Geethaa Saaram 7-16 to 7-21.

slokam 7-16..aamaruvi appan sannithi..kovil,thirumalai perumal kovil pola renganaathar..govindarajar..devaadi rajar sannithikal moontrum vunndu ther azlunthooril..kambar pirantha edam. avarukku yentru kamba raamaayannam arangeriya thiru chitra koodam,aranganum sevai saathikiraarkall..

catur-vidha bhajante mam
janah sukritino ’rjuna
arto jijnasur artharthi
jnani ca bharatarsabha

“O best among the Bharatas, four kinds of pious men begin to render devotional service unto Me—the distressed wanting to regain loss, the desirer of new wealth, the atman inquisitive, and he who is searching for knowledge of the Absolute.”..

..Chatur vidha = four types, jana = of people, sukritho = of good deeds, bhajante = surrender unto or pray, mam = Me [Sri Krishna].dushkruto pattri munbu sonnaan..ethil sukritho=blessed people patri sollukiraan.. naangu vahai ..

  1. Artha = regaining lost wealth.
  2. Artharti = need of new wealth.
  3. Jijnasu = to have atman anubhavam.
  4. Jnani = to associate with the Lord..

7-16..Ramanuja’s Commentary..Only humans who are sukritino meaning righteous and virtuous surrender to the Supreme Lord Krishna becoming exclusively devoted to Him. Such humans are of four classes distinguished by their different grades of virtue. In the order they are given each succeeding class is more superior to the preceding one due to being more elevated and exalted making it more meritorious. The four are:

artto are those impoverished and distressed after losing all wealth and power and desires to have the Supreme Lord recover it for them and re- instate it.

  1.  

    atharthi are those who having never enjoyed power and fortune desire the Supreme Lord to give them the ability to acquire them.

     

    jijnasur are the seekers of self-realisation who are anxious to know the atma or soul in its state separate from matter for the benefit of escaping transmigration the cycle of birth and death and pray to the Supreme Lord for the benediction to discover this.

     

    jnani are the seekers of knowledge concerning the Supreme Lord who realise that the atma is essentially characterised by its being an eternal ingredient of the Supreme Lord residing within all embodied beings. Such a one considers the Supreme Lord as their goal of life and attainment of Him the fulfilment of all ambitions.

     

    ..slokam7-17..thirumangai aalwar sannithi..garudar sannithi ethiril ellai..atharkku pathil aalwaar sannithi..narasimhar mel kaadal konndu naayahi baavathil paadukiraar..entrum aalwaarukku naatchiyaar kolathudan udsavam nadakirathu..thoothu vidukiraar aaru kaal vanndukallai..raman aalinganam petra seethaa thoothan pola vanndukkum kittum yenkiraall parakala naayahi..

    tesam jnani nitya-yukta
    eka-bhaktir visisyate
    priyo hi jnanino ’tyartham
    aham sa ca mama priyah

    “Of these, the one who is in full knowledge and who is always engaged in pure devotional service is the best. For I am very dear to him, and he is dear to Me.”..

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