Geetha Saaram 10-11 to 10-15

..slokam 10-11..thiru parthan palli-bakthanin peyaral divya desa peyar..yatra yogeswara krishno yatra partha dhanurdhara:tatra sreervijayo bhoothirdhruva neethirmathir mama ..arjunanaiyum  krishnanaiyum  sernthu sevithaal Sri: [Wealth], vijaya [victory] and bhoothi [prosperity] moontrum kittum..kurushedravilirunthu vantha perumal..kadaha pushkarani..kadaham=sword..arjunan kathiyal yerpaduthiyathu..thamaraiyall kelvan yenkiraar alwar eintha perumalai..dharsana samanakara sakshatkaram.rehearsal for actual darshanam in srivaikundam.. middle stage of bakthi..

tesam evanukampartham
aham ajnana-jam tamah
nasayamy atma-bhava-stho
jnana-dipena bhasvata

“To show them special mercy, I, dwelling in their hearts, destroy with the shining lamp of knowledge the darkness born of ignorance.”

Tesam = those without expecting any reward perform Bhakti, anukampena = with [the Lord’s] sympathetic blessings, [ kampam = tremour or vibration, anu kampam = sympathise or sympathetic vibration], eva = by that alone, as why his blessings are there can not be understood; He shows mercy or sympathy, because we are His children. Atma = [in such a devotee’s] mind, bhava stha = [the Lord] establishes firmly His image and His auspicious qualities, jnana deepam = light of knowledge [about the Lord], bhasvata = illuminates brightly..Aham = I [Sri Krishna], tama = darkness, ajnana = ignorance or infinite time karma and the consequent papa, jam = originated, nasayami = destroy.

Ramanuja’s Commentary 

 

 

 

 

It is due to the loving compassion felt by the Supreme Lord Krishna for those persons who dedicate and devote their lives to Him that He is always manifest in their hearts and minds as the paramount object of their thoughts and plans and activities, accompanied by the realisation of His transcendental qualities and attributes. The words jnana-dipena meaning the radiant light of knowledge is verily Lord Krishna Himself in all their thoughts. Tamah or the darkness of ignorance to which beings are continuously subjected to is due to past and present karma or the reactions to one’s actions. This tamah and karma are extremely antagonistic to spiritual intelligence and produce the desire for things material and temporary instead of things spiritual and eternal which lead to Lord Krishna; but for His devotees He dispels their tamah and dissolves their karma. Having comprehended the qualities, attributes and character of the Supreme Lord Krishna regarding His vibhuti or phenomenal, transcendental potencies manifesting throughout all of creation and His yoga or the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with His ultimate consciousness, eternally. This knowledge will mature into appreciation which will evolve into bhakti or exclusive loving devotion for Him and subsequently unlimited bliss will naturally arise within the hearts and minds of His devotees.

 

 

 

..slokam 10-12..arjunan sannithi.. kathiyudan sevai.. navaneetha krishnanaiyum partha sarathuyaiyum(nankku thiru karangalludan ) sevikkalaam..narayana vimanam..samkamalavalli thayar.. kola vill ramanukkum sannithi..adutha 7 slokathilum arjunan kellvikall thaan..after hearing, understanding and analysing-viveha gjanam petrathum-4 slohathal puhazlnthum adutha 3 slohathal kellviyum kethiraan..arjuna uvaca
param brahma param dhama
pavitram paramam bhavan
Arjuna said: You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the ultimate abode, the purest, the Absolute Truth.
Bhavan = You [Sri Krishna] are. Here Arjuna addresses Sri Krishna not as his cousin, but in a very respectful manner [தேவரீர் ]. Param brahma = Supreme God, param dhama = Supreme Light [normally dhama means place, but here we have to use dhama to mean light or jyoti], pavitram paramam = Supreme Sacred or Purest. Arjuna thus eulogises the Lord by three epithets.

Ramanuja’s Commentary 

 

 

 

 

The Supreme Lord Krishna is He whom all the Vedic scriptures proclaim as param brahma the Supreme Ultimate Truth, param dhama the Supreme Ultimate Shelter and pavitram paramam the Supreme Purifier. The Taittiriya Upanisad III.I.I beginning yato va imani bhutani jayante states: Search for Him alone from whom all existence arises, upon whom all beings exist and into whom they enter and merge. He the Supreme Lord is param brahma and the Tattiriya Upanisad II.I.I beginning brahma vid apnoti param states: The knower of param brahma attains the Supreme State. The Mundaka Upanisad III.II.IX beginning sa yo ha vai tat param brahma states: Is not one who realises param brahma infused with awareness of brahman the spiritual substratum pervading all existence. The Mundaka Upanisad III.II.I beginning sa vedaitat paramam dhama states: Param dhama equals param jyotih or supernal transcendental divine light. The Chandogya Upanisad III.XIII.VII beginning atha yad atah paro divo, jyotir dipyate states: Now above all that is perceived the supernal transcendental divine light shines forth. The Chandogya Upanisad VIII:III.IV beginning param jyotir upasampadya svena rupena states: Reaching unto the supernal, transcendental, divine light one resurrects themselves into their own essential spiritual nature. Similarly paramam pavitram the Supreme Holy sanctifier, the Supreme Lord who purifies His devotees of all sins. The sins of purvagha one committed in the past as well as the sins of uttaragha which may be committed in the future. The Chandogya Upanisad IV.XIV.III beginning yatha pushkara palasa apo naslishyanta evam states: As water is not able to wet the lotus leaf, evil is not able to influence one who has realised the Supreme. The Chandogya Upanisad V.XXIV.III beginning tad yatheshika-tulam agnau states: As the tip of a reed cast into a fire is at once burnt to ashes, so indeed are the sins of one who has realised the Supreme Being become consumed. All the mahatmanas or great, liberated sages such as Narada and Vyasa who possess enlightened cognition of truths both eternal and temporary, declare that Lord Krishna is the Eternal, Omniscient, Omnipotent, Omnipresent, Supreme Absolute Truth and Ultimate Attainment. Wherever the Supreme Lord Krishna has been present that world becomes highly blest and accrues eternal benedictions forever. Those who are knowledgeable about the meaning of the Vedic scriptures and who have realised the ultimate spiritual truths declare Lord Krishna to be the Supreme Absolute Truth. Of all purifiers He is the most pure and sanctifying. Of all the virtuous indeed He is the Supreme virtue and of things auspicious He is the origin and generator of all that is auspicious. Wherever the Supreme Lord Krishna is present or any of His incarnations and expansions authorised by Vedic scriptures then there all the universes, all the cosmos, all sacred places and all creation also abide. There should be no doubt whatsoever about this. The Supreme Lord Krishna is the sole origin and sole conclusion of all realities. Arjuna now exclaims that Lord Krishna Himself has also corroborated what the mahatmanas have proclaimed earlier in chapter seven, verse four that all the elements of material existence for all objects and all beings manifest from His seperated eightfold energies which are: earth, water, fire, air, ether, mind, intelligence and false ego. Also in verse eight of this chapter Lord Krishna explains that He is original generating cause of all causes. So this points are implicitly clear.

..slokam 10-13..When their Bhakti reaches peak and they lose themselves to the Lord, automatically they assume the female forms and start singing. When the lover is progressing boldly in her love with the Lord, the pasurams will be sung in the guise of the lover, herself. But when the lover is not able to go ahead with her love and is pining for the Lord, then the Alwars would assume the forms of the mother or the girl freind of the lover..thus parakala nayahi and pandusa nayahi pasuram..purusham sasvatam divyam
adi-devam ajam vibhum

ahus tvam rsayah sarve
devarsir naradas tatha
asito devalo vyasah
svayam caiva bravisi me

You are the eternal, transcendental, original person, the unborn, the greatest. All the great sages such as Narada, Asita, Devala and Vyasa confirm this truth about You, and now You Yourself are declaring it to me.”
We will see sloka 13 first. Rsaya sarve = all the sages, tvam ahu = tell about You [Sri Krishna],  Devarisi Narada = sage of heavens, Narada.. apita = [sage] Apita, devala = [sage] Devala, vyasa = [sage] Vyasa, have all declared.Svayam = [ now, Your] self, bravisi me = for my [Arjuna’s] benefit..Divyam = glory, sasvatam = everlasting or eternal, purusham = the Lord.  Adi devam = predecessor of all gods, He precedes every god. Devam means playful. Adi indicates .. Ajam = without a birth. That is He is not born out of karma like we are; but takes birth at His will. Vibhum = all pervading without exception..

Ramanuja’s Commentary 

 

 

 

 

The Supreme Lord Krishna is He whom all the Vedic scriptures proclaim as param brahma the Supreme Ultimate Truth, param dhama the Supreme Ultimate Shelter and pavitram paramam the Supreme Purifier. The Taittiriya Upanisad III.I.I beginning yato va imani bhutani jayante states: Search for Him alone from whom all existence arises, upon whom all beings exist and into whom they enter and merge. He the Supreme Lord is param brahma and the Tattiriya Upanisad II.I.I beginning brahma vid apnoti param states: The knower of param brahma attains the Supreme State. The Mundaka Upanisad III.II.IX beginning sa yo ha vai tat param brahma states: Is not one who realises param brahma infused with awareness of brahman the spiritual substratum pervading all existence. The Mundaka Upanisad III.II.I beginning sa vedaitat paramam dhama states: Param dhama equals param jyotih or supernal transcendental divine light. The Chandogya Upanisad III.XIII.VII beginning atha yad atah paro divo, jyotir dipyate states: Now above all that is perceived the supernal transcendental divine light shines forth. The Chandogya Upanisad VIII:III.IV beginning param jyotir upasampadya svena rupena states: Reaching unto the supernal, transcendental, divine light one resurrects themselves into their own essential spiritual nature. Similarly paramam pavitram the Supreme Holy sanctifier, the Supreme Lord who purifies His devotees of all sins. The sins of purvagha one committed in the past as well as the sins of uttaragha which may be committed in the future. The Chandogya Upanisad IV.XIV.III beginning yatha pushkara palasa apo naslishyanta evam states: As water is not able to wet the lotus leaf, evil is not able to influence one who has realised the Supreme. The Chandogya Upanisad V.XXIV.III beginning tad yatheshika-tulam agnau states: As the tip of a reed cast into a fire is at once burnt to ashes, so indeed are the sins of one who has realised the Supreme Being become consumed. ..All the mahatmanas or great, liberated sages such as Narada and Vyasa who possess enlightened cognition of truths both eternal and temporary, declare that Lord Krishna is the Eternal, Omniscient, Omnipotent, Omnipresent, Supreme Absolute Truth and Ultimate Attainment. Wherever the Supreme Lord Krishna has been present that world becomes highly blest and accrues eternal benedictions forever. Those who are knowledgeable about the meaning of the Vedic scriptures and who have realised the ultimate spiritual truths declare Lord Krishna to be the Supreme Absolute Truth. Of all purifiers He is the most pure and sanctifying. Of all the virtuous indeed He is the Supreme virtue and of things auspicious He is the origin and generator of all that is auspicious. Wherever the Supreme Lord Krishna is present or any of His incarnations and expansions authorised by Vedic scriptures then there all the universes, all the cosmos, all sacred places and all creation also abide. There should be no doubt whatsoever about this. The Supreme Lord Krishna is the sole origin and sole conclusion of all realities. Arjuna now exclaims that Lord Krishna Himself has also corroborated what the mahatmanas have proclaimed earlier in chapter seven, verse four that all the elements of material existence for all objects and all beings manifest from His seperated eightfold energies which are: earth, water, fire, air, ether, mind, intelligence and false ego. Also in verse eight of this chapter Lord Krishna explains that He is original generating cause of all causes. So this points are implicitly clear.

..slokam 10-14..thalai sanga naann madiyam kovil..chandram avanin edayathil erunthu vanthathaal madhi yenapaduhiraan..chandra saba vimochana perumal..sangam=assembly of people..thalai=mudal..changu viyabarihal; koottamaha koodiya thalaimai naharam..poom puhar..kaveri kadaludan sangamam aana edam athanalum sangam yentra peyar..nall madhi–thinamum  parrkkum chandran..sabam ponathaal..

sarvam etad rtam manye
yan mam vadasi keshava
na hi te bhagavan vyaktim
vidur deva na danavah

“O Krishna, I totally accept as truth all that You have told me. Neither the demigods nor the demons, O Lord, can understand Your personality.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

.rohini mel konnda priyathaal vantha sabam pokka chandra pushkarani in Srirengam, indhu pushkaranni thiruvindhaloor..and chandra pushkaranni here..Na deva = neither Devas or heavenly residents, dhanava = Yakshas and Rakshasas, vidu = know [the Lord]. Keshava = The Lord, mam = to me [Arjuna], et vadasi = what was told [ about the Lord’s auspicious qualities and His wealth and property], sarvam = all those [entirely], rtam = [are] true, manye = [so Arjuna] believe[s]. Keshava. It is Ka +Isha +va. Ka means lord Brahma and Isha means lord Shiva. Lord Shiva says, Brahma and Shiva are commanded by the Lord [va means to command]. Bhagavan = [Arjuna addresses the Lord as ] Bhagavan, which means the Lord has the Six qualities of gyana, bala, aiswarya, veerta, shakti and tejas. Te = about You [Sri Krishna], vyaktim = to describe, na = never,vidu = know..Keshava. It is Ka +Isha +va. Ka means lord Brahma and Isha means lord Shiva. Lord Shiva says, Brahma and Shiva are commanded by the Lord [va means to command]. Bhagavan = [Arjuna addresses the Lord as ] Bhagavan, which means the Lord has the Six qualities of gyana, bala, aiswarya, veerta, shakti and tejas. Te = about You [Sri Krishna], vyaktim = to describe, na = never,vidu = know

Ramanuja’s Commentary 

 

 

 

 

Here Arjuna is asserting that all Lord Krishna is stating is absolutely factual and not any metaphorical description. This means that every word that Lord Krishna speaks is the absolute reality and His extraordinary and infinite glories and illustrious qualities and phenomenal attributes are always manifest and eternal. Thus Lord Krishna is known as Bhagavan the complete possessor of the six opulences: total power, total beauty, total wisdom, total wealth, total fame and total renunciation. Neither the devah or demigods nor the danavah or demons being of limited understanding have the ability to understand Him and perceive His identity in full.

 

 

 

 

 

..slokam 10-15..naan madiya perumal sannithi..semkamala naatchiyaar..uthsavar sri venn sudar perumal..ohm vadivathilum changudan sevai..pranava mandrathai kurithu..thiru kanna puram kadihai thalai changa nann madiyam moontraiyum oru paasurathil alwar aruluhiraar..

svayam evatmanatmanam
vettha tvam purushottama
bhuta-bhavana bhutesa
deva-deva jagat-pate

“Indeed, You alone know Yourself by Your own internal potency, O Supreme Person, origin of all, Lord of all beings, God of gods, Lord of the universe!”..Purushotthama = greatest among everyone, He is greater than us, Muktas and Nithyas. Swayameva =You Yourself [Sri Krishna Himself] by Your [Sri Krishna’s] knowledge, atman atmanam = Self glory, vettha = understand. The Lord’s glory is understood only by Himself with His knowledge.Bhuta bhavana = Source for all living beings; lord Brahma, lord Rudra, Indra and everyone originate from the Lord..Bhutesa = Commander or Ruler of all created. Isa means controller or commander or ruler. Deva deva = Deva for Devas.Jagat pate = Leader of Universe. Here pati means Proprietor or Swami, owning the entire Universe..

 

Ramanuja’s Commentary 

Lord Krishna is being addressed here as Purusottama meaning the Supreme Personality and it is being confirmed that only He can be cognisant of His own Self by His own knowledge and none other. The words bhuta-bhavana means universal father denoting the progenitor of all beings. The word bhutesa means the Lord of all beings indicating the absolute controller. The words jagat-pate refers to Jagannatha the Lord and master of creation. The words deva-deva means God of gods and instructs that even as the demigods excel in innumerable auspicious qualities of form, beauty, aesthetics, etc. over lower and lower creations such as human, animal, birds and reptiles. In the same way the Supreme Lord excels over all of the demigods and any other conceivable god as well.

 

 

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