..sloham 11-38..Pushba valli thaayaar sannithi in ashda puja perumaall kovil..pushbamum oru kaiyil evanidam-thaayaarukku vuba lakshannam-edai-mid portion-nama in thiru mandram pola..kaakkum eyalbinan kana piraan- aaviyai–theviyai pirinthanai thihaithanai pollum-vaali..piraatti aayuthamaa ?..pushba valli thaayarai-thaamarai povai pidithu konndu erukiraar–adiyaarai radshikka–thiru mangai entha thaayar pola ninaithu –am sudar pol erukiraan–alai kadal pol-malr mahall thanghum sangamum thanghum alai kadal pol erukiraar aar vueiroppaan pol erukireeraaney yaar–ashda pura karatheyn yenkiraar–vanchi marungul edaiyai vuttru nokki–vaay thiranthuontru pannithaan-periya aachaan pillai–andarangamaha sonnaan-yenna sonnaan yentru theriyaamalazlahil mayanghi–kadalan sonnathai thaay edamsolluvaallaa–maraithu pesi vittaall..edaiodiyaaha erukirathu naan thaangattumaa yentru kettu kaiyil vaithu konndaan-nama -edai pahuthi-naan vun vudaiyavan yenbathu..nee vunnai yen edathil samar pithaal, naanvunnai thaanghu veyn yenkiraan..namaha yenyru solli vannaghuvom..
tvam adi-devah purushah puranas
tvam asya vishvasya param nidhanam
vettasi vedyam ca param ca dhama
tvaya tatam vishvam ananta-rupa
“You are the original Personality of Godhead, the oldest, the ultimate sanctuary of this manifested cosmic world. You are the knower of everything, and You are all that is knowable. You are the supreme refuge, above the material modes. O limitless form! This whole cosmic manifestation is pervaded by You!”
Ananta-rupa = Lord with infinite image-andam-yellai.., tvam = You [Sri Krishna] are, adi-deva = very First Deva, purusha = grants whatever is prayed-kedpathai tharubavan , purana = very Ancient but appearing ever fresh [pura + api navam = puranam],-nava-puthiyathu ..pazlasu erunthum puthasaaha .asya = to this, vishvasya = Universe, param = most superior or the highest of all, nidhanam = basis,-thaanghu bavan.. tvam = You [Sri Krishna] are. Sri Krishna is the basis for all this Unuverse, for origin and support. Vettasi = knowledgeable,-ariya padubavan vedya = to be understood,-aribavab param = most superior, dhama = abode. -modsham aaha erukireer.. Dhamam is also called purushartam or the ultimta objective. He knows all and all have to know Him, to reach Vaikuntam. Tvaya = by You [Sri Krishna], tatam = pervaded-vyaabikkupattu erukirathu , vishvasya = this Universe..
Ramanuja’s Commentary .. What in the universe and all creation is not a part of the Supreme Lord Krishna. He is the knower of all that is known and knowable. He abides as the atma or eternal soul within all living entities. He is the highest goal yet He is beyond the highest goal. All existences past, present and future, sentient as well as insentient are impregnate with the Supreme Lord who resides within them as the eternal principle in the form of the atma. Hence all such terms as eternal, unlimited, imperishable, indestructible etc. refer to Him exclusively...
sloham 11-39.. sethu-himachalam varai nadanthu punitham thanthaan yellaa edathithukkum..Thiru pud kuzli-Jadaayu modsham-Periya vudaiyaar-ravannan with his sword-chandrahasam yennum vaall..-cut off his wings..antha tharunnathilum, pallaanndu paadinaa !..kainkarya seelar..yeema sanadnghu panni modsham thanthaan..yaarukkum kitaatha athai..naan aanai edukireyn poy vaarum yentraar..Sri vijaya Raaghavan–Por ettru naayanaar–Sri SamaraPunghavan-Marahada valli thaayaar..gurudaara pushkaranni.kazlahu pushkaranni-jadaayu pushkaranni ..Sri paramartha sthuthi-parama purushaartham evan..Desihan arulli erukiraar..Desika opens the stotra with the words Srimad gruddhara saras teere parijatam upasmahe. The Lord is like the Parijata tree, granting anything desired..Saket-inear yugatpuri nmahaarashtra actual place for jadaayu modsham..pullam pootham kudi yilum enghum archai -vibavathil nadanthathai nam polvaarukku kaatti tharuhiraan..yentraikkum ezl ezl piravikkum sevai kaatta archaiyil sevikirom enghu..
vayur yamo ’gnir varunah sasankah
prajapatis tvam prapitamahas ca
namo namas te ’stu sahasra-kritvah
punas ca bhuyo ’pi namo namas te
“You are air, and You are the supreme controller! You are fire, You are water, and You are the moon! You are Brahma, the first living creature, and You are the great-grandfather. I therefore offer my respectful obeisances unto You a thousand times, and again and yet again!”
By this sloka Arjuna salutes the Lord repeatedly. the Lord is manifesting in others and Arjuna offers his obeisance to the Lord in every form. Seven persons are mentioned by Arjuna. Vayu = Vayu or wind god, yama = Yama or god of death, agni = Agni or god of fire, varuna = Varuna or god of rain, sasanka = Moon or the god Moon, prajapati = Prajapati or god of progeny-brahmapillaikall, prapitamaha = great grand father or Father of lord Brahma-piramanukku thanthai yaana naarayannanum , paattanaarukum thahappanaar..tvam = You [Sri Krishna] are..Nama = [I, Arjuna] salute, namastestu = offer salutes, sahasra – kritva = do [salute] Thousand times, punas ca = again -maru padiyum and, bhuyo = again, namo namaste = salute and offer salutes.Agni, for example, means agram nayati is agni. That is He who takes you forward is Agni.munettra paathaiyil konndu selbavar–solley avanai kollum..aduthu vullum puramum vyaabithu,aadchi seybavan..pankajam-settril villaintha poo-pola..
Ramanuja’s Commentary .. Lord Krishna is origin of Vishnu who is the origin of Brahma who is the origin of the Prajapatis who are the physical patriarchs of all creatures. All the demigods and any other kind of god find their source in Him as well. He is known as Hiranyagarbha the indwelling soul of all living entities. Comprehending the reality of all these things as part of the magnificently majestic pageant of the Supreme Lord, Arjuna with joy elated heart and eyes brimming with tears prostrated himself unto Lord Krishna again and again from every side with trepidation..
.sloham 11-40..rama naamam -anaivaraiyum kaakkum..pirakaarathi valam vara -kuranghu pala ..2-7-8 periya thiru mozli-thaay paasuram-alam kezla thadakkai aayan. pulan kezlu yeerthu-poru neer-pud kodi paadum..pothumo neer malaikku yennum.. The Lord is Sri Vijayaraghavan or Sri Samarapungava [samara = porwar or fight, pungava = skilled-siranthavar.. or Sri Poreru [por = war, yeru = bull]. Always victorious in any fight, is an attribute to Sri Rama. Another proof that the Lord here is Sri Rama, is that the Avatar day of the Lord here is Chitra [சித்திரை ]month, Punarvasu [புனர்வஸு ] star, navami thithi -identical with the birthday of Sri Rama. ..eruntha thiru kolam..-aak vaana hastham edathu thiru kai jadaayuvai ….boo devi vala pakamum, sri devi eda pakkamum..edam maari..they are bending their heads away from fire of pyre..thalai saaytha kolam..jadaayu modsham thanthaan-seethai erukkum edam -archiraathi maargam valli therinthavan – seethaiyai theyda sugreevanai naaduhiraan-azluthaayaam pulambinaayaam vesham nirkka villai-Koorath aazlvaan…… jadaayuvai yeritha adaiyaallam evan thiru vudambil erukirathaam-Desihanbaktharkku ethum pannuvaan..keel kuthirai entha divya desathil..8th dau kuthirai vaahanathil–thachan veettukkum ezluvaar-ethai pola veru kuthirai vaahanam yenghum ellai–vudsavam ellaatha pothu moonntru pahuthi yaahavey pirithu vaippaar-ellaa vidil paranthu vodi vidumaam..
namah purastad atha prsthatas te
namo ’stu te sarvata eva sarva
sarvam samapnosi tato ’si sarvah
“Obeisances to You from the front, from behind and from all sides! O unbounded power, You are the master of limitless might! You are all-pervading, and thus You are everything!”
Arjuna says that the Lord is everywhere around. Without exception He is pervading in everything. So Arjuna prefers to call Him, Sarva = Whole.-yellaam. Are not others separate from Him? Yes, all are different from Him, but it is He, Who is the Antaratman in all and controlling and commanding all.-puhunthu, vyaabithu ,nirvahithu .. Purastad = to [Your, Sri Krishna’s] front, nama = [I, Arjuna] salute, atha = also, prsthata = from [Sri Krishna’s] behind, namostu te = salute You [Sri Krishna],-yella puramum vannakkam.. sarvata = from all sides [salutations], sarva = [the Lord as a] Whole. The Lord is Whole and so Arjuna offers salutations from front, behind and from every side. Ananta-virya = boundless valour, amita = beyond description,-solla mudiyaatha — vikrama = powerful, sarvam = all in this Universe, including all chetana-achetana [movables and non-movables or with or without knowledge], samapnosi = pervading [without exception], tata = therefore, sarva = everything [Sri Krishna is]..neekam ara yenghum nirainthu erukiraay- nool veshdi.. karum kl thoonn..thangha mothiram..pola bagavaan thoonn .bagavaan veshti..anantha veeryam-sakthi padaithavan..amitha -ellaikku vud padaatha vigraman.yella vattrilum vullavan..nama purasdaad-sanghu chakarathudan mun sevai..por yeru -thanithu sevai vubaya naachiyaar ellai -raaghavan pura pada keel kuthirai..
Ramanuja’s Commentary .. Lord Krishna is being addressed thusly: O’ infinite energy, the embodiment of everything, thy glory is beyond measure. As paramatma or the Supreme soul He enters and resides in all beings. Thus He is the atma or eternal soul within all the unlimited multitudes of intelligent and non-intelligent living entities. All atmas are of the same eternal quality and essence and all together constitute the divine, transcendental body of the Supreme Lord Krishna. Thus Lord Krishna is the root source from which everything is manifested and all things are a part of Him and all names are a name of Him. It is clearly apparent that the immanent nature and omnipresent characteristics of the Supreme Lord Krishna are the basis for the descriptions of His glory given in the previous three verses such as He is asat the cause and sat the effect as well as tatam visvam ananta-rupa of unlimited forms pervading all creation and references to His being all the demigods like Brahma, Yama, Vayuh etc. Thus does Lord Krishna interpenetrate all existence...
sloham 11-41.. prakaarathil aacharyar-raama nujar, maamunikall..azlahukku thottraar..desihan-paramaartha sthuthi paadinaar..neennda manndabam..Thaayaar sannithi–Sri Maragatha valli thaayaar..வறுத்த பயிறு முளைக்கும் ஸ்ரீ மரகதவல்லி நாச்சியார்]. ..pillai perukku-varutha payirai vayittril katti konndu-sandaana lakshmi–seethai aahavey kollannum..abaya hasdam–shamithu perumaallai nam edam serppaall..Vimanam of this temple is called Vijaya Veera koti vimanam [விஜய வீர கோடி விமானம்]. Vimanam publicizes to the World that below it is the Lord of Victory [Vijaya] and Valour [Veeram]..pillai perumaal iyangar..-nerupu kuzli yayiyum thitu pid kuzli yaiyum serthu..praha laadanai erakki vaithum-ariyum sentheeyai thazluvi achudan yenbaan..vullam kullirnthathaam-baalan neruppu kuzli kullitum padi thiru pud kuzli seer kettu yenkiraar pillai petrumaall iyengaar..
sakheti matva prasabham yad uktam
he krishna he yadava he sakheti
ajanata mahimanam tavedam
maya pramadat pranayena vapi
“Thinking of You as my friend, I have rashly addressed You “O Krishna,” “O Yadava,” “O my friend,” not knowing Your glories. Please forgive whatever I may have done in madness or in love.”
Normally, this sloka and the next [42nd sloka] are to be read together. But since there are deep meanings, at present we will see this sloka today. Sakha = friend [of Arjuna],-thollan.. matva = thinking.-thappaaha ninaithu .. Before Arjuna saw the Viswaroopam, he thought of Sri Krishna merely as his friend of him or a close cousin of him. Prasabham = indecently or irrespectfully-adakkam ellaamal , yad uktam = whatever was uttered [by Arjuna], he krishna = hey! Krishna, he yadava = hey! Yadava, he sakheti = hey! [my] Friend. Arjuna might have called the Lord by His First name or by His profession of cowherding. Though Sri Krishna was still Arjuna’s friend, he had realized the greatness of his Friend after seeing the Viswaroopam. Ajanata = out of ignorance, theriyaamal..-adey pottu kooppitteyn ..tava = Your [ Sri Krishna’s], idam = this,-entha maahad mayathai.. mahatmanam = great glory [of the Lord in Viswaroopam showing that everything was His property and everyone was in His command], maya = by me [Arjuna], pramadat = casually,-kavana kuraiyaal-ariyaa thanathaal-siru pillai pola .. pranayenava = or out of love. There is a difference in Arjuna and Sri Andal telling. She addressed the Lord as Narayana [1st pasuram], parkadalul paraman [பாற்கடலுள் பரமன் 2nd pasuram], ulagalanda utthaman [உலகளந்த உத்தமன் 3rd pasuram], oozhi mudalvan padmanabhan [ஊழி முதல்வன் பத்மநாபன் 4th pasuram] and mayan [மாயன் 5th pasuram]. According to her all these were insignificant names! In reality, those were all very sacred and great names. But in pasurams 27 [koodarai vellum கூடாரை வெல்லும்], 28 [karavaigal pin senru கறவைகள் பின் சென்று] and 29 [ chitranchirukalai சிற்றஞ்சிறு காலை ], She mentions the name Govinda. According to Her, again, this is a great name of the Lord!..bakthiyil vuoori-premathaal pesuhiraall.. arjunan verum gjanathaal pesuhiraan..krishnan-karuppu aanavaney-boomikku ..yadavaa-kantru pin povaney sahey-nanbaney-shadriya raajaa naan yentrum edai pillai yentru ..ariyaatha ..pillaikallom ..anbinaal -yentraal aandaall..ethey ahjanadaa-ariyaathanam preneya-anbinaal..yellaam maraithu maadu meykka vanthaan-kallaa yentraal pidikkum..gjana baavanikkum, bakthi maargathukkum vaasi..
Ramanuja’s Commentary..In regard to not knowing the extent of Lord Krishna’s glory, His infinite power, His immeasurable prowess, His omnipresent nature as being all pervasive, His greatness as the sole creator of all creation; Arjuna is apologising that he might have through heedlessness, or folly due to familiarity might have put himself on equal status as the Supreme Lord and out of affection and friendship might have addressed Him disrespectfully by calling Him simply as He Krishna or He sakhe O’ friend or He Yadava which is the name of the family clan in which He appeared. Addressing the Supreme Lord such could be taken as lacking in humility. Also on occasions of jesting and merriment while sitting, eating and resting together if any impropriety or omission of proper respect was inadvertently committed then for all these indiscretions Lord Krishna is being humbly beseeched to forgive..
.sloham 11-42..Thiru pukuzli-thottam sinthu poo mahizlum nandavanam..-ramyam- thaanaana avathaaramraaman..vishvak senar,periaazlvaar, aanndaall, thonndar adi podi aazlvaar, ananthaazlvaan pushba kainkaryam panninaarkall..emberumaanaar enghey yaadava pra haasar edam vedam kattraar.. nintra thiru kolam eruvarum enghey..yatova imani bhutani jayante, yena janati jivanti . yatra yam vism visanti tad vidigyasasya tad brahmeti is a sentence. Upanishad identifies Brahmam – God – by quoting some attributes. From Whom the Universe got created, from Whom the Universe is sustained and from Whom the Universe finally merges, is Brahmam or God. Also Upanishad says that the Lord is satyam [everlasting], gyanam [fully knowledgeable, unlimited] and anantam [ infinite]. Swami Yadavaprakasa stated that Brahmam could not be identified; because Brahmam could not be described by any quality, nor any form and so It was abstract or nirvisesham, devoid of any attributes.-gunnam vuruvam-ellai nir vihaaram, nir gunnam-mottai thalai, arai kombu, muzlu kombu -vuthaarannam..padaippathum azlippathum ner veru paadu yentru .. As an example, to drive his statement, he said that seeing a cow without horns, with small horns and with full horns, means all these three could not be in a single cow and so refers to Three cows seen..raamaa nujar disputed thisthe Lord creates the Universe at one time, maintains it in another time and destroys it in yet another time. He is not destroying during creation nor creating during destruction. Therefore, Swami Ramanuja established that the attributes in Vedas were correct and no contradiction was there. ..vevereysamayathil muzlu kombu.. appuramm arai kombu appuram mottai kombu pola.. vev vera kaalathil padaikiraan, azlikiraan. raamaanuja sithaantham..
yac cavahasartham asat-krto ’si
eko ’tha vapy acyuta tat-samaksham
tat ksamaye tvam aham aprameyam
Tat kshmaye = please excuse,-yellaamporuppaay.. aham = me [Arjuna], tvam = You [Sri Krishna] are, aprameyam = beyond understanding [by Arjuna].-vaakkum manasukkum yettaathavan..adey thitinaalum yettathu perumai yaaha sollinaalum athu ettaathu.. Arjuna requests Sri Krishna to pardon him for all indifference and ignorance. Yac = those words, avahasartham = teasing-par haasam , asat-krto si = to humiliate-mariyaathai ellaamal., during vihara = in playing or relaxing, sayya = while in bed, asana = while sitting, or bhojanesu = during eating.–yella nilaiyilum solli erukireyn..keezley amarnthu naan mel amarnthu erukireyn.. Arjuna says that he might have teased or ridiculed Sri Krishna with words spoken while playing or in bed or sitting in assembly or during meals. Eko = in private,-thaniyaahavum athavapy = or otherwise [in assembly], Arjuna might have spoken disrespectfully. Arjuna now seeks pardon..Because the Lord was aprameya – beyond anyone’s reach….paavikall vungallukku yechu kolo -aanndaall..anubavathukku kuraithu vanthaan ..
Ramanuja’s Commentary .. In regard to not knowing the extent of Lord Krishna’s glory, His infinite power, His immeasurable prowess, His omnipresent nature as being all pervasive, His greatness as the sole creator of all creation; Arjuna is apologising that he might have through heedlessness, or folly due to familiarity might have put himself on equal status as the Supreme Lord and out of affection and friendship might have addressed Him disrespectfully by calling Him simply as He Krishna or He sakhe O’ friend or He Yadava which is the name of the family clan in which He appeared. Addressing the Supreme Lord such could be taken as lacking in humility. Also on occasions of jesting and merriment while sitting, eating and resting together if any impropriety or omission of proper respect was inadvertently committed then for all these indiscretions Lord Krishna is being humbly beseeched to forgive..
“I have dishonored You many times, jesting as we relaxed, lay on the same bed, or sat or ate together, sometimes alone and sometimes in front of many friends. O infallible one, please excuse me for all those offenses.”