Geetha saaram 4-26 to 4-30

.4-26.yamunai karaiyil ulla ..maram killai..”kayalodu “paasuram natchiyaar thirumozli..kaiyaal maraithy oru kaiyaal namaskaaram..vettkam..”thozliyum naanum thozluthom”..gjanam  yenkira aadai ..yellaam maraikka gjanam thevai..samsara kadalil einthu pulankal yenkra mudalaikal kadikka thunba padukirom..gjanam yennum aadai koduppavan avan.. seeram baranam edam..aadai abaharitha edam..maraithin killaikalaiyaavathu kodu..marathukku yetram..viraja boomi..munndaasu kattikiraarkal engulla makkal therka paarvaiyudan…..deivam poojai, agni yagam-homam pannuvathu pattri munnam sonaan..pulankalai adakki homam pannuvanai sollukiraan..pulankal einthum pulanadakkam yennum nerupil pottu..ney paal neruppil pottal adangi povathu pola.. thaniyaaha piriyaathu… neruppikalil yentru panmaiyaaha sollukiraan.. aduthu pulankalaahiya neruppu ..saptham roopam, thodu unnarchi ..sapthaathi vizhayangalai homam pannukiraan.. kannda sapthangalai kaathukku vizhayam aakka maattaan..eranndaavathu vahai pattavan..pulan adakkam vida kaanbavai ketbavai  etc adakkuvathu romba kashtam. namathu controlil ellai ethukal..vishayangal pulankalil pattaalum maaruthal adaiyathavan..

4-26.Ramanuja’s Commentary..Those practising celibacy offer all their senses such as hearing and seeing into the fire of their controlled mind and this is their yagna or worship to the Supreme Lord Krishna. The yagna that the grihastas or married householders perform is to symbolically offer the sense objects they enjoy into the fire of the senses that enjoy them in an attempt to appease their appetites for gratifying themselves in enjoyment.

..4-27 slokam..kathyaayani viratham. maarkazli madam..30 naatkalukku nonbu..nanda gopanin pudalvanai padiyaha adaiya..sunai neeraaduthal..yamunai yaatril neeraadi..kathyaayini kovil einnum erukku..thiruppaavai madam..ellor embaavaay.. uruvam entha vigraham..manasu adakkam pattri solukiraan eppo…ethaiyey karma yogamaha eruppaar..tighten belts..davasu..pulankalai adakkuvathu.. 1st stage.. vizhayankal 2nd.. manasu adakkuvathu 3rd..arivu yennum ..pirana vaayu 5..apana vyayana. sapana ..udana samana..ella pulankalin seyalkalum piraankalin seyalkalaiyum adakki manasaiyum adakki  gjanam yennum neruppil.. atma yentru manasau  adakkam sollukiraan..manasu adakkam yennum paathaiyai sollukiraan..manasu adakkam yennum neruppai eppadi moottanum?..gjanam deepihai yennum villakaal..atmavai pattri sinthanai pannuvathu manasai adakkum..veritchu paarkkum pothu manasu layikkaamal paarkkum pothu.. manasai adakki vaippathu moontraavathu nilai

4-27..Ramanuja’s Commentary..Others offer all the functions of the senses and all the functions of the prana or life breath along with the vital energy of the body in the fire of the purified soul ignited by knowledge. By this Lord Krishna means that such persons direct their efforts in disciplining the mind to refrain from its pursuit of sensual activities.

..4-28 slokam…oruthi mahan paasuram..devahi, yasodhai..ettavathu garbam evan.. balaraman 7th gargam..yoga maaya ..garbathilurunthu pirithathaal–..sangarshanam panna pattathu –nantraha ezluthu  mattru ontril puhutha pattathu.. sangarshanan.. balaraman. balam ullavan..yamunai ram ghat.. davji..annan..5km yamunai pokku maari erukku vadakkil erunthu therkku nokki. sellum yamunaiyai ..engey mattum . therkilirunthu vadakkil pohirathu..balaraman rasa kreedai panninaan. kulikka aasai ..yamunaiyai thiruppinaar..ezluppathu evar velai ..sangarshanar aathalaal..muyartchi ullavarkalaay….dadaipadaatha sankalpam ullavarkal… 5types.. dravya yagya– porutkal danam yaagam pannuvarkal..veshti ,annam, thanner, mor ,etc.dravayam..nalla vazliyil vantha porulai daanam pannuvathu..homam neruppil eduvathu..etharkkum payan unndu pattasu vedippathu..aanantham..manthram deva pooja..kalyaanam pattrikai sappaadu.. pasikkum makkaluku saadam podanumaa?..ahangaaram.. ellathavarkalukku koduppathu daanam..dapo yagyam  yentru 7th type..dapasu udalai varuthi kolluthal..malai muhattil, thanneril –kullirntha alahanandaa nadhiyil erunthu davasu pannuvaarkal.. udalai mihavum varuthu kolluthal..8th yogam deertha divya desa yatrai..gangai, yamunai ponntra theertham divya desa yatrai mudaliyana..pala perudan sernthu vittu kodukum  manapaanmai adaivom..9th type..veda adyaayanam panni 10th gjana yagyam vedathin porulai ninainthu adan padi vaalluvaarkal.. eppadi 5 types sollukiraan.

4-28..Ramanuja’s Commentary..There are some perform especially wealthy and opulent yagnas or offerings and worship known as “artha yagnas.” By this method they earn money honesty and donate it for temple worship and for articles of worship. Others feed the poor or bear the expenses of feeding everyone at festivals of the Supreme Lord and His incarnations. Others have Brahmins perform Yagas and Homas or special ceremonies for birth and weddings and death . All these are known as” artha yagnas”. Others betake themselves to “tapasaya yagnas” or expiatory penances and strict austerities such as fasting. Still others resort to “yoga yagnas” or the communion of the individual consciousness with the ultimate consciousness following the prescribed Vedic injunctions. The communion referred to here is the individual communing by pilgrimage to holy places such as Kurukshetra, to holy rivers like the Ganges, to holy tirthas like Jagannatha Puri, to holy birthplaces like Lord Krishnas in Mathura. This is what is meant by “yoga yagnas”. Others exclusively perform “svadhyaya yagna” or the study of the Vedic scriptures. Others practice “jnana yoga” or the cultivation of Vedic knowledge and contemplate and reflect on the purport of the Vedic scriptures to better understand them. The word “yatayah “means diligent and refers to yatis or renunciates who assiduously persevere to accomplish all that they vow to spiritually undertake. The compound word “samsita-vratah “means they who have firm resolve and fixed determination and refers to the yatis.

..4-29 slokam. meenodu  aamai..10 avathaaram sollukiraar thirumangai..mukkya pari poornmana avatharam. raman krishnan evarkal…avesa avatharam balaraman..jeevanai therntheduthu avesithu..seshtithangal. davuji  mandir..yamunai aatrin karai..kalappaiyaal pokkai maattriya edam..boomi paaram kuraiya kamsanai mudika.. karuppu mudi velluppu mudi eranndum. adisshan amsamaay balaraman.. seergarg pakkam..pranaayaman pannuvathu pattri solukiraan..moontru vahai ullay. veliyey viduvathu ullukul vaippathu..prana vaayu mel nokki varavathai thadukkum..apana vaayu keela pohum..apana vayuvaahiya neruppil prana vaayuvai aahutiyaaha kodukiraan..pooraha..apana vaayu keezl nokki pohuvathai thaduthi dravyam neruppu maari varum..apanathil prana vayuvai kodukiraan..eranndukkum ulla seyal paadu..eranndaiyum thaduthu mootchai ezlithu pidithal..aahara nyyamam padaithavar..4 part. eranndu  part 50% annam,25%-ipart  thaneer,25%,i part  vaayu.. yentru vaithu kolluvaarkal..anthatha vayuvil anthaantha vayuvai aahutiyaha koduppaarkal..1mt 16 thadavai  mootchu vidukirom normaly..ethai  12 dadavaiyaha kuraithaal nallathu..deham aarokyam kodukkum. baghavath theyanamaha kollalaam.. udal sudhi, manasi sudhi yenkiraan..

4-29..Ramanuja’s Commentary..Lord Krishna states that other yogis or those practising the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate consciousness; they devote themselves to pranayama or breath control consisting of three parts called “rechaka” or exhalation for 16 beats, “puraka “or inhaling for 32 beats and “kumbhaka” or cessation of breath for 64 beats. For every breath the prana or outgoing breath is offerred as yagna or worship into the apana or incoming breath and the apana is offered into the prana. These yogis require light diets and follow strict regimens of practice.

..4-30 slokam..nerunji mull kaadu thaan brindavanam. meytchal nilamaaha maattinaan kannan..9 lakhs pasu maadukal . rasa kreedai pannina edam.. eravil sadanghai oli, ketkumam eppothum..sevaa puri. kurangu erukku.. .pahalil thaan erukum. eravil thangaathu. rasa kredai pannivathaal..boomi piraati mayil kottchu erppattu sedi maram kodi vanthathu yenkiraar koorath azlvaan..168 mile suttralavu…13 vahai patta karma yogikal sonaar.. evarkal yellaarum nithya karmaa nymithya karmaakal seyvaarkal.13 perum samam yenkiraan..25 th slokathil eruvar deiva pooja, agni homam.. 26 slokathil  kaankal mudalaana  pulankalil adaki, enthrityankalai adakkiyavan..27th slokathil manasai adakkinavanai sonnaar..28th slokathaal  five types of karma yogi –dravyam,dabo yagyam, yoga yagyam, veda adyaana, gjana yagyam veda valli nadappavan..29th ,30 moovar pranaayama -ahara nyamana pattavarkal. mootchai ullukkul, velliyil, adakki..”sarvey” yentru elloraiyum sollli pothuvaaha sadyam vada darmam padi nadakkanum yenkiraan….nithya karma–varnam padi –pannanum, nymithya  karmaa–amaavasai ,masa pirappu. kaaranamaaha pannuvathu.. srartham pannuvathu ethellaam..gaya srartham varusha didi yellaam pannanum— athuthaan karma yogam panna athikaaram kittum..adipadai devai ethu enkiraan..yagjam pannuvathaal papangal yellam tholaiyum..seytha karmaaval mitcha pattathai muharnthu..sappittu..vaazlkiraan.amruthathai vunndavanaaha erukiraan..miha pallamaiyaana brahmathai pola erukiraan..rasa kredai sevithu  entha arra amudham paruhuvom..

..4-30..Ramanuja’s Commentary..Commencing with artha-yagnas or offering of donations for worship and propitiation of the Supreme Lord up to the yagna of pranayama or breath control, different varieties of karma yoga or prescribed Vedic activities are given that are engaged in by persons according to qualification. Clearly comprehending the purport of chapter 3, verse 10 that all beings are blessed and benefited by yagna; these practitioners have dedicated their lives to the performance of yagna and yet they do not neglect the regular daily duties as well as the occasional duties as prescribed in the Vedic injunctions. Thus they have acted for their ultimate welfare and destroyed all of their sinful reactions from past actions. Maintaining their existence by partaking exclusively only of the sanctified food offered in yagna these practitioners of karma yoga eventually realise the atma or soul within their etheric heart and perceive the eternal Brahman or the spiritual substratum pervading all existence which leads to the Supreme Lord.

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