Geetha Saram 15-19 to 16-2..

..sloham 15-19..Entha Divya desathil  kaattiya gunnam -nantri..சாத்ய ஹ்ருதித்யனாயும் சாதன பெருக்கெடுத்தும் க்ருதக்ஞத கந்தம் தானப் பதியிலே..Avan பிரதி உபகாரம் kaattuhiraan aazvaarai pettru kodutha Divya Desam yentru..in 8-5 மாயக் கூத்தா! வாமனா! வினையேன் கண்ணா aazvaar asked Him to come to him for atleast one day-ஒரு நாள் காண வாராயே..suddenaha vanthaal thaanga maattaar yentru -aazvaar engu varuvatharkku kaathu erunthaar-செங்கண் சிறிச் சிறிதே எம்மேல் விழியாவோ pola..Yeri vantha yenniyai yetti vuthaaiyaathavan pola entrum engey sevai saathikiraan..Arputha Narayanan/Narasimhar sevai..Sriveli pothu moontrtu murai valam varuhiraar.. Sahadevan-son of Pandu/Madri punar nirmaanam seytha divya desam…  festival ‘deepakkazha தீபக் கழா’-karthihai antru nadakirathu..Madri udan kattai yerinathai kurikka.. Banana leaf virithu villakku yettru kiraarkall..Duvaja sthambam adiyil Ashda Lakshmi sevai.. Thaniyaaha Narasimharukkum duvaja sthambam..yo mām evam asaṃmūḍho jānāti puruṣottamam
sa sarvavid bhajati māṃ sarvabhāvena bhārata 15.19

Ya = he, who, mam eva = Me [Sri Krishna] alone, purushottamam janati = understands as Purushottama, asammudho = without any doubt, sa = he, sarva vid = knows everything. Here everything means, this person knew all the means to reach the Lord. That person, sarva bhavena = by all methods, bhajati = worships, mam = Me [Sri Krishna].

..sloham 15-20..திருவல்லவாழ்..vallaba shethram..5-9 pathiham..paraangusa naayahi baavathil ethil sarana gathi pannuhiraar..garudanaiyum gopuram mel sevai..மங்களத்தம்மா yenkira bakthai ekadesi thathi aarathanam pettru konda perumaal..Tholakaasuranai kontru mudithaan..thayir saatham/uppu maangaay in paakku kottaiyil koduthaalaam.. entrum brahmanan oruvanukku thantha sesham perumaallukku samarpikiraarkall..iti guhyatamaṃ śāstram idam uktaṃ mayānagha
etat buddhvā buddhimān syāt kṛtakṛtyaś ca bhārata 15.20

Bharata = Arjuna [of Bharata dynasty], iti = thus, guhya tamam = most important secret.Sastram = science or branch of knowledge, idam = this way, maya = by Me [Sri Krishna], uktam = explained..Anagha = blemishless [Arjuna]…Etat buddhva = thus learnt [Purushottama vidya], buddhiman syat = [one] becomes great scholar, krtakrtyas ca = and accomplishes [all those to be] accomplished..Vedas shastram param naasti na daivam kesavat param..In Vishnu Purana, sage Parashara tells, ‘ tat karma ennabhandhaya sa vidya ya vimokshaye‘ – that is good action [karma] which releases from bondage [of samsaram], that is learning which shows us the path for liberation [Moksham..

..Earlier we saw that a woman was following Ekadasi fasting and the Lord killed the demon Tholakasura. To commemmorate that incident a Ten day festival is organized here. Ninth [Palli vettai பள்ளி வேட்டை] and Tenth [Aarattu ஆராட்டு] day festivals are important. They are similar to Paarivettai [பாரிவேட்டை or ambu podudhal அம்பு போடுதல்] and Theerthavaari [தீர்த்தவாரி] in Tamilnadu temples! The Lord Sri Utsavar is taken on procession, riding an elephant and visits a nearby place. After a ceremonial hunting and other celebrations, the Lord returns to the temple. Next day, the Lord visits the nearby Pushkarini. In the previous day it is believed that the Lord washed Sudarsana discus, in this pushkarini. On Aarattu day, the Lord graces Thirumanjanam, to the accompaniment of various musical instruments. Then He returns back to the temple riding an elephant. This place is famous for Chendai melam [செண்டை மேளம்] also called Pancha vadyam [பஞ்ச வாத்தியம்], when special drums are beaten…ganda karnan mosham pettra divya desam.. durvaasarum thinam vanthu poojai seykiraaraam..Lord Sri Krishna gave this idol to His chariot driver Satyaki, at the end of Dwapara yug…Chapter 15, described Purushottama Vidya. Different from and much superior to Bhaddha jeevatman and Mukta jeevatman, the Lord is Purushottama..In sloka 15, the Lord told that He was inside heart of every living being and all Vedas described His glory only..entha 15th chaptar kettaaley mosham pettra kathaikall vundu..

..sloham 16-1..This Chapter describes Deva – Asura vibhgam . The Lord classifies some as Devas and others as Asuras! In Gitartha Sangraha, Swami Alavandar summarizes this Chapter 16:

dev¯asura vibh¯agokti p¯urvik¯a ´s¯astrava´syat¯a |
tattv¯anus.t.h¯ana vij˜n¯anasthemne s.od.a´sa ucyate || (20)

He says that these were told in Chapter 16: that to gain tatva gyana and practice well, such persons were Devas and others were Asuras. Like this the Lord made a classification. In the pasuram 5.9.9. kazhalvalai poorippa yam kandu [கழல் வளை பூரிப்ப யாம் கண்டு], Alwar, by worshipping the Lord with folded hands [கை கூப்பி], found the bangles got enlarged with happiness! Alwar is performing saranagati, and so he is raising folded hands to show ‘nama: . He says that the humming sound of bees in the garden in this place, is like or better than the music of flute and veena instruments! He is eagerly expecting the blessings of the Lord Sri Vallabha, Who is holding the rotating discus in His right hand! The auspicious quality, which the Lord exhibited here to Alwar is krupa [ கிருபை] or mercy! ‘Meliyilum semam kolvikkum krupai innagarile nityam [மெலியும் சே(க்ஷே)மம் கொள்விக்கும் கிருபை இந்நகரிலே நித்யம்!]abhayaṃ sattvasaṃśuddhir jñānayogavyavasthitiḥ
dānaṃ damaś ca yajñaś ca svādhyāyas tapa ārjavam 16.1

These qualities are going to be continued in the First Three slokas. Abhayam = fearless, sattvasamsuddhi = purity of mind [because of increased] sattva quality [and decreased rajas and tamas qualities], jnana yoga vyavathithi = thoughts about atman [necessary for performing Karma yoga, Gyana yoga and Bhakti yoga], danam = donation [of rightfully earned wealth to deserving persons], damas ca = and control [of external sense organs and internal mind], yajna = performing Yagna [ pancha maha yagna – worshiping God, feeding guests, feeding ancestors, animals and birds, etc.], svadyaya = chanting [Vedas with enthusiasm], tapas = ritualistic [following Ekadasi fasting, etc., as prescribed in Vedas], arjavam = honest living [by mind, by words and by action]. These are the identities of Devas..

In chapter sixteen Lord Krishna describes explicitly, explaining seperately and in detail the divine properties, conduct and actions which are righteous in nature and conducive to divinity. Also he delineates the evil propensities and ill conduct which are unrighteous in nature and which determine the unrighteous and which are antagonistic to divinity. Thus this chapter is entitled: The Divine and the Demoniac Natures Defined..

..sloham 15-2.. Thiru anantha puram..Bil;va mangala swamikku 13 km periya sevai mudalil..avar vendiya padi 18 adiyaaha surukki sevai saathikiraar..ezu nilai gopuram..both Bilwa Mangala Swami and sage Diwakara inside the garbhaguha itself as also all the Devas created by lord Brahma. On one side we can see sage Diwakara and on the other we can see sage Kaundinya. Sri Bhudevi also can be seen..Sri Hari Lakshmi thaayaar..Nityasuris view the Lord from the First gate; lord Brahma and all Devas view from the middle gate; and, people like us worship Him from the Third gate. Thus Sri Ananta Padmanabha is regarding us, Brahma and Devas, and Nitysuris as equal. Nammalwar has praised the Lord of this Kshetram in ten pasurams [10.2], starting with sezhumidarayavellam kesava…[செழுமிடராயவேல்லாம் கேசவா!..

ahiṃsā satyam akrodhas tyāgaḥ śāntir apaiśunam
dayā bhūteṣv aloluptvaṃ mārdavaṃ hrīr acāpalam 16.2

Some more qualites, qualifying to become Devas, are listed. In all 26 qualities are listed in the Three slokas, by the Lord, as the qualities of Devas. Then He is to list the behaviour of Asuras.

  • Ahimsa = harming no living being. Behaving without any injury to any living being is Ahimsa.
  • Satyam = speaking truth, for the welfare of all living beings. ‘Satyam bhuta hitam proktam‘ – even uttering lie is satyam, if the lie would save a living being. So satyam is not just truth, but truth for the welfare of all.
  • Akrodha = Not getting angry. That is mind is not debased. Our reaction should not cause injury to others.
  • Tyaga = Sacrificing all, which do not contribute to our atman sakshatkaram or upliftment of atman. It is not merely sacrificing materials, but behaviours like satire and mockery speeches, gambling, etc.
  • Santi = Not allowing our senses to wander.Proper control of our senses.
  • Apaisunam = no slander or backbite talks. Sri Andal in Thiruppavai Second pasuram says ‘theekkuralai senrodhom [தீக்குறளை சென்றோதோம்]’. We should rerain from talking badly about Third persons.
  • Dhaya bhutesu = being merciful to all living beings. Unable to bear sufferings of others – showing mercy, not merely to our dear ones, but to everyone. Just like Sri Ananta Padmanabha Swamy shows compassion to all equally!
  • Aloluptvam = lola means playful. That is we should not desire in unwanted matters and keep the mind from loitering.
  • Mardavam = soft natured. It is not about soft body, but being soft to move with by others.
  • Hri = Shyfulness. One should be shy to violate any act of Shastras.
  • Acapalam = Not greedy for materials. If a favourite dish is kept in front of us, we should control and avoid desire to taste or avoid chapalam! We should control ourselves from being downgraded.

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