sattvam sukhe sanjayati
rajah karmani bharata
jnanam avrtya tu tamah
pramade sanjayaty uta

“O son of Bharata, the mode of goodness conditions one to happiness; passion conditions one to fruitive action; and ignorance, covering one’s knowledge, binds one to madness.”

Sanjayati = propels. Satvam propels in sukham or comfort. Though earlier Two effects, Gyana and Ananda were mentioned, Gyana is pursued to have Ananda or comfort. Rajas quality propels into action. Lust, passion and love make person to act and so action is important in rajo quality. Tamah tu = while tamo quality, jnanam = Gyana or intellect, avrtya = is covered or hidden [from seeing the true nature of matters]. This results in pramade = carelessness.

Ramanuja’s Commentary 14-9.. 

The cardinal features of three gunas or modes of sattva or goodness, rajas or passion and tamas or nescience are now being delineated by Lord Krishna. The main quality of sattva is its ability to confer blessedness. The main proponent of rajas is that it impels vigourous activity and the dominant factor in tamas is that it obscures intelligence giving a perverted view of reality which results in the tendency to perform unnatural activities. The three gunas are the natural effects of prakriti or the material substratum pervading physical existence and constitute the qualities of all matter which manifests into physical bodies both gross and subtle. How they each give rise to consequences so radically different and conflicting with each other is answered in the next verse.



..sloham 14-10..Thondanai aka Kuntinagaram, near Madurai. Swami Thiruvaimozhi Pillai was born in Kuntinagaram. From Madurai on the way to Sivaganga, at about 10 KMs, is Silaiman. At this place turning right and going some 4 Kms inside, is this place Kuntinagaram. pillai lohacharyarin sishyar koora kulothama dasar..avar sishyar thiru vaay mozi pillai also known as Sri Sailesa, Satakopa Dasa and Tirumalai Alwan..ishvaaku chola sambandam pola paandavar-paandya sambandam..When Arjuna came, Madurai was ruled by King Babuvahana [பபுவாஹந]. His daughter was Chitrangata [சித்திராங்கதை]. Arjuna married her, and King wanted to present a place to his son-in-law! Thus, this place was built and was named after Arjuna’s mother Kunti. In this place Lord Sri Daivanayaka [ஸ்ரீ தெய்வநாயகன்] is gracing. The Lord is in standing pose..

rajas tamas cabhibhuya
sattvam bhavati bharata
rajah sattvam tamas caiva
tamah sattvam rajas tatha

“Sometimes the mode of goodness becomes prominent, defeating the modes of passion and ignorance, O son of Bharata. Sometimes the mode of passion defeats goodness and ignorance, and at other times ignorance defeats goodness and passion. In this way there is always competition for supremacy.”..Bharata = Arjuna! [hinting that Arjuna true to his Bharata dynasty, should exhibit satva quality alone]. The mother of Swami Thiruvaimozhi Pillai, of this place, was called Satvikai Ammal []. Abhibhuya = supressing, rajas tamas = rajo and tamo qualities, satvam = satva quality, bhavati = remains [prominent]. Sometimes, satva guna will surface, pressing below rajo and tamo qualities. [Similarly] rajah = rajo quality [will supress], satvam tamas = satva and tamo qualities, tamoh = tamo quality [will supress], satvam rajas = satva and rajo qualities. In our body, according to Ayurveda, vada [gas], pittha [bile] and kabam [phlegm] are to be equally balanced. Food habits can stimulate either vada or pittha or kabam to increase, causing disease. We are to expel stool, urine and sweat. If these are not expelled properly, then we get illness. Similarly, in satva, rajas and tamas, anyone dominates and cause effects. So we are clear that we have to do punya karma, have proper food and seek the blessings of the Lord. This will stimulate satva quality in us.

Ramanuja’s Commentary 14-10.. 




Lord Krishna confirms the fact that the three gunas or modes of sattva or goodness, rajas or passion and tamas or nescience are the three qualities that exist within all jivas or embodied beings in the material existence. But owing to adrishta which is conditions imposed by the effects of past karma or reactions to actions and determined as well by the types of food that were chosen to eat in sustaining the physical body in the previous life. Based upon this assessment any of three gunas may be dominant or they may neutralise each other or they may be antagonistic to each other depending upon which mode is more present and dominant within a jiva. This being the reality it can be inferred by knowledge and discerned by witnessing the visible effects of the three gunas as manifested within any jiva.




..sloham 14-11..thiruvaay mozi pillai-vaikasai visaaham..ramanuja chadurveda mangalam nirmaanithavar.. sri sada gobar uthsavar kozikodu-calicut erunthu thirumbi ezunthu arula panna vuthavinaar.. vilaancholai pillaiyum pillai lohacharyar sishyar.. thiruaaanantha puram nirmaanithavar .. avarukkum kadasi rites evar panni vaithaar ..sri manavala maa munikku acharyar..

sarva-dvaresu dehe ’smin
prakasa upajayate
jnanam yada tada vidyad
vivrddham sattvam ity uta

“The manifestations of the mode of goodness can be experienced when all the gates of the body are illuminated by knowledge.”Tada vidyad vivrddham satvam ity uta = then understand that satva guna has developed [on the surface]. When? Asmin dehe = in this body, jnanam = Gyana, prakasa upajayate = brightly shines, sarva dvaresu = from all thresholds [like eyes, ears, mouth, mind, etc., which are gyanendriya]. In these places the knowledge should shine brightly. Then only we can perceive a matter in its true perspective.

Ramanuja’s Commentary 14-11.. 





When the light of jnana or knowledge is seen to be dominate in all the channels of the body and the senses such as seeing and hearing; then an accurate perception of reality as it is naturally occurs. Lord Krishna confirms that this is indicative that sattva guna or the mode of goodness is predominant.