..sloham 11-43..Thiru vellukkai ..-sri aall-man ari-singham.–naduvuil eranndauyaiyum serthu avatharithaan..vellukkai aallari..pey, thiru manghai aazlvaar..singa vell aasaipattu sankalpithu erukiraan..mathill kachi vellukku aall araiyai..garudan-kannaadi pola…vell-raja,-singham aasai-erukkai-eruppidam..virumbi eruntha edam..kanaha saras-hema saras-pushkaranni..amirtha valli naachiyaar thaayaar.. perumaall yoga narasimhar..vudsavarum athey thiru kolam-paryangha pada aasanam-prana, apana, vyana,vudana,samana-einthaiyum kattu paduthum aasanam–ashdaangha yogham–endraiyangallaiyum-gjana, karma -kattu paduthannum..kama (desira )asiha (seat )ashdaham-sankalbathaal erukiraan mel ettu paasurangall.. desihar arulli erukiraar..Eight verses composed in praise of the Lord. He says that the Lord is in North as well as in South [sruthinam uttharam bhagam vegavadyascha dakshinam]. The Lord is seated on South of river Vegavati. Swami Desika puns on the word uttharam, which means North as well as end or top. -vadakku-midivu eranndu artham.. The top of Vedas is Vedanta, that is Upanishads. So the Lord is in the sruti [Vedas] uttharam. He says the Lord is seated at His will and He is gracing magnificently.
pitasi lokasya caracarasya
tvam asya pujyas ca gurur gariyan
na tvat-samo ’sty abhyadhikah kuto ’nyo
loka-traye ’py apratima-prabhava
“You are the father of this complete cosmic manifestation, of the moving and the nonmoving. You are its worshipable chief, the supreme spiritual master. No one is equal to You, nor can anyone be one with You. How then could there be anyone greater than You within the three worlds, O Lord of immeasurable power?”
Apratima = without equal,pradimai yedukka mudiyaathu.. prabhava = glory.-mahimai. Asya = this, -entha caracarasya = Universe with moving and non-moving or stationary things,-chara -achaara pitasi = [Sri Krishna] is Father. Tvam = You [Sri Krishna ], asya = are, pujya = worshipful [by all in Universe],-vannangha thakka padi.. gariyan = supreme, guru = teacher. Father gives the body and Teacher instills Knowledge.-vudal, arivu eranndum koduthathaal..Na asti = none, sama = equal to, tva = You [Sri Krishna]. Kuto = how, anyo = any other, abhyadhika = could be excelling [Sri Krishna]ab adithiham-mem pattavan ellai.. Loka traye pi = even in all the three worlds.Three worlds imply all worlds. It could also mean the Three Vedas –Rig, Yajur and Sama. In all these worlds or in Vedas, there is none equal to Him, not to speak of greater than Him..maadaa naarayyanna-seley kaniyarum thaay thanthaiyum avaney.. yennai yen mannika veynndum yentru kettaay-thanthai athanaal–vannangha thakka padi..maathru devo bava–athithi devo bava–pillaiyai sseri vehunndaan eranniyan-than pillai pontru kaathaan-pettra paavikku vida pomo..vubadesithaayey-guru-kuttangallai dakshinnai–yettru konndu saastram thnthay..othaar mikkaar elai yaayamaa meya..
tasmat pranamya pranidhaya kayam
prasadaye tvam aham isam idyam
piteva putrasya sakheva sakhyuh
priyah priyayarhasi deva sodhum
“You are the Supreme Lord, to be worshiped by every living being. Thus I fall down to offer You my respectful obeisances and ask Your mercy. As a father tolerates the impudence of his son, or a friend tolerates the impertinence of a friend, or a wife tolerates the familiarity of her partner, please tolerate the wrongs I may have done You.”
Tasmat = therefore-vuravu erukirathaal-perumai eruppathaal–aahai yeel-. Pranamya = prostrating, pranidhaya = shrunk-odukki konndu , kayam = body.-sareeram ..thalai padaitha palaney vannakkathudan pannivathey–man mana bavaa -namas kari yentraan..Nama: implies the head is bent in sheer respect..Nama: means the teller has nothing to possess and praying to be accepted the teller as His. -ontrum ellai puhal. vudalai odukki- moonntraalum manasu vaakku kaayam–Nama: also means saranagati = ultimate surrender. Here, Arjuna uses the word pranamya instead of nama:. All the three – body, word and mind- should be engaged in prostrating to the Lord. Isa = Iswara [ Leader],-anaivarukkum thalai van . idyam = Praised by all. =pottra thahunthavar .. Tvam = to You [Sri Krishna], aham = I [Arjuna], pay respects and so He should, prasadaye = bless.-arull puri vaay-etharkku yentraal.. Piteva = like a Father, putrasya = to his son, sakheva = like a friend, sakyu = to another friend, priya = [Arjuna] with affection or a lover, priyaya = with love or to his darling.–preethu vudaiyavan preethu vudaiya vanidam pola.. Piteva = like a Father, putrasya = to his son, sakheva = like a friend, sakyu = to another friend, priya = [Arjuna] with affection or a lover, priyaya = with love or to his darling.But the Lord is Paramatman, and why should He pardon Arjuna? Sodhum = for pardoning, arhasi = [Arjuna] deserves, deva = embodiment of mercy [the Lord is].-karunnai vadivu eduthavan nee.. Swami Vedanta Desika [in Kamasikashtakam] tells – tvayi rakshati rakshati kim anyai? Tvayi sa arakshati rakshati kim anyai?‘- If the Lord decided to protect, who else is needed? But, if the Lord decided not to save, who else can protect?..
adrsta-purvam hrsito ’smi drishtva
bhayena ca pravyathitam mano me
tad eva me darsaya deva rupam
prasida devesa jagan-nivasa
“After seeing this universal form, which I have never seen before, I am gladdened, but at the same time my mind is disturbed with fear. Therefore please bestow Your grace upon me and reveal again Your form as the Personality of Godhead, O Lord of lords, O abode of the universe.”
Deva = Merciful,-karunnai padaithavan devesa = Leader of all gods-veru yenghum kai kaatti vida mudiyaathu nee yey radshikkannum , jagan-nivasa = Supporter of the Universe.-anaithukkum puhal nee thaan..–vvilli sorkall Since the Lord is Deva – full of mercy,Drishtva = [Arjuna has] seen, adrsta-poorvam =ealier unseen..paarthu ariyaatha kaalathil. hrsitosmi = delighted [I, Arjuna, am]-vyappu … Me mana = My [Arjuna’s] mind, bhayena = out of fear, pravyathitam = shivering-nadunghu hirathu…. Me = to me [Arjuna], darsaya = show, tad eva rupam = the same image or form [of Sri Krishna]-azlahiya vadivam kaattu .., prasida = please favour..Rama replied that He did not want to be addressed as Devadeva ,devesan..and Sriman Narayana. ‘Atmanam manusham manye ramam dasarathatmajam’ – ‘consider Me [Sri Rama ] as a human and son of Dasaratha’dayarathan pettra manni kuntram….in Rajasthan, the Lord is Sri Govardhana Giridhari. All gopis viewed the Lord with awe. Such a little boy was lifting a huge hill and protecting them.-kal yeduthu kal maari kaathaan.thee mazlai kaathu kuntram yedutha appan.. Was He a Deva or Gandharva or Rakshasa or Yaksha? They asked Him. The Lord replied ‘na aham deva: na rakshasa: na gandharva: – I [Sri Krishna] am not deva or rakshasa or gandarva’. ‘Aham wo bhandavyo jata: – I am one related to you all’.-vungall vuravinan than He threatened that if they doubted Him to be any other, then He would drop the hill He was holding and would go away..athu polanee sonnathaal manni yenkiraan arjunan-thanthikku mahan, vuravu kallil oruvan yenbathaal, pazlaiya vuru kaatti arull yenkiraan..
kiritinam gadinam cakra-hastam
icchami tvam drastum aham tathaiva
tenaiva rupena catur-bhujena
sahasra-baho bhava vishva-murte
“O universal form, O thousand-armed Lord, I wish to see You in Your four-armed form, with helmeted head and with club, wheel, conch and lotus flower in Your hands. I long to see You in that form.
sahasra baahu-aayiram thol visva moorthy-vudal vulahu ..paranthu .kreedanam-tharithu kathai ontrayum chakara hasdam konndu. orumaiyil moonntraiyum sollhiraar-pala kaikall pala greedam sevithavan-naanghu kaikal thiru vuruvam–denaiva chadur puja oobeyna-64 vayasu eppothu kannanukku. nooru anndu erunthaar–yutham mudinthu gaandaari paarkka pohiraar.. kanna nukku 36 varushathil yadu kulam mudiyum yentru saabam ettaall.. pazlaiya vadivu kaatta sonnaan.. siraiyil piranthathum .sangha yellaam tharithu piranthaan vasu devarum devahiyum .aacharyam konndu pazlaiya robam-vulaha kuzlanthai pola vadivu konndaan..sishyan sol mikka mandram ellai.pirantha pothum sashdyabtha poorthy aana pinbum athey veynndu koll..kreedam-raja..devarkum devaa manisarkku devar pola–aayutham-virothi nirasana ..gadhai- chakaram-thirunmaal. gadai beemanum vaithu eruppaan..aananthamum vyappum azlahukkum chakaram kooraar aazli van sanghu senthu vara sonnaar nam aazlvaar–darbamum chakaram amsam..pazlaya padi-eranndu kai -kedkka villai thiru maal vadivu-kaiyinaar suri changhuanal aazlyaar.. -thiru paann aazlvaar kaatti kodutha thu pola..chakara rehaiyum sanghu rehaiyum erukkum athai paadinathaaha kollalaam..samaa daanamsolli vitti vadivai kuraithu kollhiraan..
..sloham 11-47…Sri Kallvanoor-Kaamaadchi amman koeilil vullathu.. Sri Aadi varaaha perumaall-Sri Anchalai valli thaayaar ..Nithya Pushkaranni-pazlaiya peyarkall..Asvata Naarayannaraukku pradyadsham..vaamana vimaanam….thani edathil erunthu, poojai ,vudsavangall ontrum kaannaa tha thaal -kallvan-yenkiraar Swami Periaachaan pillai..thannai suruki kolla pohiraan eppozluthu..venney paal avan athu-thiruttu ellai–adiyaarkall virumbiya divua roobam kaattaatha kallvan..gunnam namakku thaan..am chilai naatchiyaar-kooppina kai yudan..kalathanam entri sevithu kollanum..thaniyaaha sevikka ponaal kalla thanam..panndey vun thonndaam ..yenna thenna konnderkku ..naanthaaney kalvan..Pillai Perumaall Iyengaar..ethu muthal kannanpesu hiran.. pathil solla aarambikiraar..
maya prasannena tavarjunedam
rupam param darshitam atma-yogat
tejo-mayam vishvam anantam adyam
yan me tvad anyena na drsta-purvam
“The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: My dear Arjuna, happily have I shown you, by My internal potency, this supreme universal form within the material world. No one before you has ever seen this primal form, unlimited and full of glaring effulgence.”
The Lord pacifies Arjuna. Darshitam = showing [Viswaroopam ]-kaattapattathu , tava = to you [Arjuna], prasannena = happily-mahizlchiyida , maya = by Me [Sri Krishna], atma-yogat = with My [Sri Krishna’s] sankalpam or will power.-thadangall entri nadakkum sankal bathaal..ninaitha thai nadathi kaattuvaan .param roopam = most supreme Image-vuyarntha visva roobam… That is His Viswaroopam was shown .Tejo mayam = full of brightness [possessed by various things in this Universe].-olliyaaley panna pattathu..Vishvam = pervading everywhere in the Universe..-yenghum vyaabithu..mothamum avan vudal thaan.. Ananta = unlimited image.-mudivu ellaatha kaalam edam porull vadivu entru.. Anantam also means that without beginning or end or middle. Adyam = Prime cause.-mur pattu erukiraan… Anyena = others, na drushta = had not seen,-yaaraalum paarka mudiyaatha .. poorvam = earlier…olli padaitha ellai attra gunnam eppothum vunndu..thaazla vittu konndaalum..siru puzlu pantri koormam-ethu aanaalum perumai yudan eruppeyn yentru munney solli yathu pola–sowlapyathaal namakku yettra padi kuraithu koll hiraan..anbu namakkum erukka veynndi nal katti tharuvaan namakkum..
Ramanuja’s Commentary ..Lord Krishna magnanimously expressed because He was prasannena tavarjunadam meaning very pleased by Arjuna and thus exhibited His visvarupa or divine universal form. The word tejo-mayam means resplendent and glorious, visvam means all pervasive, anantam means infinite without beginning, middle or end. The word adyam means first, the original, He who was before and prior to all else and the words atma-yogat means by His own infallible free will which manifests as His sakti or internal energy known as Yogamaya. Arjuna was the Supreme Lords devotee who by His grace bequeathed upon him the vision to see the visvarupa which had never been revealed on Earth before. Next will be explained that except by bhakti or exclusive loving devotion it is not possible by any means whatsoever to realise the Supreme Lord Krishna and attain communion with Him