Geetha Saram -recap 0f 13-17 athyayams..

..13th athyaaya surukku..muthu thuvarai..adi keez .. kaliyan pasuram..120 mile neeza pattinam..bed dwarahai.. engu  thaan kannanin ellam-thiru maazihai….kuselar betti kodutha edam.. beyd=theevu..bettu=offering.. kuselar avalai samarpitha edam..kaalai ezunthu erunthu kariya kuruvi kanangal maalin varavu solli ..solai malai perumaal  vann dwarabathi emberumaan -perumaal varuhiraarkall yentru kuruvi solluhirathaam aandaalukku..bakthaiyai kadashithu soodi kazaintha maalaiyai peruvatharkku..

In the summary of Charama Shadka, Swami Alavandar says that the Lord had told whatever was to be told to Arjuna, in the preceding 12 Chapters.
pradh¯ana purus.avyakta sarve´svara vivecanam |
karmadh¯ırbhaktirity¯adih.p¯urva´ses.o 0ntimoditah.||Pradhana means all associated with body or prakruti. That is, it includes ahankaram, mahan, Five Bhoota, Five Karmendriya, Five Gyanendriya, Five Tanmatras and mind [24 in total]. These are inert matters. Purusha means Jeevatman. Then Sarvesvara, the Lord, Who controls Pradhana and Purusha. Vivecanam means viveka gyana or analytical knowledge. That is understanding that body and soul are different in all respects. Also, understanding the Lord as the Owner and Commander of body and soul. All these were told in previous Chapters. Now, we will see summary of Chapter 13:

dehasvar¯upam.¯atm¯aptihetuh.¯atmavi´sodhanam |
bandhaheturviveka´sca trayoda´sa ud¯ıryate ||

Body is temporary, got out of past karma. Soul is not natural associate of any body [13.2].Twenty such qualities are listed from 13.8. Amanitvam – without attachment, adambitvam – without publicity..Bhakti can fetch material benefits; but if we pray for material benefits, Bhakti would not grow. All such noble qualities should be acquired. In 13.20, the Lord told that because of association with the Three qualities[sattvam, rajas and tamas], atman suffers rebirths. To get released we should realize the difference between atman and body [13.24]…

..kadasisi shadkam..vittathu yellaam solluhiraan..karma gjana bakthi yohathil sollaamal vida pattathai.. pirathaanam-moola prakruthi  pontra yellaam.. purusha-jeevatma. sarvesvara viveha gjanam solluhiraan..erandaiyum thanakku sothaha kondavar..deha svaroobam/anithyam,villai nilam..nalla payirai villaikka venum..therinthu kobavan atma.. avattrull erukkum sarvesvaran..atma svarooba gjanam therinthu kondu pann pada vazi-guna nalangal pala solluhiraar 20.. amanithvam /daambeeham koodaathu-sandeeban edam paadam kattra kuselar-ujayaniyil..aval kondu vanthaar .. avar varutha paduvaar num kuzanthaikal kashda paduhiraarkall yentru therinthaal yentraal.. uparihaiyil partha kannan..rukmini/sadya bami/ jambavi yellorum sernthu kainkaryam seythaarkallaam..mooda parthaar vedkathaal.. avalai yeduthu vaayaal pottathum. anbaal koduthathaal.. anaithu eisvaryamum kuselar petraar..acharya anugrahathaal naam nantraha erukirom yentraan.. ontrum kedkkavillai.. bakthiyaal yellaam kittum.. banda hethu/guna serkkaiyaal thirumba thirumba pirakiraan.. veveru ontru alla yentra gjanam venum..vudal/atma/ deivam yentra viveha gjanam venum..

..14th adyaaya surukku..sri vallaban/naathan..avalukkum jagathukkum naathan..sri nathan vuyarntha thiru naamam.. naatha dwarahai-rajasthaan..mothi mahal vaayil..eranndu vaayil.. vulley pohavum velliyil varavum.. erattai pushkarannikall.. chitra rooba pala thiru kolangal..brundaavan-govardana giri –1726 Davoji engey .padai yeduppil erunthu kaakka ezunthu arullinaar vaikolil suthi maattu vandiyil..adaiyaalam sonna edathil-kulathai thaandi pohaamal rana sing raja vuthavi vudan kovil nirmanam seythaar.. padikall yeri.. srinaathji/ bala krrishnan. kuzanthai kannan vallabaji nyamana padi..Here, at 5 AM the sannidhi opens and closed by 5:30 AM. Again harati at 7:15 AM and closed by 7:45 AM! Then again, between 9:15 and 9:45 AM; 11:15 and 11:45 AM. Like this for very short durations dharshans are available..koinja neram sevai..

summary of Chapter 14:

gun.abandhavidh¯a tes.¯am.kartr. tvam.tannivartanam |
gatitrayasvam¯ulatvam.caturda´sa ud¯ıryate ||..guna bandangallaal  kattu pattu erukirom. atmavai vudal ethaal kattu paduthuhintrana..ethaal thoonduvathaal seyal pannuhirom..athiley mayangi ellaamal vilahi..gathi thrayam-eisvaryam/kaivalyam/parama pathathil avanai anubavippathu -moontraiyum avan thaan koduppavan..naangu vishayangall..viveha gjanam adainthu avanudan saadarmyam-avanuku yethu darmamo-athu pola sadyam/gjana/aanandam .pontra ettu gunangallilum samam aahi viduhirom..azukku kazainthu gjanam malarnthu..pirappu entri..sadva /rajo/damo gunam.. suhathilum gjanathilum aasai sadva gunam.. damo gunam mayakki vaithu.kavanam entri sombal thookkam…aasai /seyalpaadu rajo gunam..ethai therinthu kondaal-gunangalil erunthu vilahi-uthaaseenamaha erunthu aruthu vidanum..vuklahathu seyalhalil erunthu vilahi/bahaivar-nanbar vetrumai entri..In 14.2, He says that with the Gyana, described in Chapter 13, acquired, he reaches saadharmyam [that is, whatever is His nature, like Satyam, Gyanam and Anantam, he also attains the sameSattvam keeps us in happiness and comforts, and binds us in samsaram [14.9]. Rajo quality binds us in desires arising out of action, tamo quality puts us in delusion. Sattva quality keeps one in happiness, good health and with knowledge [ 14.6]. Rajo qualitywill keep our desires enhanced [14.7]. Tamo quality will keep us in carelessness, laziness and sleep [14.8].In 14.23, the Lord says that qualities would be doing their nature, and why atman should get worried about that. We should be indifferent to them. In 14.25, it is said that if we keep ourselves away from worldly activities, with this knowledge, and be indifferent to praises and abuses, then we are considered to have crossed those qualities.

..15th athyaya surukku..

..naatha dwarahai..velli kathavu jey srinaathji.. pennkall mun pakkam..mangala harathy-visva roobam edathu thirukaiyaal govardana giri ..valathu thiru kaiyai madithu.. eranndu thiru karangall pasu/mayil/ paambu/ killi anaithaiyum thiru meniyil sevikkalaam..srungara bala boha sevai aduthu. pirasaatham yellaam perisu.. i boham 6 per saappidalaam. srungara sevai..raja boham 30 minutes thalihai.. 4-30 sayangaalam uthaaban.. alangarathudan sevai. 6-45 sayana harathy 7-30 kovil saathi.. urahal..paravai araiya urahal.. pancha aayuthangall radshikka piraarthanai..orey kudumbathaar bangaa ezukira kainkaryam. baala krishnanukku ontru sri nathanukku ontru -kai petra palan..sri naathji..lakshmikku naathan .param porull evaney..

summary of Chapter 15:

acinmi´sr¯at vi´suddh¯acca cetan¯at purus.ottamah. |
vy¯apan¯at bharan.¯at sv¯amy¯at anyah.pa˜ncada´soditah. ||

In 15.1, the Lord says that samsaram is like an inverted banyan [aswatta] tree, with roots up in Satya lok [symbolises Brahma creating from above], branches down below. This tree can be cut off only by an axe of vairagya or detachment [15.3]. In 15.15, the Lord says that He resided in everyone’s heart; under His control, one understood, remembered or forgot anything. He is the One, understood from all Vedas and Vedantas. Result of Vedas are also granted only by Him. He further says that He is different from baddha and mukta atman [15.16]. He is praised as Purushottama in Vedas and in this World [15.18]. He si pervading in all, supporting all and commanding all, and so, He is different from and superior to all [15.17]. Person, recognizing Him as Prushottama, [Who has descended for our benefit as Sri Srinathji], attains Him [15.19]

purushothama vithai.. therinthavan avanaiyey adaikiraan..aalavandaar-thamarai kannan/sriyapathi thaan purushothaman.. sangu oli kettu anaivarum vulley sentru sevikiraarkall..uthama purushan veru pattavan-anaithai kaattilum -baktha/muktha/nithyarai vida vuyarnthavan..achit-udal sambandam konda bakthar.. viralkal pola.. kattai viral thaan purushothaman..kai viralai paarkkum pothu ethai ninaivu kollanum..naangu perai vida veru pattavan.. avan kooda thaan naalvarum seyal padanum..apurusha/purusha..uthama purusha.. pollaatha devarai devar alaatharai thiru ellaatha devarai-arasa maram mel ver.. sadya lohathil..pattruthal enmaiyaal kodariyaal vettanum samsaarathai..hruthayathil erukiraan anaivar vullathilum.. vedangallaal therinthu kollanum.. palan seybavanum evan thaan..vyaabithu/thaangi/ aadchi seyvathaal purushothaman evan..eppadi therinthu kolbavar maru padiyum pirappathu ellai..

..16th athyaaya surukku..

..pushkaram..svayam vyaktha shedram..entru thaan nila pahuthi.. thanneer vadivathil perumaal..brahma thavam seyya ninaithaar.. vajra naban arakkanai than kaiyil vulla thaamarai malarai veesinaar.. 52 edathil naangu mile vistheernathil vizunthathaam.. thaamaraiyaal vuruvaakka patta pushkaram..thaamaraiyey thanneeraha aanathaam periya neer padaithu. ..Water and the Lord are closely connected. ‘Aapo narayiti prokta: aapovai narasunara:’. Aapa – water, naara: – water, ayanam – residing place. Since the Lord is having water as His residence, He is Narayana..aazvaar paasuram..srushtiyil thanneerukkum mukkyam. manathil vullaan maa kadal neer vullaan. yellaa kadalil sayanikiraan..moontru yerikal. jeyashda/ madya/ kanishda pushkaram. madya vishnu  aasthaanam.. jeyshda brahman.. kanishda pushkarani  sivanukku..brahmavukkum kovil vunndu ..

summary of Chapter 16:

dev¯asura vibh¯agokti p¯urvik¯a ´s¯astrava´syat¯a
tattv¯anus.t.h¯ana vij˜n¯anasthemne s.od.a´sa ucyate ||

He mentions the means of Devas and Asuras. [16.1]. Gyanam, Yagna, Tapas, Swadhyaya, etc,. are identifications of Devas. Abhayam- person called Deva is not afraid of anyone; because he is straight forward and follows Shastras. His mind should be clear. That is , he is always thinking of atman. He should be always in Gyana Yoga. Dhanam – he should donate in accordance with Shastras. We should control our sense organs. We should perform the daily Pancha Maha Yagnas. Swadhyayam – chanting Vedas regularly. Arjavam – living honestly..

..deva asura vibaaham/saasthrathukku  vasa patu erukkanum-kattu pattu erukkanum avaiyey vazi kaatti namakku../kedpavar oru koshti-deva koshti/ meerubavar- asura koshti/ethaal pirikiraan.. athyaayathin nokku sasthrathukku kattu padanum..thathva gjanam/ avaney  muzu muthal kadavull yentrum sarvesvaran/ atharkku thakka anushdaanum venum/poy pesa koodaathu -yenakku pidithathu yentru ellaamal saasthra vithi padi erukkanum..eruvarukkum adaiyaallam/ gathi solluhiraar pala slohangallaal ..abayam-yaarukkum payam ellaathavan.nermaiyaha eruppathaal payam ellai..sadva-thellivudan manasu…atma ninaivil/ gjana yohathil  yeedu pattu /daanam seythal/endriyam adakkuthal /pancha maha yagyam seyvathu pontravai devarkallin adaiyaallam….deiva sambandam modshathukku vuthavum..kettathum arjunan sohikka evar -maasusaha -kalangaathey yenkiraan.. Arjunanai-ethanai naal naan pala slohangall  solvathai othu konndu-naaney periyavan pontra palavum -kedpathaal yenkiraan..ethu yennaal nettru adaiya pattathu/ naazaikkum kidaikkum yellam yen murarchiyaal naan vaazhireyn/  naaney easvaran kaaman krotham aasrayithu  asurar..bagavaney asura gannangallil meendum pirakka vaikiraar..piranthu piranthu meley varuvathey ellai..veda saasthram thaan mukkyam..

..17th athyaaya surukku..

..Lord Brahma wanted to conduct one yagna. But, since Saraswati Devi was not with him, he married Gayatri Devi and conducted the yagna. After it was started, Saraswati Devi came, and found Gayatri by the side of her husband. She got angry, and cursed Brahma that he would not have any temple anywhere..brahma kovil/pushkara theertham/gayathri/ saavithri devi/then desa sirpa kalai..puraana mandir venu gobala swami.In Purana Mandir, Sri Venugopala, as a very large idol, is gracing, along with Consorts. On one side Sri Ranganatha, reclining, is gracing..ramanujar periya thirumeni/ maa muniyaiyum sevikalaam..paza kaala kovil naya mandir vaikunda naathan..vedanda desihan sannithi..gayatri savithri brahmavaal vaibavam periya neer padaithu anghu vurainthu athu kadaithu adaithu-sethu pandanam thiru thinaay yengal sittril vanthu sithaiyeyl..paapangal tholaiyum..theertha vadivil sevai..

Swami Alavandar in his Gitartha Sangraha mentions as:

a´s¯astram.¯asuram.kr. tsnam.´s¯astr¯ıyam.gun.atah.pr. thak |
laks.an.am.´s¯astra siddhasya tridh¯a saptada´soditam ||

..saasthra vithi padiyum pannanum/ srathaiyudan-yeedu paadudan seyyanum.. eranndum venum..dual condition..asaasthram asuram thanmai.. saasthram othu kondathai seyyanum. gunathaal veru padum..moontru vahai. ohm thathu sathu ..vulaham anaithukkum vithi thaan saasthram..kodaani kodi jeeva raasikall sernthu vaaza vithi..vithikku vud pattu vaazanum..devathai/yagjam/daanam/davam /aahaaram ov ontraiyum sadviha..narayanan thozuvaarkall. yagjar thozuvar rajas seyya koodaatha kaalathil seybavar..raaghu kaalathil..thamas-pretha ganangal boothangal..aahaaram-suha preethy vazarum manasukku piditha/ nallathu panna koodiya/thaathu viruthy pannanum..rajas-kaduppu kaaram athihamana..thukkam kodukkum. damasa-vehu kaalam-jamam kazinthu . naattram/ voosi ponathu.. daana vahai-saasthra padi nalla desathil nala athikaarikku.. rajasa puhazukku damasa mathippu ellatha daanam..eppadi lakshannam solluhiraar anaithukkum.Satva persons worship Sriman Narayana and other Devas [17.4]. Rajasa persons worship Yakshas and Rakshasas. Tamasa persons worship ghosts and manes. In 17.7, He lists the food eaten by people with various qualities..In 17.20, He speaks of Dhanam. Sattvika donations are done at proper time to proper person, as prescribed and donated happily…gurushedrithalil geethai sevvaney mudiya pohirathu.. anubavippom..

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