Geetha Saram 17-12 to 17-16..

..sloham 17-12..Sri Joshimatt..Narasimhar..Thiru prithi.. must have been at a higher place than Badri..Winter maathangalil enghu thaan Badri perumaal ezunthu aruluhiraar..should have been aeay from Ganga but near a lake..manosaravar-at the ht of 17000ft may be.. Badri is at 10000ft ht..in pasuram 1.2.1, ‘peeli ma mayil nadam cheyum thadam chunai [பீலி மாமயில் நடம் செய்யும் தடம் சுனை]’, meaning that when clouds climb up Himalayas, peacocks on the banks of great lake, dance! In pasuram 1.2.6, ‘panangal aayiramudayan nallavaravanai pallikol paramavenru… [பணங்கள் ஆயிரம் உடையான் நல்லவரவணை பள்ளி கொள் பரமாவென்று…], meaning that the Lord is reclining on the Thousand hooded snake, Adisesha, Supreme Lord [Parama Purusha]. The Lord of Tiruppiridi is Sri Parama Purusha [ஸ்ரீ பரம புருஷா] and Sri Thayar is Sri Parimalavalli [ஸ்ரீ பரிமளவல்லி தாயார்]. Vimanam is Govardhana vimanam [கோவர்த்தன விமானம்].But the Lord at Joshimath is Sri Narasimha in seated pose!..pasuram 1.2.6, Alwar asks his mind to go to Tiruppiridi, where fragrant ‘madavi [similar to jasmine]’ flowers are there. Madhavi is also called ‘kurukkatti [குருக்கத்தி]’, which is a creeper. It seems these creepers were growing up and wanted to cling to something. At that time clouds were passing and so the creeper caught hold of the clouds to further spread. With clouds trying to pass, there was a tug-of-war between the creepers and the clouds! In the process all the buds blossomed and plenty of kurukkatti flowers were seen. Swarms of bees came to suck the honey in these flowers! Bees thanked the clouds and the creepers for their fight, as they had enough honey! But Swami Periyavacchan Pillai does not see mere nature in this pasuram! Sri Thayar is Sri Parimalavalli Thayar, that means Sri Thayar Herself is radiating fragrance! She is the Creeper and the Lord is the Cloud! She stops the Lord and persuades to look at the devotees and pardon them! The Lord, seeing the great many sins committed by the devotees, wants to go away; but He is pulled by Sri Thayar, the Creeper. Devotees are like the bees, benefited and sing songs in praise of the Divine Couple, which is like the humming of bees! In pasuram 1.2.8, Alwar says that there are great serpents in the place, waiting in the dark nights, yawning, and awaiting prey..

abhisaṃdhāya tu phalaṃ dambhārtham api caiva yat
ijyate bharataśreṣṭha taṃ yajñaṃ viddhi rājasam

Abhisamdhaya tu phalam = in results other than His happiness..Bharatasreshtha = noble among Bharata dynasty [Arjuna], ijyate = any yagna performed like this [for worldly gains and for publicity], viddhi = understand, yajnam rajasam = [they are] Rajasa Yagna! These Yagnas performed for inferior rewards and for fame, are to be avoided..

Ramanuja’s Commentary for sloham 17-12..That yagna or acts of propitiation and worship which may follow the Vedic scriptures but is ostentatiously enacted out of desire for prestige with a secret, greedy longing for enjoying the effects of rewards is known to be situated in raja guna the mode of passion. 
 
sloham 17-13..When the Lord took Sri Trivikrama Avatar and when His Divine foot entered Satya loka, lord Brahma washed the foot with the water, which was Sri Pada Theertham, and became Ganga. Of the many names Ganga is called, Vishnupati is one! It means Ganga flows from Sri Vishnu’s Divine feet. Swami Koorattalwan says this in one sloka. Vishnu padam means either Lord Sri Vishnu’s Divine feet or His abode. By drinking or bathing or just seeing Vishnupati, we can reach Vishnupadam! We are in Vishnu Prayag, a very important place en route to Badrikashram..We allay our fears by chanting Gita and Vishnu Sahasranamam! We feel highly nervous when the vehicle crosses hair-pin bends in the road! We think that these drivers have understood Gita correctly! They say that Sri Badrnath is protecting them and they are confident that the journey will always be safe! In fact to get that confidence we are studying Gita and Sahasranamam! At Vishnu Prayag, is the confluence of rivers Vishnu Ganga and Alakananda. Here, sage Narada meditated for a long time. We can see one river is in mud color, while the other is in pale green color. It is like disturbed mind and clear mind. Can they come together? We should not see in that way. Normally, we have disturbed mind in worldly affairs; whereas our mind should be disturbed, when we hear stories of the Lord. We seem to be least disturbed when we hear Sri Krishna is threatened by demons. We should be clear of worldly affairs. Now, we further travel up and reach Pandukeshwar. Since we have to see many places here, we will spend more time while returning. Next, we reach Hanuman Chatti.At this place Hanuman meditated..To reach Hanuman Chatti, we have to cross an iron bridge. When vehicles travel on this, we can hear thundering sounds! While going this sound can be interpreted as the reflection of our eagerness to worship Lord Sri Badrinath; and while returning, same sounds reflect our yearning for one more Darshan! We worship Hanuman to make our trip successful! After Hanuman Chatti, the journey is steeper! In 18KMs, we gain height by 1500 Metres or about 4500 Feet! Now we have arrived at the welcome arch of Badarikashram!
..vidhihīnam asṛṣṭānnaṃ mantrahīnam adakṣiṇam
śraddhāvirahitaṃ yajñaṃ tāmasaṃ paricakṣate
..Asrstannam = with materilas not procured in honest ways…Mantrahinam = mantras not properly or adequately chanted…Adaksinam = by not giving the remuneration to various persons in the performance of Yagna…Sraddhavirahitam = without earnestness to perform. Saying that he had no interest but doing for others’ sake or giving maney to perform yagna and not participating, are all in Tamasa Yagna. Yajnam = such Yagnas are, paricaksate = considered, tamasam = Tamasa type…
Ramanuja’s Commentary for sloham 17-13..Any religious ritual or ceremony of any kind that is vidhi-hinam or devoid of following the ordinances and injunctions of the Vedic scriptures and without being conducted by Vaisnavas and brahmanas who are pre-eminent both in precept and in practice is recognizably known to be fully situated in tama guna the mode of ignorance. The words asrsta-annam means without the sanctified food and ingredients required to perform a bonafide yagna or propitiation and worship. The prohibition is that no ingredient may be acquired from those without faith in Lord Krishna; so it is a mandatory requirement that all ingredients are to be received only from devotees. Those situated in tama guna cannot fulfil this mandate. So in conclusion whatever religious activity that is performed without adhering to the authority of the Vedic scriptures, without Vaisnavas and brahmanas chanting Vedic mantras and without adoration of the Supreme Lord Krishna or any of His authorised incarnations and expansions is not valid and being bogus is totally situated in tama guna. If such activities were anyway somehow or other able to be clandestinely orchestrated by unqualified schemers it would still have no efficacy due to the absence of devotion to Lord Krishna and lack of faith in the absolute authority of the Vedic scriptures. ..sloham 17-14..In Sri Vaishnava 108 Divya desams, Eight are swayamvyakta Kshertrams. That is, these are places where the Lord has appeared spontaneously. Among them is Badarikshram and we have reached that place. Badri or badari is the Sanskrit name of a berry [Tamil – ilandai இலந்தை]. Since Sriman Narayana meditated under a badri tree, this place got the name Badarikashram. Apart from this being a swayam vyakta Kshetram, this is also the temple, where Ashtaksharam, one of the Rahasya Trayam, was preached. Tirumangai Alwar starts his Periya Tirumozhi, with pasurams eulogising Ashtaksharam. Ashtaksharam will eliminate diseases, famine and will procure wealth and health. It will cultivate Gyana and Bhakti. We have come to worship the Lord of Ashtakshara, in the same place where Ashtaksharam was born! Sriman Narayana preached Ashtaksharam to His disciple Nara, in this Badarikashram..Ganga has many names like Bhagirati, Tripadaka, Vishnupati, Janhavi, etc. Here she is called Alakananda. Beyond Narayana hills is Alakapuri and this river originates from there and so this name. Alaka means the lock of hair on the head. We have heard of Triveni sangamam at Allahabad or Prayag. 

.devadvijaguruprājñapūjanaṃ śaucam ārjavam
brahmacaryam ahiṃsā ca śārīraṃ tapa ucyate

Pujanam = worshiping, deva = Devas, dvija = Brahmins, guru = Acharyas, prajna = Gyanis or well learned elders, are all satvika persons do bodily. This is easy to perform and can be done at wherever we are. Saucam = cleanliness of body, mind and speech. Arjavam = honesty..Brahmacaryam = celibacy…Ahimsa = never even think of harming any living being. We should not harm any other bodily..

Ramanuja’s Commentary for sloham 17-14..Now in order to explain the three types of austerities incorporated in and corresponding to the three gunas or modes of material nature; Lord Krishna describes their character first as that of bodily austerity, that of verbal austerity and that of mental austerity from each of the three gunas from where tapas manifests. Worship of the Supreme Lord Krishna or any of His authorised incarnations and expansions in their installed deity forms after being duly initiated in the prescribed mantras by the Vaisnava spiritual master, worship of the Vaisnavas and brahmanas, worship of the singular diksa guru the initiating spiritual master and the elevated siksa gurus or instructing spiritual masters. The word saucam means internal and external cleanliness. Arjjavam means no duplicity, the intention of the mind and the action are not different. Brahmacaryam is celibacy the absence of thinking about engaging in sexual relations. Ahimsa is not causing harm to any living entity by thought, word or deed. All these activities constitute austerity of the physical body in sattva guna the mode of goodness. 
 
..sloham 17-15..In youth times if we come here, weather, trekking the hilly terrain or taking bath in the swift river Alakananda, would never be a problem. Near the river, Sriman Narayana meditated under Badari tree..Near the river, Sriman Narayana meditated under Badari tree. We are studying [in Gita] various types of tapas [deep meditation] performed bodily, by speech and by mind, at the same spot where the Lord meditated! This place is called Panchasila..First is Garuda sila, just outside Sri Badrinath temple. Here Garuda lived for a long time. It is believed that Garuda is inside. Along this is the hot water spring. Next is Narada sila, where Narada performed tapas. Near this is Narada kund, a pond. It appears the Lord’s idol which is of saligrama, was found in Narada kund only. The Lord was later installed in the temple. Next is Markandeya sila, near Tapta kund. Sage Markandeya was and is performing pooja for the Lord for a long time here. We hear that Devas, Rishis, etc., perform pooja..From Deepavali till Akshaya tridiyai, temple is closed and no one lives in this place…during that time the Lord is in Joshi math and poojas are performed there. During this time rishis like Markandeya and Devas like Brahma come here and perform pooja! Next we see Narasing sila. Here Lord Sri Narasimha rested after slaining Hiranyakasipu! We can also come and relax and forget all our problems in routine life! Opposite this is Varaha sila. Tirumangai Alwar also in the very first pasuram mentions yenamumagi [ஏனமுமாகி], meaning the Lord took the form of Boar! The Lord Sri Varaha, after killing Hiranyaksha, came and rested here! Amidst all these Five rocks, the Lord Sri Badrinath meditated…

anudvegakaraṃ vākyaṃ satyaṃ priyahitaṃ ca yat
svādhyāyābhyasanaṃ caiva vāṅmayaṃ tapa ucyate 17.15

 

Vanmayam = by speech, tapa = tapas, ucyate = so are described.Anudvegakaram = causing no bitterness, vakyam = speech. Our speech should never be despised by others; they should never hurt others. Satyam = [speech should be] truthful. ‘Satyam bhutahitam proktam’ – we should speak the truth for the welfare of all living beings…’Satyam bruyat; priyam bruyat; nabruyat satyam apriyam’ – speak the truth; speak the pleasant; speak not just the pleasant but that is helpful [hitam]; speak not the helpful, but that is pleasant…svadhyaya abhyasanam = practice chanting [vedas]. Here, like Vedas, Gita, Sri Vishnu Sahasranamam, Alwars’ pasurams, Acharyas’ stotrams, etc., are also to be chanted..

Ramanuja’s Commentary for sloham 17-15..  Lord Krishna states that what is known as austerity of speech is svadhaya or the recitation of Vedic mantras after first being duly initiated by the Vaisnava spiritual master. Words which consist totally of truth yet do not offend those spoken to and which are imbued with sweet and pleasing words that are inspiring and beneficial are austerities of speech in sattva guna the mode of goodness. ..sloham 17-16..Tapta kund means warm water pond..It is a natural hot water spring amidst molten sulphur. We do not know from where this water comes and where it goes! This water is at the foot of sage Narada. We have to take certain precautions while bathing in this. Outside is all very cold. Many arrive in the evening and after braving a cold night, and eager to worship the Lord early in the morning, come to this pond for bathing. It is advisable not to immediately plunge into the hot water pond. There are separate ponds for males and females. First we should dip only our feet in the pond and with hands sprinkle hot water all over the body and get acclimatized. Then, if we take a dip in the water, we might not face any problem. At first, the water might appear to be too hot; but once we get into it, we might feel like bathing for long! What is the significance of this tapta kund? Upanishads say: ‘Yesha brahma pravishtosmi. Greeshme seethamida pradam‘. In the cold surroundings, bathing in hot water is pleasant! Thus this heat balances coldness. Similarly, enjoying Brahmam is pleasant..It appears Swami Adi Shankara, when he came here, discovered the present idol of the Lord Sri Badrinath, in Tapta kund and got it installed in the temple.

.manaḥprasādaḥ saumyatvaṃ maunam ātmavinigrhaḥ
bhāvasaṃśuddhir ity etat tapo mānasam ucyate

Ity etat = all these are, ucyate = described as, manasam tapo = mental tapas.Mana = mind, prasada = clarity or without confusion, anger, jealousy and hatred…Soumyatvam = good thought [for the welfare of all]. Soumyam means beauty, love and good thoughts for the welfare of all…அடியார்கள் வாழ, அரங்கன் வாழ, சடகோபன் தந்த செந்தமிழ் வாழ, கடல் சூழ் மண்ணுலகம் வாழ] yentru solluvathu pola..Mounam = silent or mind controlling voice…Atmavinigraha = focussing atman. Not allowing our mind to wander, atman is focussed at the Divine feet of the Lord. Mind is concentarted on atman. We should not get involved in the worldly affairs going around us..Bhavasamsuddhi = [our] purity of behaviour..

Ramanuja’s Commentary for sloham 17-16..The austerities of the mind are manah-prasadah or self satisfaction and serenity free from mental imbalances. The word saumyatvam means serenity and benevolence to others. Maunam is silence externally and reflecting internally. Atma-vinigrahah is self-controlling the mind to stay focused on realisation of the atma. Bhava-samsuddhih is purity within and purity of purpose. These austerities of mind are confirmed by Lord Krishna to be in sattva guna the mode of goodness.

 

One Response to “Geetha Saram 17-12 to 17-16..”

  1. beth Says:

    Nice blog. Enjoyed going through your blog. Keep it up the good work,

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s


%d bloggers like this: