruthfulness, unnecessary pride,
grudges, disturbance by the opulence of others, and false prestige, their
blessings never go in vain. Considering this, Nanda Maharaja soberly took Krsna
on his lap and invited such truthful brahmanas to perform a ritualistic ceremony
according to the holy hymns of the Sama Veda, Rg Veda and Yajur Veda. Then,
while the hymns were being chanted, he bathed the child with water mixed with
pure herbs, and after performing a fire ceremony, he sumptuously fed all the
brahmanas with first-class grains and other food.
pradat te canvayunjata
Nanda Maharaja, for the sake of the affluence of his own son Krsna, gave the
brahmanas cows fully decorated with garments, flower garlands and gold
necklaces. These cows, fully qualified to give ample milk, were given to the
brahmanas in charity, and the brahmanas accepted them and bestowed blessings
upon the whole family, and especially upon Krsna.
vipra mantra-vido yuktas
tair yah proktas tathasisah
ta nisphala bhavisyanti
na kadacid api sphutam
The brahmanas, who were completely expert in chanting the Vedic hymns, were
all yogis fully equipped with mystic powers. Whatever blessings they spoke were
certainly never fruitless.
lalayanti sutam sati
garimanam sisor vodhum
na sehe giri-kutavat
One day, a year after Krsna’s appearance, mother Yasoda was patting her son
on her lap. But suddenly she felt the child to be heavier than a mountain peak,
and she could no longer bear His weight.
bhumau nidhaya tam gopi
jagatam asa karmasu
Feeling the child to be as heavy as the entire universe and therefore being
anxious, thinking that perhaps the child was being attacked by some other ghost
or demon, the astonished mother Yasoda put the child down on the ground and
began to think of Narayana. Foreseeing disturbances, she called for the
brahmanas to counteract this heaviness, and then she engaged in her other
household affairs. She had no alternative than to remember the lotus feet of
Narayana, for she could not understand that Krsna was the original source of
daityo namna trnavartah
While the child was sitting on the ground, a demon named Trnavarta, who was a
servant of Kamsa’s, came there as a whirlwind, at Kamsa’s instigation, and very
easily carried the child away into the air.
gokulam sarvam avrnvan
musnams caksumsi renubhih
Covering the whole land of Gokula with particles of dust, that demon, acting
as a strong whirlwind, covered everyone’s vision and began vibrating everywhere
with a greatly fearful sound.
muhurtam abhavad gostham
sutam yasoda napasyat
tasmin nyastavati yatah
For a moment, the whole pasturing ground was overcast with dense darkness
from the dust storm, and mother Yasoda was unable to find her son where she had
param capi vimohitah
Because of the bits of sand thrown about by Trnavarta, people could not see
themselves or anyone else, and thus they were illusioned and disturbed.
suta-padavim abalavilaksya mata
atikarunam anusmaranty asocad
bhuvi patita mrta-vatsaka yatha gauh
Because of the dust storm stirred up by the strong whirlwind, mother Yasoda
could find no trace of her son, nor could she understand why. Thus she fell down
on the ground like a cow who has lost her calf and began to lament very
ruditam anunisamya tatra gopyo
bhrsam anutapta-dhiyo ‘sru-purna-mukhyah
rurudur anupalabhya nanda-sunum
When the force of the dust storm and the winds subsided, Yasoda’s friends,
the other gopis, approached mother Yasoda, hearing her pitiful crying. Not
seeing Krsna present, they too felt very much aggrieved and joined mother Yasoda
in crying, their eyes full of tears.
krsnam nabho-gato gantum
Having assumed the form of a forceful whirlwind, the demon Trnavarta took
Krsna very high in the sky, but when Krsna became heavier than the demon, the
demon had to stop his force and could go no further.
tam asmanam manyamana
gale grhita utsrastum
Because of Krsna’s weight, Trnavarta considered Him to be like a great
mountain or a hunk of iron. But because Krsna had caught the demon’s neck, the
demon was unable to throw Him off. He therefore thought of the child as
wonderful, since he could neither bear the child nor cast aside the burden.
saha-balo vyasur vraje
With Krsna grasping him by the throat, Trnavarta choked, unable to make even
a sound or even to move his hands and legs. His eyes popping out, the demon lost
his life and fell, along with the little boy, down to the ground of Vraja.
tam antariksat patitam silayam
puram yatha rudra-sarena viddham
striyo rudatyo dadrsuh sametah
While the gopis who had gathered were crying for Krsna, the demon fell from
the sky onto a big slab of stone, his limbs dislocated, as if he had been
pierced by the arrow of Lord Siva like Tripurasura.
pradaya matre pratihrtya vismitah
krsnam ca tasyorasi lambamanam
tam svastimantam purusada-nitam
vihayasa mrtyu-mukhat pramuktam
gopyas ca gopah kila nanda-mukhya
labdhva punah prapur ativa modam
The gopis immediately picked Krsna up from the chest of the demon and
delivered Him, free from all inauspiciousness, to mother Yasoda. Because the
child, although taken into the sky by the demon, was unhurt and now free from
all danger and misfortune, the gopis and cowherd men, headed by Nanda Maharaja,
were extremely happy.
aho bataty-adbhutam esa raksasa
balo nivrttim gamito ‘bhyagat punah
himsrah sva-papena vihimsitah khalah
sadhuh samatvena bhayad vimucyate
It is most astonishing that although this innocent child was taken away by
the Raksasa to be eaten, He has returned without having been killed or even
injured. Because this demon was envious, cruel and sinful, he has been killed
for his own sinful activities. This is the law of nature. An innocent devotee is
always protected by the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and a sinful person is
always vanquished for his sinful life.
kim nas tapas cirnam adhoksajarcanam
purtesta-dattam uta bhuta-sauhrdam
yat samparetah punar eva balako
distya sva-bandhun pranayann upasthitah
Nanda Maharaja and the others said: We must previously have performed
austerities for a very long time, worshiped the Supreme Personality of Godhead,
performed pious activities for public life, constructing public roads and wells,
and also given charity, as a result of which this boy, although faced with
death, has returned to give happiness to His relatives.
manayam asa vismitah
Having seen all these incidents in Brhadvana, Nanda Maharaja became more and
more astonished, and he remembered the words spoken to him by Vasudeva in
svankam aropya bhamini
prasnutam payayam asa
One day mother Yasoda, having taken Krsna up and placed Him on her lap, was
feeding Him milk from her breast with maternal affection. The milk was flowing
from her breast, and the child was drinking it.
mukham lalayati rajan
jrmbhato dadrse idam
kham rodasi jyotir-anikam asah
dvipan nagams tad-duhitrr vanani
bhutani yani sthira-jangamani
O King Pariksit, when the child Krsna was almost finished drinking His
mother’s milk and mother Yasoda was touching Him and looking at His beautiful,
brilliantly smiling face, the baby yawned, and mother Yasoda saw in His mouth
the whole sky, the higher planetary system and the earth, the luminaries in all
directions, the sun, the moon, fire, air, the seas, islands, mountains, rivers,
forests, and all kinds of living entities, moving and nonmoving.
sa viksya visvam sahasa
netre asit suvismita
When mother Yasoda saw the whole universe within the mouth of her child, her
heart began to throb, and in astonishment she wanted to close her restless eyes.