bagavatham kannanukku pidithathu.. baaratha desam avathaaram rishikal eruntha naadu/ aalvaar aacharyar piranthu ubadesiththu/ ethikaasam puraanam vetham vethaantham piranthu valarntha edam..baaratha varusha vivaranam 5-19-9 slokathil erunthu.. nara naarayana -irunthu thabam purikiraar..naaratharaal poojikka padukiraar..vali kaatta ivane thavam purikiraan.. ganda maathana parvatham/alaka nanda nathi.. badri yaathrai aasai yodu ..rishikesh -deva pirayaag/nathikal kalakkum idam pirayaag/ thiru pirithi joshi mutt/ solla onnaatha eyarkkai yelil rishikal dabam purinthu kondu irukiraar elanthai marathin keel badmaa sanathil erunthu tham perumai kalai patri thaane sinthikiraar. garudan uthavar kuberan naaradar ulle erukiraar/ darman gjaanam vairaakyam kaththu thara/varanaas rama darmam unarththa/ naradar thuthikkum slokam-rishi rishabaaya -namo bagavathe ubasana seelaaya vubaraathma aathma -akankaaram atru akinchana vithaaya -soththu pukal ontrum illai..yethum illaatha yelai karma gjana bakthi yokam ontrum illai -ivarkalai selvamaaka kondu rishikalin thalaivan parama hamsar parama guru ettu eluththu ubadesithaar ..aathmaa raaman -endariyankalil thirupthy intri thannai patri ninaikkum..neer thaan saadshi..arukil erunthu paarkiraar.. nam ulle erunthu thoondi anumathiththu uthaasana naay paarthu/ muthal nimishathil.. adutha nimisham anumathikiraar aduthu av valiyil thoondu vidu kiraar.. kadaasham pattu/manathai seluththi avan thiruvadi patrubavan yoki/ ulaka vishayam patru aruththu/nathi malai peyar solkirathu aduththu/mankala pirastha ..sakya rishya muku venkada vinthya paari yaathra govarthana neela sada malaikal/merukku natham kilakku nokki nathi sila makaa nathi anaiththum punyam/thaamara barani kirutha maala kaaveri thunka badra gothaavari narmatha ..natham -narmathai polvana. vetha smrishi mandaakini yamuna sarasvathy makaa nathikal..theertham aadi thaana darmam pannanum..karma boomi/bagavaanai thyaanam panni/mukuntha sevai puriya aasai kondavar piranthu palam adaikiraan. sadya lokam piravi vida nanmai /vaikunda naathan kathai pesum idam uthsavam yaakam ulla idam//perumai solla padukirathu..thyaaniththu avanai adaiya vali thedanum..
baagavatha puraanam suvaiyaana pala rasam..boo mandalam naduvil 14 lokankal mel 7 keel 7/oru andathukkullum 14 lokam/7 deebankal/nadu jamboo deebam/9 varushankalaaka piriththu kadasiyil baaratha varusham..baaratha desam yenntru peyar solluvaar..thani sirappu serthu koduppathu -avathaarankal/rishi munikal thabasvikal aalvaar aacharyar/udal veru yentru yeduththu uraiththa naadu/dekam aliya koodiyathu/saanthi -parama saanthan aathma yeduthu uraithathu..nalla paathaiyil alaiththu kondu ponaar..punya karma boomi/nathikal pattiyal paarthom..yaathrai pala punya nathi theertham aadinom..gangai/sarayu/kauthama aasramam/kandaki gangai sankamam/pirayaaka raaja alakabaad/mandaakini chitra koodam/kothaavari naasik pancha vadi/narmatha nathi merkku/thunga padra/kaaveri neer aadinom/sethu snaanam/kaveri neeraattathudan mudinthathu..rama anu yaathrai pothu..sri paatha theerthame evai yentru ninaithu kondu/punartha kaiyinaar yemmaiyum ninaiththu neeraadanum..hima chalam iru kadal alavum pala jeea nathikal/malaikal/bagavath sambandam kondavai..yaaha yagjam nadantha idam baagavatha saopthaakam raamayana navaakam nadantha idam..20 ath yaayam..1 laksham akalam/uppu kadalum 1 laksham.. .aduththu pilaksha deebam 2 madanku perisu karupan chaaru kadal/piriyam virathan pillai igmathikman-7 pillaikalukku -7 varushankalaka pirikka pattathu..nathi malai undu/mani koodaka meka maalaa arunaa saavithraa subra baatha nathi..devan thuthika -soriya devan vananka padukiraar..puthi aaysu ojas palam tharuvaar/aduththu 2 madanku perisu saalva deebam/kallaale kadal yagja baahu aandu soma devan vananka padukiraan..pakalil devar eravil pithrukal/kusa deebam ney kadal aduththu/darbam=kusam valarnthu erukkum hiranya rethas agni bagavaan potra padukiraar..mun yetra paathaiyil alaithu poka/kravanja deebam thayir kadal/varunane-kirutha brushdan aandu varukiraar/marankal uyranthu malaikal varuna bagavaan sthothra padukiraar..thanneer thaan serkkum bagavaan idam/saahi theebam 32 laksham/paal kadal mekaa thithi pillai peyar/andar-vaayu bagavaan/pushkara deebam 64 laksha deebam brahma aasanam naanku malai endran yaman varunan soman vasikiraar/lokaa lokam aduththu..mel yenna kel yenna paarppom aduthu..
kali yukaththil bagavaanai baagavatha puraanam moolam tharisikkanum/piramaanankal sirappu..vigjaanam mey gjaanam..vigjaanam mutru petra idathil mey gjaanam thodanku kirathu..aathma para maathma vivaranamum /bookola vivaranamum pidikkum.. surgeon udambai paarthu mayakkam kittaathu..ithi kaasa purana perumai scientists arivaarkal.5-21 ath yaayam/soorya kathi grakankal /keel lokam solla pohiraar..26 athyaayam varai bookolam..buvar lokam aduthu yokikal rishikal sitharkal 1 million maile varaiaduthu makar lokam svar lokam -kiruthaka moontru lokam kirithaka akirthaka maka lokam/akrithaka lokam mel moontrum.. moontrum aliyumpakal poluthu mudinthaal athanaal. iravu mudinthu pakal varum pothu srushtti/ aayul kaalam -brahma -varai.. naalaavathu ithilum athilum serntha sernthaal thaakkuthal thaankaamal kaali panni aduththa einthaavathu lokam povaar.. oruvarum illai.. kiruthaka akruthaka peyar petrathu 500 kodi mile/ anda kadaakam../soorya mandalam mel chandra mandalam-yenna vichaaram research publications pala pala ..itha chandran veraa ithuvaa/moontru kathi soorya bakavaan -aarokanam /pakal /utharaanayam-aaru maasamum pakal koodum/ pinbu iravu koodum.. pankuni chitri pakalum iravum samam.. moontraaka pirikiraarkal ..extreme-ponaal day night sevaing spring fall back/seekira manthya nadu/utharam /avarokanam irankuvathu/pushkara theevin mathiyil sanchaaram/ 30 mukoorthankal oru naal/ 12 deg-kadanthaal mukoortham =48 nimisham..longitude/360 kodu oru kottukkum 4 nimisham..1deg =4 nimisham ..ithu thaan time zone..thulyamaaka irukkum.. makara rasi thai/kumbam vishu kathi eravum pakalum samam.. kadaka raasi thadshinaayanam thodankum.. oru maasathukku oru raasi orey maasathil chandran 12 raasiyilum. moontru nadshathirankal. 12 -27 ..oru raasikku 2.25 nadshathram asvathi parani kaarthikai muthal -mesha/veethikal 9/ asvini barani kaarthikai oru veethi/makam pooram..kettai..nadu moolam pooradam..aja veethi therkku dadshinaayana maarkkam.. athodu ponaal narakam..nithaanamaaka paarppom..
punya boomi/18 puraanankal/6 saathivikam/5-21 bookola varananai/ grahanam yenna edai veli yenna sooriya chandra vilakkam..moontru maarkankalaaka -9 veethikal/ 9 therukkul/ naaka veethi vada veethi aja veethi therkku ..naaka veethikkum vadakke arjiraathi maarkam/ rasya anu-vaakanam sooriyanin kranankalai kondu -vaakanam rasmi yai vaakanam..sooriyam yeppothum undu .iravilum katha kathappu ullathu. nam kannukku theriyaathu. uthaya giri kilakkil erunthu .. maraivathe illai..call cenres trans cription/business opportunity..elliptical paath..nukathadi mel kattai..oru pakkam neelam.. meru parvatham ontril irandaavathu achu thuruva batham. 7 kuthiraikal ..ore chakaram..9 kodiye 50 laksham boomi/kilakkil indra puri therkkil yama darman merkil varunan vadakku soma deva pattanam loka baalarkal ivarkal..pakalum iravum idathai poruththu/15 naalikai poluthil kilakku therkku 2 7.7 million yojanai thooram..12 arankal kondaore sakkaram nemi 6/rithu..gaayathri chandas ushnuk thirushtup pontra chandas/60000 kullam-kattai viral alavu -rishikal vaalakilyar yentra peyar..gandarkal ..merkku thikkil/22 athyaayathil adutha lokankal solkiraar/dvaadasa maasam/ rithu maasam naal pacham..buvar lokam 1 laksham yojanai/puthan grakam chandra mandalam 2 laksham yojanai thooram sukran aduthu 2 laksham thooram sevvaay brukaspathi guru aduththu/viyaalan –vakra gathi pothu mattum theemai aduththu sani/bagavaan.. seyyum pothu seyvaar raasi 30 maasam iruppaar.. methuvaaka pirayaanam seyvaar..7 1/2 varusham sani.. munthiya adutha serthu/mel 1 laksham thoorathil sabtha rishi mandalam/ thuruva pathavi mel 1 laksham yojanai thooram..
kobaala soodaamani..aanantha nadanam..loka srushti karthaa ..urpaththi layam .sesha pattu irukka kannane kaaranam..avan antri yethuvum asaiyaathu..thondan ivvallavu periyavanukku ..perumaikalai therinthu kollanum.. 14 lokam nirantha andam..boomi naduvil..7 theebam muthal jambooth deevam athil baaratha varusham karuma boomi paarthom..yellaa deebankalaiyum paarthom..uyarnthu virintha boo mandalam.. anda kadaakam 50 kodi yojanaineelam kondathu ..ithai pola pala kodi andankal/ sabtha aavaranankal yellaam kaal panku aliyaamal mukkaal panku ..ubaya viboothi naathan..seyal kalai kondu thirupthi adainthaal thanaiye tharuvaan..galaxy..puthusaaka kandu pidithaarkal..nadshathrankal pala pala . light olli pirayaanam.. aarambiththu innum adaiyalaam srushti aarambithu ..ev valavu thooram.. kitte erunthaal posungi saambal aaki iruppom.. nadshath rankalin thalaivan sasi-chandran..thuruva mandalam..kutti thiminkalam vaal pakuthi keel. sisu maaram simsu maaram..devarkal pala 27 nadshathirankal vaayu vadivil kayiru undu..vishnu vin jothi amsam..muthal naal pannina paapam tholaiyum ithai ubaa siththaal..thuruvan thaanum suthi kondu sutha vaippaar..uthaya parvatham kilakkil asthamana parvatham merkkil clock wise suthu kiraar/jothi grakaanaam/sooriya devanai minchum olli padaithavan..vadivam mirukam pola nadshathirankalin formation/yoha daaranam jothi vadivam. mukam thalai keel erukkum/vaal keel pakuthil thuruvan.. piraja pathi agni .idai 7 rishikal. valathu pakkam thiru vonum muthal.daathaa vithaathaa endran .palar..mel uthattil ahasthiyar keel yaman sevvaay ankaarakan. thimir bruhaspathi nenjil sooriyan hiruthayathil naaraayanan manasil chandran/kaluthu raahu udambil kethu romam kesam nadshathram..namaka jothir lokaayaa yentru kaalam ayanam devar thalaivanai ubaasiththu vanankanum.. graka nadshathram aathi theivam -slokam thyaanukkanum..pallaandu paadi paavam pokki kolvom..
arstisenena saha gandharvair anugiyamanam parama-kalyanim bhartrbhagavat-
katham samupasrnoti svayam cedam gayati.
A host of Gandharvas is always engaged in chanting the glories of Lord
Ramacandra. That chanting is always extremely auspicious. Hanumanji and
Arstisena, the chief person in Kimpurusa-varsa, constantly hear those
glories with complete attention. Hanuman chants the following mantras
om namo bhagavate uttamaslokaya nama arya-laksana-sila-vrataya nama
upasiksitatmana upasita-lokaya namah sadhu-vada-nikasanaya namo
brahmanya-devaya maha-purusaya maha-rajaya nama iti.
Let me please Your Lordship by chanting the bija-mantra omkara. I wish
to offer my respectful obeisances unto the Personality of Godhead, who is
the best among the most highly elevated personalities. Your Lordship is
the reservoir of all the good qualities of Aryans, people who are
advanced. Your character and behavior are always consistent, and You
always control Your senses and mind. Acting just like an ordinary human
being, You exhibit exemplary character to teach others how to behave.
There is a touchstone that can be used to examine the quality of gold,
but You are like a touchstone that can verify all good qualities. You are
worshiped by brahmanas who are the foremost of all devotees. You, the
Supreme Person, are the King of kings, and therefore I offer my
respectful obeisances unto You.
bharate ‘pi varse bhagavan nara-narayanakhya akalpantam upacita-dharmajnana-
anukampaya tapo ‘vyakta-gatis carati.
[Sukadeva Gosvami continued:] The glories of the Supreme Personality
of Godhead are inconceivable. He has appeared in the form of Nara-
Narayana in the land of Bharata-varsa, at the place known as
Badarikasrama, to favor His devotees by teaching them religion,
knowledge, renunciation, spiritual power, sense control and freedom from
false ego. He is advanced in the opulence of spiritual assets, and He
engages in executing austerity until the end of this millennium. This is
the process of self-realization.
om namo bhagavate upasama-silayoparatanatmyaya namo ‘kincana-vittaya rsirsabhaya
nara-narayanaya paramahamsa-parama-gurave atmaramadhipataye namo
Let me offer my respectful obeisances unto Nara-Narayana, the best of
all saintly persons, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. He is the most
self-controlled and self-realized, He is free from false prestige, and He
is the asset of persons who have no material possessions. He is the
spiritual master of all paramahamsas, who are the most exalted human
beings, and He is the master of the self-realized. Let me offer my
repeated obeisances at His lotus feet.
bharate ‘py asmin varse saric-chailah santi bahavo malayo mangala-prastho
mainakas trikuta rsabhah kutakah kollakah sahyo devagirir rsyamukah srisailo
venkato mahendro varidharo vindhyah suktiman rksagirih pariyatro
dronas citrakuto govardhano raivatakah kakubho nilo gokamukha indrakilah
kamagirir iti canye ca sata-sahasrasah sailas tesam nitamba-prabhava nada
nadyas ca santy asankhyatah.
In the tract of land known as Bharata-varsa, as in Ilavrta-varsa,
there are many mountains and rivers. Some of the mountains are known as
Malaya, Mangala-prastha, Mainaka, Trikuta, Rsabha, Kutaka, Kollaka,
Sahya, Devagiri, Rsyamuka, Sri-saila, Venkata, Mahendra, Varidhara,
Vindhya, Suktiman, Rksagiri, Pariyatra, Drona, Citrakuta, Govardhana,
Raivataka, Kakubha, Nila, Gokamukha, Indrakila and Kamagiri. Besides
these, there are many other hills, with many large and small rivers
flowing from their slopes.
etasam apo bharatyah praja namabhir eva punantinam atmana copasprsanti;
candravasa tamraparni avatoda krtamala vaihayasi kaveri veni payasvini
sarkaravarta tungabhadra krsnavenya bhimarathi godavari nirvindhya
payosni tapi reva surasa narmada carmanvati sindhur andhah sonas ca nadau
mahanadi vedasmrtir rsikulya trisama kausiki mandakini yamuna sarasvati
drsadvati gomati sarayu rodhasvati saptavati susoma satadrus candrabhaga
marudvrdha vitasta asikni visveti maha-nadyah.
Two of the rivers–the Brahmaputra and the Sona–are called nadas, or
main rivers. These are other great rivers that are very prominent:
Candravasa, Tamraparni, Avatoda, Krtamala, Vaihayasi, Kaveri, Veni,
Payasvini, Sarkaravarta, Tungabhadra, Krsnavenya, Bhimarathi, Godavari,
Nirvindhya, Payosni, Tapi, Reva, Surasa, Narmada, Carmanvati, Mahanadi,
Vedasmrti, Rsikulya, Trisama, Kausiki, Mandakini, Yamuna, Sarasvati,
Drsadvati, Gomati, Sarayu, Rodhasvati, Saptavati, Susoma, Satadru,
Candrabhaga, Marudvrdha, Vitasta, Asikni and Visva. The inhabitants of
Bharata-varsa are purified because they always remember these rivers.
Sometimes they chant the names of these rivers as mantras, and sometimes
they go directly to the rivers to touch them and bathe in them. Thus the
inhabitants of Bharata-varsa become purified.
kalpayusam sthanajayat punar-bhavat
ksanayusam bharata-bhujayo varam
ksanena martyena krtam manasvinah
sannyasya samyanty abhayam padam hareh
A short life in the land of Bharata-varsa is preferable to a life
achieved in Brahmaloka for millions and billions of years because even if
one is elevated to Brahmaloka, he must return to repeated birth and
death. Although life in Bharata-varsa, in a lower planetary system, is
very short, one who lives there can elevate himself to full Krsna
consciousness and achieve the highest perfection, even in this short
life, by fully surrendering unto the lotus feet of the Lord. Thus one
attains Vaikunthaloka, where there is neither anxiety nor repeated birth
in a material body.
jambudvipasya ca rajann upadvipan astau haika upadisanti sagaratmajair
asvanvesana imam mahim parito nikhanadbhir upakalpitan; tad yatha
svarnaprasthas candrasukla avartano ramanako mandaraharinah pancajanyah
Sri Sukadeva Gosvami said: My dear King, in the opinion of some
learned scholars, eight smaller islands surround Jambudvipa. When the
sons of Maharaja Sagara were searching all over the world for their lost
horse, they dug up the earth, and in this way eight adjoining islands
came into existence. The names of these islands are Svarnaprastha,
Candrasukla, Avartana, Ramanaka, Mandara-harina, Pancajanya, Simhala and
jambudvipo ‘yam yavat-pramana-vistaras tavata ksarodadhina parivestito
yatha merur jambv-akhyena lavanodadhir api tato dvi-guna-visalena
plaksakhyena pariksipto yatha parikha bahyopavanena; plakso jambu-pramano
dvipakhyakaro hiranmaya utthito yatragnir upaste sapta-jihvas
tasyadhipatih priyavratatmaja idhmajihvah svam dvipam sapta-varsani
vibhajya sapta-varsa-namabhya atmajebhya akalayya svayam atmayogenopararama.
As Sumeru Mountain is surrounded by Jambudvipa, Jambudvipa is also
surrounded by an ocean of salt water. The breadth of Jambudvipa is
100,000 yojanas [800,000 miles], and the breadth of the saltwater ocean
is the same. As a moat around a fort is sometimes surrounded by
gardenlike forest, the saltwater ocean surrounding Jambudvipa is itself
surrounded by Plaksadvipa. The breadth of Plaksadvipa is twice that of
the saltwater ocean–in other words 260,000 yojanas [1,600,000 miles]. On
Plaksadvipa there is a tree shining like gold and as tall as the jambu
tree on Jambudvipa. At its root is a fire with seven flames. It is
because this tree is a plaksa tree that the island is called Plaksadvipa.
Plaksadvipa was governed by Idhmajihva, one of the sons of Maharaja
Priyavrata. He endowed the seven islands with the names of his seven
sons, divided the islands among the sons, and then retired from active
life to engage in the devotional service of the Lord.
sivam yavasam subhadram santam ksemam amrtam abhayam iti varsani tesu
girayo nadyas ca saptaivabhijnatah; manikuto vajrakuta indraseno
jyotisman suparno hiranyasthivo meghamala iti setu-sailah aruna
nrmnangirasi savitri suptabhata rtambhara satyambhara iti maha-nadyah;
yasam jalopasparsana-vidhuta-rajas-tamaso hamsa-patangordhvayanasatyanga-
samjnas catvaro varnah sahasrayuso vibudhopama-sandarsanaprajananah
svarga-dvaram trayya vidyaya bhagavantam trayimayam suryam
The seven islands [varsas] are named according to the names of those
seven sons–Siva, Yavasa, Subhadra, Santa, Ksema, Amrta and Abhaya. In
those seven tracts of land, there are seven mountains and seven rivers.
The mountains are named Manikuta, Vajrakuta, Indrasena, Jyotisman,
Suparna, Hiranyasthiva and Meghamala, and the rivers are named Aruna,
Nrmna, Angirasi, Savitri, Suptabhata, Rtambhara and Satyambhara. One can
immediately be free from material contamination by touching or bathing in
those rivers, and the four castes of people who live in Plaksadvipa–the
Hamsas, Patangas, Urdhvayanas and Satyangas–purify themselves in that
way. The inhabitants of Plaksadvipa live for one thousand years. They are
beautiful like the demigods, and they also beget children like the
demigods. By completely performing the ritualistic ceremonies mentioned
in the Vedas and by worshiping the Supreme Personality of Godhead as
represented by the sun-god, they attain the sun, which is a heavenly
parasya brahmanah saksaj
jata-vedo ‘si havyavat
yajnena purusam yajeti
[This is the mantra by which the inhabitants of Kusadvipa worship the
fire-god.] O fire-god, you are a part of the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, Hari, and you carry to Him all the offerings of sacrifices.
Therefore we request you to offer to the Supreme Personality of Godhead
the yajnic ingredients we are offering the demigods, for the Lord is the
apah purusa-viryah stha
ta nah punitamiva-ghnih
sprsatam atmana bhuva iti
[The inhabitants of Krauncadvipa worship with this mantra.] O water of
the rivers, you have obtained energy from the Supreme Personality of
Godhead. Therefore you purify the three planetary systems, known as
Bhuloka, Bhuvarloka and Svarloka. By your constitutional nature, you take
away sins, and that is why we are touching you. Kindly continue to purify
yat tat karmamayam lingam
brahma-lingam jano ‘rcayet
ekantam advayam santam
tasmai bhagavate nama iti
Lord Brahma is known as karma-maya, the form of ritualistic
ceremonies, because by performing ritualistic ceremonies one may attain
his position and because the Vedic ritualistic hymns become manifest from
him. He is devoted to the Supreme Personality of Godhead without
deviation, and therefore in one sense he is not different from the Lord.
Nevertheless, he should be worshiped not as the monists worship him, but
in duality. One should always remain a servitor of the Supreme Lord, the
supreme worshipable Deity. We therefore offer our respectful obeisances
unto Lord Brahma, the form of manifest Vedic knowledge.
tad-uparistac catasrsv asasvatma-yoninakhila-jagad-gurunadhinivesita ye
dvirada-pataya rsabhah puskaracudo vamano ‘parajita iti sakala-lokasthiti-
On the top of Lokaloka Mountain are the four gaja-patis, the best of
elephants, which were established in the four directions by Lord Brahma,
the supreme spiritual master of the entire universe. The names of those
elephants are Rsabha, Puskaracuda, Vamana and Aparajita. They are
responsible for maintaining the planetary systems of the universe.
yada mesa-tulayor vartate tadaho-ratrani samanani bhavanti yada
vrsabhadisu pancasu ca rasisu carati tadahany eva vardhante hrasati ca
masi masy ekaika ghatika ratrisu.
When the sun passes through Mesa [Aries] and Tula [Libra], the
durations of day and night are equal. When it passes through the five
signs headed by Vrsabha [Taurus], the duration of the days increases
[until Cancer], and then it gradually decreases by half an hour each
month, until day and night again become equal [in Libra].
yada vrscikadisu pancasu vartate tadaho-ratrani viparyayani bhavanti.
When the sun passes through the five signs beginning with Vrscika
[Scorpio], the duration of the days decreases [until Capricorn], and then
gradually it increases month after month, until day and night become
equal [in Aries].
evam muhurtena catus-trimsal-laksa-yojanany asta-satadhikani sauro rathas
trayimayo ‘sau catasrsu parivartate purisu.
Thus the chariot of the sun-god, which is trayimaya, or worshiped by
the words om bhur bhuvah svah, travels through the four residences
mentioned above at a speed of 3,400,800 yojanas [27,206,400 miles] in a
yasyaikam cakram dvadasaram san-nemi tri-nabhi samvatsaratmakam
samamananti tasyakso meror murdhani krto manasottare krtetara-bhago yatra
protam ravi-ratha-cakram taila-yantra-cakravad bhraman manasottara-girau
The chariot of the sun-god has only one wheel, which is known as
Samvatsara. The twelve months are calculated to be its twelve spokes, the
six seasons are the sections of its rim, and the three catur-masya
periods are its three-sectioned hub. One side of the axle carrying the
wheel rests upon the summit of Mount Sumeru, and the other rests upon
Manasottara Mountain. Affixed to the outer end of the axle, the wheel
continuously rotates on Manasottara Mountain like the wheel of an oilpressing
tasminn akse krtamulo dvitiyo ‘ksas turyamanena sammitas tailayantraksavad
As in an oil-pressing machine, this first axle is attached to a second
axle, which is one-fourth as long [3,937,500 yojanas, or 31,500,000
miles]. The upper end of this second axle is attached to Dhruvaloka by a
rope of wind.
laksottaram sardha-nava-koti-yojana-parimandalam bhu-valayasya ksanena
sagavyuty-uttaram dvi-sahasra-yojanani sa bhunkte.
My dear King, in his orbit through Bhu-mandala, the sun-god traverses
a distance of 95,100,000 yojanas [760,800,000 miles] at the speed of
2,000 yojanas and two krosas [16,004 miles] in a moment.
atha sa esa atma lokanam dyav-aprthivyor antarena nabho-valayasya
kalacakra-gato dvadasa masan bhunkte rasi-samjnan samvatsaravayavan masah
paksa-dvayam diva naktam ceti sapadarksa-dvayam upadisanti yavata sastham
amsam bhunjita sa vai rtur ity upadisyate samvatsaravayavah.
The sun-god, who is Narayana, or Visnu, the soul of all the worlds, is
situated in outer space between the upper and lower portions of the
universe. Passing through twelve months on the wheel of time, the sun
comes in touch with twelve different signs of the zodiac and assumes
twelve different names according to those signs. The aggregate of those
twelve months is called a samvatsara, or an entire year. According to
lunar calculations, two fortnights–one of the waxing moon and the other
of the waning–form one month. That same period is one day and night for
the planet Pitrloka. According to stellar calculations, a month equals
two and one quarter constellations. When the sun travels for two months,
a season passes, and therefore the seasonal changes are considered parts
of the body of the year.
ya esa sodasa-kalah puruso bhagavan manomayo ‘nnamayo ‘mrtamayo devapitr-
manusya-bhuta-pasu-paksi-sarisrpa-virudham pranapy ayana-silatvat
sarvamaya iti varnayanti.
Because the moon is full of all potentialities, it represents the
influence of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. The moon is the
predominating deity of everyone’s mind, and therefore the moon-god is
called Manomaya. He is also called Annamaya because he gives potency to
all herbs and plants, and he is called Amrtamaya because he is the source
of life for all living entities. The moon pleases the demigods, pitas,
human beings, animals, birds, reptiles, trees, plants and all other
living entities. Everyone is satisfied by the presence of the moon.
Therefore the moon is also called Sarvamaya [all-pervading].
usanasa budho vyakhyatas tata uparistad dvi-laksa-yojanato budhah somasuta
upalabhyamanah prayena subha-krd yadarkad vyatiricyeta
Mercury is described to be similar to Venus, in that it moves
sometimes behind the sun, sometimes in front of the sun and sometimes
along with it. It is 1,600,000 miles above Venus, or 7,200,000 miles
above earth. Mercury, which is the son of the moon, is almost always very
auspicious for the inhabitants of the universe, but when it does not move
along with the sun, it forbodes cyclones, dust, irregular rainfall, and
waterless clouds. In this way it creates fearful conditions due to
inadequate or excessive rainfall.
ata urdhvam angarako ‘pi yojana-laksa-dvitaya upalabhyamanas tribhis
tribhih paksair ekaikaso rasin dvadasanubhunkte yadi na vakrenabhivartate
Situated 1,600,000 miles above Mercury, or 8,800,000 miles above
earth, is the planet Mars. If this planet does not travel in a crooked
way, it crosses through each sign of the zodiac in three fortnights and
in this way travels through all twelve, one after another. It almost
always creates unfavorable conditions in respect to rainfall and other
tata uparistad dvi-laksa-yojanantara-gata bhagavan brhaspatir ekaikasmin
rasau parivatsaram parivatsaram carati yadi na vakrah syat prayenanukulo
Situated 1,600,000 miles above Mars, or 10,400,000 miles above earth,
is the planet Jupiter, which travels through one sign of the zodiac
within the period of a Parivatsara. If its movement is not curved, the
planet Jupiter is very favorable to the brahmanas of the universe.
tata uparistad yojana-laksa-dvayat pratiyamanah sanaiscara ekaikasmin
rasau trimsan masan vilambamanah sarvan evanuparyeti tavadbhir
anuvatsaraih prayena hi sarvesam asantikarah.
Situated 1,600,000 miles above Jupiter, or 12,000,000 miles above
earth, is the planet Saturn, which passes through one sign of the zodiac
in thirty months and covers the entire zodiac circle in thirty
Anuvatsaras. This planet is always very inauspicious for the universal
tata uttarasmad rsaya ekadasa-laksa-yojanantara upalabhyante ya eva
lokanam sam anubhavayanto bhagavato visnor yat paramam padam pradaksinam
Situated 8,800,000 miles above Saturn, or 20,800,000 miles above
earth, are the seven saintly sages, who are always thinking of the wellbeing
of the inhabitants of the universe. They circumambulate the supreme
abode of Lord Visnu, known as Dhruvaloka, the polestar
Slokam 5-23-1-sri-suka uvaca
atha tasmat paratas trayodasa-laksa-yojanantarato yat tad visnoh paramam
padam abhivadanti yatra ha maha-bhagavato dhruva auttanapadir
agninendrena prajapatina kasyapena dharmena ca samakala-yugbhih sabahumanam
daksinatah kriyamana idanim api kalpa-jivinam ajivya upaste
tasyehanubhava upavarnitah.Sukadeva Gosvami continued: My dear King, 1,300,000 yojanas
[10,400,000 miles] above the planets of the seven sages is the place that
learned scholars describe as the abode of Lord Visnu. There the son of
Maharaja Uttanapada, the great devotee Maharaja Dhruva, still resides as
the life source of all the living entities who live until the end of the
creation. Agni, Indra, Prajapati, Kasyapa and Dharma all assemble there
to offer him honor and respectful obeisances. They circumambulate him
with their right sides toward him. I have already described the glorious
activities of Maharaja Dhruva [in the Fourth Canto of Srimad-Bhagavatam].
yasya pucchagre ‘vaksirasah kundali-bhuta-dehasya dhruva upakalpitas
tasya langule prajapatir agnir indro dharma iti puccha-mule dhata vidhata
ca katyam saptarsayah; tasya daksinavarta-kundali-bhuta-sarirasya yany
udagayanani daksina-parsve tu naksatrany upakalpayanti daksinayanani tu
savye; yatha sisumarasya kundala-bhoga-sannivesasya parsvayor ubhayor apy
avayavah samasankhya bhavanti; prsthe tv ajavithi akasa-ganga codaratah.
This form of the sisumara has its head downward and its body coiled.
On the end of its tail is the planet of Dhruva, on the body of its tail
are the planets of the demigods Prajapati, Agni, Indra and Dharma, and at
the base of its tail are the planets of the demigods Dhata and Vidhata.
Where the hips might be on the sisumara are the seven saintly sages like
Vasistha and Angira. The coiled body of the Sisumara-cakra turns toward
its right side, on which the fourteen constellations from Abhijit to
Punarvasu are located. On its left side are the fourteen stars from Pusya
to Uttarasadha. Thus its body is balanced because its sides are occupied
by an equal number of stars. On the back of the sisumara is the group of
stars known as Ajavithi, and on its abdomen is the Ganges that flows in
the sky [the Milky Way].
punarvasu-pusyau daksina-vamayoh sronyor ardraslese ca daksina-vamayoh
pascimayoh padayor abhijid-uttarasadhe daksina-vamayor nasikayor yathasankhyam
sravana-purvasadhe daksina-vamayor locanayor dhanistha mulam ca
daksina-vamayoh karnayor maghadiny asta naksatrani daksinayanani vamaparsva-
vankrisu yunjita tathaiva mrga-sirsadiny udagayanani daksinaparsva-
vankrisu pratilomyena prayunjita satabhisa-jyesthe skandhayor
On the right and left sides of where the loins might be on the
Sisumara-cakra are the stars named Punarvasu and Pusya. Ardra and Aslesa
are on its right and left feet, Abhijit and Uttarasadha are on its right
and left nostrils, Sravana and Purvasadha are at its right and left eyes,
and Dhanistha and Mula are on its right and left ears. The eight stars
from Magha to Anuradha, which mark the southern course, are on the ribs
of the left of its body, and the eight stars from Mrgasirsa to
Purvabhadra, which mark the northern course, are on the ribs on the right
side. Satabhisa and Jyestha are on the right and left shoulders.
papapaham mantra-krtam tri-kalam
namasyatah smarato va tri-kalam
nasyeta tat-kalajam asu papam
The body of the Supreme Lord, Visnu, which forms the Sisumara-cakra,
is the resting place of all the demigods and all the stars and planets.
One who chants this mantra to worship that Supreme Person three times a
day–morning, noon and evening–will surely be freed from all sinful
reactions. If one simply offers his obeisances to this form or remembers
this form three times a day, all his recent sinful activities will be