Archive for September, 2007

Geetha saaram 4-7to 4-10

September 29, 2007

.4-7…thiru thangal..nintra narayanan..Deiveeha vasudevan..anurudran- ushai thirukalyaanam..thiruvum perumaanum thanngiyathaal entha peyar..thiruthangai vuooraana yenkiraar thirumangai….oonjalevery velli killamai.. thaayar nintra thiru kolam..prarthikkum thirukolam..einthu thaayar ..senkamala thaayar thani sannathi..piravien kaalam sollukiraan..yatha yatha..thatha thatha enkiraan..darmathin vattam yerpadum pothum- adarmangal  thalai thookkum-aprythaanam- pothum…yennai nanaey padaithu kollkireyn enkiraan..azlinthu erunthaal thaan padaikka mudiyum..avathaarathai yerthu kollukiren yentru artham..etchithu ,avaney midivu edukiraan..darmam vedam solluvathai seyvathu..vishnu dothan yema thoothan eruvarum pesi kondu.. pillai peyar naarayanan.koopittathum avan daarmihanaa ellaiyaa yentru vakku vaatham..darmam thalai kaakkum -ulahathin thalaiyai..sanathana darmam..atma gunangalai vallarthu kolvathu..darmam vaattam kooda avan poruthu kolla maataan..eppothum darmam vada villai yentru therihirathu..sattenndu thontriya narasimhan..thoonai thatta angey appozluthey thontiyathu pola..prahalaadan -darmathin amsam -vattam theera piranthaan..mahabali edam moontru loham pettrathu- vamana thiruvikrama avathaaram… nadanthu vallarnthu azlanthu darmam nilai naattinaan..”baradaa “yentru arjunanai koopidukiraan.. vunathu darmathai neeyum nilai naatta veynndum yenkiraan..

..4-7.Ramanujar’s  commentary..

.No fixed time schedule has been mandated for Lord Krishna to manifest Himself in His avatar forms or authorised incarnations but he declares beginning with yada yada which means that: whenever or wherever dharma or righteousness as ordained by the Vedic scriptures under varnasrama or the four stages and position in Vedic culture become degraded and unrighteousness increases and becomes dominant at that time Lord Krishna or any of His authorised incarnations descends and becomes manifest. It should be noted that all the names of His avatars or incarnations are recorded in the Bhagavat Purana and othe Vedic scriptures with additional details so that it can be proven when His divine incarnation has manifested.

..4-8..sivakasi pakkam.kudaivarai kovil..papa vinaasini pushkarani..renganaathan sannathiyum erukku..thangaala malai..thangum aalilai malai..adi seshanum aalilaiyum padukkai..potti eranndukkum..aalilaiyai malaiyaaha erunthu erukkum edam..pavithraanaya saathoonaam..yugam thorum pirakiraan..1.saathukkalai nanntraha kaathum, 2.theeyorkalai mudikkum poruttum ,3.darmathai nanntraha nilai naatavum  pirakireyn yenkiraan..yugam thorum pirakiraan..niyamam ellaamal avan avathaaram.. moontru payankalukkaha pirakiraan..karmaa avanai thattaathu..namathu  pirappathu papam punyam tholaikka..saadhukkal yaaru?..perumaanai ninaithu ,adiyaarkalai kaathu,kadamaikalai pannubavan..manathaiyum vakkaiyum karumathaiyum avanidam samrpithavan saathu..ninaikka arambikkum pothu ullam uruhi..mayirkootchariyum alwarkal pola..mey adiyaarkalai kaathundu eruppavan..karma yogikal  thaan saathu..thushtarkal yaar?..adiyaarkalukku pahaivarkal avarkal thaam..srivaikunndathilirunthu thushtarkalai sankalpathaal mudikkalaam..yaanai seviikka aasai pattathaal  thaan avaney neraaha vanthaan yenkiraar ramanujar..

4-8..Ramanuja’s Commentary

The word” sadhunam” meaning virtuous refers to the sadhus or the saintly devotees, the eminent Vaisnavas who diligently seek refuge in Lord Krishna in every thing they think and do. These persons feel that without seeing and perceiving the Supreme Lord, without chanting His names, without continuously reminiscing over His phenomenal pastimes and without meditating on Him that there lives are devoid and empty and they find it difficult to even carry on their existence. There are even those with whom a single moment of absence from the Lord is like a lifetime. For the protection of these virtuous and holy beings, lest they in their agony of separation from me expire from this world, Lord Krishna bequeaths upon them the privilege of being able to perceive His confidential appearances and pastimes and partake in communion with Him. So in summary the following reasons of Lord Krishnas avatars or incarnations is: 1) for protecting the virtuous 2) for destroying the wicked 3) for re-establishing dharma or eternal righteousness which had become obscured. As dharma to all beings is factually the primary mode of worship for the Supreme Lord Krishna and His authorised avatars in order to attain moksa or salvation from the cycle of birth and death in the material existence; it should be known as the highest good for all beings. The words yuge yuge meaning from millennium to millennium is to indicate that the Supreme Lords incarnations may appear at anytime not being limited to a particular yuga.

..4-9..nintra narayanan..naduvil varna kalavaiyil sevai saathikiraar..paalin neermai semmai neermai paasuram..kiratha yugam velluppu,adutha yugathil  sivappu,pinbu manthalir patchai ,kali yugathil-kadaisiyil karuppu..sridevi ,poo devi ,neelaa devi ,jambavati thaayarum sevai..jambavaan penn jammbavati..sanndaiyil thottru..kannan kadi manam konndaan..ushai- anuruddan..chitraleha thozli kanavil paarthu varainthu kalyanam pannina kathai –kannan,pradyumnan ,aduthu aniruddan..kattiludan thooki konndu vanthaarkal. eruvaraiyum serrnthu sirai vaithaan..sernthu erunthaal siraiyum enithathu.. raavannan ethu theriyaamal kashtapattaan..baanasuran kaikalaiyum vettinaan 998 mattum..avathaaram meyy yenntrum,perumaikal kuraiyaamal pirappathum..menmaikku thakka thirumeniudan pirappathum,athma maayaiyaal etchaiyaal pirappathum,piravikku kaalam darmam vattam yerpadum pothu,piravikku moontru palamgal yentru padil sonnaan..avathara rahasya gjanam.sollukiraan..4-9 slokathil..yennudaiya divya pirappiu…divya seyal paadukal..ethai unnmaiyaaha therinthu kolluvaarkal..dehathai vittu vidukiraan..adutha piravi ellai..yennaiyey vanthu adaikiraarkal..vellutha svaabam ulla arjunnaney yentru ethai sollukiraan..urithiudan arinthu therinthu kollanum yenkiraan..

..4-9..vimaana sevai..saras chandra vimaanam..sooriya chandra pola…kannan pirantha kathai…devaki vasudevan.kalyanam antrey…asareeri ettaavathu garbam azlikkum ..kamsan  siraiyil adaithu vaithaan..kallidam mothi konntraan..6 kullanthaikalai.. yoga maaya sankala sakthiyaal..7 garbathil..sangarshanan balaraman..rohini vayatril ..8 kannan ashtami thithi rohini navami penn angey pirakka.. maari..aahayathil paranthu maraintha kathai sollukiraan.. thanthai kaalil vilangara piranthavan..athai ninaithathum samsara thadaikal vilahum..mey divya janman..maayanai mannu mada madurai mainthan..aanai yennu sennahatha mayan yenna maayaney..thooba- harathi pannum pothu nithya soorikal theriyaamal vanthu vilaiyaadi vittu pinbu thirumbina kathai..kuraivi aaytchi..paal kudippathai ninaithaal namm piranthu paal kudika veyndaam..pirantha vaarum ..mayangalum.. eravil piranthaan..nangu thozludan piranthaan greedathudan  deiva kuzlanthaiyaaha piranthaan..sonnathum maraithu konndaan.. oruthi paasuram..yamunai nadhi valli vida ..ethellaam ninainthu paarkanum.. thannam thaamarai kulesekar paasuram.devaki azluthu yasodhai pettra perai soli paadukiraal.. entha seshdithangal -villaiyaadalkal-ellaam namakku yentru therinthu kolla veynndum yenkiraan..

4-9..Ramanuja’s Commentary

..Whosoever is able to verily realise the divine, spiritual and uniquely phenomenal nature of the Supreme Lord Krishnas incarnations and transcendental pastimes which are exclusively manifested for the benefit of all those who take refuge in Him solely and which are intended for the protection of the righteous who understand the real tattva or truth concerning His appearances. The word divyam in this verse meaning divine confirms that Lord Krishna appearance is not the same as the compulsory births of the conditioned embodied entities as a consequent reaction to their past life activities arising from their timeless interaction with prakriti or material nature. So in conclusion whoever understands that all avatars or incarnations emanate from Lord Krishna who is eternally possessed with all glorious qualities and wonderful attributes, such a person is not subject to rebirth once they leave their present body, but attains the eternal spiritual abode with the Supreme Lord. Put more succinctly such a person possessing accurate discriminative knowledge from disciplic succession regarding Lord Krishnas incarnations and divine pastimes becomes free from all sins which stand in the way of coming to Him. Such a person in there present birth will attain Him by placing implicit reliance and full faith in Him in the manner described in previous verses and by making Him the be all and end all of their lives makes themselves extremely dear to the Lord which qualifies their existence for attaining Him. Next will be described the superb godly qualities of the these saintly persons.

..4-10..brindavanam.vada madurai..gokulam ..govardanam..kannan thiruvadikal patta edam..yamunai kari..gangai pola ..yatchai deera yamuna.. sooriyan penn yama rajanin thangai..yamunai.. brahmaanda ghaat.. mannai unnda kathai nadantha edam..vaiyam 7 kanndaal..pootham pey pidithu  vittathu yentru ninaithu … kozlu mor koduthaal.. thaayathu kattinaal..arivin oliyaal suddhi adainthu..gjanam therinthavarkal..avathaara gjanam theinthu sindhithu athaan davam namaku yentru thiyaanam panninaal…bakti arambikkum pothu varum azlukkai vilakkum..nadathi katti erukiraarkal munnorkal palar..raga ,paya ,krodham ..aasai payam gobam ellam ..tholaiyum..yena thangal nenjathil kolbavarkal kuselar, yasodhai pola..mann mayaha -manasu muzluvathum yennai ninanthu kolbavarkal. prahaladan pambai paarthathum adiseshanaha parthathu pola..theeyathu ethuvum  kannil padaathu..nirainthu yen nenjil ullan yentru alwar sonnathu pola.. ethai paarthaalum avanaiyey ninaippathu..evarkal thaan gjana davasikal …yennai ottha nilai adikiraarkal.. 8 kalyana gunangalum adaivaarkal..”pirajai vaasikal”.. gokulathil eppothu ullavarkalin   munnorkal ..sedikalin marangalin munnorkalum..evearkaludan sampantham thevai yentru koorathalwan sonnathu pola..

4-10..Ramanuja’s Commentary.

..What Lord Krishna is confirming is that legions of human beings over the ages have attained true realisation of His avatar forms or incarnations and His lilas or divine pastimes through jnana yoga or the cultivation of Vedic knowledge and purifying themselves attained moksa or liberation and entered the abode of the Supreme Lord. The spiritually advanced in Vedic wisdom know something of the truth about the Supreme Lord appearances and pastimes. But it is only the Vaisnava devotees of the Supreme Lord, who desire Him alone and who serve Him with love and devotion, only they can truly comprehend the sublime transcendental mystery of His divine appearances, pastimes, forms, abode and nature.

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Divya Naamas-Madurakavi Alwar

September 28, 2007

deva piraan..

embiraan..

..perumaayan..

Divya Namas-Thirupaan Alwar

September 28, 2007

aadhi piraan..amalan..amararkku ariya aadhi piraan..anndar kon..anni arangan..aranga nagar meya appan..

en amudhu..eyainaar..

kaakuthan..konndal vannan..kovalan..

paalahan..

ngaalam yezlum unndaan..

 vennai unnda vaayan..

maayanaar..

needhi vaanavan..neell madil arangathamaan..neenn mudiyan..nimalan..ninmalan..

odha vannan..

venkadavan..vimalan..vinnavar kon..

Divya Namas-Thonndar adi podi alwar.

September 28, 2007

aadhi moorthy..aaviyey..amudhey..aaruier anaiya enthaay..arangath ammaa..amararerey..anndar kon..arangamaanagar ullaan..atchudaa..aayar tham kozlunthu..arakkar konai settra nam sevahanaar..ayidhi emm arasey..

easan..embiraan..emberumaan..emmaan..emgal maal..ennai aalludaiya kovey….eraivan..eyaiyan..

garuda vaahanan..

kaar olli vannan..kadal nira kadavull..kadal vannaa..kallvanaar..kannan..kattrinam meytha enthai..

maayanaar..

naamangal udaiya nambi..nambi..

parama moorthy..pithan..puna thullaay maalaiyaan..

thaamarai kannan..thann thullaay maalai maarban..thiru maru maarban..

vaanavar yeru..

yaanaikku antru arulai eentha kannaraa..

Anjeneyar mahimai

September 28, 2007

Pancha mugham..eraavanan had requested mayil (mahi)eraavannan -the ruler of paathalam-to abduct rama and sita with black magic..when hanumaan tried to stop the wicked took the form of veebishanan and tricked him..then real veebishanan came and informed about what happened hanumaan took the form of pancha mugha roopam..Anjeneyar  muham east facing..narasimha muham south facing..garudan muham  west facing..lakshmi varaahan  muham north facing..sri hayagreevar muham upward (urdhava)facing..Sundal kadalai for hanumaan..paanaham for narasimhan..honey for garudan..sugar rice and vadai for varaahan.kollu for hayagreevar..sage parasarar, father of veda vyaasar has composed parasara samhiti ..this is the encyclopediya of hanuman’s vaibhavam..namakkal kathai.. anjeneyar gave the salagraamam to the pious lady–actually  she  is thaayar doing a penance for witnessing narasimha avathaar.. this saligraamam  he got from gantaki river after placing sanjeeva malai back to perform sandhya vandhanam..it grew into the big namakkal malai..anjeneyar got the boon to stay here after rama’s return to parama padam..here sriya thiruvadi’s eye level is at the same level as perumaal’s thiruvadi..namagiri thaayar has given her blessings to our mathamatics genius raamanujan..at namakkal we can contact Sri venketesa iyengar alias raja battar..18/26 sannathi st..kottai..namakkal-001..tel 0-94429 57143..sri elangovan official photographer of kumudam jothidam is also there for contact..

Vaishnava Vizhayangal

September 28, 2007

DivyaDesams.Nintra Thirukolam60,Veetrintha21,Kidantha Thirukolam27                   East.paarthu79..west19..north3..south7.                                                                                 Puraanasthalam20…AbhimaanSthalam..29.                                                                            Thondai-22..Chozla-40..Nadu-2..Paandiya-18..Malai-13. Vada-11.. Vinnulaham..2              14 lohams..bhoor(ours),bhuvar, suvar,mahar,jana,tapa,satya(brahma)….atala,vitala,nitala.gabhastimat,mahatala,sutala,patala..                                     Tatvams-26..vishnu,jiva,moola prakruti, maha, ahangaaram,mind,karma enithirams(  legs,hand,speech,anus,genitals)..gjana enthirams(eys,tongue,ears,nose,skin)pancha than maathiram(hear,smell,vision,taste,feel)  ,pancha bootham(agayam,vaayu,agni,apu,prithvi),                                                                                             ADISESHAavathaarams..Lakshmanan,Balaraman,Raamanujar,Ananthaalvan,

Mamavaala maa muni ..Ashta thik gajangal..Ponnadikal Jeeyar(first Vaanamaamalai Jeeyar), Paravastu Pattangi Pattar Piraan Jeeyar,Thiruvengada Jeeyar,Erumbi appa, Kovil Kanthaadai Annan,Praduvaathi Payangaram swami,Appullar, Appullai.                Artha panchaga..Sva svaroopam-jeevathma svaoopam,Para svaroopam-Paramatma svaroopam,pala-goal, uaaya-means,virithi-hurdles..                                                        Dvadasa thirunaamam…                                                                                                         Emberumaan/Piratti..Kesavan/Sri..Naarayanan/Amrudhodbhava.

.Madhavan/KamalaGovindan/Chandrasodhari..Vishnu/VishnuPatni..

 Madhusoodanan/VaishnaviTrivikrama/Vararoha..Vamanan/

Harivallabha..Sridaran/Sarghini..admanaaban/Mahalakshmi ..

Daamodaran/LokaSundari.. 

His Panchaayudhams..Sangu-Panchachanyam,Chakaram-Sudarsanam,Vil-Saarangam,Vaal-Naandhagam,Gatai-Dhandaki  ..

Emberumaan as elephants..  south-thirumaalirum solai Azlahar..north ThirumalaiThiruvengadamudaiyaan..  west-thiruvarangam-periya perumaal..east thirukanna puram-sowri raja perumaal..

Guru parambara..Sridharan,Shri,Vishvaksena,Sadagopar,nathamuni,

Pundareekasa(uyyak konndaar),Rama Misra(mannakkaal nambi),

Yaamunacharya(Aalavandaar),Maha Poorna(Periya Nambi),Raamanujar,

Embaar+Koorath Alvaan, Parasara Battar,Nanjeeyar,Nampillai,

Vadakku Thiruveedi Pillai+periyavaachaan Pillai,Pillai Lohaa Charya+Koora Kulothuma Daasar,Thiruvaay Mozli Pillai,Manavaala maa muni, Sridhara.

Pushba manndabam-thirumalai..Thayaga-Kanji..bhoga-Thiruvarangam

Muni thrayam–paraangusa, yati raja, manavaala maa muni.    

Kaarana trayam..Nimitha,Upadhaana,Saha Kaarika

Pancha Krishna sthalam–Thiru Kannangudi, Thiru kaa puram,Thiru kovillur,  Thiru kanna mangai, Kabistalam.  

Pancha samskaram..tapa(sanghu,chakra),pundara(12 thiruman),nama, mantra, thiruvaradana kramam..

Para, Vyuha, Vibhava,Archa and Antaryami.

Ramanujar’s acharyas..Alavandaar,Periya nanbi, Periya Thirumalai Nambi,Thirukoshtiyur nambi, Thirumalai aandaan,Alwar thiruvaranga perumaal araiyar, thiru katchi nambi.His thirumeyni–bavishyadacharya in Alwar thirunagari..thamar ugandadu-melkotai..thaan ugandadu-sri perumbadoor,thaanaanaSrirengam.   

Saptharishis.. Gautama,Bharadvaaja,Visvamitra, Jagadakni,Vasishta, Kasyapa, Atri.

Saranagati angangal.anukultasyasankalpam(favorable activities),pratikulyasya varjanam(avoiding unfourable activities),riksisyati visvasam(Trust Him as only protection),goptratre varanam(accept Him as the only maintainer),karpenyam9humility),atma nikshebanam(submitting oneself to him)  

Saranaagati inRamaayanam..     DevastoHiminPaarkadal..   Dasaratha’s to Parasuraman..Lakshmana’s to raman..bharata’s to perumal..Rama’s to samudra rajan..Veebishana’s to Rama.  Nammalwar’s saranaagati..5-7,5-8.5-9,5-10 and 6-10…Akinchanyam(acceptance of not having any thing to give) and ananya gatitvam(acceptance of no other refuge) for one who surrenders  parathvam(supremecy)and sowlapyam(simplicity) for one who gives shelter..

Yugas..sat 4times 432000 years..treta 3times 432000..dwapara 2times 432000 and kali 432000years…kalpa .is one day of Brahma  consisting of 1000 sets of four yugas..we are in svata varaha kalpa..each kalpa is divided into 14 manmantras..we are in vaivasvata manmantra..28th satur yuga now..Brahma livesfor100yearseachwith360days..      

Selvar..deity representing Utsavar..Periya Udayaar-Jadayu..  aazvaan–koorath aazvan..Anndaan-mudaliaandaan..lihacharyar another name for Nampillai..battar-parasara battar,naayanaar-azlahiya  manavaaa periya jeetar, yateendra pranavar-Manavaala maa muni..yateendrar-raamanujar,perumaal naayanaar, younger brother of Pillai ulahaacharyar..    varada dwaya prasadam..pillai lohacharyar..Sri ramanujan-lotus feet of Kanji Varadar and nambur varadacharyar..  Madurakavi Azlvaar.Lotus feet of Nammalwar in all other places..mudaliandaan..sadari of raamaanujar,Anantalvaan..sadari of Raamanujar in Thirupathi,Ponnadiyaam semkamalam-Lotus feet of Manavaala maa muni,paramacharyar-samprayathil aalavandaar,Viraja-river separating nithya and leelaa viboothi..Paaratanthiriam-being a servant and acting according to the wishes of the master..anya seshadvam–being a servant to any one other than Him and baagavathaas..Devathaanthram.demi-gods like brahma,siva,indra etc..   ponnadi saatutal-inviting Srivaishnava to home.(kudisai)

Madurakavi-Kumudhar-Chitirai-chitirai–Thirukkoloor..Dwarapa and Kali yuga sandhi-Kannin.(11).siru thaambu..iyarpaa-937-947-Nammalwar anubhavam..Uthadhamakku ennu nenje ohr…  

Nammavaar-Thirukurungudi Nambi and Sena Mudaliyaar-Vaikaasi,visaagam-Thirukurugur-42 days after Kali arrival-Thiruvruttam(100)-iyarpaa-2478-2577..thiruvasariyam(7)-iyarpaa-2578-2584..Periya Thiruvanthaathi(87)-iyarpaa-2585-2671..Thiruvaay Mozli(1102)2899-4000..Krishna Anubhavam and Upadesam to others-Naadan avatharitha naal

Perialwar..Aani,swathi..Srivilliputtur..27 years after Kali’s arrival..Thirupallaanndu(12)..mudalaayiram  1-12..Perialwar Thirimozli (449).mudalaayiram..13-473..Garudar..Thirumaalerm solai..Krishna Anubhavam..Nal Aaniyil sodhi naal..

Aandaal..Adi pooram..Srivilliputtur..Thiruppaavai(30)..mudalaayiram..474-503..Natchiyaar Thirumozli (143)..mudalaayiram504-646..Natchyaar..Krishna Anubhavam and Thiruppaavai..yemakkaha vantro ingu aandaal avatharithaal..

Poigai alwar..Aippasi Thiruvonam..Thiruvekka..dwapara and kali yuga sandhi..Mudhal Thiruvanthaathi(100)..Eiyarpaa..2082-2181..Panchachanyam..Para vyuha anubhavam..thesudane thonu sirappaal..

Boothath alwar..Aippasi Avittam..Thirukkadal mallai..dwapara kali yuga santhi..Eranndaam Thiruvanthaathi(100)..Eiyarpaa 2182-2291..Gowmedagham..thesudane thonu sirappaal..

Peyalwar..Aippasi Sadayam..Mylapore..dwapara-kali yuga santhi..Moontraam Thiruvanthaathi(100).Eiarpaa2292-2391..Nandhagam..Para Vyuha Anubhavam..thesudane thonu sirappaal..

Thirumangai Alwar..Karthihai.Karthihai..Kurayalur..398 years after kali’s arrival..Periya Thirumozli (1084)..948-2031..Thirukurumthaandaham(20)..2032-2051..Thirunedumthaandaham(30)..2052-2081..Thiruvezlukootrirukkai(1)Eiarpaa 2672..Siriya Thirumadal(77.5).Eiarpaa 2673-2710..Periya Thirumadal(148.5).eiarpaa2711-2790..Saarngam..thirukurungudi..Archa saamanya anubhavam..Kainkaryam to SriVaishnava and temples..Vaitha pughazl Mangaiyarkon avatharitha..

Thirupaan Alwar..Kaarthighai rohini..Uraiyur..343 years after kali yuga arrival..amalanaadi Piraan.(10).Mudal aayiram..927-936..Srivatsam..Archa Visesha (Sri Renganaatha0 anubhavam..Nangudane konndaadum naal..

Thonndar Adi Podi Alwar..Markazli-Kettai..Thirumannangudi..284 years after kali’s arrival..Thirumaalai945).Mudalaayiram.872-916..Thirupalli elutchi(10).Mudalaayiram 917-926..Vaijayanthi..Archa visesha (Sri Renganatha)anubhavam..Naan Maraiyor konndaadum naal..

Thirumazlisai Alwar..Thai..Magam..thirumazlisai..dvapara kali yuga santhi..thiruchanda Viruttam(120)..Mudalaayiram 752-871..Nannmuhan Thiruvanthaathi(96)..Eiyarpaa 2382-2477..Sudharsanam..Kumbhakonam..Andharyaami anubhavam..Nal thavarkal konndaadum naal..

Kulesakara Alwar..Maasi-Punarpoosam..Thiruvanji Kalam..98 years after kali’s arrival..Perumaal Thirumozli.(1050..Mudalaayiram 647-751..Kowsthubamani…Mannarkovil near Ambaasamudram..chakravarthi Thirumahan and Sri Vaishvana Rakshanai..Nallavarkal konndaadum naal..

Thiruvaaymozli Vyaaghyaanam..Thirukurughai Piraan Pillaan-6000padi….Nanjeeyar-9000padi..Azlahiya Manavaala Perumaal Naayanaar-12000padi..Periya Vaatchaan Pillai -24000padi..Vadakku thiruveedi Pillai-36000padi..

Emberumanaar..Chitirai..Thiruvaathirai..Sriperambudoor..1017-1137..120 years..Thiruvarangathil thiruvarasu..

Uyyakkonndaar..Chitirai..Kaarthighai..Thiruvellarai..886-975 (89 years)..

MudaliAandaan..Chitirai..Punarpusam..Pettai..1027-1132 (105 years)..

Thirukoshtiyur Nambi..Vaikasi..Rohini..Thirukoshtiyur..987.1077 (90).

Parasara Battar..Vaikaasi..Anusham..Thiruvarangam..1122-1174 (52 years)..

Vadakku thiruveedi Pillai..Aani..Swathi..Thiruvarangam..1167-1274 (97 years).

Naadamunikal..aani..anushanam..Kattumannar kovil..823-913(90)..

Aalavandaar..Aadi..utharaadam..kattumannarkovil..976-1042(66)years..Thiruvarangam

Periyavaachaan pillai..Avani-Rohini-senganur-1167-1262(95)

Thiru kurughai Piraan Pillaan..Avani..Miruhaseersam..Thirukurugoor..

Manavaala maa muni..Eipasi..Moolam..Alwarthirunagari..1370-1442(73 years).thiruvarangam thiruvarasu..

Pillai Lohacharyar..Aipasi..Thiruvonum..Thiruvarangam..1205-1311(106 years)..Jothishkudithiruvarasu

Sena Mudaliyaar..Eipasi..Pooraadam..

Nampillai..Karthighai..Karthughai..Thiruvarangam..1147-1252(105years)..

Vedaanta Desaikan..Puratasi Thiruvonum..1269-1369(100 years)

Azlahiya  manavaala Perumaal Naayanaar..Markazli..avittam..Thiruvarangam..1207-1209 (102 years).

Periya Nambi.Markazli ..kettai..Thiruvarangam..997-1087(90years)

Embaar..Thai..Punarpoosam..Madura Mangalam..1021-1140 (119).

.KoorathAalvaan..Thai..Hastham..Kooram..1009-1127 (118 years)..

Thirukatchi nambi..Maasi-murugaseersam..poovirunthavalli.1009-1100 (91 years).

Manakkaal nambi..maasi..maham..Manakkaal..929-1006(77 years).

Nanjeeyar..Panguni ..Utharam..Melakottai..1113-1208 (95 years)..

Thiruvarangathu Amudhanaar..Panguni..Hastham..

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

Vaishnava concepts-by TRS.Iyengaar..

September 28, 2007

ref..http://www.trsiyengar.com/index.shtml

Sarve Janaas sukhino bhavanthu. Lokaas samasthaas sukhino bhavanthu. 

Sarve badraani pasyanthu.  Samastha sanmangalaani santhu.  

OMM Saanthi, Saanthi, Saanthi

 

The rough translation runs thus : Let all the people be happy.  Let the entire world be happy. Let every Dharma grow and glow. Let there be every good thing happen to all.  Let peace peace prevail everywhere. These are the key words of the Veda. In short, let all the people, irrespective of caste, creed, Religion & faith in harmony and happily.

….Recall Aandal’s “vaiathu vaallveerkaal..”paasuram..a small girl from Sri villiputtur is calling all persons from this universe to join her in this nonbu..

….Manjal Mahimai..

..According to Ayurveda, (a science dedicated to herbals & naturals) Haldi the Turmeric plays vital role in day to day life. It is the only ingredient used for all type of cooking agent . It is a natural skin conditioner, heals cuts, burns and wounds etc. Turmeric is used as a main and basic formula for all health & Skin care products .It is also used as main and basic substance for skins Ointments.

…..Each and every one of us emit brain wave and The wavelength differs from person to person. And to regularize the wave length Hindu women used to apply kungumam ( kum kum) made out of pure turmeric. Also It is very difficult to hypnotize or mesmerize a person who applies Turmeric spot regularly in one’s fore head. In addition to this, the benefit of regularizing ones ,own brain wave length is activated for those apply it regularly.

Divya Deasam details..….Thondainaadu – 22 Divyadesams  ..  Chozhanaadu – 40 Divyadesams ..    Nadunaadu – 2 Divyadesams  ..   Pandiyanaadu – 18 Divyadesams ..  Malayaalanaadu – 13 Divyadesams ..Vadanaadu – 11 Divyadesams and are all Situated in Northern part of India..Thirupaarkadal and Parama Padam-2..

..There are eight SwayamVyaktha (self revealing) kshetrams in India. It virtually means, that no man created or sculptured those Statues of the Lord in these places, but all of His own appearance and creation. These are holy places where the Lord revealed himself to give darshan (Audience) to the People. These are:

Badrikashramam, Salagramam, Naimisaranyam, Pushkaram, Thirumalai (Tirupathi), Srirangam, Srimushnam & Thothadri (Vanamamalai)

Emperumaan, Lord Sriman Narayanan is found in various Thirukkolam. The Thirukkolam (Appearance of His revered Idols) in 108 Divyakshetrams are listed  below:

Kidantha Thirukkolam (Sleeping Posture) – 27 Divyadesams

Veetrirundha Thirukkolam (Sitting Position) – 21 Divyadesams

Nindra Thirukkolam (Standing Position) – 60 Divyadesams

 

… The Lord appears facing Towards East direction at 79 temples, facing towards West direction – 19, facing towards North direction – 3  and facing towards south direction in 7 temples.

..temples are located in places where the earth’s magnetic wave paths densely paases thro..like hill tops etc..a copper plate with vedic manthras written on it is placed under the moorthy in garga graha..this absorbs the magnetic waves and radiates to the surroundings..so if one visits temples and does pradakshinams he gets refreshed..also  the theertham with cardoman, saffron,clove and thulasi leaves and pachai karpooram increases the medicinal value of the water..

..Also piercing their ear and wearing some ornamental ear stead found another mode of controlling the kidney bladder.  This was combined with religion and health and to beautify the appearance too!  In the earlier days, erring students were never beaten or slapped, but teachers used to pull the ears of the boys. It is said pulling ones ear frequently increases the memory power and also controls the renal functions..

…by covering  the hand with the Dharbham.(holy grass)   it was found that the grass absorbed about 60% of the(x-ray) radiation!When the so powerful X-ray radiation can be absorbed by the Holy Grass, why can it not absorb the ill-radiations spread over the atmosphere..that is the reason  we use darbham for grahanam days also to protect our food and also pregnant ladies..

..At least 20 learned Vedic scholars would stand near the “kumba jalam” ( holy water kept in thecopper or brass vessel) and holding a “Dharbam”,one end in their hand and other end in the water, would recite all the slokas  and do the “Japam”  – I think this is because “Dharbam” is a very good conductor of acoustic vibrations – When this happens you can surely find the difference in the water’s state before and after such a japam

..Guru Slokam..

Brahmanandam parama sukhadam kevalam jnanamurtim dvandvaateetam gagana sadrusam  tatvamasyadi lakshyam ekam nityam vimala machalam sarvadheesaakshibuutam bhaavaateetam triguna rahitam  sadgurum tam namaami.   Word by word meaning: 01.   Brahmanandam =  (He who is the source of) the eternal bliss (Brahma is derived from )02.   Parama sukhadam=  (the source of) supreme happiness03.   kevalam jnana murtim = total personification of wisdom (Advaita darshanam jnanam means experience of   non-duality is true wisdom.04.   dvandvaateetam  =(who is ) beyond the dualities of this material world such as happiness & sorrow,  good &  bad  merit & demerit etc.,)05.   gagana sadrusham = (who is) as infinite as sky (formless) 06.   tatvamasyadi lakshyam. = Whose attention is always on the divine (who is the sole aspiration and  goal of life)07.   ekam = Guru is one (who is unique)08.     nityam = eternal 09.      vimalam = pure10.  achalam = stead11.  sarva dhee  saakshi bhuutam = witness (saakshi) in consciousness (dhee) in all  beings  (sarva bhuutam)  (Who sees with the eyes of wisdom)12.  bhaavaateetam = who is beyond emotions& thoughts13.    triguna rahitam  =beyond the three gunas  (binding aspects of our nature) satva, rajas and tamo guna. 14. sadgurum tam namaami  = I salute (namaami) to that(tam)  Sadguru (Great Master)

“I salute to that Sadguru who is the source of eternal bliss, supreme happiness, who has true wisdom who  is beyond the dualities, who is  infinitwhose attention is always on the divine, who is unique,eternal,  pure, steady, and who sees with the eyes of wisdomwho is beyond thoughts and beyond  three gunas “.

..The beginning of the kali yuga, according to the astronomical information from Mahabharata and other Vedic scriptures, started at 2:27a.m. on February 18th in the year 3102 B.C. exactly when Lord Krishna had left this planet after 125 years and 4 months of His earthly pastimes. It is also described that the arrival of Kali yuga was witnessed by the great heroes of Mahabharat like Yudhistira.

…The meaning of “Ithi- ha- asam” is “It happened thus”.

..reincarnation or re births..

“As the embodied soul continuously passes, in this body, from boyhood to youth to old age, the soul similarly passes into another body at death. A sober person is not bewildered by such a change”.“As a person puts on new garments, giving up old ones, the soul similarly accepts new material bodies, giving up the old and useless ones”. (Bhagavad-Gita 2.13, 22

…..Now, what is the cause of getting new body in the next life? The main cause for this is one’s activities that can be either pious or impious. Every action, either physical, emotional or mental, every movement occurring either on the plane of gross matter -sthulam- or on the astral planes -sukshma- produces a seed of karma.  

v ..Being a seed, karma fructifies or does not fructify immediately after it is sown. The innumerable seeds we produce by our actions -desire, aversion, lust, greed, hatred, good or bad words, etc. will undoubtedly produce, sooner or later, a positive or negative result according to the nature of the seed, if not in this life, then in some future one. As a man sows, so shall he reap.  

 

…Vishnu sahasranama stotrams and  birth-natchatrams ….Sri Sri Sri Tridandi Srimannarayana Ramanuja Chinna Jeeyar Swamiji during His discourse on the eve of Sri Bhishma Ekaadasi Viratpaarayanam in Hyderabad where lakhs of people gathered on 13th February 2003, had  declared that the 108 slokhas (sloka) of Sri Vishnusahasranaama Stothram removes all the ills associated with any grahadoshams to any chanter of any Nakshatram(Stars viz.constellations) and provides supreme solace and supreme bliss. There are 27 Nakshatram starting from Aswini and ending with Revati. Each Nakshatram has four Paadam. Thus 108 slokhas correspond to 27 X 4 nakshatra padams. Thus a person born in Aswini 1st Paadam can chant first slokha, Bharani 1st padams can chant 5th slokha and so on for respective Nakshatra Saanthi. A person not sure of one’s Nakshatra can chant all the 108 slokhas and get rid of all ills associated with one’s Nakshatram and attain sampoorna saanthi.
….Ashwani (Aswini / Asvini )1 to 4
Bharani (Barani) 5 to 8
Kruttika (Krithikai / Karthikai)9 to 12
Rohini 13 to 16
Mrugasira (Mirugaseersham)17 to 20
Ardra (Thirivathirai) 21 to 24
Punarvasu (Punarpusam) 25 to 28
Pushyam (Pusam / Poosam) 29 to 32
Aslesha (Ayilyam) 33 to 36
Makam 37 to 40
Poorvapalguni (Puram) 41 to 44
Uttaraphalguna (Uthiram) 45 to 48
Hasta (Hastham) 49 to 52
Chitra (Chithirai) 53 to 56
Swati (Swathi) 57 to 60
Visaakhaa (Visakam) 61 to 64
Anuradha (Anusham) 65 to 68
Jyeshtha (Kettai) 69 to 72
Moolaa (Mulam) 73 to 76
Poorvaashaadaa (Puradam) 77 to 80
Uthraashaadaa (Thiradam)  81 to 84
Sravanam (Thiruvonam) 85 to 88
Dhanishtha (Avittam) 89 to 92
Sathabishang (Sathayam) 93 to 96
Poorvaashaadaa (Poorattathi) 97 to 100
Uttarabhadra (Uthirattathi) 101 to 104
Revati (Revathi) 105 to 108..

..Gaayatri Mantra..
Gayatri mantra has been bestowed the greatest importance in Vedic dharma. This mantra has also been termed as Savitri and Veda-Mata, the mother of the Vedas. The literal meaning of the mantra is:God! You are Omnipresent, Omnipotent and Almighty.

You are all Light. You are all Knowledge and Bliss.You are Destroyer of fear; You are Creator of this Universe,You are the Greatest of all. We bow and meditate upon your light.
You guide our intellect in the right direction.
The mantra, however, has a great scientific import too, which somehow got lost in the literary tradition.
The modern astrophysics and astronomy tell us that our Galaxy called Milky Way or Akash-Ganga contains approximately 100,000 million of stars. Each star is like our sun having its own planet system. We know  that the moon moves round the earth and the earth moves round the sun along with the moon. Allplanets round the sun.Each of the above bodies revolves round at its own axis as well. Our sun along with its family takes one round of the galactic center in 22.5 crore years.All galaxies including ours are moving away at a terrific velocity of 20,000 miles per second.And now the alternative scientific meaning of the mantra step-by-step:(A) Om bhur bhuvah swah:Bhur the earth, bhuvah the planets (solar family), swah the Galaxy. We observe that when an ordinary fan with a speed of 900 RPM (rotations Per minute) moves, it makes noise. Then, one can imagine, what great noise would be created when the galaxies move with a speed of 20,000 miles per second.
This is what this portion of the mantra explains that the sound produced due to the fast-moving earth, planets and galaxies is Om. The sound was heard during meditation by Rishi Vishvamitra, who mentioned it too their colleagues. All of them, then unanimously decided to call this sound Om the name of God, because this sound is available in all the three periods of time, hence it is set (permanent). Therefore, it was the first ever-revolutionary idea to identify formless God with a specific title (form) called upadhi. Until that time, everybody recognized God as formless and nobody was prepared to accept this new idea. In the Gita also, it is said, “Omiti ekaksharam Brahma”, meaning that the name of the Supreme is Om, which contains only one syllable (8/12). This sound Om heard during samadhi was called by all the seers nada-Brahma a very great noise), but not a noise that is normally beyond a specific amplitude and limits of decibels suited to human hearing. Hence the rishis called this sound Udgith musical sound of the above, i.e., heaven. They also noticed that the infinite mass of galaxies moving with a velocity of 20,000 miles/second was generating a kinetic energy= 1/2MV2 and this was balancing the total energy consumption of the cosmos. Hence they named it Pranavah, which means the body (vapu) or storehouse of energy (prana).
(B) Tat savitur varenyam:Tat that (God), savitur the sun (star), varenyam worthy of bowing or respect. Once the form of a person along with the name is known to us, we may locate the specific person. Hence the two titles (upadhi) provide the solid ground to identify the formless God, Vishvamitra suggested. He told us that we could know (realize) the unknowable formless God through the known factors, viz., sound Om and light of suns (stars).
A mathematician can solve an equation x2+y2=4; if x=2; then y can be known and so on. An engineer can measure the width of a river even by standing at the riverbank just by drawing a triangle. So was the scientific method suggested by Vishvamitra in the mantra in the next portion as under: –
(C) Bhargo devasya dheemahi:Bhargo the light, devasya of the deity, dheemahi we should meditate. The Rishi instructs us to meditate upon the available form (light of suns) to discover the formless Creator (God). Also he wants us to do Japam of the word Om (this is understood in the Mantra). This is how the sage wants us to proceed, but there is a great problem to realize it, as the human mind is so shaky and restless that without the grace of the Supreme (Brahma) it cannot be controlled. Hence Vishvamitra suggests the way to pray Him as under:
(D) Dhiyo yo nah prachodayat:
Dhiyo (intellect), yo (who), nah (we all), prachodayat (guide to right Direction). O God!  Deploy our intellect on the right path.Full scientific interpretation of the Mantra:The earth (bhur), the planets (bhuvah), and the galaxies (swah) are moving at a very great velocity, the sound produced is Om, (the name of formless God.) That God (tat), who manifests Himself in the form of light of suns (savitur) is worthy of bowing / respect (varenyam). We all, therefore, should meditate (dheemahi) upon the light (bhargo) of that deity (devasya) and also do chanting of Om. May He (yo) guide in right direction (prachodayat) our (nah) intellect dhiyoSo we notice that the important points hinted in the mantra are:-1) The total kinetic energy generated by the movement galaxies acts as an umbrella and balances the total energy consumption of the cosmos. Hence it was named as the Pranavah (body of energy). This is equal to 1/2 mv2 (Mass of galaxies x velocity)2) Realizing the great importance of the syllable OM, the other later date religions adopted this word with a slight change in accent, viz., amen and Ameen.3) The God could be realized through the saguna (gross),upasana (method), i.e., (a) by chanting the name of the supreme as OMand(b) by meditating upon the light emitted by stars(sun).

 

 

Tatvams villakkam-Shri.U.V.Thirupullaani Sundarajan Swami’s summary..

September 27, 2007

Shri.U.V.Thirupullaani Sundarajan Swami’s summary..

Every jIvAtmA needs to acquire knowledge about tatvatrayam – cit, acit and Isvaran.

  • cit – sentient, one which has knowledge and is made of knowledge also.
  • acit – non-sentient, one which does not have any knowledge
  • Isvaran – superme lord, one who owns both cit and acit and has both as his body

Let us first see the differences between cit and acit. This in relation to our own self is understanding the difference between AtMA and dEham. Even Krsna in bhagavad gItA starts with removing the misconception of arjunA about his own self. As ThirupullAni swAmy explained, to understand this, we do not need anything but pratyaksha pramAnam (what could be understood by our senses – eyes, ears, nose, skin, etc). This is so simple that we do not even need sAstrAs to explain this.

No. AtmA (Cit) dEham (Acit)
1 nAn – What is indicated by the “I” word Idhu – what is indicated by the “this/it” words
2 udayavan – the one who owns udaimai porul – the one which is owned
3 aribavan – the one who knows ariyappadum porul – the one which is known
4 Ekam – This (“I”) is singular anEkam – This (“this/it”) is plural, since “I” knows many things
5 avaiyava Rahitham – cannot be split in to parts avaiyava Sahitham – can be split in to parts, example, hand is made of skin, flesh, etc
6 svayam prahasam – the one which shows itself and others jadam (Gyanathuku vishayam) – which is shown by others
7 prathyak (Thanakku thotrumavan) – the one which knows itself, I know that I exist paraakh (Pirarkku thondruvadhu) – the one which is known by others only
8 eppOdhum anukUlan – always favourable moopu, NOi mudhaliyavai illaadha podhu anukUlan. Irrukkum pOdhu prathikUlan. – favourable when not affected by old age, disease, etc
9 bOktha – enjoyer bOkyam – enjoyed
10 swa tantran – independent para tantran – dependent
11 sEshi – Master sEsham – servant
12 karthaA – One who does karanam – One which is used in doing an activity
13 anutva parimAnam – state of being not splittable and not combinable madhyama parimAnam – state of being splittable and combinable

Once we understand the difference between AtmA and dEham, we can proceed to look at cit and Iswaran. To understand Iswaran we need the help of sAstrAs. All of the points below are discussed in various literature quite elaborately.

No. Iswaran (paramAtmA) AtmA (cit)
1 pitA (cause – kAranam) putran (effect – kAryam)
2 rakshakan – protector rakshyan – protected
3 seshi – Master seshan – Servant
4 bharthA – husband bhAryai – wife
5 jyEyan – object of knowledge jyAthA – one who knows
6 swAmi – owner swam – owned
7 AdhAran – sustainer AdhEyan – sustained
8 AtmA (vyAbhi) – one who is antaryAmi sarIram (vyApyan) – one who has the antaryAmi
9 bOktA – enjoyer bOkyam – enjoyed
10 swa tantran – independent paratantran – dependent
11 swAbhAvika ApahadhapApmA – naturally free from sins AnApahadhapApmA – naturally not free from sins
12 swAbhAvika vijaran – naturally free from aging sajaran – naturally not free from aging
13 swAbhAvika vimruthyuhu – naturally free from death samruthyuhu – naturally not free from death
14 swAbhAvika visOkan – naturally free from distress sasOkan – naturally not free from distress
15 swAbhAvika Vijighathsan – naturally free from hunger Sajighatsan – naturally not free from hunger
16 swAbhAvika abhipAsan – naturally free from thirst sabhipAsan – naturally not free from hunger
17 swAbhAvika satya KAman – naturally has the necessary things to fulfill his desires asatya kAman – naturally does not have the necessary things to fulfill his desires
18 swAbhAvika satya sankalpan – naturally able to generate things as he desires asatya sankalpan – naturally not able to generate things as he desires
19 anantan – limitless sAnthan – limited
20 jagat KAranan – cause for the whole creation kAryam – effect

Notes:

  • jIvAtmA when attaining liberation, acquires 8 qualities (apahadapApmA, vijara:, vimruthuyu:, visoka:, vijighatsa:, abhipAsa:, satya kama:, satya sankalpa:) by the grace of the emberumAn sriman nArayana.

Geetha saaram 4-4 to 4-6

September 26, 2007

4-4.Aandall sannathi..eraa pathu manndapam..thiruvaay mozli..ramanujarukkum aandalukkum thodarbu..nooru thaadavil niraiya vennaiyum , niraiya akkara adisil sonnathai seythu kaatinaar thirumaalirumsolai. perumaalukku…kilar oli  ezlamai mudivathan munnan sevika sonaar nammalwar..srivilliputur vanthathum aanantha pattu velliyil vanthu “annaney “entraal..gothaa virajar enum peyar. thiruppaavai jeeyar..thirupaavai villakkaha konndu geetha baashyam panninaar..antrum entrum karma yogam sollukiraay unakkum piravi unndaa?..entru ketkiraan..kuraiyillatha govinndan  nee yeyn pirakiraay?.sarvesvaran nee etharkku pirakiraay?Sarva yagjnan ekkaalathilum arivu nirammbi erukkum nee eppadi piranthaay?sathya sankalpan nee..kuzlanthai seru entru theriyaamal kaalai vaikkum..samsta kaamam.. ella aasaikalum nirammba pattavan..etharkaaha piranthaay?..avathaaram unn maiyaa?poyyaa?perumakalai vittu koduthu pirakkiraayaa?..maniika kallai seril pottaal moodikollum athu pola unathu perumaikal kuraiyumaa?nann mukkunangalaalum pancha poothakangalaalum pirakiren..nee eppadi?karma padi nam pirakirom..yen piravikku neram karma nirnayikkum.. karma tholaikka.. nee etharkaaha ?nee pirakkum kaalathai yaar sonnarkal?unathu pirappaal enna payan?..six questions.. patil adutha nangu slokathil sollukiraan..

..4-5.4-6…..thiru adi poram avatharithaal..thiru theyr..gopuram arasu sinnam.. therum romba peyar petrathu..eranndu maasam ther erukkum munbellaam..adutha nangu slokathaal  entha aaru kelvikalukkum padil solukiraan..avathaaram sathyam, poyy ellai enkiraan..4-6 moontru padil ..perumaikal kuraiyaamal -svas svaabathodu -pirakiraan..udal amaippu eppadi nilam neer ..pancha bootham- sutha sathva mayathaal aanathu thirumeni..ethen adiyaal pirakiraay? karmaavin adipaidaiyaal?..sva etchaaiyaal pirakiren enkiraan..ennudaiya aasai viruppam  pola theyrnthu eduthu pirakiren..4-7. kaalam eppadi?adarmam thalai edukkum pothu pirakiren..piranthu yenna saathikiraay?namm papam punyam pokka..nann  pirapathaal moontru payankal …pavithrana saadhoonaam..slokam…avathaara rahasya gjaanam..sollukiraan..ethai therinthavarkal pirappu arupparkal..yenakku pala piravikal kallinthana yenkiraan..unakkum pala piravikal aanathu athu pola enkiraan..nann arihireyn nee ethai ariya maattaay unathu enathu piravikalai..arjunan piravi unnmai yentru theriyum athanaal athai pola ethuvum unnmai enkiraan..avathaarangal 10 mattum ellai entru therinthu kollanum.. janmam pala pala seythu ennum paasuram..ethai kaatta thaan uthsavangal..

4-5..Ramanuja’s Commentary..

..Lord Krishna declaration of: many births have past for you and for Me is a definite affirmation of the reality of reincarnation for Arjuna and confirmation of the avatars or incarnations of the Supreme Lord Krishna. What He is confirming is that His present incarnation is as real as Arjunas present life reincarnation and that the ones from the past are real as well, subtly implying that there is a fundamental difference between them. The nature of the avatars, how they manifest and their purpose for incarnating is given next.

..4-6..thirumanjana manndapam 5th thirunaal garuda sevai 5 perukum..sri devikku nihar alli maalli naadanda madaimai.. renga mannar valathu pakkam aandaal. edathu kaiyil garudanai pidithu konndu eruppaar.. eval killiyai pidithu konndu eruppaal.. kuyiley ulahallanthaanai vara koovaay killikku nanbanaaha aakkuveyn enkiraal..mangalaasaasana uthsavam.. thiru thangal, thiruvannaamalai perumaal,azlagar ,aandaal renga mannar, periya perumaal..11 mani eravil garuda sevai..alwar thirunagari, thirunaangoor pola..ezlimaiyai parai saatra entha sevai..perumai kuraiyaathu enkiraan..entha slokathai moontru padil moontru naal paarpom..poornaahuti pannum pothu neruppu vanngikkum ..kuppaiyai erikkaum athey neruppu.. ellaavatraiyum punithamaakkum..pirappu erappu illaathavanaaha erunthu konndu,jeevarasikalukku aanai ettu-ull eirunthu seluthubavan..easvaran..easana seelan naaraayanan..adi sankarar sonnathu..ulahathil ulla elloraukuum easvaran..yen meynmai kuraiyaathu..unnai pola pirappathu ellai -“ajaha.”thirunaamam..yen ninta yoniyumaay piranthaay paasuram..achit ,baktan, muktan ,nithyan vida usanthavan..

..4-6..poo mannu maathu paasuram baghavan, alwar, raamanujar moovaraiyum paadum paasuram..maaran adi panninthu erunthavar.. nammalwar raamanujar sannathi eranndum aruhil srivilliputturil..aamaiyaay panniriyaay, meenaay piranthavar..ella azlahodu eruppaar..koorath alwar six gunangaludan erukkum para vasu devaa..baktarkalai anughrahikka pirakkum pothu gunangalai kuraithu konndu erukkumaa pola kaattukiraay…venum yentru kuraithu konndu raman seethaiyai deduvathu pola.. jadaayukku motsham kodutha nee vesham podukiraay enkiraan..vibeeshanakku pattabisheham engey panninaan ellaiyaa..prakruthi sareeram kidaiyaathu..namakku udambu avanukku thirumeni divya mangala vigraham..suththa satva mayam..yennudaiya perumaikalukku thakka thiru meni eduthikiraan..malaraathu..kuviyaathu..raman thanathu thirumeni kooda pohiraar thirumeni kooda vanthaar..namakku virunthaaha erukkum..minnal vettinaal mehathil.. patchai maa malai poll meni..thozlkal ayirathaay..kannkal aayirathaay..ponn mayamaaha erukiraan..pangaya kannan, thaamarai kannan..pancha sakti upanishadaal aana thiru meni..mudi jothi..paasuram..miha vuarnthavan namakkaaha thaazlnthu kaatchi tharukiraan..

..4-6..ponngum parivaal perialwar yennum peyar pettraar..pallaanndu paaduvathey thanathu kainkaryam ..veda piraan battar thiru maalighai..avar vamsathil piranthavarkal. yearly once aandal markazli mudal thirunaalil ezlunthu arulukiraar..sannathi theruvil..patchai kaay karighal parathi vaippaarkal..kann kulira nokkukiraal..mani -paruppu thirattu paal engey samaithu amudhu seyyuvaarkal..theertha maryathai aana pinbu ..thiru kalyana uthsavam panguni utharam..peralwar entha thiru maalighaiyil ezlunthu aruli kovil nooki povaarkal..manjal padutha patta dengaay koduthu renga manaar thozlukku eniyanil. .penn vamsam pillai vamsam.kalyanathil solluvaarkal… lakshmi naarayanan mukuntha battar peralwar peyarai solluvaarkal..enburum ev villaiyaatudaiyaan..piraka pirakka oli kuntraamal vallarnthu konndu pohirathu karmam adiyaal ellaamal karnai adiyaaha pirakiraan.. atma maayaiyaal avanudaiya maayaiyaal pirakiraan.. maya is not poyy..atchariyam viyakka padum sankalpa sakti gjanam thaan maaya sollukirathu..sankalpa adiyaaha etchaiyaal pirapathaal kuttram onntrum varaathu..aazlamana kuzhliyil pirantha nammudan kalakka pirakiraan..pirapilathavan pirakiraan.. adiyaarkalai kaappa ..azlivey ellathavan pirakiraan.. karmam adiyaa ellamal. karunai.. unnum kulathil- naam unnaatha kulathil avan aandal sonna maathiri pettram meythu unnum.. paasuram..thaay thanthai avaney thernthu edukiraan..

4-6..Ramanuja’s Commentary..

..Lord Krishna affirms that although He enters prakriti or material nature which is under His complete control, by His own sweet will through His internal potency known as yogamaya. He is never divested of His supreme transcendental attributes and imperishable potencies as Sovereign Lord of all creation even though His external from appears human. The forms and places where the Supreme Lord resides as described in the Vedic scriptures. He the spirit who luminously resides in the interior of the sun He the spirit who luminously resides in the etheric region of the heart He who is immortal and eternal He who manifested all the demigods and humans He who is omniscient, omnipotent and omnipresent He who is resplendent and all pervasive He who is transcendental to prakriti or material nature. He who by His omniscience knows the actions and qualities of all beings The Supreme Lord Krishna assumes forms suitable to time, place and circumstances in regards to celestial being the demigods and terrestrial being humans. He manifests himself as if He were of their nature according to His desire. Being unborn He yet incarnates in many forms whenever and wherever He chooses whereas for material beings they are forcefully born impelled by their karma or the bondage caused from reactions to past actions. Next the time of manifestation for the avatars or incarnations will be indicated.

Geetha Saaram 3-42 to 4-4

September 26, 2007

..3-41 and3- 42 ..Andaal vimaanam..sannathi vaasal..venkala kannaadi ill  maalai saathum azlahai paarthu kolluvaal..soodi kodutha natchiyaar..ukkamum thattolliyum entha kannadi..seeppu kannaadi navarathiril koduppathum. entha vallakkathaal…kaamam adakka veynndum..gjana yogam thadai paduvathu–..enthirayam..miha valimai mikkathu..thisai thiruppathuvathi.,kalam neram  edam mudaliyavaikal..ethellam kooda thadangal..miha yentru  enthirankalai sonnathaal.. athai kattilum manasu, puthi, athai vida kaamam..nangu grades.. ..kamam jeyikka  entha naangaiyum mudikkanum..kannai erukka moodikkollalam.. moontru kurangukalai pola.. manasai ethai vaithu pootta mudiyum..manasai kooda mayakkam adaiyum pothu -puththi palaya vizhayangalil seluvathaal puththi –intelligence or uruthi athai vida miha pollaathathu enkiraan..athai vida kaamam pollaathathu..maththa moontraiyum adakkinaal kaamam vallvu ellakkum..atma gjanathai maraikka mudiyaathu..karma yogathill  adangiya gjana yogam sollukiraar 4 thadyaathathil..moontravathu adyaathai paaraayanam seythaal munnor yaavaraukkum ppapam pohum..

..alavanthaar  slokam..santharpa vasathal avathaara -thannudaiya perumaikalai sollukiraan. prasangikiraan..karma yogathil adangiya gjana yogathai sollukiraan..udpiruvukal solukiraan..karma gjana pahuthi eranndu erukkum..perumaalukku  nann adimai ,avan uhakka thaan enkira  ninaivu- seyalai vida yettram.. arivu thaan perisu yenkiraan..karma yogathil adangiya gjana yogam perisu enkiraan.. nann soluvathellam unnmai yenkiraan.

..upanishad kalai kadainthu  amurutham koduthaan.. mattilirunthu paal  karanthu  koduppathu pola….geetho upanishad.. gothoupanishad  andaal koduthathu–vedam anaithukkum vithuu..neeraattu uthsavam kadaisi 7 nallkal mattum utsavam..moodu pallakkil ezlunthuarula  pannivaruvaarkal..aalinilaiyaay yentru perumaalidam ketta pinbu thaan vathya koshti .. yennai kappu mandapam..malai 4 manikku yennai kappu nadakkum..5-30 thirumanjanam.. ovoru naalum oru vaahanam..1443  year varai eruntha maamuni thai madam 1st vanthaar.. avarukkaaha periya jeeyar uthsavam  entrum unndu.. antru mattum velli thirumandapathil  merkku nokki …ullay maamunikal yealli eruppaar..

3-42…Ramanujar’s commentary..

..the senses are primarily occupied in the pursuit of pleasure and delight in sense objects the realisation of the atma or soul will never manifest. Yet the mind although fickle is capable of controlling the senses but if the mind is also inclined to enjoy the senses and is filled with thoughts of the same then realisation of the atma will also never manifest. But the intellect is superior even to the mind as it possesses the discriminative faculty. This means that the mind may be tranquil but if the intellect is inclined towards the channels of sense activities then there will be a perversion in ones intelligence and no possibility again for realisation of the atma. To show the order of gradation is Lord Krishnas intention. A question may be posed what if all three being the senses, the mind and the intellect were tranquil and passive? The unvarying answer is that kama or lust which arises from desires, covertly resides deep within the heart and is always craving for sense gratification. This kama is so powerful that it will assert its mastery over them all and domineering them will have them fully pursuing the objects of the senses for sense gratification in the phenomenal world obscuring the light of knowledge and the realisation of the atma. That which is the most powerful with its domain in the spiritual phenomena is the atma and is designated by the pronoun sah.

3-43..Ramanujar’s commentary..

..So it should understood that kama or lust is able to dominate even the intellect and thus is antagonistic to jnana yoga or the cultivation of Vedic spiritual knowledge. So one must with firm resolve restrain the senses right from the very beginning and keeping the mind resolutely established in the atma or soul, destroy this powerful enemy known as kama eradicating it at the very root.

..4-1..4-2.4-3…mudal paasurathaal  Andaal edai pennkallai azlikiraal.. mookulam erukkkum -gangai yamunai saraswati moontrum erukkum..krishna bakti vadinthu vantha thanner.. ananthaalvaan Andaal kullitha manjal kizlangai thediya edam..4000 years kazlithu….10 slokams avathaara rahasyam  gjanaam..sollukiraan..sooriyan pillai manu bagavaan..28 sadur yugamgalukku munbu..vivasavaan pillai vaisvan avar pillai eshvaahu..karma yogam sollli koduthaar..marunthaaha  koll ethai enkiraar..naane 43 lakhsmulitiply by 28 years back.. kalaithai thaandi azliyaathathu..paramparaiyaaha varum raja rishikal ethai  kettru nadai pattu vanthaarkal…ambarishar, janahar pollvaarkal..kaalam poha poha manga thodangithu.yugam maara maara sirathai kuraiyumaa pola..theynthu poonathu..athey karma yogathai eintru yennal unakku upadesikka pattathu.. puthisaaha unnai sanndai poda vaikka sollavillai- pramaanam -source of knowledge unndu enkiraan..bakthan, atma nanban, athai pillai athalaal rahasyam unakku sollukireyn yenkiraan..puthisaaha solaamal munathaiyey solluvathai mukkiyamaaha sollukiraan.. authenticity..soorya devan manu eshvaahu ellorukkum sonnathathu thaan..

..4-4thirupaavai aranganukku addpattu ..panguni utharam manndabam..thirukalyaanam..seethai raamar  kalyaanamum nadantha naal Panguni utharam..Oonjal usthavam onbathu naal engey thaan nadakkum….kanaa kannda paasuramkal…aayanukkaaha..kannan arangan.. thaan kannda kanakkalai yeer ainthum vallavar makkalai pettru mahilvaarkal enkiraal..arangan pallakkil vara solli ..kesavi nambi kai  pidithaal arangathil..kanna avathaarithil eedupatta varkal perialwar, andal, nammalvaar..pirappaium, thottil ettu thaalaatuu paadinathum.thalanthu nadai ettathu, poochooduthal eppadi pala sarithirangal solli paalum amudhum pola utti utti solli koduthaar..unnudaiya janma nihal kaalam.. athu vivasvaan murpattavan nee avanukku ethay karma yogathai prasathithathu eppadi enkiraan..piraviyil nammbikkai ellaamal?..mun piravi gjaabaham eppadi varum?..edappillaikku mur pirappu gjabaham eppadi vanthathu?..govarthana leelai therinthavan eppadi keytkiraan..

In chapter four Lord Krishna reveals how spiritual knowledge is received by disciplic succession and the reason and nature of His descent into the material worlds. Here He also explains the paths of action and knowledge as well as the wisdom regarding the supreme knowledge which results at the culmination of the two paths. Thus this chapter is entitled: Approaching the Ultimate Truth.

4-1.. Ramanuja’s Commentary//

..In the third chapter Lord Krishna explained that only karma yoga or the performance of prescribed Vedic activities was suitable for the materialistic person aspiring for moksa or liberation from the cycle of birth and death and that such an aspirant was not competent to follow the path of jnana yoga or the cultivation of Vedic knowledge. It was also shown that even for jnana yoga practitioners that karma yoga when performed as a matter of duty without attachment was preferable. It was further illustrated that for leaders of prominence in society it is an important necessity to perform karma yoga in order that the public is guided and inspired in a righteous manner. The objective of this fourth chapter is to further emphasise the worthiness of karma yoga by giving evidence that it was taught to great personalities at the beginning of this Manavatar or cyclic appearance of one type of divine incarnations as verified in Vedic scriptures over a period of time comprising approximately every 350 million years. Also it will be shown in this chapter how karma yoga partakes of the nature of jnana yoga by reason of spiritual intentions underlying all prescribed Vedic activities. Chapter four finishes up by explaining the nature and varieties of karma yoga and the importance of spiritual awareness connected to performing every action.

4-2..There is no commentary for this verse.

4.3..Ramanuja’s Commentary..

..Lord Krishna is suggesting that it should not be presumed that the yoga or knowledge of the individual consciousness in communion with the Ultimate Consciousness being given by him is just a persuasive speech intended to prompt one to do their duty; for He now reveals that He also instructed it to Visvavan the demi-god controlling the sun, as a way of attaining moksa or liberation from the cycle of birth and death. A method intended for the salvation of all the universes and a measure designed to benefit all of creation, truly being the sublime goal of humans. Visvavan taught it to Manu who instructed it to Ikshavaku and so on successively until it was transmitted to the saintly kings from the mouths of their spiritual masters. But due to the passage of time and dull understanding of humanity this knowledge was lost and forgotten. But the very same yoga, pure and pristine is being revealed in all its entirety and details by Lord Krishna because Arjuna has taken full shelter in Him in loving devotion as the only refuge. No one other then the Supreme Lord Krishna is able to originally explain the Bhagavad-Gita as it is the essence of the sublime wisdom of all the Vedas and encapsulates the mysteries of Vedanta.

4-4..Ramanuja’s Commentary..

..The sun-god Visvavan had duly received the Bhagavad-Gita from Lord Krishna 120 million years previously; yet he was Arjunas contemporary; so an explanation of this anomalous anachronism is being requested. One may question what is the purpose to ask this from one who is aware of Lord Krishnas supreme position for it is known that even saintly and noble souls remember events from previous incarnations. Also before when the Pandava king Yudhisthira performed the Rajasuya ceremony the grandsire Bhishma was heard to say that Lord Krishna alone is the origin of all created beings and the beginning and the ending of all movable and immovable beings. So the reason Arjuna asked such a question was to get clarification presented in an exposition on the meaning of avatars or Lord Krishnas authorised incarnations in the Vedic scriptures and answer these questions.Are avatars real or illusory?Under what circumstances do avatars manifest? What is the nature of the body the avatar assumes?Are all the avatars expanding from Lord Krishna? Are all the avatars omniscient, omnipotent and omnipresent?Are all avatars transcendental to the cycle of birth and death?Are all avatars able to fulfill all desires?What is the time schedule which avatars manifest themselves?This was the purpose of this question so Lord Krishna would give an expose on these topics.