Geetha Saaram 4-21 to 4-25

4-21..Brindaavanam..5  years gokulathil erundhaan..vada maduraiyi erunthu yamunai thaandiyathum gokulam vanthudam.. ..nammal mattravarkku kashtam yentru madurai thaanndi ..30 mile thalli… nanda graamam vanthaar.. adutha 5 years engey  erunthu ..binbu vada madurai sentru kamsanai azlithaan….sanddebanidan paadam padithaan…..nanda  baikad..nanda gopan manthirikaludan aalosanai panniya edam …uthbavar vanam entrum erukku..kannanin sirantha baktar..nalla gjaani….edai pennkalai samaathanam panna ,kannan anuppa  gokulam vanthaar.. evarkalidam kattuukaa niraiya eruku. yentru unnarnthaar… baktiyai nadai paduthi erunthaarkal entha gopikal…engey entrum paravaikal, mayil, kuyilkal,maankal…ramaneeyamaaha erukkum..ninaithy ninaithu enbam adaivaarkal…paapam adaiya maattaan..”niraasai”-aasai attravan..palanil aasai elaathavan..ullaithu ,marrtavarkalukku nallathu panni sampaathyam pannukirom..”etha chitta atmaa”..kanndathai ninaikkaatha manasu..sinthikkum nilai, yennathu abimaanam, ahangaaram.. buthi ,uruthiyoda eruppathu..moontru nilai manasukku..ninaithal, sinthanai-yennathu yenkirathu -pinbu uruthi..manasai adaikiyavan..”prakiraha.”.yennathu yenkira abhimaanam ellaathavan..manasi avan meethu  aasai paduthuvathu thaan nallathu..ellaa vida abhimaanangalaiyum vittu vida  veynndum yenkiraan..sareeram udalai kaappathan poruttu.. adipadai theyvai mattum pannuvaan..suvar erunthaal thaan  chitram pannanum atharkku mattum udaley paarthuppaan..atma vizhayam maaruthal adaiyaathu..sarreram “kevalam karma kuruvanthu”..nanda kunndam erukku..engey thaan kannan, balaraman  neetchal kathu konda edam.

4-21..Ramanuja’s Commentary

..Here Lord Krishna uses the word “nirasir” means bereft of expectancy or devoid of all desires for rewards. The words “yata-cittatma” means to control the mind by the power of the atma or soul, keeping the mind tranquil and equiposed, free from agitation. The words “tyakta-sarva-parigrahah “means abandoning all cravings for sense objects and sense pleasures. As long as one has life one should perform all actions as a matter of duty merely as a function of their body; in this way there are no reactions to actions and no disease is incurred. One will be free of this. The disease is samsara or repetitive bondage of birth and death in the material existence. If karma yoga or prescribed Vedic activities are performed in this way by those seeking moksa or liberation from samsara this in itself is sufficient enough to lead one to atma tattva or realisation of the soul, eliminating the necessity of having to engage in the intermediate step of performing jnana yoga or the cultivation of Vedic knowledge by strictly controlling the senses and the cessation of actions

4-22..avan thiruvadi yetram..charana paadi..thiruvadi suvadun ulla siru kunntru..einnum paarkkalaam..saaligramamum oru vida fossil..thalaiyai thiruvadi kitta vaithu seyvikirarkal..kuzlanthaikku thaayarin mulai paalidam ulla pattru pola avan thiruvadi namakku karunai paal tharum edam….thiruvadiyai engey thodalaam kattikalaam engey..seyyum kaaryam nallathaaha erunthu palanil pattru eillaamal erunthaal samsaaram paapam kittaathu..mattravarkaaka vaazlakoodaathu..namakku varum santheham 1..seyal pannum pothu kashtam thaanganum.. 2..namm aasai kulliyil. thala paduvom…3..namakku  kobam thaabam varum 4. athanaal  suham thukkam varum ….thaanaaha kidaipathai konndu santhosham adaikiraan..adipadi thevai konndu porum yentru eruppathu..comfotrs kuraithu kondu..erattai yai thaanndanum.. kulirtchi, veppam…suham thukkam pattri kavalai padaathavan..mattravarkalidam kobam adaiyaathavan..vettri thollviyai samaaaha paarthu kollubavan..nanngu padil sollukiraan..

 4-22..Ramanuja’s Commentary

..One who is tranquil and content with whatever spontaneously comes to one of its own accord to maintain ones existence is the being who has gone beyond the dualities of material existence. This means that such a being patiently endures pleasure and pain, acceptance and rejection, sadness and happiness and the rest of the opposites which inevitably all mortals must face until one attains the goal of their endeavours which is atma tattva or soul realisation. The word “vimatsarah” means free from malice. One who comprehends that only due to ones previous activities are present activities manifesting, such a one does not hold malice against others and blaming them others for any negative reactions one may experience. The compound words “siddhau-asiddhau samah “which means one who keeps their mind balanced and equipoised in success or failure while performing their duties. The essence of what Lord Krishna is saying is that if a person has this mentality while performing activities they will not be bound to samsara or the cycle of birth and death in material existence even though they are not fully following the path of jnana yoga or the cultivation of Vedic knowledge

..4-23..ambaramey paasuram…mudal kattil nandan, kannan yasodhai,  balaraman..nanda bhavanam..paanai.thayir kadaiya koodiya edam..kadaiyaathey yentru  thaduppaan..ketti thayir erukkum engey..”seeraar thayir kadainthu ” thiru manghai paasuram..”uriyetru..poyya thoongi.poraathavan poll arivuttru..moraar kudam urutti.”..akroovar ..kootti konndu ponaarkal..merkku kariyil madurai,brindavanam, govardanan, nanda graamam….gokulam mattum killaku karai….pattruthalai kuraithukonndu..mukti  adainthu.. samsaarangal yennum kattilirunthu vidu paduvaan..atmavaal nenjai niraithu konndu mattravatril aasai ellaamal erukiraan..ulaha enbam kannil pataalaalum  para einbam ullathaal theenda padaathavan… kodeesvaran 10 rs velai pannaathathu pola…yagjathin poruttu yellam pannuvaan..”layam”.. adaivathu munn nilaiyai adaivathu.. paanai mannaavathu pola..evanathu karmaakkalum appadi azlinthu pohintrana..seyyum seyalkal azliyumaa?..paapamkal azliyum yenkiraan..ethir paarthu eruppathaal sanndai varukirathu..uyarntha palankalin kuri vaithaal ethu yellaam nadakaathu..ulaha einbam pattru vidaveynndum yenkiraan..

4-23..Ramanuja’s Commentary..By ones mind being entirely engrossed in atma tattva or soul realisation the attachment to worldly things has naturally been withdrawn. So automatically conceptions of ownership proprietorship are abandoned and realising the reality of the Supreme Being and the importance of propitiation to Him one lives their life in such a way that every action they perform is a yagna or worship and offering to the Supreme Lord Krishna. All past accumulated reactions resulting from previous actions which bind one so terribly to the material existence are completely evaporated without any residue. The spiritual intelligence of performing all actions in the perspective of the atma or soul rather than from the perspective of being immersed within the sense gardens of material nature has explained. The next verse reveals the even higher perspective of comprehending that spirit behind all activities and their factors of performance is the Supreme Spirit the Supreme Lord.

4-24..unnudaiya arulaal unnudaiya thiruvadikalai marakkaamal erukka pannanum.. “tharu thuyaram thadaayenall un charan allaal..”  kulesekar paasuram ..kammya vanam.. 10 miles from nanda gramam..avan meyl kaamam kolla entha vanathukku varanum..uyantha vizhayangalil kaamam vaikanum..malai..kulam keezley..neer villaiyaatu ..thannai maraithu konndu kuntrin meyl vanthaan..thiruvadi charan.edathu azulthi..kanntru kuttien kuzlambu theiriyum.. avanai naakkal nakki konndu erunthathaam..” mannalantha thaalaalaa.”. paasuram..umakaha azlanthu kaattanumaa..thollai kattu.. thiruvadi kaattu yentraar.. thodu suvadu kaathil theriyumaa pola..karma yogathin ud piruvukalai solla pohiraan…brahmam..ella seyalkalaiyum brahmamaaha seybavan  thaaney brahmam aahiraan..karmamey brahmam..annanm thookkam, padippathu ellam brahmam thaan..eppadi ninaithaal thappu kaariyam panna maattom..ella seyalkalum mangalakaramaaha seyyuvom entha ninaivu vanthaal..atma sashtagaaram perukiraan..jeevaatmaaval aahuti kodukka padukirathu..agni kunndam vaithu karthaa..karanndi neyy ethai vaithu..naangum brahma. arbanam karanndi mudaliyavai..brahma havisu annam mudaliyavai. neyy paal annam ethuvum brahmam.. neruppum brahma ..seyyum ella seyal kalaiyum brahma yentru ninaipavan brahma vaaha aahiraan..

4-24..Ramanuja’s Commentary..Here the word “brahmarpanam” means the paraphernalia used to offer oblations in yagna or offering of worship to propitiate the Supreme Lord. All the accessories used in yagna are also considered to be Brahman or the spiritual substratum pervading all existence, along with the offerings of ghee and grain seeds, the fire they are offered through as well as the performer of the offering. Lord Krishna is explaining that everything used in yagna can be considered as part of the Brahman. One who realises that the Brahman or the spiritual substratum pervading all existence is actually abiding in all actions reaches the Brahman which is becoming cognisant of the spiritual substratum of reality underlying and pervading all existence. This is the consciousness of the actions from an aspirant for moksa or liberation where the atma or soul is understood to be non-different from the Brahman. Consequently actions performed in this consciousness are all known to be spiritual and thus realised is in itself a means for achieving atma tattva or soul realisation thus precluding any further need to practice jnana yoga or cultivation of Vedic knowledge.

4-25..kaamya vanam..kannan sappitta edam..ellai kal erukku..  sappitta paathirangalum  erukku..karuppu sivappu..kannan balaraman. bojana paadi..”madurena “–desert..paayasam thirukanna amudhu. pidikum..kulam.sheera saharam kuzlam eruku…veru sila yogikal deiva poojai  yenum yogathai ukkathodu pannukiraarkal..veru silar agni. vaithu homam pannuvarkal..eppadi eru vahai yogikalai pattri sollukiraan….mudalvar deiva pooja.. brahladan..sonnathu.sarvanam -keerdanam-vaayaal vishnu smaranam -pada sevaham -archanam- vandanam- daasyam -sadyam..onbathu vahai bakti.. unnai eppadi yaaru thoonnduvathu.. yentru appa ketkka avan unnillum eruppavan thaan yentraan..pooja vidhi eppadi.thirupalli ezltchi,..namm nidyam pannuvathu pola..vighraham, padam, saaligraamam..exemption unndu.. eppovaathu pannakoodaathu..kai thatti thirukappu… amkann paasuram. kadatcham pera veundum ..guruvaayoor nirmaalya sevai pola..pal theythu nakku vazlithu…neerada vara solli..alangaaram panni..paasuram solli..kanndu arla pannanum..koodaarai vellum.haarathi..” upaacharam pannamal abacharam panni vitteyn yentru solli  manithulollu.”…dravyangalai konndu agniyil yagam pannubavan erandaam vahai..

4-25..Ramanuja’s Commentary..Lord Krishna begins with the word “daivam “meaning the demi-gods. Karma yogis or those following the path of prescribed Vedic activities being on a lower platform devotedly worship the demigods such as Indra for rainfall and Surya for sunlight and derive the desired results sought. While the jnana yogis those following the path of cultivating knowledge offer all their oblations such as ghee or clarified butter and food grains exclusively into the fire as offerings to the Brahman or spiritual substratum pervading all existence and this is their yagna or worship to the Supreme.

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