.sloham 11-16..thiru paadaham..paanndava thoothar.. rukmini thaayaar thani kovil naachiyaar..yennidamum yen adiyaaridamum ontru ellai yenkiraan kannan.. vera ontrum veyndaam-adaiya veynndiyathu veru ontrum ellai- yenbathaal..4 azlvaar arulli erukiraar.. piranthileyn pirantha pinbu maranthileyn. vuorahathil nintraan.. paadahathu mainthan yenkiraar thiru mangai..booth, pey, thirumazlisai..gjanam vantha pinbu-bakthi vallarnthathum-nintrathum, kidanthathum, nadanthathum yen nenjinulley yenkiraar..annuvukkum annuvaay, periyavarkkum periyanaay–mallarai mudithaan paanndava thoothanaha-kazluthil olai kati thoothu nadanthath-parishadai kaathathu.. govinda-radshahan yentrathaal..anushdap chandas..44 ezluthukall..gayatri udmik,pontra ezlu va=hai chandasthrushdup chandas..
pasyami tvam sarvato ’nanta-rupam
nantam na madhyam na punas tavadim
pasyami visvesvara vishva-rupa
“O Lord of the universe, O universal form, I see in Your body many, many arms, bellies, mouths and eyes, expanded everywhere, without limit. I see in You no end, no middle and no beginning.”
Pasyami = [I, Arjuna] am seeing, tvam = You [Sri Krishna] with, aneka = countless, bahu = hands, udara = stomach, vaktram = faces or heads, netram = eyes. Ananta rupam = omnipresent or spread everywhere, sarvata = from all sides or directions-yellaa purathilum kanndaan.sahasra thalaikall sahasra kannkallyentrathu aayiram aayiramana yentra arthathil-yennil adangaatha–antham attra -anantha roobam.. multi dimenstional person.ellaa pakkamum soozlntha vuruvam…Na pasyami = [I, Arjuna] am not seeing, adi = beginning, madyam = middle, antam = end. Visveswara = the Lord of Universe, viswaroopa = Universe as body or image. thodakkam, mudivai, naduvai yum paarkka villai..visvam-vulaham easvaran-nyamanathil aadchi seybavan..muyal kombu ..erukku naan paarthathu ellai..kidaiyavey kidaiyaathu pola, mudal, edai, mudivu kidaiyaathu..prapanchathaiyey vuruvamaha konndavan..
Ramanuja’s Commentary ..Everywhere from every angle of vision could be seen infinite amounts of unlimited arms, stomachs, faces, and eyes. The word visvesvara means Lord of the universe and visvarupa the divine universal form denotes the Supreme Lord to whom all the cosmos is part of His transcendental body. As the Supreme Lord Krishna is ananta or endless it is understandable that He has no beginning, middle or end and this was perceived by Arjuna
..sloham 11-17..thiru paadaham-chakara vimanam-kannkallil azlukku pohum vimanam sevithaal..avan adaiyaalam greedam, sanghu, chakaram pontravai..arullaala perumaall emberumaanaar-kaarthihai-baranni-yagja moorthy eyar peyar- 17 thadavai muyanttrum entha advaitheeyai jeyikka mudiyaamal..eravil soppanathil-deva perumaall vanthu-per arullaallan kedkaamal tharubavan-aallavanthaar arullina thathva traya artham solli koduthu..varum veeryam paarthu-thoranaiyaaley thottru-aad kolla sarann adainthaar..peyar maattri arullaalla perumaal emberumaanaar -yentra peyar ettaar..nellor pakkam vinchimor-thiru aaradana kainkaryam koduthaar evarukku ..aanathaazlvanaiyum evarukku sishyar aakkinaar-than madathai edithaar yentha emberumanaar madam yentru yaaro oruvar kettatharkku yentru.. vunnmaiyiley thonndaraha erunthavar..
kiritinam gadinam cakrinam ca
tejo-rasim sarvato diptimantam
pasyami tvam durniriksyam samantad
“Your form is difficult to see because of its glaring effulgence, spreading on all sides, like blazing fire or the immeasurable radiance of the sun. Yet I see this glowing form everywhere, adorned with various crowns, clubs and discs.”
Pasyami = [I, Arjuna] am seeing, tvam = You [Sri Krishna], durnirikshyam = [ordinarily] can not be seen, samantad = even a part, dipta = well burning, anala =fire, arka = the Sun, dyuti = their brightness,-olli padaitha kattraikall.. aprameya = beyond intelligence-premai puthikku yettathavan..Kiritinam = crown, gadinam = mace and, cakrinam = discus. These are the unmistakable and exclusive identities of the Lord..entri amaiyaatha adaiyaallangall evanukku ..Tejo = brightness, rasim = concentrated, sarvato = everywhere and in every direction, diptimantam = illuminating, pasyami = am seeing..ov oru avayvthaiyum paarkka mudiyaathu–thiru meni mattum ellai..infinity in each part..allavil adangaatha paahangall konndavan..vaakkum manathukum ettathathu..niraintha sothi vellam evan..greedam kaatti naayahan. kavmothiham yentra gathai..chakarathaari..adaiyaallangall evanukku..
..tvam aksharam paramam veditavyam
tvam asya vishvasya param nidhanam
tvam avyayah sasvata-dharma-gopta
sanatanas tvam purusho mato me
“You are the supreme primal objective. You are the ultimate resting place of all this universe. You are inexhaustible, and You are the oldest. You are the maintainer of the eternal religion, the Personality of Godhead. This is my opinion.
“Upanishads eulogise the Lord. He is Avyaya [inexhaustible]; He is aksharam [indestrutible]; He is anadhi [without a beginning]; He is veditavya [ realizable by Vedas]; He is sanathana [ Ancient]; He is Purusha Tvam = You [Sri Krishna] are, –antha arthathai neraha paarthu therinthu kollhiraan ..paramam = supreme, aksharam = never diminishable,-kuraiyathavan–theymanavan-shayam..avan theyvu ellaathavan.. veditavyam = realized only by Vedas.-arinthu kolla paduhiravan..asharam paramam naaraayannam yenkirathu vedam..paarthu therinthu konndeyn…[Paramatman]; Tvam = You [Sri Krishna] are, paramam = supreme, aksharam = never diminishable, veditavyam = realized only by Vedas..Dve vidye vedidavye – by Two skills [learning], we can meditate and realize, Aksharam paramam narayanam – indiminishable Supreme Sriman Narayana. Arjuna is able to see this attribute of the Lord. Tvam = You [Sri Krishna] are, asya visvasya = this Universe’s, param = supreme, nidhanam = support [ஆதாரம்].thaanga paduhirathu.. The Lord sustains this Universe. Entire Universe is dependent on Him. Univers is a fraction of His body. Tvam = You [Sri Krishna] are, avyaya = always present or inexhausible,-anantham avyavan– sasvata = permanent-eppothum nilai nirkiravan.., dharma = righteousness, gopta = protector. Valmiki says ramao vigrahavan dharma: saathusadya paragramaha – Sri Rama is the embodiment of Dharma. Krishnam dharmam sanathanam – Sri Krishna is the ancient dharma. athai kaathu tharuhireyn darmam nilai nirkka pirakireyn yentru 4th adyaayathil..Tvam = You [Sri Krishna] are, sanatana = always present,-eppothum erukiravan.. purusha =Person, mato me = I [Arjuna have] realized by seeing..vudambu aatmaavai aatharamahavum–entha aatmaa piraannan yenkira paramatma aatharamaha erukiraan..
pasyami tvam dipta-hutasa-vaktram-
sva-tejasa vishvam idam tapantam
“You are without origin, middle or end. Your glory is unlimited. You have numberless arms, and the sun and moon are Your eyes. I see You with blazing fire coming forth from Your mouth, burning this entire universe by Your own radiance.”
Pasyami = [I, Arjuna] am seeing,-eppadi patta devareerai paarkireyn.. tvam = You [Sri Krishna], dipta-hutasa-vaktram = with brightly burning fire like mouth. Anadi-madhyanantam = without beginning, middle and end. thodakam ,nadu mudivo ellai..-vuruvathin perumaiyaiyum, vistharathaiyum solluhiraan–svaroobam ethai pol thaan..Arjuna admires at the Image of the Lord and says it has no beginning or middle or end. Ananta-viryam = endless Six qualities of Bhagavan, namely, Gyana, Bala, Aiswarya, Veerta, Shakti and Tejas,arinthu kollum,gjanam..thirumeni olli.. ananta-bahu = infinite shoulders or hands, thiru thollkall vudaiyavar.. sasi = Moon,-kullirchi surya = Sun,-veppam netram = eyes. kathir madiyam pol muhathan..raavannanukku vepa paarvai..prahaladanukku kullirchi paarvai..Sva = Self [Sri Krishna’s], tejasa = brightness, idam vishvam = this Universe, tapantam = is won over-vettri kollbavar-aaluhaikku yelloraiyum konndavar..muttrum vunnda vaykandeer..nerupil pota saambal–evar vizlungi,vumizlnthu radshikiraar..jidanthey pundareekaashan..thiru kovalooril ethai pla paarthu paadinaarkall mudal aazlvaarkall.
dyav a-prithivyor idam antaram hi
vyaptam tvayaikena disas ca sarvah
drishtvadbhutam rupam ugram tavedam
loka-trayam pravyathitam mahatman
“Although You are one, You spread throughout the sky and the planets and all space between. O great one, seeing this wondrous and terrible form, all the planetary systems are perturbed.”
Arjuna is seeing the Viswaroopam of the Lord. It is spread the entire space without exception. Where all the Image is spread is explained in this sloka.
A Dyav = from sky-aahaayam.., prithivi = to earth, -boomi antaram = between,-edai patta tvaya ekena = by You [Sri Krishna] alone, vyaptam hi = pervaded only,- disas = directions, sarva = all over. yengum vyaabithu erukiraay..The Image of the Lord is spread all over from this earth to sky, covering all the worlds in between, and in all directions, by the Lord alone. Idam = this, adbhutam = wonderful-aacharyamana , rupam = Image [of the Lord], ugram = frightening,-olli padaithu drishtva = seeing, tava = Your [Sri Krishna’s], loka-trayam = all the Three worlds, pravyathitam = very much trembling,-moonntru vulahathu makall yaavarum -naduhukintrana mahatman = Oh! Mahatma [Sri Krishna..manathil sankalbithu erukintravar-aatma vudambu muzuvathum gjanathaal vuyaabithu erukirathu..brahmam sri vaikunndam mattum erukiraar gjanam paranthu vullathu yentru ellai.. avan thiru meni muzluvathum vyaabithu vullathu..anukoolar, prathi koolar, vudaaseenar moovahai pattavarum nadungu hiraarkall..