Geetha Saaram 9-30 to 9-34

..slokam 9-30..mangai madam..veera narasimhar. alwar 1000 sri vaishnavarkallukku  nithyam thayaradanam pannina edam..semkamala valli thayar.perum thottamum  elai amuthu koodam pakkam erukirathu..Ugram veeram mahavishnum j walantham sarvathomukham|
Nrusimham bheeshanam bhadram mrutyum rutyum namam yaham||’
All the Nine Divine names of the Lord Sri Narasimha indicate the Five Narasimha here. Ugram, at Thirukkuraiyalur Sri Ugra Narasimha. Veeram, at Sri Veera Narasimha here in Mangaimadam. Mahavishnum, as Sri Yoga Narsimha in Thirunagari. Jwalantham and Sarvathomukham, as Sri Hiranya Narasimha in Thirunagari. Nrusimham, Bheeshanam and Bhadram, as Sri Lakshmi Narasimha in Thiruvali..cet su-duracaro
bhajate mam ananya-bhak
sadhur eva sa mantavyah
samyag vyavasito hi sah

“Even if one commits the most abominable action, if he is engaged in devotional service he is to be considered saintly because he is properly situated in his determination.”..api = even a bad cultured or evil disciplined person [acharam means daily disciplines or good character]. Cet = if, su = very [ evil charactered person], bhajate = worships, mam = Me [Sri Krishna], ananya bhak = without diverting the mind on anything else. Sa = such a person, sadhur eva = among devotees, mantavya = will be honoured. Samyak = firmly, vyavasita = determined, sa = he is…

..

Ramanuja’s Commentary  

Persons of this world are born into different castes with each caste having its own ordinances of conduct some injunctions being mandatory and other injunctions being prohibitory. Even if a member of a particular caste transgresses the injunctions of that particular caste they deserve to be accounted for as praiseworthy if they have resolved themselves to performing exclusive worship of the Supreme Lord Krishna. Such a person is to be esteemed and honoured as spiritually enlightened and the best of human beings equal to His devotees previously mentioned. It may be questioned how can this be possible that such a transgressor of the injunctions of his caste can achieve this position. It is because their present conduct and resolution are definitively focused in the right conclusion of unwavering bhakti or loving devotion to the Supreme Lord. Such a fixed state of mind consists of the implicit understanding not available to everyone that Lord Krishna solely is cause of all creation, that Lord Krishna alone is the source of infinite universes, that Lord Krishna Himself is the ultimate controller of everything movable and stationary. That Lord Krishna is the Supreme Lord of all and is also my teacher, my friend, my sole object of supreme delight. A person thinking like this is always situated in righteousness. Such a person is always to be honoured and should not be disregarded due to any dereliction of duty or deviation from the dictates of his caste. To the contrary because all his attention and energies are focused in propitiation and worship of the Supreme Lord such a person is to be even more respected and honoured. But if there is still any objections that by transgressing the customary injunctions and ordinances of one’s caste must cause obstacles and impediments for developing atma tattva or realisation of the soul and taking one further away from the Supreme Lord as stated in the Vedic scriptures that such a person shall not attain the Supreme Lord if they have not ceased from unrighteousness, who is not free from passion, whose mind is not under control and whose senses are unbridled even if such persons possess knowledge of the brahman or spiritual substratum pervading all existence.

..slokam 9-31..thiru mani koodam..gajendra varada perumal..chandra pushkarani..kanaka vimanam..sooryan is also divi mani..chandran soorya are mani-jewels-in sky..thiru mani koodam..

ksipram bhavati dharmatma
sasvac-chantim nigacchati
kaunteya pratijanihi
na me bhaktah pranasyati

“He quickly becomes righteous and attains lasting peace. O son of Kunti, declare it boldly that My devotee never perishes.”

Me bhakta = My [Sri Krishna’s] devotee, na pranasyanti = never is destroyed..Ksipram = very soon, dharmatma = bhakta or a great devotee, bhavati = he becomes. Sasva = for a long time or permanently, chanti = bad character, nigacchati = would be eliminated. So, Bhakti would drive out the sins for ever..Kaunteya = Arjuna, janehi = understand. Pratijanihi = take vow…

Ramanuja’s Commentary  By bhakti or loving devotion rendered exclusively to the Supreme Lord Krishna for His satisfaction alone without any thought of reward one becomes ecstatically transformed by such intense love and by this one is firmly fixed in sattva guna the mode of goodness with all traces of raja guna the mode of passion and tama guna the mode of ignorance rooted out. In this way one is ksiprin or speedily, divested of all sinful reactions and becomes dharmatma or a righteous soul, worthy of praise by all. Such is the position of one who becomes an unadulterated devotee of Lord Krishna worshipping Him exclusively. It is this exclusive devotion that was referred to in verse three of this chapter with the word dharmasyasya or pure eternal righteousness. A person performing bhakti goes to the sublime eternal state of the spiritual worlds from whence there is no return. A state where all energy and effort contrary to attaining the Supreme Lord ceases. Here Lord Krishna gives encouragement to Arjuna to boldly declare His statements with certitude that whoever is an unadulterated devotee of Lord Krishna never perishes or is ever vanquished even if such a one was possessed in the past with a demeaning character degraded by inimical actions. The paramount virtue of bhakti or loving devotion is that it completely destroys anything that is opposed to bhakti and having eradicated all karma or reactions to previous actions one achieves the eternal position of moksa or freedom from the material existence and thus such a devotee becomes irrevocably imbued with deep and lasting love and devotion to the Supreme Lord.

..slokam 9-32..bakthi ontral mattum avanai adaiyalaam.. deva rajan sannithi ..

mam hi partha vyapasritya
ye ’pi syuh papa-yonayah
striyo vaishyas tatha shudras
te ’pi yanti param gatim

“O son of Pritha, those who take shelter in Me- though they be born due to papa in the past or as woman, vaishyas [merchants] and shudras [workers]—can attain the supreme destination.”

They also attain Moksham. Te ‘pi = they also, yanti = attain, param gatim = supreme place [Moksham].  Partha = Arjuna, mam hi = if I [Sri Krishna] am, vyapasritya = taken as shelter specially, ye’pi = anyone, papa yonaya syuhu = having born due to past papa, they willl also reach the supreme place.Striya = women, vaishya = vaishya community, tatha = and, shudras = labour community, everyone can attain the Lord..pull mudal yavarkkum raman motsham koduthaal pola..gajendran is a fine example of bakthi margam.

Ramanuja’s commentary..There is no commentary for this verse

..slokam 9-33.vann purushothaman kovil..dedicated to Rama..vyagra padar munivar-tiger footed-was meditating..his son ubamanyu was crying ..thayar brought paar kadal for feeding him..pushkarani is called paar kadal..sanjeevana vimanam..ellarukkum motsham tharum..

kim punar brahmanah punya
bhakta rajarsayas tatha
anityam asukham lokam
imam prapya bhajasva mam

“How much more this is so of the righteous brahmanas, the devotees and the saintly kings. Therefore, having come to this temporary, miserable world, engage in loving service unto Me.”.kausika raja became sage visvamitra and by meditation graduated as  rishi,raja rishi and brahma rishi..Kim puna = why talk of, punya = those born of past punya or good deeds, bhakta = those worshiping the Lord, rajarasyas tatha = and those who are Rajarishi.Mam bhajasva = worship Me [Sri Krishna], prapya = [those] suffering in, imam =this, lokam =world.. anityam = not permanent, asukham = uncomfortable..here sadana bakthi is spoken..

Ramanuja’s Commentary ..By putting full trust and faith in the Supreme Lord Krishna under the guidance of a bonfide spiritual preceptor in authorised disciplic succession from one of the four channels of spiritual empowerment even the lowest born mleechas or meateater who are lower then untouchables, who are lower then sudras the servant class who are lower than vaisyas the business class, who are lower then women all can qualify themselves to attain the supreme destination of the eternal spiritual worlds and eternal association with the Supreme Lord. If such is so then Brahmins and Vaisnavas as well as royal sages and kings who are devoted to serving Lord Krishna with love attaining this blessed state need not ever by questioned. The word asukham meaning miserable is used to remind one that human life is stricken with the irrevocable three fold afflictions of old age, disease and death applicable to everyone. Also everyone is forced to suffer from afflictions self caused, afflictions from interacting in the world and from afflictions manifesting from beyond this world. Thus since all humans are existing in this world and are sentient beings endowed by Lord Krishna with an atma or eternal soul to attain this blessed supreme destination, then without question all human beings should fully worship and propitiate Lord Krishna. 

 

.slokam 9-34..He is Purushothaman and hence praises I,My,Mine six times in this slokam..From Ayodhya vann Purushothaman came here..uthaman among purusha and hence purushothaman..purusha=jeevatma.ongi ulahallantha uthaman yenkirall Andal..The Lord is the Cause of all and so Sri Purushotthama.thayar is Purushothama nayahi..saranam adaiyamaley radshada pennkalai kaathaval..udhankarukkum kadaisiyil visva roobam kattina kannan pola..Alwar in the last pasuram of this Kshetram says that by worshiping the Lord here, he redeemed himself [உய்ந்து போனேன்]. He uses the words அண்ணல், சேவடி and உய்ந்து. First word annal indicates tatva .. second word sevadi demotes hita ..and the last word uyndhu points to purushartham Tatva is the entity, which we have to attain. Hitam shows us the means and purushartha is the final reward we get. Thus by seeking the Divine feet of the Lord, we can redeem ourselves. Gita tells us this concept in 700 slokas, while Alwar tells this in a single pasuram.
..

man-mana bhava mad-bhakto
mad-yaji mam namaskuru
mam evaishyasi yuktvaivam
atmanam mat-parayanah

“Engage your mind always in thinking of Me, become My devotee, offer obeisances to Me and worship Me. Being completely absorbed in Me, surely you will come to Me.”

 Man mana bhava = have the mind in Me [Sri Krishna], mad bhakta = love, or perform Bhakti in, Me [Sri Krishna], mad yaji = perform aradhana or pooja to Me [Sri Krishna], mam namaskuru = prostrate to Me [Sri Krishna], by doing like this, mam evaishyasi = attain Me [Sri Krishna] alone, evam = thus, atmanam = [Arjuna’s] mind, yuktva = is practiced, mat parayana = I [Sri Krishna] am the objective or purushartha or destination. Four types of pooja services we can do: 1) Aupacharikam [ஔபசாரிகம்] – we honour Him with thiruvandhikkappu [திருவந்திக் காப்பு] with camphor lit flame, etc. 2) Samparthikam [ஸாம்பர்திகம்]- presenting flowers, garlands, sandalwood paste, etc. 3) Sandhrhrushtikam [சாந்த்ருஷ்டிகம்] – showing mirror, lamp,etc., and 4) Aapyavaharikam [ஆப்யஹவகாரிகம்] – presenting food and other eatables..

Ramanuja’s Commentary ..The words man mana means be always conscious of Lord Krishna. This means one’s consciousness should always be focused on Him as a continuous stream of thought. The Supreme Lord of all, the sole abode of all excellence, devoid of any fault, the omniscient, omnipotent and omnipresent One of indomitable will. The Supreme Lord Krishna, the sole source, the sole cause and the sole origin of all creation, who is Parabrahman the supreme manifestation of the spiritual substratum pervading all existence and Purusottama the supreme personality, who possesses large, beautiful, lotus shaped eyes and whose transcendental body is of dark blue complexion. Lord Krishna resplendent as 1000 suns simultaneously shining, Lord Krishna the epitome of all beauty and loveliness with effulgent yellow hued raiment, ornate and immaculate diadem, dolphin shaped earrings, celestial garlands and ungents, bracelets, rings and armlets. Lord Krishna isvara parama the ultimate controller of all, who is an ocean of infinite mercy, compassion, beauty, sweetness, perfection, bounty and affection. The refuge of all planes of existence in all the trillions of universes without any contradiction in any of them regardless of uniqueness and differences. Lord Krishna the Supreme Sovereign Lord of all. Furthemore one should be mad bhakto or have their consciousness permeated with unadulterated love for Lord Krishna as their beloved friend. Then one should become maj yaji or Lord Krishna’s devoted worshipper taking great delight in their intimate and individual relationship with the Supreme Lord internally. Yaja denoting yagna indicates all the myriad of wonderful and sublime ways of offering bhakti or loving devotion unto Lord Krishna, the way a dear friend offers everything they possess to please another dear friend. Offering as yaji is of three kinds. 1) aupacharika is external worship such as offering incense and waving ghee lamps, fanning etc. 2) samsparsika is tactual service such as garlanding, applying ungents, smearing sandalwood paste, etc. 3) abhyaaharika is offering of vegetarian food such as milk products, fruits and vegetables. Yaji is thus rendering all kinds of pleasing and delectable services for Lord Krishna’s supreme satisfaction and this whether great or small is accomplished perfectly by bhakti or loving devotion and by no other means. The purport is: Let my mind be so aligned that it takes great delight in always rendering such pleasing services to the Supreme Lord Krishna. Next is advised namaskuru which is the humble prostration of obeisance unto the Supreme Lord. This infers to not let one’s mind merely bask in the satisfaction of rendering service out of infinite love created by communal bliss with the Supreme Lord but to also be prostrated in homage with humility to the Supreme Lord as the internal monitor within as Paramatma the supreme soul who witnesses all thought and activities of every living entity. Mat-parayanah means one who has totally surrendered to the Supreme Lord. Who accepts the Supreme Lord as their only shelter and refuge and who independent of Him could not tolerate existence therefore such a person depends completely on Him. Thus disciplining the consciousness in one pointed focus so that everything one does is directly related to the Supreme Lord one should guide their consciousness in such a way that it can revel and delight in personal communion with the Supreme Lord at every moment. Possessed of such a wonderfully evolved spiritualised consciousness thou shalt most assuredly attain the Supreme Lord without fail. The word atma used here denotes the consciousness beyond the mind. The import of this verse is that if a person prepares and develops their consciousness to meditate on the Supreme Lord, to render loving service to the Supreme Lord, to delight in communion with the Supreme Lord, to prostrate in humble homage to the Supreme Lord, then putting their full trust to Him alone they will undoubtedly attain Him. So practically one should perform all worldly duties required to maintain bodily subsistence and then to please the Supreme Lord one should adhere the ordinances of the Vedic scriptures fulfilling both daily and occasional duties as to varnasrama or one’s status and position in society according to time and circumstances. Performing all these activities for the satisfaction of the Supreme Lord one becomes essentially His dependent although inspired and activated to perform these services by the Supreme Lord within by His feature as Paramatma the supreme soul. Thus one will be ever loving engaged in chanting the names of Lord Krishna, singing His praises, reciting His glories, rendering services, prostrating before Him. Thou shalt realise that every aspect of creation, preservation and dissolution is under His Supreme authority, rule and guidance and is in fact His appendage. Meditating daily in full devotion, reflecting and marvelling over the unlimited multitude of phenomenal qualities and marvellous attributes such a blessed soul attains the ultimate goal of all existence, eternal communion with the Supreme Lord in their eternal spiritual form.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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