.. Sloham 11-48..Thiru edayenthai -kallyanna vimaanam..kalyaanni theertham..yentha-swami thiru -mahaa lakshmi eda-edathupakkam–aadi varaha shedram-lohanatha -meha nadan yenbar -raja puthiran maali-devarai ethirthu por etta paapam tholaiya enghu vanthu puskaranniyil neeraadi -dabam erunthu sevai pettraanaam..vudsava morthu kathai vera..
na veda-yajnadhyayanair na danair
na ca kriyabhir na tapobhir ugraih
evam-rupah sakya aham nr-loke
drastum tvad anyena kuru-pravira
“O best of the Kuru warriors, no one before you has ever seen this universal form of Mine, for neither by studying the Vedas, nor by performing sacrifices, nor by charity, nor by pious activities, nor by severe penances can I be seen in this form in the material world.”
Kuru-pravira = best warrior in Kuru Dynasty [Arjuna], tvad anyena = others apart from you [Arjuna], aham = I [Sri Krishna], evam-rupa = with such image, drastum = seen, na sakya = not possible. Na Veda = not by listening to Vedas, na yajna na adhyaya = not by performing yagnas, na danair = nor by bountiful gifts, na ca kriya bhi = and not even by homa, na tapobhi ugrai = not even by intense meditation,..ethaalum kanndu vida midiyaathu..vunnai thavira yaarum kaanna villai..rishikallum..vutarntha thiru kann koduthaan.. payam adainthaarkalley eppadi..sanjanuku-veda vyaasar arullal-karnnan duryodanan eppadi payanthaarkall..manam vuruthi adaiya-nallaar santhosham adaiya theeyor payappadum padi. kaatti . muzluvathaiyum kaattinathu arjunanukku thaan..bakthi ellaamal mudiyaathu-bakthiyodu panni naal mudiyum yentra artham..svayam prayojanamaana bakthi thaan vennum..vunakku antha bakthi eruntha thaal kattinom yenkiraan..
Here it is explained that not by study of the Vedas, nor by charity, rituals or extreme penance can the visvarupa or divine universal form be seen by anyone who does not possess bhakti or exclusive loving devotion unto the Supreme Lord Krishna.
..sloham 1-49..nithya kallyaanna perumaall-komalla valli naachiyaar-thani sannithiyil-ahila valli naachiyaar-moolavar vudan..moolavar-vubadesa thiru kolam- edathu kaiyil thaayarai yenthi konndu.. valathu thiru kaiyaal thaayaarin eranndu thiruvadiyai annaithu konndu. aadi seshanum, pathiniyum evarai thaangi konndu erukiraar-perum kezlalaar-miha periya vuruvam. meru,himaalayam, vindya kuzlambil aha patta kal pola vaam..vaayinaal padi, manathinaal sinthikka thoo malar thoovi thozluthaal pothum yenkira vubadesam…Kaalava munivar-Kuni munivarin pennai mannam purinthu 360 pennkallai pera-entrum valathu kannathil-mai pottu -eyarkkai yaahavey-sevikkalaam..modsha piraapthy thaan kalyaannam.mukthi-atma vukku ethu piranthaham athu pukkaham namakku yellam..punnai maram shedra virusham..nithyamum kallyaanna vudsavam nadakirathu ..
ma te vyatha ma ca vimudha-bhavo
drishtva rupam ghoram idrn mamedam
vyapeta-bhih prita-manah punas tvam
tad eva me rupam idam prapasya
“You have been perturbed and bewildered by seeing this horrible feature of Mine. Now let it be finished. My devotee, be free again from all disturbances. With a peaceful mind you can now see the form you desire.”
Ma te vyata = let your [Arjuna’s] fear vanish, ma ca vimudha-bhava = perish [Arjuna’s] perturbed feelings, [because of] -kalakkam theerattum idrn = such, ghoram = frightening, mama = My [Sri Krishna’s], rupam = image [of Viswaroopam], drishtva = having seen [by Arjuna].-visva roobam paartha thaal kalanginaay –kannan aaha paarthu Vyapeta-bhi = fear vanished, prita- mana = mind full of love,-anbu konnda nenju tvam = you [Arjuna], puna = again,tad eva = that same, me= My [Sri Krishna’s], idam = this, rupam = [pleasant] image, prapasya = see..maru padiyum paar-payam neengi entha ellimaiyaana roobam paar yenkiraar..visvam-vulahatha-paarthu naamum – bayamum kalakkamum -poha avanaipaarthu theerkkalaam..samsaara bayam neenga avanai sevikkanum..thiru meni azlahu kavalai theerkkum-seethai-anusooyai edam pesi-kalyaanna kavalai appa janahan-aaru vayasil-nithya kallyaana perumal sevithu kavalai pokki kolvom..
Lord Krishna consoles Arjuna telling him that he should let go of any anxiety, fear or trepidation that may have bewildered and perplexed him while witnessing His visvarupa or divine universal form in all its terrifying splendour, for now Lord Krishna will reveal His four-armed four which Arjuna was in the habit of seeing.
..sloham 11-50.. Komalla vali thaayaar–Thiru eda yenthai-pathiham-thaay paasuram-aacharyar moolam avanai adaiyanum..thivallum venn mathi pol thiru muhathu arivai,sezlum kadal amuthinil pirantha avallum nin aahathu eruppathai therinthum aasai vidaall-athanaal thaan nichayam kalyaannan aahum -paasuram-thaayaarai purushaa kaarama pattrannum..ellam penn thiru kolam thaayaarukku-kallyanna penn pola sevai..moolavarey eval thiru adikatti kodukiraar..
sanjatan sollum sloham..azlahiya kannanaay vuruvam kaattiyathai yeduthu kooruhiraan..naangu thiru karangall vudan..samaadaanam paduthinaan-payanthu poy erunthavanai-sowmya thiru meni yettru kondu-mahaatmaa-vadivam maattri..gjanam bakthi vairaahyam nala panbu thaan aatmaavukku azlahu..sadya sankalbam padainthavan..ninaithathai panni kaattuvaan..ethai mahatmaa yenkiraar..purantha naalley panni kaattinaan..naangu thollkalludanaabarannangall tharithu thaan piranthaan..sangam gadaiyelaam tharithukonndu-divya aayutham, divya aabarannankal konndu..vasudevar veyndiya padi maraithaan..
Thus did the Supreme Lord Krishna who appeared in the Vrishni dynasty as the son of King Vasudeva, divinely instruct the son of King Pandu and Queen Kunti who was His fathers sister. Arjuna’s mind had been extremely agitated and anxiety filled by witnessing the terrifying aspect of the visvarupa or divine universal form. Lord Krishna to comfort His devotee displayed His four-armed form which was most familiar to Arjuna. The word mahatma means great soul, He who is infallible with indomitable will.
The manifestation of the Supreme Lord Krishna who is the Sovereign Lord of all, whose pure spiritual body is saccidananda or eternal existence, unlimited cognisance and endless bliss, transcendentally accepts a human looking form to bless all the worlds. The Vishnu PuranaV.III.X beginning jatosi deva-devasa sankha cakra, gada, dhara states: When Lord Krishna appeared as an infant baby in the jail cell of Kamsa in Mathura as the son of King Vasudeva and Queen Devaki, He manifested His four armed form with conch, discus, mace and flower. At that time King Vasudeva very much afraid of Kamsa who had slain his six previous sons at birth prayed to Him thus: O’ Lord of lords , Thou art God incarnate. Thy form is divine. Be pleased O’Lord to conceal and hide this form. In order to quickly alleviate the anxiety of His father, Lord Krishna rendered two of the four arms invisible along with the divine weapons. Later when He grew older He went back to Mathura and slew Kamsa and released Vasudeva and Devaki from prison. At that time His other two arms became visible and He resumed His four-armed form again.
The Mahabharata states: The Supreme Lord, the son of Vasudeva with four- arms, broad, strong and robust bearing the conch, the cakra, the mace, etc. It was the four-arm form of Lord Krishna that constantly burned in Sisupala’s mind after Lord Krishna at her urgent request usurped Princess Rukmini from him and married her. As Arjuna was an intimate friend of Lord Krishna during all His royal pastimes this is the form Arjuna knew best. Finally as a boon to fully console him He displayed His original svakam or personal two-armed form of saumya-vapuh or gentle nature being the same as all human beings.
..sloham 11-51.. Thirumangai aazvaar- 86 divya desam mangallaa saasanam-.veeru konnda vuruvam azlvaarukku..penn thanaiyaay-thaay -paasuramaay-vun manathu yen ninaithu erunthaay–muyarchi namathu-arullaal thaan vettri peruvom..avan thiru vullam thaan anaithukkum kaarannam yenbathaipaasurangallaal kaati kodukiraar..pettrukku vubaayam avan ninaivu-Pillai lohaacharyar.. avan nirheduha karunnai thaan kaarannam..seythu konndey erukannum-in action is not option-ethaal palan yentru ninaikkaamal-kainkaryam yentra ninaivodey pannanum..baarada porum evan ninaivu padithaan nadanthathu ..mudivaiyum paarthaan arjunan visva robathil !..
drstvedam manusam rupam
tava saumyam janardana
idanim asmi samvrttah
sa–cetah prakritim gatah
“When Arjuna thus saw Krishna in His original form, he said: O Janardana, seeing this humanlike form, so very beautiful, I am now composed in mind, and I am restored to my original nature.”
. Idam = this [the Lord’s original image], dristva = seeing, tava = You [Sri Krishna], saumyam = very pleasant, manusam rupam = human form, idanim = now, asmi = I [Arjuna] am, samvrtta = composed in mind
..arjunan solvathu..eyarkkai vuruvam kanndu vullam nilaivu patteyn. etham-entha maanusham roobamdrushdvaa-kanndu-sowmyam maanushya roobam..enbam adainthu nenju nilai pettru eyalbu nilai adaintheyn..nam pola manithan-ellai sowya-yenkiraar sowndrayam-avayava laavannyam-muzlu sobai ,sowkumaaryam maardvam..pirinthaal -adiyaarai vaadi povan..apraakrutha divya manngalla-kannadavar tham manam vazlangum-manamum, kannum vodi avanai adaiyum ..
After gazing again on Lord Krishna in human vestige looking extraordinarily phenomenal with four-arms and then again as a countenance of beauty with two arms lovely to envision with tenderness, grace, majesty and naturalness all sublimely expressing themselves ensemble and marvellous to behold. Seeing Lord Krishna’s human form so enchanting and delightful Arjuna’s mind was restored to its natural tranquillity and he became placated.
..sloham 11-52..Thiru kadal malai-bakthi thaan vazli yentru alaikal kosham potu konndu erukkum..7 gopura vimaanam erunthathaam.. munbu.thala sayanathu perumaall. pundareehasar sarithram..bakthiyin perumaiyai aduthanangu slohathaal solla erukiraan..sthalam-nilam..nilathaiyey padukkai yaaha konndavar..manathullaan maa kada neeril villaan-thamar vullum..malar ettu archika aasai konndu vanthaar.kaikallaalkadal thanneerai eraithu konndu-bakthiyaal kalangi-vayothihar vuruvathodu vanthaan-yaar yenna-soru vunndaa yentraan..bakthan edam vullam pari koduthaan..evar velaiyai avan edamvittaar-mukthi avan thaaney tharannum-thirumbi vantha pozluthu kadal mallai thalai sayanaperumaal aaha sevai saathithaan..jala sayanam vittu vittu thala sayanam vanthaan..Boodath aazlvaar avathaara sthalam..thellivu pettravar sevikka mudiyaathu bakthiyal thaan mudiyum..
su–durdarsham idam rupam
drstavan asi yan mama
deva apy asya rupasya
“The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: My dear Arjuna, this form of Mine you are now seeing is very difficult to behold. Even the demigods are ever seeking the opportunity to see this form, which is so dear.”
Su–durdarsham = very rare auspicious view, yan = that, mama = My [Sri Krishna’s], idam rupam = this image, drstavan asi = having seen. Asya rupasya = This image’s [view], deva apy = even Devas are, nityam = daily or always, darshana–kanksina = longing to see.
bagavaan marupadiyum solluhiraar ethil..penn vulaam sadaiyina. vinullaar vyappa vanthaay-kaanbatharku ariya roobathai paarthavanaay erunthaayo-yentru kol kannkall kittuvathu-oru kaal kaana vaaray yentru eruppaar-devarkallum aavaludan ethir paarthu eruppaarkall-nithya sevaikku–pesiyo dyaanathaalo kanndu kola mudiyaathu ..avaney arul purinthaal thaan sevikka mudiyum..erai vunnarvu yerpadannum..vera sinthanai entri sevikkannum..meyyaaha kaatti koduppaan..bakthi vallarthu viduvaan mel melum..
Lord Krishna explains His two-armed form is extremely difficult to behold and is very rarely seen. The demigods in the heavenly planets having heard about it are always hankering to see His visvarupa or divine universal form but it is inaccessible to them and His two-armed form they have no opportunity to witness as they are unaware of it.
ity arjunam vasudevas tathoktva
svakam rupam darsayam asa bhuyah
asvasayam asa ca bhitam enam
bhutva punah saumya-vapur mahatma
“Sanjaya said to Dhritarashtra: The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krishna, having spoken thus to Arjuna, displayed His real four-armed form and at last showed His two-armed form, thus encouraging the fearful Arjuna.”
Ity Arjunam = thus Arjuna, tathoktva = was told by, vasudeva = Sri Krishna, svakam = [Sri Krishna’s] Self, rupam = image, bhuya = again, dharsayamasa = made visible [to Arjuna]. That is the Lord made Himself in His usual form, viewable by Arjuna. Asvasayam asa = assuaged [Arjuna], bhitam enam = wiped off his fears. How? Puna = [by] again, sowmya-vapu = beautiful or pleasant appearance. mahatma = great soul [ of Sri Krishna]. The Lord has the capacity to do what He decided [satya sankalpam]. Mahatma implies this quality of satya sankalpa..